Jayadeva, Jaya-deva: 9 definitions

Introduction

Jayadeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (J) next»] — Jayadeva in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Jayadeva (जयदेव).—A Sanskrit poet who lived in the 13th century A.D. He is the author of the play 'Prasannarāghavam'. As far as the story of Śrī Rāma is concerned, some changes have been made in this play from that given by Bhavabhūti in his 'Mahāvīracarita'. According to this play Śrī Rāma and Bāṇāsura both were lovers of Sītā. The famous work 'Candrāloka', a treatise on rhetorical figures, was written by this poet Jayadeva. His most important work is 'Gītagovinda', the theme of which is the early life of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, especially the love between Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Rādhā, which is very touchingly described. This book consists of 12 sargas and each sarga contains 24 octaves. This poet was a devotee of Kṛṣṇa. He used to sing lyrics before the image of Kṛṣṇa while his wife danced according to the beat.

2) Jayadeva (जयदेव).—See under Duśśāsana II.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jayadeva (जयदेव).—Are twelve in number created by Brahmā, bodies of mantra used in yajñas; these are darśa, paurṇamāsa, bṛhadya, rathantaram, vitti, vivitti, ākūti, kūti, vijñāsā, vijñāta, manas and yajña. These were again born as Jitas in the Svayambhuva epoch. Brahmā asked them to observe household duties and yajñas, but they took to jñāna. The enraged creator cursed them to undergo seven vṛttis. They were born in turn as Ajitas, Tuṣitas, Satyas, Haraya, Vaikuṇthas, Sādyas, and Ādityas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 5-7; 4 (whole).
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Jayadeva (जयदेव).—A grammarian, (of course different from well-known poet), to whom a small treatise on grammar by name इष्टतन्त्रव्याकरण (iṣṭatantravyākaraṇa) is attributed.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Jayadeva (जयदेव) (C. 900 C.E.), the author of Jayadevachandas (named after him) or Chandaśāstra is ascribed to Śvetapaṭa Jayadeva. He is one of the ancient authorities on Sanskrit prosody who also composed in sūtra style. He is quoted by many authors and commentators in their works in the field. His list includes Abhinavagupta, Halāyudha, Gopāla, Svayambhū, Namisādhu, Sulhaṇa, Hemacandra, Jayakīrtti.

The Jayadevachandas is the literary testimony of Jayadeva’s scholarly contribution. He follows the path of Piṅgala and includes both the Vedic and classical metres in his text, which is missing in the work of his predecessor Janāśraya.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism

Jayadeva (640-570 BCE) succeeded Dharmapala in Nalanda. Santideva and Virupa were his disciples. Santideva was the son of a king of Saurashtra.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jayadeva (जयदेव).—Name of the author of Gītagovinda; यावच्छृङ्गारसारस्वतमिह जयदेवस्य विष्वग्वचांसि (yāvacchṛṅgārasārasvatamiha jayadevasya viṣvagvacāṃsi) Gīt. last stanza.

Derivable forms: jayadevaḥ (जयदेवः).

Jayadeva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jaya and deva (देव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jayadeva (जयदेव).—[masculine] [Name] of [several] poets.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jayadeva (जयदेव):—[=jaya-deva] [from jaya] m. Name of the authors of [Gīta-govinda; Prasannarāghava], Candrāloka, and (the grammar) Īṣat-tantra.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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