Sarasa, Sarasā, Śarāsa, Sārasā, Shara-asa, Sharasa, Sārasa: 20 definitions

Introduction

Sarasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śarāsa can be transliterated into English as Sarasa or Sharasa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands that indicate Flying Creatures.—Crane (sārasa), the Pradiṣa-mukula hand, i.e., the Mukula hand with the little finger slightly bent.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sārasa (सारस) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “sarasa crane”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Sārasa is part of the sub-group named Ambucārin, refering to animals “which move on waters”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Sārasa (सारस)—Sanskrit word for a bird “crane”, sāras “crane” (Grus antigone). This animal is from the group called Plava (‘those which float’ or ‘those move about in large flocks’). Plava itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Sārasa (सारस) in the bird called puṣkara, which has a long neck, long feet and is of blue colour. (See the Manubhāṣya verse 5.12)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Sārasa (सारस) refers to the bird “Egret” or “Heron” (Bubulcus ibis or Ardea cinerea).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Sārasa] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Sarasa (सरस) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Asitoda and mount Vipula, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Vipula mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sārasa (सारस).—A child of Garuḍa. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 101, Verse 11).

2) Sārasa (सारस).—A son of Yadu. He founded the city Krauñcapura on the banks of the river Venā in South India. (Harivaṃśa, 2, 38, 27).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sārasa (सारस) refers to a kind of bird, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Śiva said to Sitā:—“[...] O my beloved, beautiful woman, clouds will not reach the place where I have to make an abode for you. [...] The Apricot tree seems to dance with their oscillating branches. They seem to be fanning the self-born god of love. There are Sārasa birds and the intoxicated Cakravāka (Cakrāṅga) birds heightening its beauty”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sārasa (सारस).—A kind of bird born of Jaṭāyu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 36.

1b) Sons of Śyeni and Garuḍa, in the Himālayan lakes;1 cranes as born of Śuci.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 456; 22. 65 etc.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 32.

2) Sārasā (सारसा).—One of the six charioteers of Lalitā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 20. 92.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Sārasā (सारसा) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Sārasa forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vāyucakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vāyucakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Sārasā] and Vīras are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Sarasā (सरसा) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa that remains unidentified.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sarasa : (adj.) tasteful. || sārasa (m.), a water bird.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sarasa, (adj.) (sa3+rasa) with its essential properties (see rasa) Nd1 43; sarasabhāva a method of exposition DhsA. 71. (Page 698)

— or —

Sārasa, (cp. Epic Sk. sārasa) a water bird, Ardea sibirica VvA. 57, 163; at both pass. =koñca. (Page 706)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sarasa (सरस).—m ( P) Glue.

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sarasa (सरस).—a ( H from śrēyas S) Superior, excelling, finer, better. 2 Exceeding, greater, larger, more (in size, age, quality, number &c.)

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sarasa (सरस).—a (S) Having juice or sap; juicy, sappy, succulent. 2 fig. Sapid, spirited, sprightly, salty, savory, piquant &c.

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sarasā (सरसा).—a (sadṛśa S) Similar, resembling, like. Ex. nāṃvāsaraśī karaṇī asāvī. 2 Used as prep decl with an accommodation of the above sense:--In the neighborhood of; nigh or close unto; akin to, alongside of, or along with; together with. Ex. gharāsaraśīṃ gharēṃ lāgalēlīṃ āhēta; bhintī- saraśī daūta ṭhēva; apō nārāyaṇa rakṣī nija dāsā || lōṭūnī sarasā kaḍē (i. e. kaḍēsarasā Along the margin or edge) ghālī ||. Also:-With the sway, sweep, rush, or course of; as hākēsaraśī ghālī uḍī || stambhā- mājīṃ kaḍāḍī ||; also gōḷyāsarasē vṛkṣa hī uḍālē; vārēsarasā, hātāsarasā, jhapāṭyāsarasā, taḍākhyāsarasā, uṭhaṇyāsarasā, bōlaṇyāsarasā. 3 Used as ad decl:--In the neighborhood, near, nigh. 4 ad decl Towards or to one side; out of the direct way. Used with verbs of action or motion; as kāḍha, kara, ghāla, & nigha, hō, jā.

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sarasā (सरसा).—a Commonly sarasa. Superior &c.

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sārasa (सारस).—m (S) Indian crane, Ardea Antigone.

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sārasa (सारस).—n C The broad and hollow end of a branch of the Surma, or a piece of a branch of a Palm-tree matted, or other similar thing; as used to bale up water (in a field or plantation).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sarasa (सरस).—m Glue. a Superior; exceeding; juicy.

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sarasā (सरसा).—ad Near. prep Nigh. a Like; superior.

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sārasa (सारस).—m Indian crane. sārasī f The female of it.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarasa (सरस).—a.

1) Juicy, succulent.

2) Tasty, sapid.

3) Wet; सरसनखपदान्तर्दष्टकेशप्रमोकम् (sarasanakhapadāntardaṣṭakeśapramokam) Śi.11.54.

4) Wet with perspiration; तं वीक्ष्य वेपथुमती सरसाङ्गयष्टिः (taṃ vīkṣya vepathumatī sarasāṅgayaṣṭiḥ) Ku.5.85.

5) Full of love, impassioned; त्वयि चपलेऽपि च सरसां भ्रमर कथं वा सरोजिनीं त्यजसि (tvayi capale'pi ca sarasāṃ bhramara kathaṃ vā sarojinīṃ tyajasi) Bv.1.1 (where it means 'full of honey' also).

6) Charming, lovely, agreeable, beautiful; सरसवसन्ते (sarasavasante) Gīt.1; तन्मे मनः क्षिपति यत्सरसप्रहारम् (tanme manaḥ kṣipati yatsarasaprahāram) Māl.4.8.

7) Fresh, new, blooming; सरसकुसुमक्षामैरङ्गै- रनङ्गमहाज्वरः (sarasakusumakṣāmairaṅgai- ranaṅgamahājvaraḥ) Māl.9.1.

8) Thick, solid (sāndra); निहित- सरसयावकैर्वभासे चरणतलैः कृतपद्धतिर्वधूनाम् (nihita- sarasayāvakairvabhāse caraṇatalaiḥ kṛtapaddhatirvadhūnām) Ki.1.3.

9) Expressive of poetical sentiment; see रस (rasa).

-sam A lake, pond.

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Sārasa (सारस).—a. (- f.) [सरस इदम् अण् (sarasa idam aṇ)]

1) Belonging to a lake; विशदा विशदामत्तसारसे सारसे जले (viśadā viśadāmattasārase sārase jale) Kāv.3.14; Nalod. 2.4.

2) Belonging to or proceeding from a Sārasa.

-saḥ 1 The (Indian) crane, or swan (according to some); विभिद्यमाना विससार सारसानुदस्य तीरेषु तरङ्गसंहतिः (vibhidyamānā visasāra sārasānudasya tīreṣu taraṅgasaṃhatiḥ) Ki.8.31; Śi.6.75;12.44; Me.31; R.1.41.

2) A bird in general.

3) The moon.

-sam 1 A lotus; पुरा सरसि मानसे विकचसारसालिस्खलत् (purā sarasi mānase vikacasārasāliskhalat) Bv.1.3.

2) The zone or girdle of a woman.

-sī A female (Indian) crane.

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Sārasa (सारस).—a. Crying, calling.

-sārasyam a cry, shout.

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Śarāsa (शरास).—a bow; Bhāg.

Derivable forms: śarāsaḥ (शरासः).

Śarāsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śara and āsa (आस).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarasa (सरस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) 1. Tasty, juicy, sapid. 2. Comprising the expression of the poetical Rasas or sentiments, (a work, &c.) 3. Impassioned. 4. Beautiful, charming. 5. Agreeable. n.

(-saṃ) 1. A tank, a pond, a lake. 2. Alchemy. f.

(-sā) A sort of Teori. f. (-sī) A lake, a pond. E. sa with, rasa juice.

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Sārasa (सारस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sī-saṃ) Relating or belonging to a lake or pond, &c. n.

(-saṃ) 1. A lotus. 2. A woman’s zone. mf. (-saḥ-sī) The Saras or Indian crane, male and female, (Ardea Sibirica.) m.

(-saḥ) 1. The moon. 2. A bird in general. E. saras a pond, a lake, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarasa (सरस).—i. e. saras + a, and sa-rasa, I. n. 1. A pond. 2. (or m. ?), Alchemy, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 247. 3. A substitute for saras at the end of some comp. words. Ii. adj. 1. Tasty, juicy, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 14. 2. Beautiful, charming, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 51, 5; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 6; agreeable, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 2. 3. New, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 85. 4. Impassioned. 5. ºsam, adv. Enraptured, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 57, 11.

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Sārasa (सारस).—i. e. saras + a, I. adj. Relating or belonging to a lake, [Nalodya, (ed. Benary.)] 2, 40. Ii. m., and f. , The Indian crane, male and female, Ardea sibirica, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 53, 58; [Pañcatantra] 82, 6; ii. [distich] 103 (cf. my transl.); a bird in general, [Nalodya, (ed. Benary.)] 2, 10. Iii. m. The moon. Iv. n. A lotus, [Caurapañcāśikā] 44.

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Sarasa (सरस).—see s.v.

Sarasa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and rasa (रस).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarāsa (शरास).—[masculine] na [neuter] bow (arrow-thrower).

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Sarasa (सरस).—[adjective] juicy, moist, humid, fresh, new, tasty, pleasant, charming, passionate, enamoured; [neuter] [adverb] with rapture.

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Sārasa (सारस).—[feminine] ī relating to a pond or lake. [masculine] a cert. aquatic bird ([feminine] ī), a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarāsa (शरास):—[from śara] m. a bow, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) Sarasa (सरस):—[from sara] a n. (for sa-rasa See sub voce) = saras, a lake, pond, pool (See jala-, deva-, and maṇḍūka-s).

3) [=sa-rasa] [from sa > sa-rakta] b etc. See sub voce

4) [=sa-rasa] c mf(ā)n. (for sarasa See p. 1182, col. 2) containing sap, juicy, pithy, potent, powerful, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Meghadūta]

5) [v.s. ...] moist, wet, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] fresh, new, [Mālavikāgnimitra; Śiśupāla-vadha; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] tasty, tasting like ([compound]), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

8) [v.s. ...] elegant, beautiful, charming, gracious, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

9) [v.s. ...] expressive of poetical sentiment (See rasa)

10) [v.s. ...] passionate, impassioned, enamoured, full of love or desire, [ib.]

11) Sarasā (सरसा):—[=sa-rasā] [from sa-rasa] f. = saralā, Ipomoea Turpethum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Sārasa (सारस):—[from sāras] 1. sārasa mf(ī)n. ([from] saras) relating or belonging to or coming from a pond or lake, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Suśruta]

13) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) the Indian or Siberian crane, Ardea Sibirica, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] m. a swan = haṃsa, [Śiśupāla-vadha xii, 44] ([Scholiast or Commentator])

15) [v.s. ...] a bird in general (cf. rāja-s)

16) [v.s. ...] the moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of measure, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

18) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Garuḍa, [Mahābhārata]

19) [v.s. ...] of a son of Yadu, [Harivaṃśa]

20) [v.s. ...] of a hunchback ([Bombay edition] saka), [Mālavikāgnimitra]

21) [from sāras] n. a lotus, [Caurapañcāśikā]

22) [v.s. ...] a woman’s zone or girdle (= sārasana), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) 2. sārasa mfn. crying, calling, [Nalôd.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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