Jata, aka: Jāta, Jaṭā, Jaṭa; 16 Definition(s)
Jata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Jaṭa (जट) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.144.2) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jaṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Jaṭā (जटा).—A kind of Vedic recital wherein each word is repeated six times. जटा (jaṭā) is called one of the 8 kinds (अष्टविकृति (aṣṭavikṛti)) of the Kramapatha, which in its turn is based on the Padapatha; cf. जटा माला शिखा रेखा ध्वजो दण्डो रथो घनः। अष्टौ बिकृतयः प्रोक्ताः क्रमपूर्वा मनीषिभिः । जटा (jaṭā mālā śikhā rekhā dhvajo daṇḍo ratho ghanaḥ| aṣṭau bikṛtayaḥ proktāḥ kramapūrvā manīṣibhiḥ | jaṭā) is defined as अनुलोमविलोमाभ्यां त्रिवारं हि पठेत् क्रमम् । विलोमे पदवत्संधिः अनुलोमे यथाक्रमम् । (anulomavilomābhyāṃ trivāraṃ hi paṭhet kramam | vilome padavatsaṃdhiḥ anulome yathākramam |) The recital of ओषधयः संवदन्ते संवदन्ते सोमेन (oṣadhayaḥ saṃvadante saṃvadante somena) can be illustrated as ओषधयः सं, समोषधयः, ओषधयः सं, सं वदन्ते, वदन्ते सं, सेवदन्ते, वदन्ते सोमेन,सोमेन वदन्ते, वदन्ते सोमेन । (oṣadhayaḥ saṃ, samoṣadhayaḥ, oṣadhayaḥ saṃ, saṃ vadante, vadante saṃ, sevadante, vadante somena, somena vadante, vadante somena |)
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Jāta (जात).—Born or produced there or then; one of the senses in which the tad. affixes, called जातार्थक (jātārthaka), are prescribed by Panini in the sutra तत्र जातः (tatra jātaḥ) and the following; cf. P. IV. 3.25-37.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Jaṭa (जट) refers to “fibrous roots” (of trees or plants), as mentioned in a list of five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Jaṭa] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Jaṭā (जटा) is another name for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aristolochia indica (Indian birthwort or duck flower) from the Aristolochiaceae or “birthwort family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.79-81 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Jaṭā and Rudrajaṭā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Jaṭa refers to “hairlock” which was popularly used in dance, as mentioned in the Cilappatikāram: an ancient epic authored by Ilango Adigal representing an important piece of Tamil literature.—Naṭukalkkāṭai (chapter on the sight of the statue established for Kannaki), in its twenty-eighth canto describes koṭṭicetam. With the taṇḍai (anklet) making sound, playing paṟai, the jaṭa (hairlock) swinging on one side represented Śiva while the cilampu (leg ornament), vala, hip chain, ear-drop, and hair do not move or make sound representing Uma on the other side. This dance of Śiva was danced by the Kūtta Cākkayars representing ardhanāri (half woman and half man) in front of Cheran Chenkuttuvan and his queen Venmalai while they were seated in the moon light.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Jata is a sanskrit term which means “plaited hair”.Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
Jata means arisen.Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas
Jati or jata means arising or coming up.Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)
Jāta (जात, “well-born”) is a Prakrit name based on the beauty of the human body, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning jāta) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Jaṭa, a handle, only in vāsi° (h. of an adze) Vin. IV, 168; S. III, 154=A. IV, 127. (Page 277)
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Jāta, (pp. of janati (janeti), cp. Lat. (g)nātus, Goth. kunds; also Gr. (kasi/—) gnhtόs, Ohg. knabo) 1. As adj. -noun: (a) born, grown, arisen, produced (=nibbatta pātubhūta Nd2 256) Sn. 576 (jātānaṃ maccānaṃ niccaṃ maraṇato bhayaṃ); jātena maccena kattabbaṃ kusalaṃ bahuṃ Dh. 53=Miln. 333; yakkhinī jātâsi (born a G.) J. VI, 337; rukkho j. J. I, 222; latā jātā Dh. 340; gāmanissandhena jātāni sūpeyya-paṇṇāni Vism. 250.—(n.) he who or that which is born: jātassa maraṇaṃ hoti Sn. 742; jātassa jarā paññāyissati J. I, 59; jātaṃ+bhūtaṃ (opp. ajātaṃ abhūtaṃ) It. 37.—(b) “genuine, ” i.e. natural, true, good, sound (cp. kata, bhūta, taccha & opp. ajāta like akata, abhūta): see cpds.—2. As predicate, often in sense of a finite verb (cp. gata): born, grown (or was born, grew); become; occurred, happened Sn. 683 (Bodhisatto hitasukhatāya jāto); bhayaṃ jātaṃ (arose) Sn. 207; vivādā jātā Sn. 828; ekadivase j. (were born on the same day) J. III, 391; aphāsukaṃ jātaṃ (has occurred J. I, 291.—So in Loc. abs. jāte (jātamhi) “when ... has arisen, when there is ... , ” e.g. atthamhi Vin. I, 350=M. III, 154=Dh. 331; vādamhi Sn. 832; oghe Sn. 1092; kahāpaṇesu jātesu J. I, 121.—3. °jāta (nt.) characteristic; pada° pedal character S. I, 86; aṅga° the sexual organ Vin. I, 191; as adj. having become ... (=bhūta); being like or behaving as, of the kind of ... , sometimes to be rendered by an adj. or a pp. implied in the noun: cuṇṇakajātāni aṭṭhikāni (=cuṇṇayitāni) M. III, 92; jālakajāta in bud A. IV, 117; chandajāta=chandika Sn. 767; sujāta Sn. 548 (well-born, i.e. auspicious, blessed, happy); pītisomanassa° joyful & glad Sn. p. 94; J. I, 60, etc.; gandhajāta a kind of perfume (see gandha). Often untranslatable: lābhappatto jāto J. III, 126; vināsa-ppaccayo jāto J. I, 256.—4. a Jātaka or Buddhist birth story DhA. I, 34.
—āmaṇḍa the (wild) castor oil plant VvA. 10; —ovaraka the inner chamber where he was born VvA. 158; J. I, 391 (so read for jāto varake). —kamma the (soothsaying) ceremony connected w. birth, in °ṃ karoti to set the horoscope PvA. 198 (=nakkhatta-yogaṃ uggaṇhāti); —divasa the day of birth, birthday J. III, 391; IV, 38; —maṅgala birth festival, i.e. the feast held on the birth of a child DhA. II, 86; —rūpa “sterling, ” pure metal, i.e. gold (in its natural state, before worked, cp. jambonada). In its relation to suvaṇṇa (worked gold) it is stated to be suvaṇṇavaṇṇo (i.e. the brightcoloured metal: VvA. 9; DhA. IV, 32: suvaṇṇo jātarūpo); at DA. I, 78 it is expld by suvaṇṇa only & at Vin. III, 238 it is said to be the colour of the Buddha: j. Satthu-vaṇṇa. At A. I, 253 it is represented as the material for the suvaṇṇakāra (the “white”—smith as opp. to “black”—smith).—Combd w. hirañña Pv. II, 75; very freq. w. rajata (silver), in the prohibition of accepting gold & silver (D. I, 5)≈ as well as in other connections, e.g. Vin. I, 245; II, 294 sq.; S. I, 71, 95; IV, 326 (the moral dangers of “money”: yassa jātarūpa-rajataṃ kappati pañca pi tassa kāmaguṇā kappanti); V, 353, 407; Dhs. 617.—Other passages illustr. the use & valuation of j. are S. II, 234 (°paripūra); V, 92 (upakkilesā); A. I, 210 (id.); III, 16 (id.);— S. I, 93, 117; M. I, 38; A. I, 215; III, 38; IV, 199, 281; V, 290; J. II, 296; IV, 102; —veda (cp. Vedic jātaveda=Agni) fire S. I, 168; Sn. 462 (kaṭṭhā jāyati j.) Ud. 93; J. I, 214; II, 326= IV. 471; V, 326; VI, 204, 578; Vism. 171; DA. I, 226; DhA. I, 44 (nirindhana, without fuel); —ssara a natural pond or lake Vin. I, 111; J. I, 470; II, 57. (Page 280)
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Jaṭā, (f.) (B. Sk. jatā) tangle, braid, plaiting, esp. (a) the matted hair as worn by ascetics (see jatila) Sn. 249; Dh. 241, 393; J. I, 12 (ajina+); II, 272.—(b) the tangled branches of trees J. I, 64.—(c) (fig.) (the tangle of) desire, lust S. I, 13=165.
—aṇḍuva (=°andu?) a chain of braided hair, a matted topknot S. I, 117; —âjina braided hair & an antelope’s hide (worn by ascetics) Sn. 1010 (°dhara), cp. above J. I, 12; —dharaṇa the wearing of matted hair M. I, 282. (Page 277)
jāta : (pp. of jāyati) born; arisen; become; occurred; happened. (nt.), a collection or variety. || jaṭa (nt.) the handle (of a knife, etc.). jaṭā (f.) tangle; planting; matted hair.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
jaṭa (जट).—f (jaṭā S) The hair matted as worn by the god śiva and by ascetics; the long hairs occasionally clotted together and projecting like a horn from the forehead or falling like a tail over the back and shoulders. 2 m Combination, confederacy, league.
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jaṭā (जटा).—f (S) The same as jaṭa q. v. supra; but in the first sense the ja is j, in the second, dz.
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jata (जत).—f Concert, confederacy, combination: also a confederated or an associated body.
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jāṭa (जाट).—m ( H) A tribe of Rajputs or an individual of it.
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jāta (जात).—f (jāti S) Kind, sort, species, class, tribe. Native or original constitution, nature. Ex. tō aṭa sōḍaṇāra nāhīṃ tyācī jātaca asī. 3 The well known caste of the Hindus, one of the four grand divisions of brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya, śūdra, or of the innumerable minor divisions or distinctions. 4 An iota, tittle, grain, whit, jot; i. e. the abstract genus or kind. Used always with neg. con., and thus equivalent with Not the least imaginable quantity. Ex. tyācē aṅgīṃ śāhaṇapaṇācī jāta nāhīṃ or ābarūcī jāta susuddhāṃ nāhīṃ. 5 n S Multitude or mass; collective number or aggregate quantity. Freely and elegantly used in comp.; but as the instances are too numerous for insertion in order, the few following here should be well studied: vastrajāta Cloth,--all the varieties and individuals comprehended under the name vastra; dhātujāta The metals,--that whole class of substances; śabdajāta Words or sounds,--all existent or conceivable. guṇajāta, arthajāta, dravyajāta &c. āpalē jātīvara karaṇēṃ To do or act simply with one's own abilities or resources. jātīnēṃ By nature, disposition, original constitution. 2 In propriâ personâ; in or by one's own person. Pr. jāta kaḷatī paṇa mata kaḷata nāhīṃ We may tell a man's caste, but his thoughts appear not. jātīvara karaṇēṃ (-ghēṇēṃ-dēṇēṃ- kāḍhaṇēṃ-bhāṇḍaṇēṃ &c.) To do in one's own strength. jātīvara jāṇēṃ or yēṇēṃ To revert or fall back upon one's nature.
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jāta (जात).—a (S) Born, produced, engendered. Used esp. in comp. as vṛkṣajātaphala Tree-born fruit; jalajātakamala The lotos springing from water; lakṣmīpāsūna jāta jō abhimāna tō dāridryānēṃ jātō. When the second member in comp. it signifies Born or sprung from: but as the first member, Born, sprung, produced, arisen unto. Ex. pakṣī jātapakṣa jhālē mhaṇajē āīlā sōḍatāta Birds when fledged or winged leave the mother; jātajvaramanu- ṣyāsa annāvara rucī hōta nāhīṃ A man having a fever loathes food; jātakrōdha, jātakāma, jātalōbha &c. Excited or inflamed with anger, lust, cupidity &c.; krōdhajāta, kāmajāta, lōbhajāta &c. Sprung from or produced by anger, lust, cupidity &c. Other compounds of both classes exist or are formable endlessly. Ex. jātagarbha-bhōjana-abhyaṅga-snāna- saṃskāra-janma-harṣa-śōka-ānanda-viśvāsa-puṣpa-parṇa-pallava- pulaka-rōmāñca-sukha-duḥkha-nāśa.
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jāta (जात).—ad (jāta Kind, species.) An emphatic prefix to adjectives of quality; as jātapāṇḍharā, jāta- pivaḷā, jātamaū Quite or wholly white &c.; whiteness, softness &c. itself.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
jaṭa (जट) [-ṭā, -टा].—f The hair matted. League; con federation.
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jata (जत).—f Concert, combination, confederacy.
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jāṭa (जाट).—m A tribe of Rajputs or an individual of it.
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jāta (जात).—f Kind, sort, species. class, tribe, native constitution, nature. The caste, the four grand divisions or their in- numerable minor divisions. An iota,Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Jaṭa (जट).—a. [jaṭ-ac; jan uṇā° ṭan antyalopaśca] Wearing twisted locks of hair.
1) The hair matted and twisted together, matted or clotted hair; जटाधरणसंस्कारं द्विजातित्वमवाप्य च (jaṭādharaṇasaṃskāraṃ dvijātitvamavāpya ca) Mb.12.61.3. अंसव्यापि शकुन्तनीडनिचितं बिभ्रज्जटामण्डलम् (aṃsavyāpi śakuntanīḍanicitaṃ bibhrajjaṭāmaṇḍalam) Ś.7.11; जटाश्च बिभृयान्नित्यम् (jaṭāśca bibhṛyānnityam) Ms.6.6; Māl.1.2.
2) A fibrous root; यत्र मुञ्जावटे रामो जटाहरणमादिशत् (yatra muñjāvaṭe rāmo jaṭāharaṇamādiśat) Mb.12.122.3.
3) A particular manner of reciting Vedic texts; thus the words नभः रुद्रेभ्यः (nabhaḥ rudrebhyaḥ) repeated in this manner would stand thus :-नमो रुद्रेभ्यो रुद्रेभ्यो नमो नमो रुद्रेभ्यः (namo rudrebhyo rudrebhyo namo namo rudrebhyaḥ)
4) A root in general; ज्ञानविज्ञान- योगेन कर्मणामुद्धरन् जटाः (jñānavijñāna- yogena karmaṇāmuddharan jaṭāḥ) Bhāg.3.24.17.
5) A branch.
6) The शतावरी (śatāvarī) plant.
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Jāta (जात).—p. p. [jan kartari kta]
1) Brought into existence, engendered, produced.
2) Grown, arisen.
3) Caused, occasioned.
4) Felt, affected by, oft. in comp.; °दुःख (duḥkha) &c.
5) Apparent, clear.
6) Become, present.
8) Ready at hand, collected; see जन् (jan).
-taḥ 1 A son, male offspring (in dramas often used as a term of endearment; ayi jāta kathayitavyaṃ kathaya U.4 'dear boy', 'oh my darling &c.').
2) A living being.
-tā A daughter, mostly used in addressing; जाते (jāte) 'dear child'
-tam 1 A creature, living being.
2) Production, origin; धन्यः कुन्तीसुतो राजा सुजातं चास्य धीमतः (dhanyaḥ kuntīsuto rājā sujātaṃ cāsya dhīmataḥ) Mb. 7.12.12.
3) Kind, sort, class, species.
4) A collection of things forming a class; निःशेषविश्राणितकोशजातम् (niḥśeṣaviśrāṇitakośajātam) R.5.1 all that goes to form wealth, i. e. every kind of property; so कर्मजातम् (karmajātam) the whole aggregate of actions; सुख° (sukha°) everything included under the name of सुख (sukha) or pleasure; अपत्यजातम् (apatyajātam) 'the brood of young ones'; Ś.5.22.
5) A child, a young one.
6) Individuality, specific condition.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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