Bindu; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bindu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Bindu (बिन्दु).—A sage.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 26.

1b) A Kinnara with human face.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 36.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Bindu (बिन्दु, “vital drop”) refers to one of the “five elements of the plot” (arthaprakṛti), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. These five elements represents the five means of attaining objects of the Plot (itivṛtta or vastu). The associated ‘stage of action’ (avasthā) of bindu is the prārambha (beginning). These stages represent a Hero’s striving towards the object in a dramatic playwright (nāṭaka).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “that which sustains the continuity (lit- non-separation) till the end of the play even when the chief object of the play is for the time being suspended, is called the vital drop (bindu)”.

2) Bindu (बिन्दु) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “bindu is when a note of one kalā of low pitch after touching high pitch comes back to its original pitch”.

3) Bindu (बिन्दु) refers to one of the four kinds of vyañjana (indication), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Vyañjana represents one of the four classes of dhātu (stroke), which relate to different aspects of strokes in playing stringed instruments (tata).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “bindu is one heavy stroke in a single string”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Bindu (बिन्दु, “midpoint”) refers to the “midpoint between the eyebrows” and is one of the most important concentration points in yoga.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Originally, Yoga is considered a branch of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Bindu (बिन्दु).—In the body of that kundalini, the Yogi finds bindu. This bindu, which is residing in the body of the Divine Mother kundalini, has four projections radiating from its center.

  1. The first projection is that of subjective awareness (pramatri).
  2. The second projection is cognitive awareness (pramana).
  3. The third projection is objective awareness (prameya).
  4. The fourth projection is digestive awareness (pramiti-bhava).

Here, bindu refers to the supreme semen (virya) that becomes agitated there. The formation of kundalini is of that supreme semen. It is not individual semen. It is something beyond that, experienced only by Yogis.

(Source): abhidharma.ru: Shiva Sutras
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Bindu (बिन्दु).—The term bindu means doubly the geometrical “point” or “center” and the metaphysical principle of “nucleus” (divine potentiality) associated with the origination of the cosmos in Śaiva theology.

(Source): McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Vāstuśāstra book cover
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Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

General definition (in Hinduism)

According to the Vatula-tantra, the bindu represents the māyopādāna with which Śiva associates Himself for the creation.

(Source): archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy

Bindu (बिंदु) is a Sanskrit term meaning “point” or “dot.” The feminine case ending is bindi, which denotes a small ornamental, devotional, and often mystical dot that in Hinduism is applied or affixed to the forehead.

1) In metaphysics, Bindu is considered to be the point at which creation begins and may become unity. It is also described as “the sacred symbol of the cosmos in its unmanifested state.” The Bindu is the point around which the mandala is created and it represents the manifestation of the universe.

2) In Tantra, bindu or bindu-visarga ("falling of the drop") is a point at the back of the head where Brahmins grow their tuft of hair. This point exists below the sahasrara chakra and above the ajna chakra and is represented by a crescent moon with a white drop. It represents the manifestation of creations, such as consciousness. Bindu refers to an aspect of the anatomy known as the "subtle body" which is composed of "drops" (Tibetan: ཐིག་ལེ thig le) and "winds" (Tibetan: རླུང rLung).

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

bindu : (nt.) a drop; a dot; a trifle.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Bindu, (cp. Vedic bindu & vindu) 1. a drop, usually a drop of water Sn. 392, 812 (uda°); J. I, 100; Vism. 531 (madhu°); ThA. 281; PvA. 98 (udaka°).—2. a spot (cp. SBE XVII. 155) Vism. 222 (°vicitvā gāvī a spotted cow). ‹-› 3. (as adj.) one of the eight qualities of perfect sound (brahma-ssara, with ref. to the voice of Brahmā and of Buddha, cp. aṭṭhaṅga), which are given at D. II, 211= 227 as (saro hoti) vissaṭṭho ca viññeyyo ca mañjū ca savanīyo ca bindu (vv. ll. bandu & bhindu) ca avisārī ca gambhīro ca ninnādī ca. We may translate by “full, close, compact" (Dial. II. 245 “continuous"). See also below °ssara.—tthanī having breasts round as a bubble J. V, 215.—bindu(ṃ) drop by drop DA. I, 218.—matī (f.) Np. of a courtesan of Pāṭaliputta in the time of Asoka Miln. 121 sq.—matta measuring a drop, even a drop PvA. 100, 104 (eka °ṃ).—sāra Np. of king of India, father of Asoka Dpvs. V, 101; VI, 15; Mhvs. V, 18, 19.—ssara a full rounded voice Sn. 350 (referred by SnA to a Mahāpurisa); adj. having a full voice (see above bindu 3) Pv III, 34 (T. vindu°, BB bindu°; PvA. explns by avissaṭṭha-ssara sampiṇḍita-ssara, i.e. “continuous"); J. II, 439 (=bindhunā avisaṭena piṇḍitena sarena samannāgata C.); V, 204, 299 (=sampiṇḍita-ghana-ssara); VI, 518=581 (=piṇḍita-ssara C.). (Page 487)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

bindu (बिंदु).—m (S) A drop. 2 A dot, a point or spot made with a pen &c. 3 The central or focal point, focus.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bindu (बिंदु).—m A drop. A dot. Focus.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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