Karnataka, aka: Karṇāṭaka; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Karnataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Karnataka in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karṇāṭaka (कर्णाटक).—A country of South India. Mahābhārata says like this: "There are a few more countries to the south and they are: Drāviḍa, Kerala, Prācya, Muṣika, Vanavāsika, Karṇāṭaka, Māhiṣaka, Vikalpa and Mūṣaka." (Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Karṇāṭaka (कर्णाटक).—(Dakṣiṇa)—Inhabitants of south Karṇāṭaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 6. 7.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Karnataka in Shaivism glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Nātha cult was very popular in Karnātaka, which was believed to be a blend of Vajrāyāna Buddhism and Śaivism. Though there are no exclusive followers of the cult in Karnātaka, the centers of their activity are there even now. Gorakṣanāth and Matśyendranāth themselves are believed to have popularlised the cult in Karnātaka. Nātha mathas are found in many parts of Karnātaka beginning from Handi Badganāth in Belgaum district to Kadire and Viṭṭal in Dakśiṇa Kaṉṉada.

Source: DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (shaivism)
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Karṇāṭaka (कर्णाटक).—In Karnāṭaka from the times of Cālukya kings of Kalyāṇa the art of building temples of triple sancta become frequent. To find the origin of this art we have to see the work of queen mother Rāṇi Vinayavati at Bādāmi. During the reign of her son Vijayāditya, in the 3rd year of her son’s regnal year, Śaka 621, corresponding to A.D. 699, she had a temple built with three sancta and had installed three Gods namely Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara. Now the temple is empty and goes by the name of Jambulinga temple but the inscription in situ furnishes the historical facts.

There is a new style integrating nāgara and drāviḍa features, especially in Paṭṭadakal. There is a Karnāṭa style and in order to signify the local originality and the different influences, the terms Karnāṭa-nāgara and Karnāṭa-drāviḍa styles are the most practical denominations. The Karnāṭa-drāviḍa temples of Paṭṭadakal are the Vijayeśvara, Lokeśvara and Trailokyeśvara temples. The Karnāṭa-nāgara are the Galaganātha, Jambuliṅga, Kāḍasiddheśvara, Kāśīviśveśvara temples. Pāpanātha is a hybrid. Others are too small or ruined and do not bear any mark of a distinctive style.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal

Karnataka (कर्नतक) is a land, which produced many poets and authors, who nourished the Sanskrit literature from time to time. The patronage of the Woḍeyar dynasty of Mysore for the scholarship was noteworthy. The kings themselves were also well versed in Śāstras and in appreciation they were providing patronage to many luminaries.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karnataka in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karṇāṭaka (कर्णाटक).—(pl.) Name of a country in the south of the Indian Peninsula; (kāvyam) कर्णाटेन्दोर्जगति विदुषां कण्ठभूषत्वमेतु (karṇāṭendorjagati viduṣāṃ kaṇṭhabhūṣatvametu) Vikr.18.12

-ṭī f.

1) A woman of the above country; कर्णाटीचीनपीनस्तनवसनदशादोलनस्पन्दमन्दः (karṇāṭīcīnapīnastanavasanadaśādolanaspandamandaḥ) Udb. कर्णाटीचिकुराणां ताण्डवकरः (karṇāṭīcikurāṇāṃ tāṇḍavakaraḥ) Vb.1.29.

2) The हंसपदी (haṃsapadī) plant.

3) One of the Rāgintod;īs or musical modes.

Derivable forms: karṇāṭakaḥ (कर्णाटकः).

See also (synonyms): karṇāṭa.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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