Ekadashi, aka: Ēkādaśī, Ekādaśī; 4 Definition(s)
Ekadashi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Ēkādaśī and Ekādaśī can be transliterated into English as Ekadasi or Ekadashi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
Ekādaśī (एकादशी).—According to the Garga-saṃhitā 4.8.9, “To attain Lord Kṛṣṇa’s mercy you should follow the vow of fasting on ekādaśī. In that way You will make Lord Kṛṣṇa into your submissive servant. Of this there is no doubt”. During the dark fortnight of the month of Mārgaśīrṣa (November-December), in order to kill the demon Mura, the holy day of ekādaśī was born from the body of Lord Viṣṇu.
The names of the twenty-six most sacred ekādaśīs that appear in the different months:
There are also two more ekādaśīs, both named sarva-sampat-pradā, during the extra month of leap-year. In this way there are twenty-six ekādaśīs in all. A person who chants the names of these twenty-six ekādaśīs attains the result of following ekādaśī for one year.
On ekādaśī one should control the senses and sleep on the ground. One should be pure-hearted and very clean, wear clean garments, drink water only once, rise for brāhma-muhūrta, and bow down to Lord KṛṣṇaSource: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Ekādaśī (एकादशी).—The eleventh day after a new moon or full moon day. The vrata observed on this day is called the Ekādaśī vrata. King Ambarīṣa observed very strictly and continuously the Ekādaśī Vrata to obtain the status of Indra. (See under Ambarīṣa). (Navama Skandha, Bhāgavata). This vrata would fetch food for the hungry and salvation for those who are in search of it. (Agni Purāṇa). The method of observing this vrata is detailed below:
Those who observe the Ekādaśī vrata should be on a regulated diet excluding meat and avoid sexual acts on the Daśamī day, the day preceding Ekādaśī. On both the Ekādaśī days in a month one should not take any food at all. The period which combines Ekādaśī with Dvādaśī (the twelfth day) is called Harivāsara because of the presence of Viṣṇu at that time. That is a good time for doing sacred yajñas. That day where there is only a small portion of Ekādaśī and the rest Dvādasī is the best day for yajñas. Trayodaśī (the thirteenth day) is good for breaking the fast. The day which merges Dvādaśī into Trayodaśī is the best day for breaking the fast. Do not observe the Vrata on a day which combines Daśamī with Ekādaśī. Hell is the result if one does so. (See full article at Story of Ekādaśī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
ēkādaśī (एकादशी).—f (S) pop. ēkādasa f The eleventh day of the waxing or of the waning moon. ē0 cē gharīṃ śivarātra Used when misfortune follows misfortune, or when one starved wretch begs of another.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Ekādaśī (एकादशी).—[, Senart's unnecessary em. for °śā Mv iii.82.4.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Full-text (+44): Nirjala, Ashadhi, Maha Ekadashi, Moksha, Apara, Saphala, Mohini, Putrada, Jaya, Papamocani, Vaikuntha Ekadashi, Pashankusha, Indira, Sarvasampatprada, Pavitra, Kamini, Yogini, Varuthini, Devashayani, Sakshini Ekadashi.
Search found 22 books and stories containing Ekadashi, Ekadasi, Ēkādaśī, Ekādaśī; (plurals include: Ekadashis, Ekadasis, Ēkādaśīs, Ekādaśīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXXV - The Ekadasi Vratam < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter CXXVII - Bhaimi Ekadasi and Dvadasi Vratam < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter CXXIII - Kartika Vratas < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 60 - Ramā Ekādaśī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 38 - The Origin of Ekādaśī and the Killing of Demon Mura < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 62 - Kamalā Ekādaśī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)