Jayadratha; 5 Definition(s)
Jayadratha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Itihāsa (narrative history)
Jayadratha (जयद्रथ) the king of Sindhudeśa married Duśśalā, the youngest sister of Duryodhana. With her, Jayadratha begot many sons. They were all well versed in war tactics. Once, Jayadratha saw Draupadī alone in the hermitage when all her five husbands were absent. Ardently in love with her, Jayadratha tried to abduct her. She was liberated by her five husbands on time.(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (mahābhārata)
Itihāsa (इतिहास) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Purāṇas, 2) the Mahābhārata and 3) the Rāmāyaṇa. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smṛti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to śruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
1a) Jayadratha (जयद्रथ).—The son of Bṛhadkāya and father of Viśada.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 22-23.
1b) The son of Bṛhanmanas and father of Vijaya. His wife was Sambhūti.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 11-12; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 111; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 22-23.
1c) The king of Sindhu and an ally of Jarāsandha; was stationed at the north gate of Mathurā, and on the east during the siege of Gomanta; served Duryodhana's army.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 11; 50. 11; 78. [95 (v) 16]; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 16.
1d) A son of the second Sāvarṇa Manu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 72.
1e) A son of Bṛhadbhānu.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 101.
1f) A son of Bṛhadiṣu.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 49.
1g) A son of Bṛhadkarman and father of Viśvajit.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 34.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Jayadratha (जयद्रथ):—Son of Bṛhatkāya (son of Bṛhaddhanu). He had a son who was called Viśada. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.22-23)(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism
He was married to Dushala, the sister of the Kauravas. When the Pandavas were in exile, he visited their abode when Draupadi was alone, and smitten by her beauty, abducted her. He was captured by Arjuna, who spared his life, so that his cousin should not become a widow.(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Jayadratha (जयद्रथ): A warrior on the side of Kauravas who closed the breach effected by Abhimanyu in the Chakravyuha military formation by Dronacharya and trapped him inside.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
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Vṛddhakṣatra (वृद्धक्षत्र).—The father of Jayadratha.
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Aśvajit (अश्वजित्).—Son of Jayadratha.** Matsya-purāṇa 49. 49.
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Search found 19 books and stories containing Jayadratha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chapter 6 - The Last Year of Forest Life < [Vana Parva]
Chapter 9 - The Death of Jayadratha < [Drona Parva]
Chapter 4 - Arjuna Vows to Kill Jayadratha < [Drona Parva]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CCLXVI < [Draupadi-harana Parva]
Section CCLXIX < [Draupadi-harana Parva]
Section CCLXV < [Draupadi-harana Parva]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter XIX - Dynasty of Puru < [Book IV]
Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 16 - On the glory of the Devī < [Book 3]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
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