Jatya, Jātya: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Jatya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Jātya (जात्य).—Name of a variety of the Svarita or circumflex accent; the original svarita accent as contrasted with the svarita for the grave which follows upon an acute as prescribed by P. in VIII. 4.67, and which is found in the words इन्द्रः, होता (indraḥ, hotā) etc. The jatya svarita is noticed in the words स्वः, क्व, न्यक्, कन्या (svaḥ, kva, nyak, kanyā) etc.; .cf. उदात्तपूर्वं स्वरितमनुदात्तं पदेक्षरम्। अतोन्यत् स्वरितं स्वारं जात्यमाचक्षते पदे॥ जात्या स्वभावेनैव उदात्तानुदात्तसंगतिं विना जातो जात्यः । तं जात्यमाचक्षतै व्याडिप्रभृयः (udāttapūrvaṃ svaritamanudāttaṃ padekṣaram| atonyat svaritaṃ svāraṃ jātyamācakṣate pade|| jātyā svabhāvenaiva udāttānudāttasaṃgatiṃ vinā jāto jātyaḥ | taṃ jātyamācakṣatai vyāḍiprabhṛyaḥ) R. Pr. and com. III. 4.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Jātya (जात्य).—A rational right-angled triangle or any rectilinear figure with rational sides. Note: Jātya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Jātyā (जात्या) is classified as a “tree beneficial for the construction of temples”, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The eco-friendly suggestions of Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa are seen to protect the greenery and to balance a pollution free environment. [...] The architect is suggested to go to the forest to collect appropriate wood (e.g., from the Jātyā tree) for temples in an auspicious day after taking advice from an astrologer. [...] According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the woods of some particular trees remain beneficial for the construction of temples. At the time of cutting the trees [e.g., Jātyā] one should clean the axe by smearing honey and ghee. After collecting the suitable wood from forest, the architect uses it according to his requirements and purposes.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha

Jātya (जात्य) (Sanskrit) (in Prakrit: Jacca) refers to the “highest purity (of gold)”, according to the 8th-century Kuvalayamālā written by Uddyotanasūri, a Prakrit Campū (similar to Kāvya poetry) narrating the love-story between Prince Candrāpīḍa and the Apsaras Kādambarī.—There is a reference to gold of highest purity (jacca-suvaṇṇa=jātya-suvarṇa). Whatever impurity or dross was contained in the gold brought to the goldsmith was removed by the latter by subjecting it to different processes of testing it on the touch-stone, cutting, heating under regulated fire, beating out into flat sheets, filing the sheets and the same process of beating it into a different shape, giving it a shape of round bar and dividing into several parts for final testing.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jātya (जात्य).—n or jātyatribhuja n S A right-angled triangle.

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jātyā (जात्या) [or जात्यां, jātyāṃ].—ad (jātyā S) By nature, disposition, or original constitution. 2 In propriâ personâ; in or by one's own person.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jātyā (जात्या).—ad By nature, disposition. In or by one's own person.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jātya (जात्य).—a. [jātau bhavaḥ yat]

1) Of the same family, related.

2) Noble, well-born, sprung from a noble family; जात्यस्तेनाभिजातेन शूरः शौर्यवता कुशः (jātyastenābhijātena śūraḥ śauryavatā kuśaḥ) R.17.4; किं वा जात्याः स्वामिनो ह्रेपयन्ति (kiṃ vā jātyāḥ svāmino hrepayanti) Śiśupālavadha 18.23.

3) Lovely, beautiful, pleasing.

4) Best, excellent.

5) (Math.) Rectangular.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jatya (जत्य).—(?) , perhaps by error for a-jatya, itself either error, or with MIndic a for ā, for Sanskrit a-jātya (= Pali a-jacca); or else (perhaps more likely) error for a-janya, q.v.; ignoble (person): (na mleccheṣu na pāpakuleṣu naurabhri- keṣu [text noratrikeṣu]) na kaukkuṭikeṣu na jatyeṣu pratyājāyante Kāraṇḍavvūha 42.10.

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Jātya (जात्य).—(-jātya), ifc. [bahuvrīhi] (= -jātīya 2, -jātika; compare -jātiya); of (such and such) a nature: lolupa-j° Lalitavistara 386.9, greedy; sthāvarādhivāsana-j° Śikṣāsamuccaya 23.9, firmly patient. Both prose.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jātya (जात्य).—mfn.

(-tyaḥ-tyā-tyaṃ) 1. Well-born, legitimate, born of parents of the same caste. 2. Best, excellent. 3. Pleasing, beautiful. 4. Rectangular. E. jāti family, &c. yat aff. jātau bhavaḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jātya (जात्य).—i. e. jāti + ya, adj. 1. Belonging to a tribe, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 50, 18. 2. Belonging to a family, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 5. 3. Of a noble race, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 45, 14. 4. True, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 9, 40. sva-, adj. Belonging to one’s own species, [Pañcatantra] 71, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jātya (जात्य).—[adjective] belonging to the family, caste, or race (of —°); kin, legitimate, genuine, noble.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jāṭya (जाट्य):—[from jāṭāsuri] mfn. = jaṭā-vat ([Scholiast or Commentator]), [Nirukta, by Yāska i, 14.]

2) Jātya (जात्य):—[from jāta] mfn. ifc. = tīya, belonging to the family or caste of [Mahābhārata xiii; Rāmāyaṇa ii, 50, 18; Pañcatantra]

3) [v.s. ...] of the same family, related, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa i, 8, 3, 6]

4) [v.s. ...] of a noble family, noble, [Raghuvaṃśa xvii, 4]

5) [v.s. ...] of good breed, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 45, 14]

6) [v.s. ...] legitimate, genuine, γνήσιος [Manu-smṛti x, 5; Mahābhārata v; Rāmāyaṇa ii, 9, 40] (said of gold), [Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] (in [grammar]) = nitya Name of the Svarita accent resulting in a fixed word (not by Sandhi See kṣaipra) from an Udātta originally belonging to a preceding i or u, (e.g. kva [from] kua; kanyā [from] kaniā), [Prātiśākhya; Māṇḍūkī-śikṣā vii, 5]

8) [v.s. ...] pleasing, beautiful, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] best, excellent, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [v.s. ...] (in [mathematics]) rectangular.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jātya (जात्य):—[(tyaḥ-tyā-tyaṃ) a.] Well-born; best; pleasing; rectangular.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jātya (जात्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jacca.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jatya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jātya (ಜಾತ್ಯ):—[adjective] of good birth; brought forth in a noble family.

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Jātya (ಜಾತ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] a man born to a good family.

2) [noun] a handsome man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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