Sloka, aka: Śloka; 6 Definition(s)


Sloka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śloka can be transliterated into English as Sloka or Shloka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Śloka (श्लोक).—Verse, especially a verse in anuṣṭubha meter. Note: Śloka is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

1) Śloka (श्लोक) (or Anuṣṭubh) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (eg., Śloka) which were used frequently by the poets.

2) Śloka (श्लोक) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

3) Śloka (श्लोक).—Garuḍapurāṇa classifies the term śloka as when the usual order of laghu and guru differs. It is also called as śloka. About yati it tells that when there is a pause it is called as yati.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Sloka (श्‍लोक): A verse of lines in Sanskrit, typically recited as a prayer.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ślōka (श्लोक).—m (S) A verse, a stanza, a quantity of two lines.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śloka (श्लोक).—[ślok-ac]

1) Praising in verse, extolling.

2) A hymn or verse of praise.

3) Celebrity, fame, renown, name; as in पुण्यश्लोक (puṇyaśloka) q. v.; वैदेहि तावदमलो भुवनेषु पुण्यः श्लोकः प्रशस्तचरितैरुपगीयतां ते (vaidehi tāvadamalo bhuvaneṣu puṇyaḥ ślokaḥ praśastacaritairupagīyatāṃ te) Mv.7.26; उत्तमश्लोक° (uttamaśloka°) Bhāg.2.1.9.

4) An object of praise.

5) A proverb or saying.

6) A stanza or verse in general; श्लोकत्वमापद्यत यस्य शोकः (ślokatvamāpadyata yasya śokaḥ) R.14.7; समक्षरैश्चतुर्भिर्यः पादैर्गीतो महर्षिणा । सोऽनुव्याहरणाद्- भूयः शोकः श्लोकत्वमागतः (samakṣaraiścaturbhiryaḥ pādairgīto maharṣiṇā | so'nuvyāharaṇād- bhūyaḥ śokaḥ ślokatvamāgataḥ) || Rām.1.2.4.

7) A stanza or verse in the Anuṣṭubh metre.

8) The dear and beloved people (iṣṭamitra ?); यथा ह वै पदेनानुविन्देदेवं कीर्तिं श्लोकं विन्दते (yathā ha vai padenānuvindedevaṃ kīrtiṃ ślokaṃ vindate) Bri. Up.1.4.7.

Derivable forms: ślokaḥ (श्लोकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śloka (श्लोक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A verse, a stanza. 2. A stanza written in Anush- tub'h metre. 3. Praising, praise. 4. An object of praise. 5. A proverb, a saying. 6. Fame, celebrity. E. ślok to compose, (as veses,) aff. ac; according to the Ramayana, irrly. derived from śoka sorrow: the first verse ever composed, having been the involuntary expression of Valmiki'S grief at beholding a bird killed by a fowler.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 834 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Puṇyaśloka (पुण्यश्लोक).—adj. Of good fame. m. (-kaḥ) 1. A name of Nala. 2. The epithet is also...
Uttamaśloka (उत्तमश्लोक).—a. of excellent fame, illustrious, glorious, well-known, famous. Utta...
The Ślokavārttika is a work on Mimamsa philosophy by Kumārila Bhaṭṭa.
Ardhaśloka (अर्धश्लोक).—half a śloka or verse. Derivable forms: ardhaślokaḥ (अर्धश्लोकः).Ardhaś...
Ślokabhū (श्लोकभू).—a. appearing in sound; Ait. Ār.Ślokabhū is a Sanskrit compound consisting o...
Ślokakāra (श्लोककार).—a composer of Ślokas; P.III.2.23. Derivable forms: ślokakāraḥ (श्लोककारः)...
ucchiṣṭa-bhāṣaṇa-ślōka-vākya (उच्छिष्ट-भाषण-श्लोक-वाक्य).—&c. (S) Uttered before and by another...
Saṃgrahaśloka (संग्रहश्लोक).—a verse summarizing what has been mentioned before.Derivable forms...
Anuṣṭupśloka (अनुष्टुप्श्लोक) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse)...
Vṛttānāmudāharaṇaśloka (वृत्तानामुदाहरणश्लोक) is the name of a text dealing with Sanskrit proso...
Chandaḥśloka (छन्दःश्लोक) is the name of a text dealing with Sanskrit prosody (chandas) for whi...
Bṛhatkathāślokasaṃgraha (बृहत्कथाश्लोकसंग्रह) is Budhasvāmin's abridgement into Sanskrit ver...
Ślokaśataka (श्लोकशतक) or Array is the name of a work ascribed to Gokunātha Upādhyāya (C. 1650-...
Ślokastuti (श्लोकस्तुति) or Array is the name of a work ascribed to Gokunātha Upādhyāya (C. 165...
Bala (बल).—mfn. (-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Strong, stout, robust, powerful. m. (-laḥ) 1. Bala- Deva, the eld...

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