Kambala, Kambalā: 22 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kambala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Kambala (कम्बल).—One of the seven major mountains situated on the western side of mount Niṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These mountains give rise to many other mountains and various settlements. Niṣadha is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kambala (कम्बल).—A prominent serpent of the family of Kaśyapa. (Chapter 35, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata). The Prayāga tīrtha was the abode of this serpent.

2) Kambala (कम्बल).—A part of Kuśadvīpa. (Island of Kuśa). (Chapter 12, Bhīṣma Parva, Mahābhārata)

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Kambala (कम्बल) refers to “woollen blanket” and was once commonly used by craftsmen in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Craftsmen and their tools are referred to in the Nīlamata which enjoins upon the inhabitants of Kaśmīra the worship of Viśvakarmā—the originator of all crafts.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kambala (कम्बल).—A chief of Nāgas in Pātāla, presides over the month of iṣa.1 According to the brahmāṅda and vāyu purāṇas, he was the resident of Sutalam;2 in the Prajāpatikṣetra; used in the chariot of Tripurārī.3 Kādraveya Nāga residing in the sun's chariot in the month of Māgha;4 in the month of tapa and tapasya.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 31; XII. 11. 43; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 23; 69. 70.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 23; III. 7. 33.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 104. 5; 106. 27; 110. 8; 133. 20.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 21; II. 10. 16.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 21.

1b) Heard the viṣṇu purāṇa from Aśvatara and narrated it to Elāputra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 8. 47.

1c) An Yakṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 12.

1d) (Mt.) a Kulaparvata of the Ketumāla.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 4.

2) Kambalā (कम्बला).—A river of the Ketumāla continent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 17.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kambala (कम्बल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.10, I.35, II.9.9, II.47.3, V.101.9/V.103) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kambala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Kambala also refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.83.72).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Kambala (कम्बल) is the name of a nāga chief, presiding over Nitala, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Nitala refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Kambala (कम्बल) or Kambalatantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Kambala belonging to the Garuḍa class.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kambala in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Kambala (कम्बल) refers to (1) “mythical serpent (often mentioned in the Purāṇas)” or (2) a “blanket” and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 10.8.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Kambala (कम्बल) or Citrakambala is equated to Kaucava (“goat’s-hair sheet”), which is mentioned in verse 3.13 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Kaucava “goat’s-hair sheet”, equated to (citra-)kambala, tavaraka, and rāṅkava(-vastra), is understood as “a fabric made of goat’s hair dyed with safflower juice”—(kausumbharasaraktacchāgaromanirmito ghanaḥ Indu). The Tibetan reu-bal la-ba (“kid’s-wool blanket” agrees on the whole with this definition. CD read reu-bal chen, which may be interpreted to mean “kid’s-wool fabrics”, by analogy with phrases like gos chen (“silk fabrics”). In Mahāvyutpatti 5861 bal la-ba corresponds to kocava.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A tribe of Nagas. They were present at the Mahasamaya (D.ii.258), and are mentioned with the Assataras as living at the foot of Sineru (J.vi.165).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Kambala (कम्बल) is the name of a Nāga mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kambala).

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana

Kambala is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the black-blanket-clad yogin”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.

These mahāsiddhas (eg., Kambala) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Kambala (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Kambala (कम्बल) is the name of an ancient city found by the son of Ajita: an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahābuddhavaṃsa or Maha Buddhavamsa (the great chronicle of Buddhas) Anudīpanī chapter 1, compiled by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw. Ajita’s son founded Kambala. He and his descendants in that city were eighty-four thousand. The last of these eighty-four thousand kings was named Brahmadatta.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kambala.—(IA 23), an agricultural ceremony. Note: kambala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kambala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kambala : (nt.) woollen stuff; a blanket.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kambala, (m. , nt.) (cp. Sk. kambala) 1. woollen stuff, woollen blanket or garment. From J. IV, 353 it appears that it was a product of the north, probably Nepal (cp. J. P. T. S. 1889, 203); enumerated as one of the 6 kinds of cīvaras, together w. koseyya & kappāsika at Vin. I, 58=96, also at A. IV, 394 (s. °sukhuma); frequent preceded by ratta (e.g. DA. I, 40. Cp. also ambara2 and ambala), which shows that it was commonly dyed red; also as paṇḍu Sn. 689; Bdhd 1.—Some woollen garments (aḍḍhakāsika) were not allowed for Bhikkhus: Vin. I, 281; II, 174; see further J. I, 43, 178, 322; IV, 138; Miln. 17, 88, 105; DhA. I, 226; II, 89 sq. 2. a garment: two kinds of hair‹-› (blankets, i.e. ) garments viz. kesa° and vāla° mentioned Vin. I, 305=D. I, 167=A. I, 240, 295.—3. woollen thread Vin. I, 190 (explained by uṇṇā) (cp. Vin. Texts II. 23); J. VI, 340;— 4. a tribe of Nāgas J. VI, 165.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kambala (कंबल).—m S A blanket &c. See kāmbaḷā.

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kambala (कंबल).—n R A half or large division (of fruits, of a stone &c.)

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kambaḷa (कंबळ).—f A tree, Hymenodyction excelsum. Grah.

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kāmbaḷa (कांबळ).—f P A dewlap.

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kāmbaḷā (कांबळा).—m (kambala S) A coarse blanket composed of two breadths.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kāmbaḷa (कांबळ) [-ḷī, -ळी].—f A dewlap.

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kāmbaḷā (कांबळा).—m-ḷēṃ n A coarse blanket compos- ed of two breadths.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kambala (कम्बल).—[Uṇ.1.16]

1) A blanket (of wool); कम्बलवन्तं न बाधते शीतम् (kambalavantaṃ na bādhate śītam) Subhāṣ.; कम्बलावृतेन तेन (kambalāvṛtena tena) H.3; Rām.7.1.3.

2) A dew-lap.

3) A sort of deer.

4) An upper garment of wool.

5) A wall.

6) A small worm.

7) Name of a serpent-king.

8) Covering of an elephant. cf. कम्बलो नागराजे च सास्नायां मृगरोमजे । गज- प्रावरणे चैव (kambalo nāgarāje ca sāsnāyāṃ mṛgaromaje | gaja- prāvaraṇe caiva) ...... Nm.

-lam Water.

Derivable forms: kambalaḥ (कम्बलः).

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Kāmbala (काम्बल).—[kambala-aṇ] A carriage covered with a woollen cloth or blanket.

Derivable forms: kāmbalaḥ (काम्बलः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kambala (कम्बल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. A blanket. 2. A chief of the Nagas or serpents. 3. A small worm. 4. A dew-lap. 5. An upper cloth or garment. 6. A sort of deer. n.

(-laṃ) Water. E. kam to desire, kala Unadi affix, and ba inserted; or kam the head, water, &c. and bal to be strong, affix ac.

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Kāmbala (काम्बल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lī-laṃ) Clothed with a blanket, &c. m.

(-laḥ) A car covered with a woollen cloth or blanket. E. kambala a blanket, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kambala (कम्बल).—I. m. and n. 1. A woollen blanket, Mahābhārata 3, 181, 2. A woollen garment, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 460. Ii. m. The name of a Nāga, Mahābhārata 1, 1555.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kambala (कम्बल).—[masculine] ([neuter]) woollen cloth or cover; [masculine] also dew-lap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kambala (कम्बल):—mn. (√kam [commentator or commentary] on [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 108]), a woollen blanket or cloth or upper garment, [Atharva-veda xiv, 2, 66; 67; Mahābhārata; Hitopadeśa] etc.

2) m. a dewlap, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

3) a small worm or insect, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a sort of deer with a shaggy hairy coat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Name of a teacher

6) of a man

7) of a Nāga, [Mahābhārata; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa] etc.

8) n. water (cf. kamala)

9) Name of a Varṣa in Kuśa-dvīpa, [Mahābhārata vi, 454.]

10) Kāmbala (काम्बल):—mfn. ([from] kambala), covered with a woollen cloth or blanket (as a carriage), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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