Shyeni, Śyenī: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Shyeni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śyenī can be transliterated into English as Syeni or Shyeni, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śyenī (श्येनी).—See under Śyena.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śyenī (श्येनी).—A daughter of Tāmrā and Kaśyapa; married Gautamān; and mother of kururas, sārasa cranes, hawks, etc.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 6. 30-31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 15-16.

1b) A R. from the Ṛṣyavān.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 25.

1c) The wife of Aruṇa and mother of Sampāti and Jaṭāyu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 325-26.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Śyenī (श्येनी) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Śyenī corresponds to Niḥśreṇikā. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

2) Śyenī (श्येनी) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the śyenī metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śyenī (श्येनी) is the name of a meter belonging to the Śīrṣaka class described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which in its feet of twenty-one syllables, the first, the third, the fifth, the seventh, the eighth and the last long, is śyenī”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śyenī (श्येनी).—v. śyeta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śyenī (श्येनी):—[from śyeta] a f. a white cow (See śyaineya)

2) [v.s. ...] a woman with a lily-white complexion (= kumuda-pattrābhā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] [according to] to [Sāyaṇa] and others in [Ṛg-veda i,140, 9 ]- ‘black, dark’.

4) [from śyena > śyeta] b f. a female hawk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Kaśyapa (regarded as the mother of hawks), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Piṅgala Scholiast, i.e. halāyudha]

7) [from śyeta] c See śyeta and śyena above.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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