Mahakavya, Mahākāvya, Maha-kavya: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mahakavya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Mahakavya in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Mahākāvya (महाकाव्य) is a poetical work of sizeable length written mainly in narrative style. Epic poetry, as distinguished from lyrical, is characterized by the fact that it confines itself more to external action than to internal feelings. As the nation grows up in ideas and civilization, and naturally begins to reason and to speculate, its mind turns inward, putting a stop to the spontaneous outburst of epic, the natural expression of national life.

Mahākāvya is usually divided into cantos (sargas). It is to be written in pure Sanskrit and in no other dialect. Some historical incidents or some characters of celebrity should form the theme of a mahākāvyam or some supernatural events might be as well immortalized in its pages. Such political incidents, as councils of state, sending of embassies, as well as the marching out of soldiers in battle army, should be taken not to encumber its majesty with a dull monotony of detailed descriptions. The metres, to be used, in its composition, are the Śakvarī;, the Ati-Jagatī;, the Ati-Śakvarī;, the Triṣṭup and the Puṣpitāgrā;. The cantos shall deal with different incidents of the same story and they should not be too short or succinct. [...]

Cf. Mahākāvya in the Sāhityadarpaṇa, VI. 315-325

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Nirukta (Sanskrit etymology)

[«previous next»] — Mahakavya in Nirukta glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study (etymology)

Mahākāvya (महाकाव्य) is a composite of two words, (mahat) great and kāvya (poem), meaning a ‘great poem’. Mahākāvya is generally differentiated from rest of the kāvyas by its essence, i.e. by its subject matter and treatment.

context information

Nirukta (निरुक्त) or “etymology” refers to the linguistic analysis of the Sanskrit language. This branch studies the interpretation of common and ancient words and explains them in their proper context. Nirukta is one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahakavya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahākāvya (महाकाव्य).—n (S) A regular and classical poem. Applied, par excellence, to each of six great works.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahakavya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahākāvya (महाकाव्य).—a great or classical poem; (for a full description of its nature, contents &c., according to Rhetoricians see S. D.559). (The number of Mahākāvyas is usually said to be five:-raghuvaṃśa, kumārasaṃbhava, kirātārjunīya, śiśupālavadha and naiṣadhacarita or six, if meghadūta-a very small poem or khaṇḍakāvya-be added to the list. But this enumeration is apparently only traditional, as there are several other poems, such as the bhaṭṭikāvya, vikramāṅkadevacarita, haravijaya &c. which have an equal claim to be considered as Mahākāvyas).

Derivable forms: mahākāvyam (महाकाव्यम्).

Mahākāvya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and kāvya (काव्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahākāvya (महाकाव्य).—n.

(-vyaṃ) A regular and classical poem. E. mahā great, and kāvya a poem; the title is applied especially to five works; the Kumara Sambhava, and Raghu Vansa of Kalidasa; the Kiratarjuniya of Bharabi; the Naisadha of Sriharsha, and the Sisupala Badham of Magha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahākāvya (महाकाव्य).—n. a classical poem, Chr. 170.

Mahākāvya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and kāvya (काव्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahākāvya (महाकाव्य).—[neuter] great or classical poem.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahākāvya (महाकाव्य):—[=mahā-kāvya] [from mahā > mah] n. a great or classical poem (applied as a distinguishing title to 6 chief artificial poems, viz. the Raghu-vaṃśa, Kumārasambhava and Megha-dūta by Kālidāsa, the Śiśupāla-vadha by Māgha, the Kirātārjunīya by Bhāravi and the Naiṣadha-carita by Śrī-harṣa; [according to] to some the Bhaṭṭi-kāvya is also a M°), [Kāvyādarśa; Pratāparudrīya] ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 452]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahākāvya (महाकाव्य):—[mahā+kāvya] (vyaṃ) 1. n. A regular and classical epic poem.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mahākāvya (महाकाव्य):—(ma + 2. kā) n. ein grosses —, ein klassisches Dichtwerk [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa.3,2,22.] [kāvyādarśa.1,14.] [PRATĀPAR. 19,a,3.] [Oxforder Handschriften 211,a,44.] Dieses ehrenvolle Prädicat erhalten folgende sechs Dichtungen: Raghuvaṃśa, Kumārasaṃbhava, Meghadūta, Śiśupālavadha, Kirātārjunīya und Naiṣadhacarita, [Colebrooke 2, 84.] Nach dem [Śabdakalpadruma] gehört auch das Bhaṭṭikāvya hierher.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mahākāvya (महाकाव्य):—n. ein grosses — , klassisches Dichtwerk.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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