Tvashta, Tvaṣṭa, Tvaṣṭā: 12 definitions


Tvashta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Tvaṣṭa and Tvaṣṭā can be transliterated into English as Tvasta or Tvashta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Tvaṣṭā (त्वष्टा) refers to one of the twelve yugas of Jupiter’s cycle, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The twelve yugas of Jupiter’s cycle are known as belonging to the Devas 1. Viṣṇu, 2. Jupiter, 3. Indra, 4. Agni (fire), 5. Tvaṣṭā, 6. Ahirbudhnya, 7. The Pitṛs, 8. Vāsudeva, 9. Soma (the Moon), 10. Indrāgni, 11. Aśvinideva, 12. Bhaga (the Sun)”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Tvaṣṭā (त्वष्टा).—A Prajāpati. This Prajāpati was an asura also. (Sūkta 94, Anuvāka 14, Maṇḍala 1, Ṛgveḍa). Birth. There are contradictory statements in the Purāṇas regarding the birth of Tvaṣṭā. (See full article at Story of Tvaṣṭā from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Tvaṣṭā (त्वष्टा).—A King of the family of Bharata. This Tvaṣṭā was the son of Bhauvana and father of Viraja. (5th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Tvaṣṭa (त्वष्ट).—(Tvaṣṭri)—a son of Aditi, and an Āditya.1 Presented Pṛthu with a good chariot.2 His wife was Racanā, and sons were Sannivasa and Viśvarūpa (s.v.);3 when the latter was lost, he offered a sacrifice to destroy Indra. From the fire rose a dreadful figure known as Vṛtra. The Gods were frightened and prayed to Hari. The lord revealed Himself and asked them to meet the sage Dadhyañja with whose support Vṛtra could be vanquished. Dadhyañja initiated them into Nārāyaṇavarma;4 was propitiated by Angiras for blessing Citrākṣa with a son.5 His contemplation.6 The name of the Sun in the month of Iṣa (Āśvina).7 Out of the tejas came Viṣṇu's cakra, Indra's vajra, and Rudra's śūlam; all limbs except the feet of Vivasvan were operated upon, and hence feet amaṅgala and not to be worshipped; presented Kumāra with a hen that could assume any form at will.9

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 39; III. 6. 15; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 4; 171. 56; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 66; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 130.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 15. 17.
  • 3) Ib. VI. 6. 44.
  • 4) Ib. VI. 9. (whole).
  • 5) Ib. VI. 14. 27.
  • 6) Ib. XI. 15. 20.
  • 7) Ib. XII. 11. 43. Fought with Śambara in the Devāsura war. 8)Ib. XI. 12. 5; VIII. 10. 29.
  • 8) Matsya-purāṇa 11. 3. 22-32; 159. 10.

2a) Tvaṣṭā (त्वष्टा).—One of the four sons of Śukra;1 married Yaśodharā—Vairocinī, daughter of Virocana; father of Triśira, Viśvarūpa and Viśvakarma;2 Prahrādī, another wife; Samjñā, a daughter of his, was given in marriage to the Sun God;3 an Āditya in the month of Kārttika having 8000 rays; with the Śiśira Sun;4 reduced the Sun's tejas;5 made Viṣṇu's discus;6 fell down on the earth for having drunk the Soma of Śacipati.7

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 78, 86; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 77, 85; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 121.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 6; 59. 17.
  • 3) Ib. II. 24. 34, 39.
  • 4) Ib. II. 23. 20.
  • 5) Ib. III. 59. 44 and 65.
  • 6) Ib. III. 59. 71, 82.
  • 7) Vāyu-purāṇa 78. 6; 94. 56.

2b) A son of Manasyu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 40.

2c) The son of Bhauvana and Dūṣaṇā. His queen was Virocanā, and their son Virajā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 15. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 70. Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 59.

2d) A name of Vṛtra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 19. 25. Matsya-purāṇa 173. 18.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Tvaṣṭā (त्वष्टा) is the name of one of the twelve Ādityas: the offspring of Aditi, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gave thirteen daughters to Kaśyapa. [...] Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are [viz., Aditi]. Aditi gives birth to twelve Ādityas, [viz. Tvaṣṭā].

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Tvashta, also called Bhaumana is the divine carpenter. He is the father of Saranyu (the wife of Vivasvant) and the grand-father of the primeval twins Yama and Yami. The Rig Veda calls him the 'artificer' of the Gods. He does not have a whole hymn dedicated to him in the Rig Veda, but is mentioned in conjunction with other deities in [R.V.1.13], [R.V.2.1] etc. He is said to be the most skillful of workmen, having fashioned the bolt of Indra and a drinking-cup for the Gods. He is the guardian of Soma (Amrit), which is called the food of Tvashta. Indra drinks Soma at Tvashta's house.

Tvashta is also thought to be the same as Vishwakarma. (who is the divine architect, and who has a daughter who married the sun god Surya)

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tvaṣṭa (त्वष्ट).—n m (Accommodated in sense from tvaṣṭa S Pared or planed, quasi Rough rubbing.) Wearisome urging, inciting, importuning; teasing and worrying. v lāva, kara, dē, lāga, hō.

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tvaṣṭa (त्वष्ट).—a S Pared, planed, thinned.

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tvāṣṭa (त्वाष्ट).—a (tvāṣṭra S Name of a daitya) Fierce, ferocious, truculent.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tvaṣṭa (त्वष्ट).—n Wearisome urging, inciting, im- portuning, teasing and worrying. v lāva, kara dē, ḷāga, hō.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tvaṣṭa (त्वष्ट).—p. p. Made thin, pared, peeled &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvaṣṭa (त्वष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) Pared, made thin. E. tvakṣ to make thin, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvaṣṭa (त्वष्ट):—mfn. (√tvakṣ) = taṣṭa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tvaṣṭa (त्वष्ट):—[(ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) a.] Pared.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tvaṣṭa (ತ್ವಷ್ಟ):—[noun] = ತ್ವಷ್ಟೃ - [tvashtri -] 1 & 2.

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Tvaṣṭa (ತ್ವಷ್ಟ):—[adjective] trimmed and smoothened with or as with an adze (said of wood).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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