Bashkala, Bāṣkala: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Bashkala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bāṣkala can be transliterated into English as Baskala or Bashkala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bashkala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Bāṣkala (बाष्कल).—A king of the asuras. Birth. Two sons, Hiraṇyākṣa and Hiraṇyakaśipu and a daughter Siṃhikā, were born to Kaśyapa prajāpati of his wife Diti. Siṃhikā became the wife of Vipracitti. Four sons, Anuhrāda, Hrāda, Prahlāda and Saṃhlāda, were born to Hiraṇyakaśipu. Hrāda was the son of Hrada. Three sons Āyuṣmān, Śibi and Bāṣkala were born to Saṃhrāda. Later history. Bāṣkala became one of the ministers of the famous and mighty hero Mahiṣāsura. Cikṣura was the minister of law and order. Tāmra was the Finance Minister. Asiloma was the Prime Minister and Biḍāla the minister of foreign affairs. Udarkka was the general of the army; Bāṣkala, Trinetra and Kālabandhaka were members of the administrative council. Śukrācārya was the minister of education. Bāṣkala played an important part in the battle between Mahiṣāsura and Indra. When soldiers were killed by thousands, Mahiṣāsura sent lastly, Bāṣkala and Durmukha. Bāṣkala engaged himself in a combat with Devī who fought on the side of the Devas. Bāṣkala became angry and aiming at the breast of Devī he gave a severe blow with his club. But Devī evaded him with her club and gave him a severe thrust with her trident at his breast and Bāṣkala fell dead. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 19; Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 5). (See full article at Story of Bāṣkala from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Bāṣkala (बाष्कल).—One of the disciples of Vyāsa. (See the word Guruparamparā).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bāṣkala (बाष्कल) or Bāṣkalagrāma is the name of an ancient town mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa-māhātmya chapter 3 (Cf. Skanda-purāṇa III. 111.32.50).—Accordingly, “there is a seaside village ‘Bāṣkala’ where sinful people bereft of Vedic virtue reside. They are wicked debauchees with deceptive means of livelihood, atheists, farmers bearing weapons and adulterous rogues. They know not anything about true knowledge, detachment or true virtue. They are brutish in their mental make-up and take a great deal of interest in listening to evil gossips and slander”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bāṣkala (बाष्कल).—A son of Anuhrāda and Surmyā; disciple of Paila; learnt the Ṛg Veda and taught it to Bodhya and others; rearranged the Samhitās into four parts with the help of his four disciples, Bodhya, Agnimāḍhaka, Yājñavalkya and Parāśara; arranged three more Samhitās and entrusted them to Kālāyani, Gārgya, and Kathā japa, all his pupils.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 16; XII. 6. 54-5; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 4. 16-18, 25.

1b) The father of Jambha and three others.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 39.

1c) A son of Prahlāda.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 9; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 1.

1d) The son of Virocana; father of four sons.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 76, 79.

1e) Of Kauśika gotra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 72; Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 100.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bāṣkala (बाष्कल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.18, I.65, I.61.9) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bāṣkala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Bāṣkala is the name of an ancient king, as mentioned in the “Ghūmlī plates of Bāṣkaladeva” (989 A. D.). Bāṣkala who issued the charter under study calls himself s Rāṇaka, i.e. a feudatory ruler, without reference to his overlord. It is difficult to identify this overlord of Bāṣkala ; but it is not impossible that he acknowledged the suzerainty of the Chaulukya king Mūlarāja who ruled between circa 961 and 996 A.D.

This inscribed copper plate (mentioning Bāṣkala) was found in the course of digging operations at Ghūmlī in the former Navanagar State. The date corresponds to the 22nd April, 989 A.D. and it records the grant of a village made by Rāṇaka Bāṣkaladeva surnamed Kuṃkumalola, for the merit of his parents, in favour of a Brāhmaṇa.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bāṣkaḷa (बाष्कळ).—a Loose, licentious, devious, wild, scornful of the restraints of propriety (in speech, conduct &c.): also wild, incongruous, inconsistent--speech or conduct. Pr. bā0 jamā puṣkaḷa kharca.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bāṣkaḷa (बाष्कळ).—a Wild loose, licentious.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bāṣkala (बाष्कल).—Name of a teacher (a pupil of paila); Name of a sage on whose name there was a Śākhā of Ṛigveda; a school of Ṛigveda.

Derivable forms: bāṣkalaḥ (बाष्कलः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Bāṣkala (बाष्कल) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted by Vijñāneśvara. Oxf. 356^a.

2) Bāṣkala (बाष्कल):—on [dharma] Quoted by Hemādri in Pariśeṣakh. 2, 812.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bāṣkala (बाष्कल):—m. Name of a teacher (a pupil of Paila), [Gṛhya-sūtra]

2) of a Daitya, [Harivaṃśa]

3) of a son of Anuhrāda, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) ([plural]) Name of a family regarded as belonging to the Kauśikas, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] vāskala)

5) a warrior (vāṣk), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) mfn. belonging to or derived from Bāṣkala, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

7) large, great (vāṣk), [Horace H. Wilson]

8) m. [plural] the pupils of B° (a school of the Ṛg. veda), [Catalogue(s)]

9) Bāskala (बास्कल):—bāsa, bāskala [wrong reading] for bhāsa, bāṣkala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bashkala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bāṣkaḷa (ಬಾಷ್ಕಳ):—

1) [noun] a school of Řgvēda related to the sage Bhāṣkala.

2) [noun] name of one of the Upaniṣats.

--- OR ---

Bāṣkaḷa (ಬಾಷ್ಕಳ):—

1) [noun] a false statement made deliberately; a lie.

2) [noun] the habit of lying, making false statements.

3) [noun] the quality of lacking moral restraint.

4) [noun] a man whose behaviour is unrestrained by law or general morality; a lawless, immoral man.

5) [noun] a man going beyond customary or proper bounds or limits.

6) [noun] a dishonest man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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