Ashvatara, Aśvatara: 12 definitions



Ashvatara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aśvatara can be transliterated into English as Asvatara or Ashvatara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashvatara in Purana glossary
Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Aśvatara (अश्वतर) falls under the category of domesticated animals (grāmya-paśu) according to the Vāyu Purāṇa.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Aśvatara (अश्वतर).—A serpent. A sacred pond built in Prayāga also carries this name. (Śloka 76, Chapter 55, Vana Parva and Śloka 10, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Aśvatara (अश्वतर).—A chief Nāga of Pātāla; a thousand hooded snake in the Prajāpatikṣetra in Prayāga on the banks of the Yamunā;1 used in the chariot of Tripurāri;2 presides over the month of Ūrja;3 A Kādraveya Nāga.4 A Nāga of the Sutalam;5 resides in the sun's chariot during Phalguna.6

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 31; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 29; 104. 5; 106. 27; 110. 8.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 133. 20.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 44.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 23; 23. 21; III. 7. 33; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 21.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 23.
  • 6) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 18.

1b) Heard the viṣṇu purāṇa from Vatsa and narrated it to Kambala.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 8. 46.

1c) A nāga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 70.

1d) Created by Brahmā from his feet.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 49.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Aśvatara (अश्वतर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.10, I.35, II.9.9, V.103.9) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aśvatara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Aśvatara also refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.83.72).

Aśvatara is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.101.9/V.103) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashvatara in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Aśvatara (अश्वतर) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “mule”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Aśvatara is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Aśvatara (अश्वतर)—Sanskrit word for the animal “mule”. This animal is from the group called Grāmya (‘domestic animals’). Grāmya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashvatara in Kavya glossary
Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Aśvatara (अश्वतर) refers to (1) a “mythical serpent” or (2) a “mule” and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 10.8.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashvatara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśvatara (अश्वतर).—a. Swift, speedy.

-raḥ [tanuḥ aśvaḥ, aśva tanutve ṣṭarac, P.V.3.91]

1) A mule; Av.4.4.8.

2) One of the chiefs of the Nāgas or serpent-race inhabiting the lower regions.

3) A male calf.

4) A class of Gandharvas. cf. अश्वतरः सुरवाजिनोः (aśvataraḥ suravājinoḥ)... ()| Nm.

-rī A mule; व्यजायन्त खरा गोषु करभाऽश्वतरीषु च (vyajāyanta kharā goṣu karabhā'śvatarīṣu ca) Mb.16.2.9; उदरस्य समुत्थाने स्वगर्भोऽश्वतरीभिव (udarasya samutthāne svagarbho'śvatarībhiva) Rām.; Pt.2.32; Chāṇ. 19. [cf. Pers. aster.].

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśvatara (अश्वतर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Swift, speedy. mf. (-raḥ-rī) A mule. m.

(-raḥ) 1. One of the chiefs of the Nagas or serpent race, inhabiting the regions under the earth. 2. A Gand'harba or celestial quirister. 3. A male calf. E. aśva and tara from tṝ to pass, to go, affix ap; or ṣṭarac diminutive aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśvatara (अश्वतर).—[aśva + tara]. I. m. 1. A mule, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 91, 53. 2. One of the chiefs of the Nāgas or serpent race, Mahābhārata 1, 1555. Ii. f. tarī. 1. A female mule. 2. Probably the name of a kind of serpent, which, according to a popular opinion, used to die when pregnant with or bringing forth young, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 49.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśvatara (अश्वतर).—[masculine] ī mule.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśvatara (अश्वतर):—[=aśva-tara] [from aśva] a See below sub voce

2) [from aśva] b m. ([Pāṇini 5-3, 91]) a mule, [Atharva-veda iv, 4, 8; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] ([Comparative degree] of aśva) a better horse, [Patañjali]

4) [v.s. ...] a male calf, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] one of the chiefs of the Nāgas, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a Gandharva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Aśvatarā (अश्वतरा):—[from aśvatara > aśva] f. a better mare, [Patañjali]

8) Āśvatara (आश्वतर):—[from āśva] m. ([from] aśva-tara), Name of Buḍila or Bulila, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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