Bindu: 27 definitions
Bindu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Bindu (बिन्दु, “dot”) refers to Śakti (power) while Nāda refers to Śiva, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “the entire universe consisting of the movable and the immovable is of the nature of Bindu (dot) and Nāda (sound). Bindu is Śakti (Power) and Śiva is Nāda. Hence the universe is pervaded by Śiva and Śakti. Bindu is the support of Nāda. The universe has the support of Bindu. Both Bindu and Nāda together support the entire universe. The unification of the Bindu and the Nāda is called Sakalīkaraṇa and the universe takes its birth as a result of this Sakalīkaraṇa. The Phallic emblem is the fusion of Bindu and Nāda and is the cause of the universe. Bindu is the goddess and Śiva is the Nāda and the fusion of the two is the phallic emblem of Śiva. Hence to ward off future births, the devotee shall worship the phallic emblem of Śiva. Goddess of the form of Bindu is the mother and Śiva of the form of Nāda is the father”.
Note: Bindu is a dot over a letter representing the anusvāra. It is supposed to be connected with Śiva and is of great mystical importance.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Bindu (बिन्दु).—A sage.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 26.
1b) A Kinnara with human face.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 36.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Bindu (बिन्दु, “vital drop”) refers to one of the “five elements of the plot” (arthaprakṛti), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. These five elements represents the five means of attaining objects of the Plot (itivṛtta or vastu). The associated ‘stage of action’ (avasthā) of bindu is the prārambha (beginning). These stages represent a Hero’s striving towards the object in a dramatic playwright (nāṭaka).
According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “that which sustains the continuity (lit- non-separation) till the end of the play even when the chief object of the play is for the time being suspended, is called the vital drop (bindu)”.
2) Bindu (बिन्दु) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.
According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “bindu is when a note of one kalā of low pitch after touching high pitch comes back to its original pitch”.
3) Bindu (बिन्दु) refers to one of the four kinds of vyañjana (indication), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Vyañjana represents one of the four classes of dhātu (stroke), which relate to different aspects of strokes in playing stringed instruments (tata).
According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “bindu is one heavy stroke in a single string”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Bindu (बिन्दु, “midpoint”) refers to the “midpoint between the eyebrows” and is one of the most important concentration points in yoga.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: abhidharma.ru: Shiva Sutras
Bindu (बिन्दु).—In the body of that kundalini, the Yogi finds bindu. This bindu, which is residing in the body of the Divine Mother kundalini, has four projections radiating from its center.
- The first projection is that of subjective awareness (pramatri).
- The second projection is cognitive awareness (pramana).
- The third projection is objective awareness (prameya).
- The fourth projection is digestive awareness (pramiti-bhava).
Here, bindu refers to the supreme semen (virya) that becomes agitated there. The formation of kundalini is of that supreme semen. It is not individual semen. It is something beyond that, experienced only by Yogis.Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Bindu (बिन्दु) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Siddhāgama by Sadāśiva through parasambandha, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The siddha-āgama, being part of the eighteen Rudrabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.
Bindu in turn transmitted the Siddhāgama (through mahānsambandha) to Caṇḍeśvara who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Siddhāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Bindu (बिन्दु).—The term bindu means doubly the geometrical “point” or “center” and the metaphysical principle of “nucleus” (divine potentiality) associated with the origination of the cosmos in Śaiva theology.Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama
Bindu (बिन्दु) refers to “drop (stone defect) § 2.10.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Bindu (बिन्दु).—Anusvara, letter pronounced only through the nose; a dot to indicate the nasal phonetic element shown in writing above or sometimes after that letter or vowel, after which it is uttered; cf. अं इत्यनुस्वारः । अकार इह उच्चारणार्थः इति बिन्दुमात्रो वर्णोनुस्वारसंज्ञो भवति ।। (aṃ ityanusvāraḥ | akāra iha uccāraṇārthaḥ iti bindumātro varṇonusvārasaṃjño bhavati ||) Kat. I.1.19.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga
Bindu (बिन्दु) refers to “drop of energy” and is explained by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka verse 25.60.—“From the bindu the nāda arises, [and] once the nāda comes into being tāra, the body of the enemy of [Tri]pura [i.e.Śiva] [can become] the cause of the worlds. May [that body] protect you, that which has the constituents (tattva) as [its] lotus-like face; which is endowed with many arms that equate to the syllables [of the alphabet]; whose [additional] four faces are the Vedas; which is the root of bliss; [and] which is flooded with a mass of divine nectar streaming from the moon digit on [its] diadem”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Bindu (बिन्दु):—A spot
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy
According to the Vatula-tantra, the bindu represents the māyopādāna with which Śiva associates Himself for the creation.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Bindu (बिंदु) is a Sanskrit term meaning “point” or “dot.” The feminine case ending is bindi, which denotes a small ornamental, devotional, and often mystical dot that in Hinduism is applied or affixed to the forehead.
1) In metaphysics, Bindu is considered to be the point at which creation begins and may become unity. It is also described as “the sacred symbol of the cosmos in its unmanifested state.” The Bindu is the point around which the mandala is created and it represents the manifestation of the universe.
2) In Tantra, bindu or bindu-visarga ("falling of the drop") is a point at the back of the head where Brahmins grow their tuft of hair. This point exists below the sahasrara chakra and above the ajna chakra and is represented by a crescent moon with a white drop. It represents the manifestation of creations, such as consciousness. Bindu refers to an aspect of the anatomy known as the "subtle body" which is composed of "drops" (Tibetan: ཐིག་ལེ thig le) and "winds" (Tibetan: རླུང rLung).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Bindu (बिन्दु) is the name of a Vaiśya and great benefactor, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “the Vaiśya P’in-t’eou (Bindu?) was a great benefactor (dānapati). He sat on a great bed (khaṭva) adorned with the seven jewels (saptaratna). This bed had diamond (vajra) feet, was covered with a heavenly mattress and had rubies (padmarāga) as curtains (vitāna). Eighty thousand servants stood on guard on all sides; their adornments were marvelous; they opened the four great doors of the palace and authorized all requests. Six times during both the day and the night the drum was beaten and rays of light shone forth. Of the numberless beings of the ten directions, all those who heard the drum or who were touched by the rays did not fail to rush to the spot in order to receive all kinds of food and drink (annapāna). At the sight of this huge crowd, the Śreṣthin [Bindu] silently raised his eyes to the heavens and immediately there fell from the sky a rain of different foods of a hundred flavors (śatarasasāhāra) and everybody received as much as they wished”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
bindu : (nt.) a drop; a dot; a trifle.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Bindu, (cp. Vedic bindu & vindu) 1. a drop, usually a drop of water Sn. 392, 812 (uda°); J. I, 100; Vism. 531 (madhu°); ThA. 281; PvA. 98 (udaka°).—2. a spot (cp. SBE XVII. 155) Vism. 222 (°vicitvā gāvī a spotted cow). ‹-› 3. (as adj.) one of the eight qualities of perfect sound (brahma-ssara, with ref. to the voice of Brahmā and of Buddha, cp. aṭṭhaṅga), which are given at D. II, 211= 227 as (saro hoti) vissaṭṭho ca viññeyyo ca mañjū ca savanīyo ca bindu (vv. ll. bandu & bhindu) ca avisārī ca gambhīro ca ninnādī ca. We may translate by “full, close, compact” (Dial. II. 245 “continuous”). See also below °ssara.—tthanī having breasts round as a bubble J. V, 215.—bindu(ṃ) drop by drop DA. I, 218.—matī (f.) Np. of a courtesan of Pāṭaliputta in the time of Asoka Miln. 121 sq.—matta measuring a drop, even a drop PvA. 100, 104 (eka °ṃ).—sāra Np. of king of India, father of Asoka Dpvs. V, 101; VI, 15; Mhvs. V, 18, 19.—ssara a full rounded voice Sn. 350 (referred by SnA to a Mahāpurisa); adj. having a full voice (see above bindu 3) Pv III, 34 (T. vindu°, BB bindu°; PvA. explns by avissaṭṭha-ssara sampiṇḍita-ssara, i.e. “continuous”); J. II, 439 (=bindhunā avisaṭena piṇḍitena sarena samannāgata C.); V, 204, 299 (=sampiṇḍita-ghana-ssara); VI, 518=581 (=piṇḍita-ssara C.). (Page 487)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
bindu (बिंदु).—m (S) A drop. 2 A dot, a point or spot made with a pen &c. 3 The central or focal point, focus.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
bindu (बिंदु).—m A drop. A dot. Focus.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Bindu (बिन्दु).—[bind-u] A drop, small particle; जलबिन्दुनिपातेन क्रमशः पूर्यते घटः (jalabindunipātena kramaśaḥ pūryate ghaṭaḥ) 'small drops make a pool'; विस्तीर्यते यशो लोके तैलबिन्दुरिवाम्भसि (vistīryate yaśo loke tailabindurivāmbhasi) Ms.7.33; संक्षिप्यते यशो लोके घृतबिन्दुरिवाम्भसि (saṃkṣipyate yaśo loke ghṛtabindurivāmbhasi) 7.34; अधुना (adhunā) (kutūhalasya) बिन्दुरपि नाव- शेषितः (bindurapi nāva- śeṣitaḥ) Ś.2.
2) A dot, point.
3) A spot or mark of coloured paint on the body of an elephant; न्यस्ताक्षरा धातुरसेन यत्र भूर्जत्वचः कुञ्जरबिन्दुशोणाः (nyastākṣarā dhāturasena yatra bhūrjatvacaḥ kuñjarabinduśoṇāḥ) Ku.1.7.
4) A zero or cypher; न रोमकूपौघमिषाज्जगत्कृता कृताश्च किं दूषणशून्यबिन्दवः (na romakūpaughamiṣājjagatkṛtā kṛtāśca kiṃ dūṣaṇaśūnyabindavaḥ) N.1.21.
5) (In geom.) A point having no parts or no magnitude.
6) A drop of water taken as a measure.
7) The dot over a letter representing the अनुस्वार (anusvāra).
8) (In manuscripts) A mark over an erased word (which shows that the word ought not to be erased); 'stet'.
9) A mark made by the teeth of a lover on the lips of his mistress.
1) A peculiar mark like a dot made in cauterizing.
11) The part of the forehead between the eyebrows.
12) (In dramas) the sudden development of a secondary incident (which, like a drop of oil in water quickly diffuses itself and thus supplies important elements in the development of the plot; it is the source of an intermediate object, while 'Bīja' is that of the principal one); अवान्तरार्थविच्छेदे बिन्दुरुच्छेदकारणम् (avāntarārthavicchede bindurucchedakāraṇam) S. D.319.
13) (In phil.) A condition of चिच्छक्ति (cicchakti); सच्चिदानन्दविभवात् सकलात् परमेश्वरा (saccidānandavibhavāt sakalāt parameśvarā)> । आसीच्छक्तिस्ततो नादो नादाद् बिन्दुसमुद्भवः (| āsīcchaktistato nādo nādād bindusamudbhavaḥ) ||
Derivable forms: binduḥ (बिन्दुः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Bindu (बिन्दु).—name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.21.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bindu (बिन्दु).—m. (-ndu) 1. A drop. 2. a particle. 3. A dot, a point. 4. A cipher, (in math.) E. vidi u aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bindu (बिन्दु).—[masculine] drop, globule, point, dot; the sign of the Anusvara ([grammar]).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Bindu (बिन्दु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Rasapaddhati med.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Bindu (बिन्दु):—[from bind] m. (once n., [Mahābhārata]; in later language mostly written vindu) a detached particle, drop, globule, dot, spot, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] (with hiraṇyaya) a pearl, [Atharva-veda xix, 30, 5] (cf. -phala)
3) [v.s. ...] a drop of water taken as a measure, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] a spot or mark of coloured paint on the body of an elephant, [Kumāra-sambhava]
5) [v.s. ...] (ifc. also -ka) the dot over a letter representing the Anusvāra (supposed to be connected with Śiva and of great mystical importance), [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] a zero or cypher, [Rāmāyaṇa] (in manuscripts put over an erased word to show that it ought not to be erased = ‘stet’ [Naiṣadha-carita])
7) [v.s. ...] a [particular] mark like a dot made in cauterizing, [Suśruta]
8) [v.s. ...] a mark made by the teeth of a lover on the lips of his mistress, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] a coloured mark made on the forehead between the eyebrows, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) the sudden development of a secondary incident (which, like a drop of oil in water, expands and furnishes an important element in the plot), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa] (ifc. also -ka)
11) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man [gana] bidādi
12) [v.s. ...] of an Āṅgirasa (author of [Ṛg-veda viii, 83; ix, 30]), [Anukramaṇikā]
13) [v.s. ...] of the author of a Rasa-paddhati, [Catalogue(s)]
14) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a warrior tribe [gana] dāmany-ādi.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
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1) in der Mystik der Śaiva bildet bindu einen Theil der Māyā [SARVADARŚANAS. 88, 22.] —
3) [Sāhityadarpana 317. 319.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Bindu (बिन्दु):—m. —
1) Tropfen. n. [Mahābhārata 7,54,40.] —
2) *Tropfen als Maass. —
3) Kügelchen , Punct , Tüpfel. —
4) das Zeichen des Anusvāra , das in der Mystik eine grosse Rolle spielt. —
5) das Zeichen der Null. —
6) ein Punct , welchen Schreiber über etwas Ausgestrichenes setzen , um anzuzeigen , dass es gelten solle. —
7) ein in Puncten applicirtes Cauterium. —
8) *eine in Form eines Punctes hervortretende Lippenverwundung (durch den Biss eines Verliebten). —
9) in der Dramatik ein scheinbar unbedeutender Zwischenfall , der wie ein Oeltropfen im Wasser einen grossen Umfang gewinnt. —
10) Nomen proprium — a) verschiedener Männer. — b) *Pl. eines Kriegerstammes.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Bindu in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a point, dot; zero, cipher; spot; (in Indian dramaturgy) a point in drama where a minor episode begins to take shape; see [anusvara]; a drop; bull’s eye (in shooting); -[citrana/chayamkana] stippling..—bindu (बिंदु) is alternatively transliterated as Biṃdu.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+49): Bindu Visarga, Bindubheda, Bindubrahmanandiya, Binduca Sindhu Karanara, Binducakra, Binduchakra, Binduchitraka, Binduchyutaka, Binducita, Binducitra, Binducitraka, Binducyutaka, Bindudeva, Binduga, Bindugarbha, Bindughrita, Binduhrada, Bindujala, Bindujalaka, Binduk.
Ends with (+74): Abbindu, Adhobindu, Adhyatmabindu, Agnibindu, Ajabindu, Ashvabindu, Bandhabindu, Bashpabindu, Bhaktibindu, Bhaktirasamritabindu, Bhatta shankara bindu, Brahmabindu, Candrabindu, Caturbindu, Chandrabindu, Chedanabindu, Chitrabindu, Citrabindu, Dharmabindu, Dvibindu.
Full-text (+212): Nada, Baindava, Vindu, Bindumadhava, Bindaviya, Bindumalin, Binduphala, Bindupratishthamaya, Bindubheda, Bindudeva, Bashpabindu, Bindutantra, Bhindu, Suvarnabindu, Bindusara, Bindutirthamahatmya, Bindusarastirtha, Bindusamdipana, Bindusamgraha, Bindubrahmanandiya.
Search found 51 books and stories containing Bindu; (plurals include: Bindus). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Great Chariot (by Longchenpa)
Part 2b - The way of arising of developing and completion < [B. The explanation of meditation practice]
Part 4c - The accompanying samaya and action/practice < [B. The explanation of meditation practice, together with its action of ripening and freeing]
Part 1b - Meditating in the Manner of being born from a womb < [B. The explanation of meditation practice, together with its action of ripening and freeing]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 5 - The rules governing the mystic diagram of the ascetic < [Section 6 - Kailāsa-saṃhitā]
Chapter 16 - Different modes of worship of clay idols and their results < [Section 1 - Vidyeśvara-saṃhitā]
Chapter 3 - The way of Sannyāsa < [Section 6 - Kailāsa-saṃhitā]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter II - Orthography of om < [The om tat sat]
Chapter XIII - The pentads &c., of om < [The om tat sat]
Chapter III - The ortheopy or analysis of om < [The om tat sat]
Shakti and Shakta (by John Woodroffe)
Chapter XX - The Indian Magna Matter < [Section 2 - Doctrine]
Chapter XXIV - Śakti as Mantra (Mantramayi Śakti) < [Section 3 - Ritual]
Chapter XIX - Creation as explained in the non-Dualist Tantras < [Section 2 - Doctrine]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Story of the fabulous gifts of Bindu < [Part 2 - Fulfilling the wishes of all beings]
II. Mastering the water element (ap) < [Part 3 - Mastering the four great elements]
I. Refutation of the first Sarvāstivādin list < [Part 2 - Refutation of the Sarvāstivādin theories on the special attributes]