Hemacandra, aka: Heman-candra; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Hemacandra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Hemachandra.

In Hinduism

Purana

Hemacandra (हेमचन्द्र):—Son of Viśāla (one of the three sons of Tṛṇabindu). He had a son named Dhūmrākṣa. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2.34)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Hemacandra (हेमचन्द्र).—A son of Viśāla and father of Sucandra (Candra, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 17-8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 50. 51.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Hemacandra (हेमचन्द्र) (1088-1173 C.E.), famous Jain author, has contributed a lot to the study of Sanskrit Prosody by way of writing his monumental work Chandonuśāsana. He was well versed in Sanskrit, Prakrita and Apabhraṃśa literatures. He was born in a village called Dhundhukā, situated at the south-western corner of Ahmedabad, the present capital city of Gujurat. The name of the village is otherwise known as Dhundhukkanagara and Dhundhukapura.

Hemacandra was the son of Cāciga of Moḍhavaṃśa and Pāhiṇī. The Moḍha family hailed from a village called Moḍherā. The presiding deity (kuladevatā) of this family was goddess Cāmuṇḍā and kula-yakṣa was Gonasa. His mother Pāhiṇī was a Jain, while his father was a Śaivaite. The childhood name of Hemacandra was Cāṅgadeva. He was also a disciple of Devacandra. Hemacandra received the patronage of Jayasiṃha Siddharāja (1094-1143 C.E.) and his successor Kumārapāla of Anhilvid of Gujarat. He initiated Kumārapāla into Jainism. Hemacandra was offered to Devacandra to serve Jainism when he was five years of age, being named as Somacandra. After becoming a Sūri, he was renamed as Hemacandra.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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