Naravahanadatta, aka: Naravāhanadatta; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Naravahanadatta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Naravahanadatta in Purana glossaries]

Naravāhanadatta (नरवाहनदत्त).—A famous Vidyādhara. Udayana the King of Vatsa had been spending his time in play and pleasure with his wives Padmāvatī and Vāsavadattā, when once Nārada appeared before them. The king greeted the hermit and showed hospitality. The King and the queens were childless. Nārada told them: "Hear, oh King. Your wife Vāsavadattā is the incarnation of Ratidevī blessed by Śiva. The son born to her would become the emperor of the Vidyādharas. Not long after this Vāsavadattā conceived and gave birth to a radiant son. He was named Naravāhana-datta. At this time Kaliṅgasenā, who had been transformed into a woman by the curse of Indra, gave birth to an extra-ordinarily beautiful girl. (For detailed story see under Kaliṅgasenā). That child was named Madanamañcukā. Even in infancy she was surrounded by a halo of unearthly beauty. Hearing of this child, Vāsavadattā brought Kaliṅgasenā and tbe infant to the palace. To the wonder of everybody, the infants looked at each other and they were not satisfied how soever long they looked at each other. The king and his wives understood this perfectly well and at the proper time their marriage was conducted.

Naravāhanadatta was anointed as the Heir-apparent. Once he was playing in the garden in the spring season, with his ministers Gomukha and others, when the most beautiful Ratnaprabhā came there. (See under Ratnaprabhā). (See full article at Story of Naravāhanadatta from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

[Naravahanadatta in Katha glossaries]

Naravāhanadatta (नरवाहनदत्त) is the name of the son of Udayana (king of Vatsa) and queen Vāsavadattā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 23. Accordingly, when Naravāhanadatta was born, a voice from heaven was heard: “King, this son that is born to thee is an incarnation of Kāma, and know that his name is Naravāhanadatta; and he will soon become emperor of the kings of Vidyādharas, and maintain that position unwearied for a Kalpa of the gods”.

In chapter 34, Naravāhanadatta is revealed to be an incarnation of Kāma when Śiva spoke to Rati (the wife of Kāma) as follows: “the God of love [Kāma], after having been consumed by the fire of my eye, has been created again in the form of Naravāhanadatta, and having been pleased with the asceticism of Rati [Kāma’s wife], I have created her as his wife in the form of Madanamañcukā. And dwelling with her as his head wife he shall exercise supreme sovereignty over the Vidyādharas for a Kalpa of the gods, after conquering his enemies by my favour”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Naravāhanadatta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Naravahanadatta in Hinduism glossaries]

Naravāhanadatta, prince of the Vatsas, as told in the Kathāsaritsāgara.

(Source): Google Books: Mpu Monaguṇa's Sumanasāntaka

In the Kathāsaritsāgara (54, 19; 21; 23) Naravāhanadatta is represented to have been carried to the white island by Devasiddhi and to Hari reposing on the body of the serpent Śeṣa and attended by Nārada and other devotees.

(Source): Google Books: Vaisnavism, Saivism and Minor Religious Systems

The Bṛhatkathāślokasaṃgraha tells the legend of the youthful exploits of prince Naravāhanadatta (Nara-vahana-datta). The main story narrates Naravāhanadatta’s progress culminating in his destined enthronement as the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings), celestial beings with magical abilities, winning twenty-six wives along the way. The surviving manuscripts of the text break off while he is in pursuit of his sixth wife. The narrative is fast-paced and eschews lengthy description.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Naravahanadatta in Jainism glossaries]

The Bṛhat-kathā centres on the adventures of a prince, Naravāhanadatta, who gains 26 wives. The Jains include this narrative cycle in their Mahābhārata. They ascribe Naravāhanadatta’s amorous adventures to Vasudeva, Kṛṣṇa’s father, before the birth of his sons. This part of the Jain Mahābhārata is generally referred to as Vasudeva-hiṇḍiWanderings of Vasudeva.

(Source): HereNow4U: Glossary
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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