Jayadratha: 15 definitions
Jayadratha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Jayadratha (जयद्रथ):—Son of Bṛhatkāya (son of Bṛhaddhanu). He had a son who was called Viśada. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.22-23)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Jayadratha (जयद्रथ).—A mighty warrior King who ruled over the kingdom of Sindhu. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā—Atri—Candra—Budha—Purūravas-Āyus—Nahuṣa—Yayāti—Pūru—Janamejaya—Prācinvān—Pravīra—Namasyu—Vītabhaya—Śuṇḍu—Bahuvidha—Saṃyāti—Rahovādi—Raudrāśva—Matināra—Santurodha—Duṣyanta—Bharata—Suhotra—Suhotā—Gala—Gardda—Suketu—Bṛhatkṣatra—Hasti—Ajamīḍha—Bṛhadiṣu—Bṛhaddhanu—Bṛhatkāya—Jayadratha* (See full article at Story of Jayadratha from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Jayadratha (जयद्रथ).—In Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 8, Stanza 36 we see another Jayadratha who sits in the durbar of yama (the death-god) and meditates upon him.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Jayadratha (जयद्रथ).—The son of Bṛhadkāya and father of Viśada.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 22-23.
1b) The son of Bṛhanmanas and father of Vijaya. His wife was Sambhūti.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 11-12; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 111; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 22-23.
1c) The king of Sindhu and an ally of Jarāsandha; was stationed at the north gate of Mathurā, and on the east during the siege of Gomanta; served Duryodhana's army.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 11; 50. 11; 78. [95 (v) 16]; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 16.
1d) A son of the second Sāvarṇa Manu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 72.
1e) A son of Bṛhadbhānu.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 101.
1f) A son of Bṛhadiṣu.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 49.
1g) A son of Bṛhadkarman and father of Viśvajit.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 34.
Jayadratha (जयद्रथ) the king of Sindhudeśa married Duśśalā, the youngest sister of Duryodhana. With her, Jayadratha begot many sons. They were all well versed in war tactics. Once, Jayadratha saw Draupadī alone in the hermitage when all her five husbands were absent. Ardently in love with her, Jayadratha tried to abduct her. She was liberated by her five husbands on time.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Jayadratha (जयद्रथ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.18) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jayadratha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
He was married to Dushala, the sister of the Kauravas. When the Pandavas were in exile, he visited their abode when Draupadi was alone, and smitten by her beauty, abducted her. He was captured by Arjuna, who spared his life, so that his cousin should not become a widow.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Jayadratha (जयद्रथ): A warrior on the side of Kauravas who closed the breach effected by Abhimanyu in the Chakravyuha military formation by Dronacharya and trapped him inside.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jayadratha (जयद्रथ).—A king of the Sindhu district and brother-in-law of Duryodhana, having married Duhśalā, daughter of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. [Once while out on hunting, he chanced to see Draupadī in the forest, and asked of her food for himself and his retinue. Draupadī, by virtue of her magical sthālī, was able to supply him with materials sufficient for their break-fast. Jayadratha was so much struck with this act, as well as her personal charms, that he asked her to elope with him. She, of course, indignantly refused, but he succeeded in carrying her off, as her husbands were out on hunting. When they returned they pursued and captured the ravisher and released Draupadī, and he himself was allowed to go after having been subjected to many humiliations. He took a leading part in compassing the death of Abhimanyu, and met his doom at the hands of Arjuna in the great war.]
Derivable forms: jayadrathaḥ (जयद्रथः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-thaḥ) A chief in the army of Duryod'Hana.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jayadratha (जयद्रथ).—[masculine] a man’s name.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Jayadratha (जयद्रथ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Vāmakeśvaratantravivaraṇa. Peters. 2, 197.
2) Jayadratha (जयद्रथ):—son of Śṛṅgāraratha, brother of Jayaratha, pupil of Subhaṭadatta, Śiva and Śaṅkhadhara: Alaṃkāravimarśiṇī. Alaṃkārodāharaṇa. Haracaritacintāmaṇi. Paris. (D 28). Report. Xiv.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jayadratha (जयद्रथ):—[=jayad-ratha] [from jayad > jaya] m. ‘having victorious chariots’, Name of a Sindhu-Sauvīra king fighting on the Kaurava’s side[, i, iii, v, vii; Bhagavad-gītā; Harivaṃśa]
2) [v.s. ...] of a son (of Bṛhan-manas, [Harivaṃśa 1703 and 1707; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 23, 11]; of Bṛhat-kāya, [21, 22]; of Bṛhat-karman, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]; of the 10th Manu, [Harivaṃśa 475]).
3) Jāyadratha (जायद्रथ):—mfn. belonging to Jayad-ratha, [Jaimini-bhārata, āśvamedhika-parvan lxxvi, 1.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jayadratha (जयद्रथ):—[jaya-dratha] (thaḥ) 1. m. A general in the army of Duryodhana.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Jayadratha (जयद्रथ):—(jayant + ratha) m. Nomen proprium eines Königs der Sindhu und Sauvīra, der auf Seiten der Kuru kämpft, [Mahābhārata 1, 339. 7001. 3, 15581. 15618. 5, 2426. 5274. 7, 2574.] [Bhagavadgītā 11, 34.] [Harivaṃśa 5020. 5501.] vadhaparvan [Mahābhārata 7], Adhy. [85 - 152.] ein Sohn des Vṛhanmanas [Harivaṃśa 1703. 1707.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 445.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 23, 11.] des Vṛhatkarman [Viṣṇupurāṇa 452.] des Vṛhatkāya [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 21, 22.] des 10ten Manu [Harivaṃśa 475.]
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Jāyadratha (जायद्रथ):—adj. dem Jayadratha gehörig: pura [Weber’s Verzeichniss 117 (LXXVI).]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Jayadratha (जयद्रथ):—m. Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer.
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Jāyadratha (जायद्रथ):—Adj. dem Jayadratha gehörig.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+75): Tantripalaka, Visada, Sindhuraja, Anikavidarana, Duhshala, Vriddhakshatra, Sindhupati, Sambhuti, Sauviraka, Varddhakshatri, Dridharatha, Saindhava, Dushshala, Jayanteya, Jayantiputra, Haracaritacintamani, Balahaka, Alamkarodaharana, Mahamukha, Ashvajit.
Search found 22 books and stories containing Jayadratha, Jayad-ratha, Jāyadratha, Jaya-dratha; (plurals include: Jayadrathas, rathas, Jāyadrathas, drathas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section LXXV < [Abhimanyu-badha Parva]
Section XL < [Abhimanyu-badha Parva]
Section C < [Jayadratha-Vadha Parva]
Chapter 6 - The Last Year of Forest Life < [Vana Parva]
Chapter 9 - The Death of Jayadratha < [Drona Parva]
Chapter 4 - Arjuna Vows to Kill Jayadratha < [Drona Parva]
Jnaneshwari (Bhavartha Dipika) (by Ramchandra Keshav Bhagwat)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter XIX - Dynasty of Puru < [Book IV]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)