Jayadeva, Jaya-deva: 13 definitions


Jayadeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Jayadeva in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Jayadeva (जयदेव).—A Sanskrit poet who lived in the 13th century A.D. He is the author of the play 'Prasannarāghavam'. As far as the story of Śrī Rāma is concerned, some changes have been made in this play from that given by Bhavabhūti in his 'Mahāvīracarita'. According to this play Śrī Rāma and Bāṇāsura both were lovers of Sītā. The famous work 'Candrāloka', a treatise on rhetorical figures, was written by this poet Jayadeva. His most important work is 'Gītagovinda', the theme of which is the early life of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, especially the love between Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Rādhā, which is very touchingly described. This book consists of 12 sargas and each sarga contains 24 octaves. This poet was a devotee of Kṛṣṇa. He used to sing lyrics before the image of Kṛṣṇa while his wife danced according to the beat.

2) Jayadeva (जयदेव).—See under Duśśāsana II.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jayadeva (जयदेव).—Are twelve in number created by Brahmā, bodies of mantra used in yajñas; these are darśa, paurṇamāsa, bṛhadya, rathantaram, vitti, vivitti, ākūti, kūti, vijñāsā, vijñāta, manas and yajña. These were again born as Jitas in the Svayambhuva epoch. Brahmā asked them to observe household duties and yajñas, but they took to jñāna. The enraged creator cursed them to undergo seven vṛttis. They were born in turn as Ajitas, Tuṣitas, Satyas, Haraya, Vaikuṇthas, Sādyas, and Ādityas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 5-7; 4 (whole).
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Jayadeva (जयदेव).—A grammarian, (of course different from well-known poet), to whom a small treatise on grammar by name इष्टतन्त्रव्याकरण (iṣṭatantravyākaraṇa) is attributed.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Jayadeva (जयदेव) (C. 900 C.E.), the author of Jayadevachandas (named after him) or Chandaśāstra is ascribed to Śvetapaṭa Jayadeva. He is one of the ancient authorities on Sanskrit prosody who also composed in sūtra style. He is quoted by many authors and commentators in their works in the field. His list includes Abhinavagupta, Halāyudha, Gopāla, Svayambhū, Namisādhu, Sulhaṇa, Hemacandra, Jayakīrtti.

The Jayadevachandas is the literary testimony of Jayadeva’s scholarly contribution. He follows the path of Piṅgala and includes both the Vedic and classical metres in his text, which is missing in the work of his predecessor Janāśraya.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Jayadeva (जयदेव) is the father of Jhiṇṭhīśa: one of the Nine Nāthas according to the Kulakaulinīmata.—The Nine Nāthas propagated the Western Transmission noted in the Kubjikā Tantras. Although each Siddha has a consort with which he shares some part of his spiritual discipline, she is not considered to be his wife. Thus, from the perspective of his identity as an initiate, he is not a householder.—Jhiṇṭhīśa’s birth-name is Viśvakarman and his father is Jayadeva. Alternatively, according to the Kubjikānityāhnikatilaka, Sehila is the name at birth (i.e., the original names of the Siddhas)

2) Jayadeva (जयदेव) is mentioned as the birth-name of Virāja—one of the Sixteen Siddhas according to the Kubjikānityāhnikatilaka: a derative text drawing from Tantras and other sources such as the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.—These sixteen spiritual teachers represent the disciples of the Nine Nāthas who propagated the Western Transmission noted in the Kubjikā Tantras.—Virāja is the Caryā name of this Nātha (i.e., the public name the Siddha uses when living as a wandering renouncer). His birth-name is Devapāla (alternatively, his birth-name is Jayadeva and his father is Tribhuvana according to the Kulakaulinīmata);

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

Jayadeva (640-570 BCE) succeeded Dharmapala in Nalanda. Santideva and Virupa were his disciples. Santideva was the son of a king of Saurashtra.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

1) Jayadeva (जयदेव) or Jayadevasūri is the name of a teacher mentioned in the Bṛhadgaccha-gurvāvalī (dealing with Jain lineages history) (in Sanskrit/Prakrit/Gujarati), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The information provided by the Bṛhadgacchagurvāvalī for the teachers [e.g., Jayadeva-sūri] includes their literary achievements, reference to installation of images, and, the case arising, their feats in debates with non-Jains. [...]

2) Jayadeva (जयदेव) or Jayadevasūri is the name of a teacher belonging to the añcala-gaccha, according to the Añcalagaccha-paṭṭāvalī (dealing with Jain lineages history).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jayadeva (जयदेव).—Name of the author of Gītagovinda; यावच्छृङ्गारसारस्वतमिह जयदेवस्य विष्वग्वचांसि (yāvacchṛṅgārasārasvatamiha jayadevasya viṣvagvacāṃsi) Gīt. last stanza.

Derivable forms: jayadevaḥ (जयदेवः).

Jayadeva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jaya and deva (देव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jayadeva (जयदेव).—[masculine] [Name] of [several] poets.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Jayadeva (जयदेव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—guru of Rucidatta the philosopher. L. 1545.

2) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—Alaṃkāraśataka. Oppert. Ii, 2763.

3) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—Īṣattantra [grammatical] Quoted by Trilocanadāsa Oxf. 169^a.

4) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—Gaṅgāṣṭapadī kāvya. Kāvyamālā.

5) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—Chandaḥśāstra. Kh. 87. Quoted by Nami 1, 18. 20, by Janārdana Oxf. 198^a.

6) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—with the surname Pakṣadhara, pupil and nephew of Harimiśra: Tattvacintāmaṇyāloka, called also Cintāmaṇiprakāśa, Maṇyāloka, Āloka. Dravyapadārtha on a work of Vardhamāna. Io. 109. Nyāyapadārthamālā. Sūcīpattra. 46. Nyāyalīlāvatīviveka. Io. 62. 579. Upanayalakṣaṇāloka. Np. Ii, 18. Kārakavāda. Oppert. 7892. Tṛtīyacakravartilakṣaṇāloka. Np. Ii, 136. Dvitīyasvalakṣaṇāloka. Np. Ii, 138. Pakṣatāpūrvapakṣagranthāloka. Np. Ii, 20. Pakṣatāsiddhāntagranthāloka. Np. Ii, 58. Parāmarśasiddhāntagranthāloka. Np. Iii, 98. Pratijñālakṣaṇāloka. Np. Iii, 108. Prathamapragalbhalakṣaṇāloka. Np. Ii, 64. Prathamasvalakṣaṇāloka. Np. Ii, 138. Viruddhapūrvapakṣagranthāloka. Np. Iii, 96. Viruddhasiddhāntagranthāloka. Np. Ii, 56. Viśeṣaniryuktyāloka. Np. Ii, 68. Vyāptyanugamāloka. Np. Ii, 70. Savyabhicārapūrvapakṣagranthāloka. Np. Iii, 104. Savyabhicārasiddhāntagranthāloka. Np. Iii, 110. Sāmānyābhāvāloka. Np. Ii, 64. Hetulakṣaṇāloka. Np. Ii, 130.

7) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—Praśnanidhi jy. B. 4, 158.

8) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—Rasāmṛta med. B. 4, 238. NW. 588.

9) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—son of Nṛsiṃha: Nyāyamañjarīsāra. Ben. 184.

10) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—son of Bhojadeva and Rāmādevī: Gītagovinda. Verses from it in Śp. p. 30. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva] A Jayadevapaṇḍitakavi under a king of Utkala is mentioned in a verse of the Alaṃkāraśekhara, ch. 5. Rāmagītagovinda (?). Io. 2718. Oudh. V, 6.

11) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—son of Mahādeva and Sumitrā: Candrāloka. Prasannarāghava.

12) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—son of Nṛsiṃha etc. delete this.

13) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—father of Vināyaka (Cakroddhārasāra).

14) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—with the surname Pakṣadhara, paternal uncle of Vāsudeva (Tattvacintāmaṇiṭīkā), guru of Rucidatta (Tattvacintāmaṇiṭīkā). Dravyapadārtha, a
—[commentary] on Vardhamāna’s Kiraṇāvalīprakāśa.

15) Jayadeva (जयदेव):—Ratimañjarī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jayadeva (जयदेव):—[=jaya-deva] [from jaya] m. Name of the authors of [Gīta-govinda; Prasannarāghava], Candrāloka, and (the grammar) Īṣat-tantra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jayadeva in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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