Mahashura, Mahasura, Maha-asura, Mahāśūra, Mahaśūra: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Mahashura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mahāśūra and Mahaśūra can be transliterated into English as Mahasura or Mahashura, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mahashura in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mahāśūra (महाशूर).—One of the Asura leaders who fought against Subrahmaṇya. (Skanda Purāṇa, Asura Kāṇḍa).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mahāsura (महासुर) (Cf. Mahadaitya) refers to a “great demon” and is used to describe Tāraka, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “Then all those gods and sages consulted one another and in their great fright they came to my world and approached me in a piteous plight. [...] Coming to a definite conclusion with adequate thought as to the reason for the same, I went where the demon was performing penance in order to grant him the boon. O sage, I told him thus—‘Tell me what boon you want. A severe penance has been performed by you. There is nothing which cannot be granted to you’. On hearing these words of mine, Tāraka, the great demon [i.e., mahāsura], bowed and eulogised me and requested for a terrible boon”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Mahashura in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Mahāśūra (महाशूर) refers to “heroic (strength)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 19).—Accordingly, “Furthermore, some say that generosity is the cause and condition (hetupratyaya) for obtaining the thirty-two marks. Why is that? [...] By giving with heroic strength (mahāśūra-bala), one obtains the mark consisting of having a broad heel (āyatapādapārṣṇi). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Mahashura in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Mahāśūra (महाशूर) refers to one of the ten sons of Vasu, the son of Abhicandra (an ancient king from Śaktimatī), according , according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.2 [origin of the rākṣasavaṃśa and vānaravaṃśa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Muni Nārada said to Rāvaṇa: “[...] Then King Vasu, destroyed by the gods who were angered by that falsehood, went to a terrible hell. Vasu’s sons, Pṛthuvasa, Citravasu, Vāsava, Śakra, Vibhāvasu, Viśvāvasu, and the seventh, Śūra, and the eighth, Mahāśūra, seated at their father’s feet, were killed by the gods at that time from anger. The ninth son, Suvasu, fled to Nāgapura and Vasu’s tenth son, Bṛhaddhvaja went to Mathurā. Much ridiculed by the citizens, Parvata was banished from the city and was received by the Asura Mahākāla”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahashura in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahaśūra (महशूर).—a ( A) Notorious, celebrated, publicly known.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mahaśūra (महशूर).—a Celebrated, notorious, publicly known.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahashura in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahāsura (महासुर):—[from mahā > mah] m. (hās) a gr° Asura, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [=mahā-sura] [from mahāsura > mahā > mah] Name of a Dānava, [Harivaṃśa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Mahashura in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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