Bindu; 15 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bindu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

1a) Bindu (बिन्दु).—A sage.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196. 26.

1b) A Kinnara with human face.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 36.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Bindu (बिन्दु, “vital drop”) refers to one of the “five elements of the plot” (arthaprakṛti), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. These five elements represents the five means of attaining objects of the Plot (itivṛtta or vastu). The associated ‘stage of action’ (avasthā) of bindu is the prārambha (beginning). These stages represent a Hero’s striving towards the object in a dramatic playwright (nāṭaka).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “that which sustains the continuity (lit- non-separation) till the end of the play even when the chief object of the play is for the time being suspended, is called the vital drop (bindu)”.

2) Bindu (बिन्दु) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “bindu is when a note of one kalā of low pitch after touching high pitch comes back to its original pitch”.

3) Bindu (बिन्दु) refers to one of the four kinds of vyañjana (indication), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Vyañjana represents one of the four classes of dhātu (stroke), which relate to different aspects of strokes in playing stringed instruments (tata).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “bindu is one heavy stroke in a single string”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Bindu (बिन्दु, “midpoint”) refers to the “midpoint between the eyebrows” and is one of the most important concentration points in yoga.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Bindu (बिन्दु).—In the body of that kundalini, the Yogi finds bindu. This bindu, which is residing in the body of the Divine Mother kundalini, has four projections radiating from its center.

  1. The first projection is that of subjective awareness (pramatri).
  2. The second projection is cognitive awareness (pramana).
  3. The third projection is objective awareness (prameya).
  4. The fourth projection is digestive awareness (pramiti-bhava).

Here, bindu refers to the supreme semen (virya) that becomes agitated there. The formation of kundalini is of that supreme semen. It is not individual semen. It is something beyond that, experienced only by Yogis.

(Source): abhidharma.ru: Shiva Sutras

Bindu (बिन्दु) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Siddhāgama by Sadāśiva through parasambandha, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The siddha-āgama, being part of the eighteen Rudrabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Bindu in turn transmitted the Siddhāgama (through mahānsambandha) to Caṇḍeśvara who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Siddhāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Vastushastra (architecture)

Bindu (बिन्दु).—The term bindu means doubly the geometrical “point” or “center” and the metaphysical principle of “nucleus” (divine potentiality) associated with the origination of the cosmos in Śaiva theology.

(Source): McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Bindu (बिन्दु).—Anusvara, letter pronounced only through the nose; a dot to indicate the nasal phonetic element shown in writing above or sometimes after that letter or vowel, after which it is uttered; cf. अं इत्यनुस्वारः । अकार इह उच्चारणार्थः इति बिन्दुमात्रो वर्णोनुस्वारसंज्ञो भवति ।। (aṃ ityanusvāraḥ | akāra iha uccāraṇārthaḥ iti bindumātro varṇonusvārasaṃjño bhavati ||) Kat. I.1.19.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Bindu (बिन्दु) refers to “drop of energy” and is explained by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka verse 25.60.—“From the bindu the nāda arises, [and] once the nāda comes into being tāra, the body of the enemy of [Tri]pura [i.e.Śiva] [can become] the cause of the worlds. May [that body] protect you, that which has the constituents (tattva) as [its] lotus-like face; which is endowed with many arms that equate to the syllables [of the alphabet]; whose [additional] four faces are the Vedas; which is the root of bliss; [and] which is flooded with a mass of divine nectar streaming from the moon digit on [its] diadem”.

(Source): academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

General definition (in Hinduism)

According to the Vatula-tantra, the bindu represents the māyopādāna with which Śiva associates Himself for the creation.

(Source): archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy

Bindu (बिंदु) is a Sanskrit term meaning “point” or “dot.” The feminine case ending is bindi, which denotes a small ornamental, devotional, and often mystical dot that in Hinduism is applied or affixed to the forehead.

1) In metaphysics, Bindu is considered to be the point at which creation begins and may become unity. It is also described as “the sacred symbol of the cosmos in its unmanifested state.” The Bindu is the point around which the mandala is created and it represents the manifestation of the universe.

2) In Tantra, bindu or bindu-visarga ("falling of the drop") is a point at the back of the head where Brahmins grow their tuft of hair. This point exists below the sahasrara chakra and above the ajna chakra and is represented by a crescent moon with a white drop. It represents the manifestation of creations, such as consciousness. Bindu refers to an aspect of the anatomy known as the "subtle body" which is composed of "drops" (Tibetan: ཐིག་ལེ thig le) and "winds" (Tibetan: རླུང rLung).

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

bindu : (nt.) a drop; a dot; a trifle.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Bindu, (cp. Vedic bindu & vindu) 1. a drop, usually a drop of water Sn. 392, 812 (uda°); J. I, 100; Vism. 531 (madhu°); ThA. 281; PvA. 98 (udaka°).—2. a spot (cp. SBE XVII. 155) Vism. 222 (°vicitvā gāvī a spotted cow). ‹-› 3. (as adj.) one of the eight qualities of perfect sound (brahma-ssara, with ref. to the voice of Brahmā and of Buddha, cp. aṭṭhaṅga), which are given at D. II, 211= 227 as (saro hoti) vissaṭṭho ca viññeyyo ca mañjū ca savanīyo ca bindu (vv. ll. bandu & bhindu) ca avisārī ca gambhīro ca ninnādī ca. We may translate by “full, close, compact" (Dial. II. 245 “continuous"). See also below °ssara.—tthanī having breasts round as a bubble J. V, 215.—bindu(ṃ) drop by drop DA. I, 218.—matī (f.) Np. of a courtesan of Pāṭaliputta in the time of Asoka Miln. 121 sq.—matta measuring a drop, even a drop PvA. 100, 104 (eka °ṃ).—sāra Np. of king of India, father of Asoka Dpvs. V, 101; VI, 15; Mhvs. V, 18, 19.—ssara a full rounded voice Sn. 350 (referred by SnA to a Mahāpurisa); adj. having a full voice (see above bindu 3) Pv III, 34 (T. vindu°, BB bindu°; PvA. explns by avissaṭṭha-ssara sampiṇḍita-ssara, i.e. “continuous"); J. II, 439 (=bindhunā avisaṭena piṇḍitena sarena samannāgata C.); V, 204, 299 (=sampiṇḍita-ghana-ssara); VI, 518=581 (=piṇḍita-ssara C.). (Page 487)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

bindu (बिंदु).—m (S) A drop. 2 A dot, a point or spot made with a pen &c. 3 The central or focal point, focus.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bindu (बिंदु).—m A drop. A dot. Focus.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bindu (बिन्दु).—[bind-u] A drop, small particle; जलबिन्दुनिपातेन क्रमशः पूर्यते घटः (jalabindunipātena kramaśaḥ pūryate ghaṭaḥ) 'small drops make a pool'; विस्तीर्यते यशो लोके तैलबिन्दुरिवाम्भसि (vistīryate yaśo loke tailabindurivāmbhasi) Ms.7.33; संक्षिप्यते यशो लोके घृतबिन्दुरिवाम्भसि (saṃkṣipyate yaśo loke ghṛtabindurivāmbhasi) 7.34; अधुना (adhunā) (kutūhalasya) बिन्दुरपि नाव- शेषितः (bindurapi nāva- śeṣitaḥ) Ś.2.

2) A dot, point.

3) A spot or mark of coloured paint on the body of an elephant; न्यस्ताक्षरा धातुरसेन यत्र भूर्जत्वचः कुञ्जरबिन्दुशोणाः (nyastākṣarā dhāturasena yatra bhūrjatvacaḥ kuñjarabinduśoṇāḥ) Ku.1.7.

4) A zero or cypher; न रोमकूपौघमिषाज्जगत्कृता कृताश्च किं दूषणशून्यबिन्दवः (na romakūpaughamiṣājjagatkṛtā kṛtāśca kiṃ dūṣaṇaśūnyabindavaḥ) N.1.21.

5) (In geom.) A point having no parts or no magnitude.

6) A drop of water taken as a measure.

7) The dot over a letter representing the अनुस्वार (anusvāra).

8) (In manuscripts) A mark over an erased word (which shows that the word ought not to be erased); 'stet'.

9) A mark made by the teeth of a lover on the lips of his mistress.

1) A peculiar mark like a dot made in cauterizing.

11) The part of the forehead between the eyebrows.

12) (In dramas) the sudden development of a secondary incident (which, like a drop of oil in water quickly diffuses itself and thus supplies important elements in the development of the plot; it is the source of an intermediate object, while 'Bīja' is that of the principal one); अवान्तरार्थविच्छेदे बिन्दुरुच्छेदकारणम् (avāntarārthavicchede bindurucchedakāraṇam) S. D.319.

13) (In phil.) A condition of चिच्छक्ति (cicchakti); सच्चिदानन्दविभवात् सकलात् परमेश्वरा (saccidānandavibhavāt sakalāt parameśvarā) । आसीच्छक्तिस्ततो नादो नादाद् बिन्दुसमुद्भवः (| āsīcchaktistato nādo nādād bindusamudbhavaḥ) ||

Derivable forms: binduḥ (बिन्दुः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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