Tana, aka: Tāṇa; 8 Definition(s)


Tana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Tana in Natyashastra glossaries]

Tāna (तान).—Bharata calculates the number of tānas (which at his time are understood as names for grouping of svaras by permutation) which are derived from mūrchanās.

The tānakriyā or “the production of the tāna” on the string is of two kinds, viz.,

  1. praveśa (by the pulling of the lower note and the smoothening of the higher note),
  2. nigraha (by not touching).

Tāna as applied to this kriyā shifts the reference from the grouping of the notes in prastāra to the quality and peculiarity of the tone produced.

(Source): archive.org: The Ragas Of Karnatic Music

Tāna (तान).—The tānas depend on mūrchanās (melody) are eighty-four in number. Among these the hexatonic (ṣāḍava) ones are forty-nine, and the pentatonic (auḍavita) ones thirty-five.

The hexatonic tānas have seven varieties, e.g. four tānas devoid of Ṣaḍja, Ṛṣabha, Niṣāda and Pañcama in the ṣaḍja-grāma; three tānas devoid of Ṣaḍja, Ṛṣabha and Gāndhāra in the madhyama-grāma. Thus these being worked in all, the mūrchanās in the two grāmas will give rise to forty-nine tānas.

The pentatonic tānas have five varieties e.g. three tānas devoid of Ṣaḍja and Pañcama, of Ṛṣabha and Pañcama, and of Gāndhāra and Niṣāda in the ṣaḍja-grāma, two tānas devoid of Ṛṣabha and Dhaivata, and of Gāndhāra and Niṣāda in the madhyama-grāma. Thus these being worked in all, the pentatonic mūrchanās in the two grāmas will give rise to thirty-five tānas.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Tana in Vyakarana glossaries]

1) Tana (तन).—Personal ending for त (ta) of the second pers. pl. Parasmaipada in the imperative in Vedic Literature e.g जुजुष्टन (jujuṣṭana) for जुषत (juṣata) cf. Kas. On P VII. 1.45;

2) Tana.—tad. affixes टयु (ṭayu) and टयुल् (ṭayul) i.e. अन (ana) which, with the augment त् (t), in effect becomes तन (tana) e.g. सायंतन, चिरंतन (sāyaṃtana, ciraṃtana), etc.: cf. P. IV. 3.23.

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Tāna (तान).—One uniform accent or tone एकश्रुति (ekaśruti), as observed at the time of sacrifices in the case of the recital of the hymns; cf. तानलक्षणमेकं स्वरमाहु-र्यज्ञकर्मणि (tānalakṣaṇamekaṃ svaramāhu-ryajñakarmaṇi) V. Pr. I.130; cf. also P.I. 2.34.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Tana in Pali glossaries]

tāṇa : (nt.) protection; refuge; shelter.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Tāṇa, (nt.) (from Vedic root trā, variation of *ter in tarati. Orig. bringing or seeing through) shelter, protection, refuge, esp. as tt. of shelter & peace offered by the Dhamma. Mostly in combn with leṇa & saraṇa (also dīpa & abhaya), in var. contexts, esp. with ref. to Nibbāna (see Nd2 s. v.): D. I, 95 (°ṃ, etc. gavesin seeking refuge); A. I, 155; S. IV, 315 (maṃtāṇa, etc. adj. protected by me, in my shelter).—S. I, 2, 54, 55, 107 (°ṃ karoti); IV, 372 (°gāmī maggo); A. IV, 184; Sn. 668 (°ṃ upeti); Dh. 288; J. I, 412 (=protector, expld by tāyitā parittāyitā patiṭṭhā); Sdhp. 224, 289. Cp. tātar & tāyati. (Page 298)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Tana in Marathi glossaries]

ṭāṇa (टाण).—Properly tāṇa &c.

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ṭāṇā (टाणा).—Properly tāṇa &c.

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taṇa (तण).—n (tṛṇa S) Grass or straw; but esp. used of the straw of rice. 2 Weeds and wild-growing grass.

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tana (तन).—f n Commonly tanū. The body &c.

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tana (तन).—n (tṛṇa) Grass or straw. 2 Weeds and wildgrass.

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tāṇa (ताण).—m (tana S) The state of being stretched or strained; stretchedness or strain (as of a rope, cloth &c.) v dē, basa, bhara. 2 fig. Intense anger, a rage, a passion. v . Ex. varmācī gōṣṭa kāḍhatāñca kasā tāṇa ālā. 3 m n Vigorous and unremitting exertion or application: also the exhausted or wearied state arising from it. 4 Pressing hard; dunning rigorously; galloping violently; urging and reducing to great straits: also the harassed or spent state induced; pressure, press, stress, straitness, sense of urgency, embarrassment, or want gen.: v bhara, lāga, basa: also scarcity as occasioning the pressure or straitness; as dāṇyācā- pikācā -pāvasācā -paikyācā-tāṇa. v paḍa. 5 Holding up (of rain). v . Ex. pāvasānēṃ cāra divasa tāṇa dilhā mhaṇajē laśakara bāhēra paḍēla. 6 n The exact time or season; the very nick or critical moment. Ex. bharatīcē tāṇāvara mahāgirī hakāra. tāṇa tōḍaṇēṃ (with vara) To discharge a fit of passion upon. tāṇa dēṇēṃ To prolong the time of. tāṇēṃ tāṇēṃ With furious, vehement, or lively action. v jā, uṭha, māra, uḍa.

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tāṇā (ताणा).—m (tāṇaṇēṃ) The warp. 2 A scandent or creeping plant gen. 3 Stock or breed (esp. of cattle). 4 A tendril or clasper. 5 The long lines of a spider's web.

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tāna (तान).—f (S) A tune. 2 Tuning the voice; running over the notes. 3 A strain, lit. fig. as gā- ṇyācī tāna, śivyāñcī tāna, māraṇyācī-bōlaṇyācī &c. v ghē, jhāḍa. 4 Thirst. 5 fig. Thirst after, itching, longing, hankering. 6 A disease incidental to children, arising from morbid heat. 7 A particular creeping plant. 8 m Better tāṇa which see in the five first senses. tāna ghālaṇēṃ or dharaṇēṃ To use remedies (apply cooling leaves &c.) to expel the disease tāna. tāna dēṇēṃ To prolong the time of.

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tāna (तान).—a Of strong texture, stout--cloth. 2 (In nandabhāṣā) High-priced, dear: opp. to khōñca Low of price, cheap. 3(Usually tānhā) Sucking or suckling.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṭaṇa (टण) [-kan-kara-dinī-diśī, -कन्-कर-दिनी-दिशी].—ad Imit. of the sound of a people &c. rebounding from a hard body.

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taṇa (तण).—n Grass. Weeds and wild-growing grass.

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tana (तन).—f The body. n Grass.

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tāṇa (ताण).—m The state of being stretched Fig. A strain, tension, as on the mind A rage m n Vigourous exertion wearied state. Pressure. f Outdoing excelling. n The season; the critical moment. tāṇa dēṇēṃ To prolong the time of, tāṇēṃ tāṇēṃ With furious, lively action

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tāṇā (ताणा).—m The warp. Breed. A creeping plant.

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tāna (तान).—f A tune. Tuning the voice. Fig. A train. Thirst. A disease incidental to children. a Stout. Dear, high-priced.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Tana in Sanskrit glossaries]

Tana (तन).—Ved. A descendant.

-nā, -nam Offspring, posterity; आ वो मक्षू तनाय कम् (ā vo makṣū tanāya kam) Rv.1.39.7.

Derivable forms: tanaḥ (तनः).

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Tāna (तान).—[tan-ghañ]

1) A thread, fibre.

2) (In music) A protracted tone, a key-note; यथा तानं बिना रागः (yathā tānaṃ binā rāgaḥ) Bv. 1.119; तानप्रदायित्वमिवोपगन्तुम् (tānapradāyitvamivopagantum) Ku.1.8. (the number of tānas is said to be 49).

3) A monotonous tone.

-nam 1 Expanse, extension.

2) An object of sense.

Derivable forms: tānaḥ (तानः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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khōma़ṭāṇa (खोम़टाण).—& khōma़ṭāṇa See khaṃvaṭa and khaṃvaṭāṇa.
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Tānakarman (तानकर्मन्).—n. 1) tuning the voice as a preparatory step to singing. 2) running ove...
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ṭaṇa-kana-kara-dinī-diśīṃ (टण-कन-कर-दिनी-दिशीं).—ad Imit. of the sound of a pebble &c. reboundi...
Arvāktana (अर्वाक्तन).—a. Being on this side of, not reaching up to, posterior; प्रकृतिपुरुषयोर...
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Vastraca Tana
vastrācā tāṇā (वस्त्राचा ताणा).—m (Warp formed of articles of clothing.) A line of clothes hung...
Ripumardanatāna (रिपुमर्दनतान) is another name for ripumardana: one of the forty-seven tānas (t...
Paṭutāna (पटुतान) is another name for paṭu: one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian ...
Subhāgatāna (सुभागतान) is another name for subhāga: one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in...
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