Kambala, aka: Kambalā; 16 Definition(s)


Kambala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kambala in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kambala (कम्बल).—One of the seven major mountains situated on the western side of mount Niṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These mountains give rise to many other mountains and various settlements. Niṣadha is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Kambala (कम्बल).—A prominent serpent of the family of Kaśyapa. (Chapter 35, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata). The Prayāga tīrtha was the abode of this serpent.

2) Kambala (कम्बल).—A part of Kuśadvīpa. (Island of Kuśa). (Chapter 12, Bhīṣma Parva, Mahābhārata)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Kambala (कम्बल) refers to “woollen blanket” and was once commonly used by craftsmen in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Craftsmen and their tools are referred to in the Nīlamata which enjoins upon the inhabitants of Kaśmīra the worship of Viśvakarmā—the originator of all crafts.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

1a) Kambala (कम्बल).—A chief of Nāgas in Pātāla, presides over the month of iṣa.1 According to the brahmāṅda and vāyu purāṇas, he was the resident of Sutalam;2 in the Prajāpatikṣetra; used in the chariot of Tripurārī.3 Kādraveya Nāga residing in the sun's chariot in the month of Māgha;4 in the month of tapa and tapasya.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 31; XII. 11. 43; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 23; 69. 70.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 23; III. 7. 33.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 104. 5; 106. 27; 110. 8; 133. 20.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 21; II. 10. 16.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 21.

1b) Heard the viṣṇu purāṇa from Aśvatara and narrated it to Elāputra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 8. 47.

1c) An Yakṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 12.

1d) (Mt.) a Kulaparvata of the Ketumāla.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 4.

2) Kambalā (कम्बला).—A river of the Ketumāla continent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 17.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kambala (कम्बल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.10, I.35, II.9.9, II.47.3, V.101.9/V.103) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kambala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Kambala also refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.83.72).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Kambala (कम्बल) is the name of a nāga chief, presiding over Nitala, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Nitala refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Kambala (कम्बल) or Kambalatantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Kambala belonging to the Garuḍa class.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A tribe of Nagas. They were present at the Mahasamaya (D.ii.258), and are mentioned with the Assataras as living at the foot of Sineru (J.vi.165).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Kambala is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the black-blanket-clad yogin”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.

These mahāsiddhas (eg., Kambala) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Kambala (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Kambala.—(IA 23), an agricultural ceremony. Note: kambala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kambala in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kambala : (nt.) woollen stuff; a blanket.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kambala, (m. , nt.) (cp. Sk. kambala) 1. woollen stuff, woollen blanket or garment. From J. IV, 353 it appears that it was a product of the north, probably Nepal (cp. J. P. T. S. 1889, 203); enumd as one of the 6 kinds of cīvaras, together w. koseyya & kappāsika at Vin. I, 58=96, also at A. IV, 394 (s. °sukhuma); freq. preceded by ratta (e.g. DA. I, 40. Cp. also ambara2 and ambala), which shows that it was commonly dyed red; also as paṇḍu Sn. 689; Bdhd 1.—Some woollen garments (aḍḍhakāsika) were not allowed for Bhikkhus: Vin. I, 281; II, 174; see further J. I, 43, 178, 322; IV, 138; Miln. 17, 88, 105; DhA. I, 226; II, 89 sq. 2. a garment: two kinds of hair‹-› (blankets, i.e. ) garments viz. kesa° and vāla° mentioned Vin. I, 305=D. I, 167=A. I, 240, 295.—3. woollen thread Vin. I, 190 (expld by uṇṇā) (cp. Vin. Texts II. 23); J. VI, 340;— 4. a tribe of Nāgas J. VI, 165.

—kañcuka a (red) woollen covering thrown over a temple, as an ornament Mhvs 34, 74; —kūṭâgāra a bamboo structure covered with (red) woollen cloth, used as funeral pile DhA. I, 69; —pādukā woollen slippers Vin. I, 190; —puñja a heap of blankets J. I, 149; —maddana dyeing the rug Vin. I, 254 (cp. Vin. Texts II. 154); —ratana a precious rug of wool J. IV, 138; Miln. 17 (16 ft. long & 18 ft. wide); —vaṇṇa (adj.) of the colour of woollen fabric, i.e. red J. V, 359 (°maṃsa); —silāsana (paṇḍu°) a stone-seat, covered with a white k. blanket, forming the throne of Sakka DhA. I, 17; —sukhuma fine, delicate woollen stuff D. II, 188=A. IV, 394; Miln. 105; —sutta a woollen thread J. VI, 340. (Page 189)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Kambala in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kambala (कंबल).—m S A blanket &c. See kāmbaḷā.

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kambala (कंबल).—n R A half or large division (of fruits, of a stone &c.)

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kambaḷa (कंबळ).—f A tree, Hymenodyction excelsum. Grah.

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kāmbaḷa (कांबळ).—f P A dewlap.

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kāmbaḷā (कांबळा).—m (kambala S) A coarse blanket composed of two breadths.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāmbaḷa (कांबळ) [-ḷī, -ळी].—f A dewlap.

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kāmbaḷā (कांबळा).—m-ḷēṃ n A coarse blanket compos- ed of two breadths.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kambala (कम्बल).—[Uṇ.1.16]

1) A blanket (of wool); कम्बलवन्तं न बाधते शीतम् (kambalavantaṃ na bādhate śītam) Subhāṣ.; कम्बलावृतेन तेन (kambalāvṛtena tena) H.3; Rām.7.1.3.

2) A dew-lap.

3) A sort of deer.

4) An upper garment of wool.

5) A wall.

6) A small worm.

7) Name of a serpent-king.

8) Covering of an elephant. cf. कम्बलो नागराजे च सास्नायां मृगरोमजे । गज- प्रावरणे चैव (kambalo nāgarāje ca sāsnāyāṃ mṛgaromaje | gaja- prāvaraṇe caiva) ...... Nm.

-lam Water.

Derivable forms: kambalaḥ (कम्बलः).

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Kāmbala (काम्बल).—[kambala-aṇ] A carriage covered with a woollen cloth or blanket.

Derivable forms: kāmbalaḥ (काम्बलः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kambala (कम्बल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. A blanket. 2. A chief of the Nagas or serpents. 3. A small worm. 4. A dew-lap. 5. An upper cloth or garment. 6. A sort of deer. n.

(-laṃ) Water. E. kam to desire, kala Unadi affix, and ba inserted; or kam the head, water, &c. and bal to be strong, affix ac.

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Kāmbala (काम्बल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lī-laṃ) Clothed with a blanket, &c. m.

(-laḥ) A car covered with a woollen cloth or blanket. E. kambala a blanket, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 151 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Galakambala (गलकम्बल).—m. (-laḥ) A bull’s dewlap. E. gala the neck, and kambala a soft substanc...
Pāṇḍukambala (पाण्डुकम्बल) or Pāṇḍukambalaśilā is the name of a throne in the Trāyastriṃśa...
Kambalatantra (कम्बलतन्त्र) or simply Kambala refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, ...
Citrakambala (चित्रकम्बल).—1) painted cloth used as an elephant's housing 2) a variegated carpe...
Meṣakambala (मेषकम्बल).—a woollen blanket or rug. Derivable forms: meṣakambalaḥ (मेषकम्बलः).Meṣ...
Kambalavāhyaka (कम्बलवाह्यक).—a kind of carriage covered with a coarse blanket, and drawn by ox...
Sthūlakambala (स्थूलकम्बल).—nt., ‘coarse blanket’, listed as a material unsuitable for monks' r...
Kambalaśilā (कम्बलशिला) is the name of a throne in the Trāyastriṃśa heaven, according to t...
Kamala (कमल).—n. (-laṃ) 1. A lotus, (Nelumbium speciosum or Nymphæa nelumbo.) 2. Water. 3. Copp...
Pāṇḍu (पाण्डु).—mfn. (-ṇḍuḥ-ṇḍuḥ-ṇḍu) Pale of yellowish white. m. (-ṇḍuḥ) 1. Pale or yellowish ...
Mālinī (मालिनी) possibly corresponds to the ancient name for Campā: the capital of Aṅga: one of...
Ambara (अम्बर).—(1) m., garment (recorded only as nt. in Sanskrit and Pali): LV 92.16 (verse) ...
Bhīma (भीम).—mfn. (-maḥ-mā-maṃ) Horrible, fearful, terrific. n. (-maṃ) Horror, terror. m. (-maḥ...
Gaṅgā (गङ्गा) is the name of a river (nadī) and mentioned as one of the seven holy Gaṅgas (sapt...
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