Ekadashi, aka: Ēkādaśī, Ekādaśī; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ekadashi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ēkādaśī and Ekādaśī can be transliterated into English as Ekadasi or Ekadashi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Ekādaśī (एकादशी).—According to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9, “To attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. During the dark fortnight of the month of Mārgaśīrṣa (November-December), in order to kill the demon Mura, the holy day of ekādaśī was born from the body of Lord Viṣṇu.

The names of the twenty-six most sacred ekādaśīs that appear in the different months:

  1. utpatti,
  2. mokṣā,
  3. saphalā,
  4. putradā,
  5. ṣaṭ-tilā,
  6. jayā,
  7. vijayā,
  8. āmalakī,
  9. pāpamocanī,
  10. kāmadā,
  11. varūthinī,
  12. mohinī,
  13. aparā,
  14. nirjalā,
  15. yoginī,
  16. devaśayanī,
  17. kāminī,
  18. pavitrā,
  19. ajā,
  20. padmā,
  21. indirā,
  22. pāśāṅkuśā,
  23. ramā,
  24. prabodhinī.

There are also two more ekādaśīs, both named sarva-sampat-pradā, during the extra month of leap-year. In this way there are twenty-six ekādaśīs in all. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.

On ekādaśī one should control the senses and sleep on the ground. One should be pure-hearted and very clean, wear clean garments, drink water only once, rise for brāhma-muhūrta, and bow down to Lord Kṛṣṇa

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā
Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ekadashi in Purana glossary... « previous · [E] · next »

Ekādaśī (एकादशी).—The eleventh day after a new moon or full moon day. The vrata observed on this day is called the Ekādaśī vrata. King Ambarīṣa observed very strictly and continuously the Ekādaśī Vrata to obtain the status of Indra. (See under Ambarīṣa). (Navama Skandha, Bhāgavata). This vrata would fetch food for the hungry and salvation for those who are in search of it. (Agni Purāṇa). The method of observing this vrata is detailed below:

Those who observe the Ekādaśī vrata should be on a regulated diet excluding meat and avoid sexual acts on the Daśamī day, the day preceding Ekādaśī. On both the Ekādaśī days in a month one should not take any food at all. The period which combines Ekādaśī with Dvādaśī (the twelfth day) is called Harivāsara because of the presence of Viṣṇu at that time. That is a good time for doing sacred yajñas. That day where there is only a small portion of Ekādaśī and the rest Dvādasī is the best day for yajñas. Trayodaśī (the thirteenth day) is good for breaking the fast. The day which merges Dvādaśī into Trayodaśī is the best day for breaking the fast. Do not observe the Vrata on a day which combines Daśamī with Ekādaśī. Hell is the result if one does so. (See full article at Story of Ekādaśī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Ekadashi in Marathi glossary... « previous · [E] · next »

ēkādaśī (एकादशी).—f (S) pop. ēkādasa f The eleventh day of the waxing or of the waning moon. ē0 cē gharīṃ śivarātra Used when misfortune follows misfortune, or when one starved wretch begs of another.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 65 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ekadashivrata
Ekādaśī-vrata.—(EI 31; CII 4), name of a vrata rite. Note: ekādaśī-vrata is defined in the “Ind...
Bhimaseni Ekadashi
bhīmasēnī ēkādaśī (भीमसेनी एकादशी).—f (Because bhīmasēna, rejecting the other ēkādaśī days, obs...
Maha Ekadashi
mahā ēkādaśī (महा एकादशी).—f (The great Ekadashi.) A term for the eleventh day of āṣāḍhaśukla a...
Dangori Ekadashi
ḍāṅgōrī ēkādaśī (डांगोरी एकादशी).—f (ḍāṅgōrā. Because formerly the people were on this day publ...
Shayanaikadashi
Śayanaikādaśī (शयनैकादशी).—the eleventh day of the bright half of Āṣāḍha when Viṣṇu lies down t...
Utthanaikadashi
Utthānaikādaśī (उत्थानैकादशी).—the eleventh day in the light fortnight of Kārttika when Viṣṇu r...
Bhimaikadashi
Bhīmaikādaśī (भीमैकादशी).—the eleventh day in the light half of Māgha. Bhīmaikādaśī is a Sanskr...
Sakshini Ekadashi
sākṣiṇī ēkādaśī (साक्षिणी एकादशी).—f The eleventh day of the waning moon of Kartik. This is one...
Vaikuntha Ekadashi
Vaikuntha Ekadashi.—The famous Vaikunta Ekadasi day of the Hindus is said to be the eleventh da...
Padma
Padma (पद्म, “lotus”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a ...
Vijaya
Vijaya.—used in Kannaḍa inscriptions in the sense of ‘going in state, going in a triumpal proce...
Jaya
Jaya (जय).—m. (-yaḥ) 1. Conquest, victory, triumph. 2. A name of YuDhish- T'Hira. 3. A proper n...
Rama
Rāmā (रामा) is another name for Śvetakaṇṭakārī, a medicinal plant related to Kaṇṭakārī, accordi...
Aja
1) Aja (अज).—A king of the Solar dynasty. Genealogy. From Viṣṇu were descended in order: Brahmā...
Moksha
Mokṣa (मोक्ष, “liberation”).—According to Vātsyāyana, mokṣa or apavarga should consist of compl...

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