Kambala, aka: Kambalā; 14 Definition(s)
Kambala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kambala (कम्बल).—One of the seven major mountains situated on the western side of mount Niṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These mountains give rise to many other mountains and various settlements. Niṣadha is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
1) Kambala (कम्बल).—A prominent serpent of the family of Kaśyapa. (Chapter 35, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata). The Prayāga tīrtha was the abode of this serpent.
2) Kambala (कम्बल).—A part of Kuśadvīpa. (Island of Kuśa). (Chapter 12, Bhīṣma Parva, Mahābhārata)(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Kambala (कम्बल) refers to “woollen blanket” and was once commonly used by craftsmen in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Craftsmen and their tools are referred to in the Nīlamata which enjoins upon the inhabitants of Kaśmīra the worship of Viśvakarmā—the originator of all crafts.(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
1a) Kambala (कम्बल).—A chief of Nāgas in Pātāla, presides over the month of iṣa.1 According to the brahmāṅda and vāyu purāṇas, he was the resident of Sutalam;2 in the Prajāpatikṣetra; used in the chariot of Tripurārī.3 Kādraveya Nāga residing in the sun's chariot in the month of Māgha;4 in the month of tapa and tapasya.5
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 31; XII. 11. 43; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 23; 69. 70.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 23; III. 7. 33.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 104. 5; 106. 27; 110. 8; 133. 20.
- 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 21; II. 10. 16.
- 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 21.
1b) Heard the viṣṇu purāṇa from Aśvatara and narrated it to Elāputra.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 8. 47.
1c) An Yakṣa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 12.
1d) (Mt.) a Kulaparvata of the Ketumāla.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 4.
2) Kambalā (कम्बला).—A R. of the Ketumāla continent.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 17.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Kambala (कम्बल) is the name of a nāga chief, presiding over Nitala, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Nitala refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.
The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Kambala (कम्बल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.10, I.35, II.9.9, II.47.3, V.101.9/V.103) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kambala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Kambala also refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.83.72).(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Kambala (कम्बल) or Kambalatantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Kambala belonging to the Garuḍa class.(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
A tribe of Nagas. They were present at the Mahasamaya (D.ii.258), and are mentioned with the Assataras as living at the foot of Sineru (J.vi.165).(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Vajrayāna (Tibetan Buddhism)
Kambala is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the black-blanket-clad yogin”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.
These mahāsiddhas (eg., Kambala) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Kambala (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
kambala : (nt.) woollen stuff; a blanket.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Kambala, (m. , nt.) (cp. Sk. kambala) 1. woollen stuff, woollen blanket or garment. From J. IV, 353 it appears that it was a product of the north, probably Nepal (cp. J. P. T. S. 1889, 203); enumd as one of the 6 kinds of cīvaras, together w. koseyya & kappāsika at Vin. I, 58=96, also at A. IV, 394 (s. °sukhuma); freq. preceded by ratta (e.g. DA. I, 40. Cp. also ambara2 and ambala), which shows that it was commonly dyed red; also as paṇḍu Sn. 689; Bdhd 1.—Some woollen garments (aḍḍhakāsika) were not allowed for Bhikkhus: Vin. I, 281; II, 174; see further J. I, 43, 178, 322; IV, 138; Miln. 17, 88, 105; DhA. I, 226; II, 89 sq. 2. a garment: two kinds of hair‹-› (blankets, i.e. ) garments viz. kesa° and vāla° mentioned Vin. I, 305=D. I, 167=A. I, 240, 295.—3. woollen thread Vin. I, 190 (expld by uṇṇā) (cp. Vin. Texts II. 23); J. VI, 340;— 4. a tribe of Nāgas J. VI, 165.
—kañcuka a (red) woollen covering thrown over a temple, as an ornament Mhvs 34, 74; —kūṭâgāra a bamboo structure covered with (red) woollen cloth, used as funeral pile DhA. I, 69; —pādukā woollen slippers Vin. I, 190; —puñja a heap of blankets J. I, 149; —maddana dyeing the rug Vin. I, 254 (cp. Vin. Texts II. 154); —ratana a precious rug of wool J. IV, 138; Miln. 17 (16 ft. long & 18 ft. wide); —vaṇṇa (adj.) of the colour of woollen fabric, i.e. red J. V, 359 (°maṃsa); —silāsana (paṇḍu°) a stone-seat, covered with a white k. blanket, forming the throne of Sakka DhA. I, 17; —sukhuma fine, delicate woollen stuff D. II, 188=A. IV, 394; Miln. 105; —sutta a woollen thread J. VI, 340. (Page 189)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
kambala (कंबल).—m S A blanket &c. See kāmbaḷā.
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kambala (कंबल).—n R A half or large division (of fruits, of a stone &c.)
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kambaḷa (कंबळ).—f A tree, Hymenodyction excelsum. Grah.
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kāmbaḷa (कांबळ).—f P A dewlap.
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kāmbaḷā (कांबळा).—m (kambala S) A coarse blanket composed of two breadths.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kāmbaḷa (कांबळ) [-ḷī, -ळी].—f A dewlap.
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kāmbaḷā (कांबळा).—m-ḷēṃ n A coarse blanket compos- ed of two breadths.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) A blanket (of wool); कम्बलवन्तं न बाधते शीतम् (kambalavantaṃ na bādhate śītam) Subhāṣ.; कम्बलावृतेन तेन (kambalāvṛtena tena) H.3; Rām.7.1.3.
2) A dew-lap.
3) A sort of deer.
4) An upper garment of wool.
5) A wall.
6) A small worm.
7) Name of a serpent-king.
8) Covering of an elephant. cf. कम्बलो नागराजे च सास्नायां मृगरोमजे । गज- प्रावरणे चैव (kambalo nāgarāje ca sāsnāyāṃ mṛgaromaje | gaja- prāvaraṇe caiva) ...... Nm.
Derivable forms: kambalaḥ (कम्बलः).
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Kāmbala (काम्बल).—[kambala-aṇ] A carriage covered with a woollen cloth or blanket.
Derivable forms: kāmbalaḥ (काम्बलः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 17 books and stories containing Kambala or Kambalā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 12: Story of the two bulls < [Chapter III - Mahāvīra’s first six years as an ascetic]
Part 12: Episode of Bhāyala Svāmin < [Chapter XI - The story of Rauhiṇeya]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 3.234 < [Section XIV - Method of Feeding]
Verse 5.119 < [Section XIII - Purification of Substances]
Verse 2.42 < [Section XIII - Initiation (upanayana)]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)