Historical Elements in the Matsya Purana

by Chaitali Kadia | 2021 | 91,183 words

This page relates ‘Surya & Candra dynasty’ of the study on the historical elements of the Matsya-purana: one of the eighteen Mahapuranas which are Sanskrit texts that have preserved the cultural heritage, philosophy, religion, geography, etc of ancient India. This Matsyapurana was originally written in 20,000 verses and deals with topics such as architecture, ancient history, polity, religion and philosophy.

Aditi gave birth to Vivasvān (Sūrya) as a son frm Maharṣi Kaśyapa. Vivasvān had three wives named Sañjā, Rāñjī and Prabhā. Among them Rāñjī, daughter of Revata, produced a son named Raivata and Prabhā produced a son named Prabhāta. Daughter of Viśvakarma, Sañjā gave birth to Vaivasvata Manu, Yama and one girl named Yamuna. Yama and Yamuna were born twins. After some times when Sañjā could not bear the light of Vivasvān, she produced an indescribable woman like her on from body. She became famous as Chāyā.[1] Chāyā produced a son of the same as Manu.He became famous as Sāvarṇi due to being same as Savarṇa as Vaivasvata Manu. Subsequently, Sūrya also produced a son named Śani and two girls named Tapatī and Viṣṭi from the womb of Chāya.[2] Aśvinī Kumaras originated by Sañjā and Sūrya. Due to the origin from the nasal part of Sañjā, they were also known as both Nāsatya and Dasra.[3] ten sons of Vaivasvata Manu were born. Among them Ila was eldest. The rest nine sons are Ikṣvāku, Kuśanābha, Arista, Dhṛṣṭa, Nariṣyanta, Karuṣa, Śaryāti, Pṛṣadhra and Nābhāga.[4] Ila entered to Śaravana due to conquest. Mahadeva had the bless on this forest (Śaravana) that if a man enters this forest, he will become a woman. Ila did not know this, so she became a woman as soon as she entered the Śaravana. Later his name was Ilā.[5]

King Purūravā, son of Ila was about to increase the Candra dynasty. Similarly, Mahārāja Ikṣvāku has been called the exponent of Sūrya dynasty. While living in Kimpuruṣayoni Ila gave birth to a son named Sudyumna. Again Sudymna has three unbeatable sons named Utkala, Gaya and Haritaśca. Ila dedicated Utkal (Odisa) to Utkala , Gayāpradesh to Gaya and eastern front direction (state) of the border of Kurupradesh to Haritaśca. After that he anointed his eldest son Pururavā at Pratishthānpur .[6] After Sudymna, Ikṣvāku, the eldest son of Manu, became the head of Madhya deśa . Among the other sons of Manu, there was a Mohābalī son named Śuca of Nariṣyanta. Nābhāga had a son Ambarīṣa and Dhṛṣṭa had three son Dhṛṣṭaketu, Citranātha and Raṇadhṛṣṭa. Śaryāti had a son named Ānarta and a daughter named Sukanya. Ānarta had a great son named Rocamāna. The country ruled by Ānarta was named Ānarta (Gujrat and its capital was the city of Kuśasthal (Dwarka). Rocamāna’s son was Reva who was also called as Raivata and Kakudmī. He was the eldest of Rocamana’s hundred sons. Reva had a girl named Revatī who was wife of Balarām, elder brother of Śrīkṛṣṇa. Karūṣa had many sons, who became known as Kārūṣa in the world.[7]

Footnotes and references:


Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 11/2–5


Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 11/8–9


Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 11/36–37


Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 11/40–41


Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 11/43–48


Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 12/15–18


Matsya Purāṇa, Ch. 12/19–24

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