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Jayadratha, 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Jayadratha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Itihāsa (narrative history)

Jayadratha (जयद्रथ) the king of Sindhudeśa married Duśśalā, the youngest sister of Duryodhana. With her, Jayadratha begot many sons. They were all well versed in war tactics. Once, Jayadratha saw Draupadī alone in the hermitage when all her five husbands were absent. Ardently in love with her, Jayadratha tried to abduct her. She was liberated by her five husbands on time.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (mahābhārata)
context information

Itihāsa (इतिहास) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Purāṇas, 2) the Mahābhārata and 3) the Rāmāyaṇa. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smṛti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to śruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

Purāṇa

1a) Jayadratha (जयद्रथ).—The son of Bṛhadkāya and father of Viśada.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 22-23.

1b) The son of Bṛhanmanas and father of Vijaya. His wife was Sambhūti.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 11-12; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 111; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 22-23.

1c) The king of Sindhu and an ally of Jarāsandha; was stationed at the north gate of Mathurā, and on the east during the siege of Gomanta; served Duryodhana's army.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 11[6]; 50. 11[7]; 78. [95 (v) 16]; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 16.

1d) A son of the second Sāvarṇa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 72.

1e) A son of Bṛhadbhānu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 101.

1f) A son of Bṛhadiṣu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 49.

1g) A son of Bṛhadkarman and father of Viśvajit.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 34.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Jayadratha (जयद्रथ):—Son of Bṛhatkāya (son of Bṛhaddhanu). He had a son who was called Viśada. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.22-23)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

He was married to Dushala, the sister of the Kauravas. When the Pandavas were in exile, he visited their abode when Draupadi was alone, and smitten by her beauty, abducted her. He was captured by Arjuna, who spared his life, so that his cousin should not become a widow.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Jayadratha (जयद्रथ): A warrior on the side of Kauravas who closed the breach effected by Abhimanyu in the Chakravyuha military formation by Dronacharya and trapped him inside.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Relevant definitions

Search found 19 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vijaya
Vijaya and Sumitta were the sons of Simhabahu. Vijaya and his 700 followers were of evil conduc...
Sindhu
Sindhu (सिन्धु) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) presided over by Mahābalā, according to th...
Visada
Viṣāda (विषाद) refers to “despair” and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the mental (māna...
Saindhava
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Vriddhakshatra
Vṛddhakṣatra (वृद्धक्षत्र).—The father of Jayadratha.
Dushshala
Duśśalā (दुश्शला).—Jayadratha the king of Sindhudeśa married Duśśalā, the youngest sister of Du...
Brihadratha
According to Puranas, the Brihadratha dynasty reigned for 1000 years, Pradyota dynasty reigned ...
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Pāśupatāstra (पाशुपतास्त्र).—The ultimate weapon of Lord Śiva. This weapon was used by...
Susharman
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Ashvajit
Aśvajit (अश्वजित्).—Son of Jayadratha.** Matsya-purāṇa 49. 49.
Shyenajit
Śyenajit (श्येनजित्).—The Senāni with the Śarat Sun.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 14.
Dridharatha
Dṛḍharatha (दृढरथ) is the father of Śītala, the tenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janis...
Brihanmana
1a) Bṛhanmana (बृहन्मन).—A son of Bṛhadratha (Bṛhadbhānu, vāyu-purāṇa.) and father of Jay...
Brihadkaya
Bṛhadkāya (बृहद्काय).—A son of Bṛhaddhanu and father of Jayadratha.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX...
Yashodevi
Yaśodevī (यशोदेवी).—A queen of Brhanmanas and mother of Jayadratha.** Matsya-purāṇa 48. 1...

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