Vaishvanara, Vaiśvānara: 15 definitions

Introduction

Vaishvanara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vaiśvānara can be transliterated into English as Vaisvanara or Vaishvanara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishvanara in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर) is the name of a Brāhman who came as a guest to the house of Govindadatta, a learned Brāhman from Bahusuvarṇaka, which is a royal district on the bank of the Ganges, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 7. He had a wife named Agnidattā with whom he had five sons.

2) Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर) is the name of one of the two sons of Piṅgalikā, the daughter of the Brāhman Yajñadatta according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 21. Piṅgalikā was married to Śaṅkaradatta (son of Agnidatta) but was abandoned by them both and her property was raided. Her twins were named Śāntisoma and Vaiśvānara by Vāsavadattā and it was settled they were to be the future domestic chaplains of her unborn son.

According to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 23, when prince Naravāhanadatta (son of Udayana) grew up, all the king’s ministers brought there sons for the sake of his companion. Accordingly, “And that Prince Naravāhanadatta was always surrounded by those six ministers’ sons (eg., Vaiśvānara), devoted to him alone, who commanded respect even in their boyhood, as if with the six political measures that are the cause of great prosperity”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vaiśvānara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishvanara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—A hermit. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7 Verse 18, that this hermit stays in the palace of Indra. (Ṛgveda, Maṇḍala 1, Anuvāka 11, Sūkta 59).

2) Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—The first son of Agni called Bhānu. In Cāturmāsya-sacrifice, this fire Vaiśvānara also is worshipped along with the fire Parjanya. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 221, Stanza 16).

3) Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—One of the sons born to Kaśyapa by his wife Manu. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 6).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—A name of Agni;1 to be propitiated by eight oblations or Vaiśvadeva and five others. prāṇa, apāna, samāna, udāna and vyāna.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 2. 24.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 15. 3-8.

1b) A son of Danu, and father of four daughters, Upadānavī and others.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 33; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 7.

1c) Father of two daughters, Pulomā and Kāla (li) kā who were married to Mārica; from them 74,000 Dānavas; lived in Hiraṇyapura; slain by Arjuna.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 23-27.

1d) Resides in Somapānam tīrtha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 62.

1e) A son of Bharatāgni.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 8; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 8.

1f) The Dakṣiṇasthānam, which has three roads or vīthis.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 2. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 91; 50. 156; 66. 47, 52.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishvanara in Shaktism glossary
Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta

Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर) refers to one of the eight forms of fire (agni) to be assigned to the body parts of the worshipper during preliminary rites before Dīkṣā: an important ritual of Śāktism described in the Śāradātilaka-tantra, chapters III-V. The various tongues (jihvās) of fire are assigned to the various limbs of the body of the worshipper. The eight forms of fire (viz. Vaiśvānara) are assigned to the body of the worshipper.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishvanara in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर, “the all-pervader”):—One of the five natural forms of Agni (Vedic god of Divine illumination). This form, known as Vaiśvānara, represents the power of digesting, found in all things, all beings. It is the support of life.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: Vajrayogini

Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—Protector deity of the south-eastern cremation ground.—The southeast (āgneya) belongs to Agni (Śmaśānavidhi 14). Here, the synonym Vaiśvānara is given, the name of the fire in the cāturmāsya sacrifice; hence it is also listed as Hutavahadigīśa (Guhyasamayasādhanamālā 34) and Hutāśana (Saṃvarodayatantra 17). He is described in the Adbhutaśmaśānālaṃkāra as mounted on a goat, potbellied, red-limbed, having a “firepit skull bowl” (kuṇḍakapālī) and a “pot with rosary” (sākṣasūtrakamaṇḍalu).

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर) is the name of the protector (dikpati) associated with Lakṣmīvana: the south-eastern cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te 12th century Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These protectors (eg., Vaiśvānara) are variously known as dikpati, dikpāla and lokāpala and can be traced to purāṇic legends where eight protectors are assigned to each direction by Brahmā. According to the Śmaśānavidhi verse 20, these protectors are in union with their wives and have four arms, two of which make the añjali gesture of obeisance, while the second pair usually holds a skull bowl and a tantric weapon. They are variously depicted upon their respective mounts, or sitting at the base of the tree.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vaiśvānara.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘three’. Cf. vaiśvadeva. Note: vaiśvānara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishvanara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—m S A particular medicinal preparation. 2 Agni or fire,--the element fire or the personification of it.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—m Fire.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaishvanara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—a. (- f.)

1) Relating or common to all mankind, fit for all men; तान् होवाचैते वै खलु यूयं पृथगिवेम- मात्मानं वैश्वानरं विद्वांसोऽन्नमत्थ (tān hovācaite vai khalu yūyaṃ pṛthagivema- mātmānaṃ vaiśvānaraṃ vidvāṃso'nnamattha) Ch. Up.5.18; स एष वैश्वानरो विश्वरूपः प्राणोऽग्निरुदयते (sa eṣa vaiśvānaro viśvarūpaḥ prāṇo'gnirudayate) Praśṇa Up.1.7; हिरण्यगर्भः स्थूलेऽस्मिन् देहे वैश्वानरो भवेत् (hiraṇyagarbhaḥ sthūle'smin dehe vaiśvānaro bhavet) Pañchadaśī 1.28;

2) Universal, general, common.

2) Zodiacal; गगने तान्यनेकानि वैश्वानरपथाद्वहिः (gagane tānyanekāni vaiśvānarapathādvahiḥ) Rām.1.6.31.

-raḥ 1 An epithet of fire; त्वत्तः खाण्डव- रङ्गताण्डवनटो दूरेऽस्तु वैश्वानरः (tvattaḥ khāṇḍava- raṅgatāṇḍavanaṭo dūre'stu vaiśvānaraḥ) Bv.1.57.

2) The fire of digestion (in the stomach); अहं वैश्वानरो भूत्वा प्राणिनां देह- माश्रितः । प्राणापानसमायुक्तः प्रचाम्यन्नं चतुर्विधम् (ahaṃ vaiśvānaro bhūtvā prāṇināṃ deha- māśritaḥ | prāṇāpānasamāyuktaḥ pracāmyannaṃ caturvidham) || Bg.15.14.

3) General consciousness (in Vedānta phil.).

4) The Supreme Being.

5) The Chitraka tree.

-rī 1 Name of a particular division of the moon's path; also वैश्वानरपथ (vaiśvānarapatha); Rām.1.6.31.

2) Name of a particular sacrifice performed at the beginning of every year; इष्टिं वैश्वानरीं नित्यं निर्वपेदब्दपर्यये (iṣṭiṃ vaiśvānarīṃ nityaṃ nirvapedabdaparyaye) Mb.12.165.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Relating to, fit for, &c., all men. m.

(-raḥ) 1. Agni or fire. 2. The digestive fire. 3. The supreme being. f. (-rī) A particular sacrifice to be performed at the beginning of every year. E. viśvānara a Muni, or viśva all, nara mankind, aṇ aff. of descent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—1. [feminine] ī belonging to or consisting of all men, universal, complete, omnipresent or omnipotent; [masculine] fire or the god of fire, the sun, also = virāj (ph.).

--- OR ---

Vaiśvānara (वैश्वानर).—2. [adjective] consecrated to Agni V.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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