Dhananjaya, aka: Dhanañjaya; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dhananjaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Dhananjaya in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

1) Dhanañjaya (धनञ्जय).—A famous serpent. This serpent was born to Kaśyapaprajāpati of his wife Kadrū. (Śloka 5, Chapter 35, Ādi Parva). This serpent served as a rope to bind the horses to the chariot of Śiva during the time of burning to death the Tripuras. (Śloka 29, Chapter 34, Karṇa Parva). This serpent sits in the court of Varuṇa and worships him. (Śloka 9, Chapter 9, Sabhā parva).

2) Dhanañjaya (धनञ्जय).—Another name for Arjuna. (See under Arjuna).

3) Dhanañjaya (धनञ्जय).—The army given to Subrahmaṇya by Śiva. (Śloka 17, Chapter 46, Śalya Parva).

4) Dhanañjaya (धनञ्जय).—A Sanskrit critic who lived during the period between 11th and 12th century A.D. He was a member of the court of King Muñja. His important work is 'Daśarūpaka'. This work contains three hundred ślokas divided in four separate divisions. After the death of Muñja, Dhanika, brother of Dhanañjaya, wrote a commentary on this work. The treatise is named 'Daśarūpāvaloka'. There are several quotations in this from the Sanskrit dramas 'Veṇīsaṃhāra' and 'Ratnāvalī'. He has in this work discussed Drama and Poetry in general giving prominence to the emotional side of it. The critical work, Daśarūpāvaloka, contains quotations from a book 'Kāvyanirṇaya' by Dhanika himself. But the work 'Kāvyanirṇaya' has not yet been made available. Even in composing poetry Dhanañjaya was well versed. He is the author of the well-known epic 'Rāghavapāṇḍavīya'. It is known as 'Dvisandhāna Kāvya' also. This is based on the lives of Pāṇḍavas and Śrī Rāma.

Dhanañjaya bears the name of Śrutakīrti also. It is stated by scholars that Rāghavapāṇḍavīya was written during the period 1123 to 1140 A.D. (History of classical Sanskrit Literature).

5) Dhanañjaya (धनञ्जय).—There was once a brahmin ascetic called Dhanañjaya in the gotra of Vasiṣṭha. This hermit had hundred wives and got hundred sons, one by each of his wives. The son born of his wife Śābhāka (Śalāka) was named Karuṇa. The father divided his assets equally among his sons and yet they quarrelled with each other.

Once Karuṇamuni went to the shores of Bhavanāśinī along with a few other munis to worship Narasiṃha. There a brahmin had brought a lovely lime as an offering to the deity. Karuṇa took the lime from him and smelt it. At this the brahmin got angry and cursed him. "Sinner, may you live as a fly for a hundred years. Then Mahātmā Dadhīca will give you back your original form." Karuṇa instantly became a fly and he pleaded to his wife thus "Beloved, I have become a fly. Please do protect me." Karuṇa started flying hither and thither and his cruel brothers made the fly fall in oil and killed it. Śucismitā, wife of Karuṇa, started weeping laying the dead fly in her lap. Arundhatīdevī passing that way saw her and consoled her thus: 'Śucismitā, stop lamenting. I shall bring it to life this instant by sacred ashes.' So saying the Devī took some ashes from the fire-pit and reciting the powerful Mṛtyuñjaya mantra sprinkled it on the dead body of the fly. Śucismitā fanned the fly. The potency of the ashes brought the fly back to life.

After a hundred years one of his relatives killed it again. Śucismitā grief-stricken, took the dead fly to the Maharṣi, Dadhīca. The sage told her thus: "It was bhasma (sacred ashes) that gave life three times to Jamadagni, Kaśyapa, the devas and myself. I will, therefore, give life to thy husband by bhasma itself." Dadhīca took some ashes and meditating on Maheśvara recited a mantra and sprinkled it on the dead fly and brought it back to life. By the touch of Dadhīca, the fly, husband of Śucismitā, became Karuṇa again and both of them went back to their hermitage. (Chapter 101, Padma Purāṇa).

6) Dhanañjaya (धनञ्जय).—A brahmin devotee of Mahāviṣṇu who lived in the Tretā yuga. Once, in winter, when for want of proper clothing he could bear the biting cold no longer, he broke some twigs of the Aśvattha tree (poplar leafed fig tree) and made fire to warm him. When Dhanañjaya broke the twigs it gave reflective pain on the body of Mahāviṣṇu. But Mahāviṣṇu who was aware of the unflinching devotion of Dhanañjaya to himself was not displeased but appeared before Dhanañjaya with wounds all over the body. The Brahmin enquired how Viṣṇu got the wounds and on knowing that it was the consequence of his breaking the twigs of Aśvattha Dhanañjaya in utter grief started to cut his own head off. Greatly pleased Viṣṇu stopped him from his attempt and asked him to name a boon. Very modestly he replied that he would be satisfied if he was given the strength to continue as a devotee of Viṣṇu. (Padma Purāṇa, Kriyā Kāṇḍa).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Dhananjaya in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

One of the ten names assigned to Arjuna, the Hindu hero of the Mahabharata. Meaning of the name: "one who conquers riches"

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Dhananjaya (धनन्‍जय): One of the names of Arjuna.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Dhanañjaya (धनञ्जय).—A name for Arjuna meaning “he who attains great wealth by conquest.” This name refers to Arjuna's collecting vast wealth for Yudhiṣṭhira's Rājasūya sacrifice.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Dhananjaya in Theravada glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

1. Dhananjaya - King of Benares. For his story see the Kalabahu Jataka. J.iii.97f.

2. Dhananjaya - King of Indapatta in the Kuru country (J.ii.366). He was the father of Dhananjaya 3 (below).

3. Dhananjaya Koravya - King of the Kurus. He was the Bodhisatta and preached the five Kurudhamma. For his story see the Kurudhamma Jataka (J.ii.368ff). His state elephant was Anjanavasabha. Dhananjaya was one of the births in which the Bodhisatta practised danaparamita. J.i.45.

4. Dhananjaya - King of the Kurus, called Koravya raja. He reigned in Indapatta and belonged to the Yudhitthila gotta. For his story see the Sambhava Jataka (J.v.57ff). He is identified with Ananda.

5. Dhananjaya - Also called Koravya, king of the Kurus, with his capital at Indapatta. His minister was Vidhurapandita. He was fond of games of dice and was defeated by Punnaka. For his story see the Vidhurapandita Jataka (J.vi.255ff; SNA.i.223). He is identified with Ananda. He is probably also the king mentioned in the Dhumakari Jataka. J.iii.400ff.

6. Dhananjaya - A setthi of Bhaddiyanagara; he was the son of Mendaka and Candapadumasiri. His wife was Sumanadevi, and their children were Visakha and Sujata. He was lent by Bimbisara to Pasenadi, for the latters kingdom held no person of great merit. Dhananjaya and his family built the city called Saketa, seven leagues from Savatthi, and settled down there. Dhananjaya is included among the five persons of great merit (Mahapunna), contemporary with the Buddha, and he was a sotapanna. DhA.i.384ff; iii.363; J.ii.347; Vsm.383, etc.

7. Dhananjaya - One of the chief lay supporters of Phussa Buddha. Bu.xix.21.

8. Dhananjaya - A pleasance near Dhannavati where Paduma Buddha first preached (Bu.ix.20; BuA.147). Narada Buddha was born there. BuA.151.

9. Dhananjaya - A city in the time of Sikhi Buddha. There the Buddha converted the householder Dhanapalaka. BuA.202.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Dhanañjaya (धनञ्जय) is the name of the tree (vṛkṣa) associated with Kilakilārava: the north-western cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Guhyasamayasādhanamālā 34. The tree associated with the north-west is sometimes given as Arjuna or Pārthiva. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These trees (eg., Dhanañjaya) that are associated with the cremation grounds are often equated with the eight bodhi-trees of the Buddhas (the current buddha plus the seven previous one). According to the Śmaśānavidhi each tree has a secondary tree (upavṛkṣa) that is depicted as lovely and covered in vaṅga flowers and fruit. In each tree lives a naked rākṣasa who is wrathful in form, who eats human flesh and who has the animal face or the mount of the dikpati in his cremation ground.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Dhanañjaya (धनञ्जय) is an example of a name based on an Epic or Purana mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Dhanañjaya) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Dhanañjaya (धनञ्जय) was an elder brother of Gokunātha Upādhyāya (C. 1650-1740 C.E.): the author of Ekāvalī and Vṛttataraṅgiṇī. Gokulanātha was the son of Pītāmbara Upādhyāya and Umā and grandson of Rāmabhadra. He was the younger brother of Trilocana and Dhanañjaya and elder brother of Jagaddhara.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Dhananjaya in Marathi glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dhanañjaya (धनंजय).—m S One of the five upaprāṇa, the fifth.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhanañjaya (धनंजय).—m One of the five upaprāṇa, the fifth. Name of Arjuna.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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