Kambala, aka: Kambalā; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kambala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Kambala (कम्बल).—One of the seven major mountains situated on the western side of mount Niṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These mountains give rise to many other mountains and various settlements. Niṣadha is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Kambala (कम्बल).—A chief of Nāgas in Pātāla, presides over the month of iṣa.1 According to the brahmāṅda and vāyu purāṇas, he was the resident of Sutalam;2 in the Prajāpatikṣetra; used in the chariot of Tripurārī.3 Kādraveya Nāga residing in the sun's chariot in the month of Māgha;4 in the month of tapa and tapasya.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 31; XII. 11. 43; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 23; 69. 70.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 23; III. 7. 33.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 104. 5; 106. 27; 110. 8; 133. 20.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 21; II. 10. 16.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 21.

1b) Heard the viṣṇu purāṇa from Aśvatara and narrated it to Elāputra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 8. 47.

1c) An Yakṣa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 12.

1d) (Mt.) a Kulaparvata of the Ketumāla.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 4.

2) Kambalā (कम्बला).—A R. of the Ketumāla continent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 17.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Kambala (कम्बल) is the name of a nāga chief, presiding over Nitala, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Nitala refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A tribe of Nagas. They were present at the Mahasamaya (D.ii.258), and are mentioned with the Assataras as living at the foot of Sineru (J.vi.165).

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

kambala : (nt.) woollen stuff; a blanket.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kambala, (m. , nt.) (cp. Sk. kambala) 1. woollen stuff, woollen blanket or garment. From J. IV, 353 it appears that it was a product of the north, probably Nepal (cp. J. P. T. S. 1889, 203); enumd as one of the 6 kinds of cīvaras, together w. koseyya & kappāsika at Vin. I, 58=96, also at A. IV, 394 (s. °sukhuma); freq. preceded by ratta (e.g. DA. I, 40. Cp. also ambara2 and ambala), which shows that it was commonly dyed red; also as paṇḍu Sn. 689; Bdhd 1.—Some woollen garments (aḍḍhakāsika) were not allowed for Bhikkhus: Vin. I, 281; II, 174; see further J. I, 43, 178, 322; IV, 138; Miln. 17, 88, 105; DhA. I, 226; II, 89 sq. 2. a garment: two kinds of hair‹-› (blankets, i.e. ) garments viz. kesa° and vāla° mentioned Vin. I, 305=D. I, 167=A. I, 240, 295.—3. woollen thread Vin. I, 190 (expld by uṇṇā) (cp. Vin. Texts II. 23); J. VI, 340;— 4. a tribe of Nāgas J. VI, 165.

—kañcuka a (red) woollen covering thrown over a temple, as an ornament Mhvs 34, 74; —kūṭâgāra a bamboo structure covered with (red) woollen cloth, used as funeral pile DhA. I, 69; —pādukā woollen slippers Vin. I, 190; —puñja a heap of blankets J. I, 149; —maddana dyeing the rug Vin. I, 254 (cp. Vin. Texts II. 154); —ratana a precious rug of wool J. IV, 138; Miln. 17 (16 ft. long & 18 ft. wide); —vaṇṇa (adj.) of the colour of woollen fabric, i.e. red J. V, 359 (°maṃsa); —silāsana (paṇḍu°) a stone-seat, covered with a white k. blanket, forming the throne of Sakka DhA. I, 17; —sukhuma fine, delicate woollen stuff D. II, 188=A. IV, 394; Miln. 105; —sutta a woollen thread J. VI, 340. (Page 189)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Vajrayāna (Tibetan Buddhism)

Kambala is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the black-blanket-clad yogin”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.

These mahāsiddhas (eg., Kambala) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Kambala (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.

(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kambala (कंबल).—m S A blanket &c. See kāmbaḷā.

--- OR ---

kambala (कंबल).—n R A half or large division (of fruits, of a stone &c.)

--- OR ---

kambaḷa (कंबळ).—f A tree, Hymenodyction excelsum. Grah.

--- OR ---

kāmbaḷa (कांबळ).—f P A dewlap.

--- OR ---

kāmbaḷā (कांबळा).—m (kambala S) A coarse blanket composed of two breadths.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāmbaḷa (कांबळ) [-ḷī, -ळी].—f A dewlap.

--- OR ---

kāmbaḷā (कांबळा).—m-ḷēṃ n A coarse blanket compos- ed of two breadths.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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