Tana, aka: Tāṇa; 7 Definition(s)


Tana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Tāna (तान).—Bharata calculates the number of tānas (which at his time are understood as names for grouping of svaras by permutation) which are derived from mūrchanās.

The tānakriyā or “the production of the tāna” on the string is of two kinds, viz.,

  1. praveśa (by the pulling of the lower note and the smoothening of the higher note),
  2. nigraha (by not touching).

Tāna as applied to this kriyā shifts the reference from the grouping of the notes in prastāra to the quality and peculiarity of the tone produced.

(Source): archive.org: The Ragas Of Karnatic Music

Tāna (तान).—The tānas depend on mūrchanās (melody) are eighty-four in number. Among these the hexatonic (ṣāḍava) ones are forty-nine, and the pentatonic (auḍavita) ones thirty-five.

The hexatonic tānas have seven varieties, e.g. four tānas devoid of Ṣaḍja, Ṛṣabha, Niṣāda and Pañcama in the ṣaḍja-grāma; three tānas devoid of Ṣaḍja, Ṛṣabha and Gāndhāra in the madhyama-grāma. Thus these being worked in all, the mūrchanās in the two grāmas will give rise to forty-nine tānas.

The pentatonic tānas have five varieties e.g. three tānas devoid of Ṣaḍja and Pañcama, of Ṛṣabha and Pañcama, and of Gāndhāra and Niṣāda in the ṣaḍja-grāma, two tānas devoid of Ṛṣabha and Dhaivata, and of Gāndhāra and Niṣāda in the madhyama-grāma. Thus these being worked in all, the pentatonic mūrchanās in the two grāmas will give rise to thirty-five tānas.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Vyākaraṇa (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Tana (तन).—Personal ending for त (ta) of the second pers. pl. Parasmaipada in the imperative in Vedic Literature e.g जुजुष्टन (jujuṣṭana) for जुषत (juṣata) cf. Kas. On P VII. 1.45;

2) Tana.—tad. affixes टयु (ṭayu) and टयुल् (ṭayul) i.e. अन (ana) which, with the augment त् (t), in effect becomes तन (tana) e.g. सायंतन, चिरंतन (sāyaṃtana, ciraṃtana), etc.: cf. P. IV. 3.23.

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Tāna (तान).—One uniform accent or tone एकश्रुति (ekaśruti), as observed at the time of sacrifices in the case of the recital of the hymns; cf. तानलक्षणमेकं स्वरमाहु-र्यज्ञकर्मणि (tānalakṣaṇamekaṃ svaramāhu-ryajñakarmaṇi) V. Pr. I.130; cf. also P.I. 2.34.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyākaraṇa (व्याकरण, vyakarana) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedāṅga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyākaraṇa concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

In Buddhism


tāṇa : (nt.) protection; refuge; shelter.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Tāṇa, (nt.) (from Vedic root trā, variation of *ter in tarati. Orig. bringing or seeing through) shelter, protection, refuge, esp. as tt. of shelter & peace offered by the Dhamma. Mostly in combn with leṇa & saraṇa (also dīpa & abhaya), in var. contexts, esp. with ref. to Nibbāna (see Nd2 s. v.): D. I, 95 (°ṃ, etc. gavesin seeking refuge); A. I, 155; S. IV, 315 (maṃtāṇa, etc. adj. protected by me, in my shelter).—S. I, 2, 54, 55, 107 (°ṃ karoti); IV, 372 (°gāmī maggo); A. IV, 184; Sn. 668 (°ṃ upeti); Dh. 288; J. I, 412 (=protector, expld by tāyitā parittāyitā patiṭṭhā); Sdhp. 224, 289. Cp. tātar & tāyati. (Page 298)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ṭāṇa (टाण).—Properly tāṇa &c.

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ṭāṇā (टाणा).—Properly tāṇa &c.

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taṇa (तण).—n (tṛṇa S) Grass or straw; but esp. used of the straw of rice. 2 Weeds and wild-growing grass.

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tana (तन).—f n Commonly tanū. The body &c.

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tana (तन).—n (tṛṇa) Grass or straw. 2 Weeds and wildgrass.

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tāṇa (ताण).—m (tana S) The state of being stretched or strained; stretchedness or strain (as of a rope, cloth &c.) v dē, basa, bhara. 2 fig. Intense anger, a rage, a passion. v . Ex. varmācī gōṣṭa kāḍhatāñca kasā tāṇa ālā. 3 m n Vigorous and unremitting exertion or application: also the exhausted or wearied state arising from it. 4 Pressing hard; dunning rigorously; galloping violently; urging and reducing to great straits: also the harassed or spent state induced; pressure, press, stress, straitness, sense of urgency, embarrassment, or want gen.: v bhara, lāga, basa: also scarcity as occasioning the pressure or straitness; as dāṇyācā- pikācā -pāvasācā -paikyācā-tāṇa. v paḍa. 5 Holding up (of rain). v . Ex. pāvasānēṃ cāra divasa tāṇa dilhā mhaṇajē laśakara bāhēra paḍēla. 6 n The exact time or season; the very nick or critical moment. Ex. bharatīcē tāṇāvara mahāgirī hakāra. tāṇa tōḍaṇēṃ (with vara) To discharge a fit of passion upon. tāṇa dēṇēṃ To prolong the time of. tāṇēṃ tāṇēṃ With furious, vehement, or lively action. v jā, uṭha, māra, uḍa.

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tāṇā (ताणा).—m (tāṇaṇēṃ) The warp. 2 A scandent or creeping plant gen. 3 Stock or breed (esp. of cattle). 4 A tendril or clasper. 5 The long lines of a spider's web.

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tāna (तान).—f (S) A tune. 2 Tuning the voice; running over the notes. 3 A strain, lit. fig. as gā- ṇyācī tāna, śivyāñcī tāna, māraṇyācī-bōlaṇyācī &c. v ghē, jhāḍa. 4 Thirst. 5 fig. Thirst after, itching, longing, hankering. 6 A disease incidental to children, arising from morbid heat. 7 A particular creeping plant. 8 m Better tāṇa which see in the five first senses. tāna ghālaṇēṃ or dharaṇēṃ To use remedies (apply cooling leaves &c.) to expel the disease tāna. tāna dēṇēṃ To prolong the time of.

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tāna (तान).—a Of strong texture, stout--cloth. 2 (In nandabhāṣā) High-priced, dear: opp. to khōñca Low of price, cheap. 3(Usually tānhā) Sucking or suckling.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṭaṇa (टण) [-kan-kara-dinī-diśī, -कन्-कर-दिनी-दिशी].—ad Imit. of the sound of a people &c. rebounding from a hard body.

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taṇa (तण).—n Grass. Weeds and wild-growing grass.

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tana (तन).—f The body. n Grass.

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tāṇa (ताण).—m The state of being stretched Fig. A strain, tension, as on the mind A rage m n Vigourous exertion wearied state. Pressure. f Outdoing excelling. n The season; the critical moment. tāṇa dēṇēṃ To prolong the time of, tāṇēṃ tāṇēṃ With furious, lively action

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tāṇā (ताणा).—m The warp. Breed. A creeping plant.

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tāna (तान).—f A tune. Tuning the voice. Fig. A train. Thirst. A disease incidental to children. a Stout. Dear, high-priced.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 125 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sutanu (सुतनु).—a. 1) having a beautiful body. 2) extremely delicate or slender, very thin. 3) ...
Ekatāna (एकतान).—a. concentrated or fixed on one object only, closely attentive; ब्रह्मैकतानमनस...
khōma़ṭāṇa (खोम़टाण).—& khōma़ṭāṇa See khaṃvaṭa and khaṃvaṭāṇa.
Ihatana (इहतन).—a. belonging to this world. Ihatana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Vastraca Tana
vastrācā tāṇā (वस्त्राचा ताणा).—m (Warp formed of articles of clothing.) A line of clothes hung...
Tānakarman (तानकर्मन्).—n. 1) tuning the voice as a preparatory step to singing. 2) running ove...
ṭaṇa-kana-kara-dinī-diśīṃ (टण-कन-कर-दिनी-दिशीं).—ad Imit. of the sound of a pebble &c. reboundi...
Anantatāna (अनन्ततान).—a. of endless width, extensive. Anantatāna is a Sanskrit compound consis...
Arvāktana (अर्वाक्तन).—a. Being on this side of, not reaching up to, posterior; प्रकृतिपुरुषयोर...
Paścimatāna (पश्चिमतान).—Banerji’s literal translation takes paścimatāna as meaning “t...
Kṛṣṇatāna (कृष्णतान) is another name for kṛṣṇa: one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Ind...
Aśvakrāntātāna (अश्वक्रान्तातान) is another name for aśvakrāntā: one of the forty-seven tānas (...
Gāruḍatāna (गारुडतान) is another name for gāruḍa: one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in I...
Sukhatāna (सुखतान) is another name for sukha: one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in India...
Jarakākhyatāna (जरकाख्यतान) is another name for jarakākhya: one of the forty-seven tānas (tone)...

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