Nanda, Nandā: 31 definitions


Nanda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Nanda (नन्द) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Lalita, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Lalita group contains twenty-five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nandā (नन्दा) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Nandā, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Nanda (नन्द).—One of the sons of Medhātithi, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74.

2) Nandā (नन्दा).—One of the seven major rivers in Śākadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 86. Śākadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Medhātithi, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata.

Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Nanda (नन्द).—(nandaka) See under Nandagopa.

2) Nanda (नन्द).—(See under Vararuci).

3) Nanda (नन्द).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. In the battle of Kurukṣetra, Bhīmasena killed him. (Mahābhārata Karṇa Parva, Chapter 51, Stanza 19).

4) Nanda (नन्द).—A serpent born in the family of Kaśyapa (Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 103, Stanza 12).

5) Nanda (नन्द).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 64).

6) Nanda (नन्द).—A synonym of Bhagavān Viṣṇu. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Stanza 69).

7) Nandā (नन्दा).—Wife of Harṣa the third son of Dharmadeva. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Stanza 33).

8) Nandā (नन्दा).—A river. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 214, Stanza 6, that while Arjuna had been engaged in a pilgrimage visiting the holy places in the east, he reached the banks of the rivers Nandā and Aparanandā. Many of the scholars are of opinion that this river flowed through the eastern side of the forest Naimiṣaraṇya. When the hermit Dhaumya talks about the holy places of the east to Yudhiṣṭhira, he says as follows about the river Nandā. "The beautiful mountain 'Kuṇḍoda' is a place which abounds in roots, fruits and water. Nala the King of Niṣadha, who was weary of thirst rested here. There is a holy temple here called Devavana which is thronged by hermits. Near this temple there is a mountain through the top of which, two rivers Bāhudā and Nandā flow." (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 87).

During the time of the forest life of the Pāṇḍavas, Yudhiṣṭhira travelled with the hermit Lomaśa, through the basin of the rivers Nandā, and Aparanandā. During the Paurāṇic times some deities had lived in the basin of the river Nandā, and men began to come there to visit the deities. The devas (gods) did not like this and so they rendered the place inaccessible to men. From that time onwards the river basin of Nandā and the mount Hemakūṭa have become prohibited area for human beings. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 110).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nanda (नन्द).—An attendant on Puruṣottama Viṣṇu (Hari);1 praised Dhruva;2 went with Hari going to Pṛthu's sacrifice;3 attacked the Asuras, the followers of Bali.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 9. 14; X. 39. 53; 89. 57; VIII. 22. 15.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 12. 22.
  • 3) Ib. IV. 19. 5; VI. 4. 39.
  • 4) Ib. VIII. 21. 16.

1b) A mountain of Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 21.

1c) A son of Madirā and Vasudeva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 48; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 171; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 169; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 23.

1d) A king of the Nanda dynasty;1 from Parīkṣit to Nanda the period was 1115 years; At the time of Nanda the Saptaṛṣis moved from Magha to Pūrvāṣāḍha.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 9.
  • 2) Ib. XII. 2. 26-7, 32.

1e) The fourth son of Medhātithi and founder of the Nanda Kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 36-9.

1f) A Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 234.

1g) A son of Śūra and Bhojā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 3.

1h) City; Uragapati, in the third Tala or Vitalam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 29.

1i) An Ajitadeva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 34.

1j) The Royal dynasty preceding the Mauryas;1 commence their line when the Seven Ṛṣis reach Pūrvāṣāḍha, and after 1065 years from Parīkṣit.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 8-10.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 104 and 112.

2a) Nandā (नन्दा).—A celestial R. of Śālmalidvīpa, and sacred to Hari;1 sacred to Pitṛs.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 6. 24-27; V. 20. 10; VII. 14. 32; VIII. 4. 23.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 10.

2b) North of Vedi, sacred to Mahādeva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 82-3.

2c) A Śakti; a goddess enshrined at the Himālayan slopes.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 72; Matsya-purāṇa 13. 30.

2d) A R. of Śākadvīpa: Pārvatī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 31; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 92.

2e) A river in Kailāsa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 18.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Nanda (नन्द) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.59, V.101.12/V.103, VI.47.8, IX.44.59, IX.44.60) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Nanda) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Nandā also refers to the name of a River or Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.82.138, III.85.21).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Nandā (नन्दा) is a Sanskrit name of one of the five cow-mothers, born from the churning of the milk ocean and descended on earth from Śiva’s world at the latter’s behest for the welfare of the people, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Nanda (नन्द) is the name of a King, whose captial city was called Pāṭaliputra, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara chapter 2. In this city lived two brothers, named Varṣa, and Upavarṣa whose story was told in the aforementioned book.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Nanda, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Tithikarmaguṇa in Gārgīyajyotiṣa

Nandā (नन्दा) or Nandatithi is the name of the first of fifteen tithis (cycle of time) according to both the Gārgīyajyotiṣa and the Śārdūlakarṇāvadāna. The associated deity for Nandā according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā is Brahma. A tithi was defined as one thirtieth of a synodic month (c. 29.5 days), resulting in an average tithi being slightly less than a day.

Accordingly, “(11) The first tithi is said to be Nandā. It is auspicious for firm acts, for the commencement of learning; traveling on a journey is however forbidden. (12) One should give gifts, perform asceticism. Birth on this tithi is the best, characterized by prosperity and fortune. Its deity is Svayambhū”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Nanda was the Yadhava chieftain who brought up Krishna as his son. Vasudeva, the real father of Krishna had exchanged children as soon as born, to prevent the infant Krishna from being killed by his uncle Kamsa.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Nanda (नंद): Nanda is head of a tribe of cowherds referred as Holy Gwals and foster-father of Krishna, who was allegedly given to him by Vasudeva. Nanda was married to Yasoda. Krishna derives his name Nandalal (meaning son of Nanda) from him.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Nanda Thera

Son of Suddhodana and Mahapajapati, and therefore half brother of the Buddha. He was only a few days younger than the Buddha, and when the Buddhas mother died, Pajapati gave her own child to nurses and suckled the Buddha herself (AA.i.186).

On the third day of the Buddhas visit to Kapilavatthu, after the Enlightenment, the Buddha went to Nandas house, where festivities were in progress in honour of Nandas coronation and marriage to Janapadakalyani Nanda. The Buddha wished Nanda good fortune and handed him his bowl to be taken to the vihara. Nanda, thereupon, accompanied the Buddha out of the palace. Janapadakalyani, seeing him go, asked him to return quickly. Once inside the vihara, however, the Buddha asked Nanda to become a monk, and he, unable to refuse the request, agreed with reluctance. But as the days passed he was tormented with thoughts of his beloved, and became very downcast and despondent, and his health suffered. The Buddha suggested that they should visit the Himalaya. On the way there, he showed Nanda the charred remains of a female monkey and asked him whether Janapadakalyani were more beautiful than that. The answer was in the affirmative. The Buddha then took him to Tavatimsa where Sakka, with his most beautiful nymphs, waited on them. In answer to a question by the Buddha, Nanda admitted that these nymphs were far more attractive than Janapadakalyani, and the Buddha promised him one as wife if he would live the monastic life. Nanda was all eagerness and readily agreed. On their return to Jetavana the Buddha related this story to the eighty chief disciples, and when they questioned Nanda, he felt greatly ashamed of his lustfulness. Summoning all his courage, he strove hard and, in no long time, attained arahantship. He thereupon came to the Buddha and absolved him from his promise. (Thag.157f.; J.i.91; ii.92ff.; Ud.iii.2; DhA.i.96 105; UdA.168ff.; SNA.273f.)

When the Buddha was told of Nandas arahantship by a devata, he related the Sangamavacara Jataka (q.v.) to show how, in the past, too, Nanda had been quick to follow advice. He also related the story of Kappata (q.v.) and his donkey to show that it was not the first time that Nanda had been won to obedience by the lure of the female sex. The male donkey in the story was Nanda and the female donkey Janapadakalyani. (DhA.i.103f.)

Nanda is identified with the sub king (uparaja) in the Kurudhamma Jataka (q.v.).

Later, on seeing how eminently Nanda was trained in self control, the Buddha declared him chief among his disciples in that respect (indriyesu guttadvaranam). Nanda had aspired to this eminence in the time of Padumuttara Buddha. In the time of Atthadassi Buddha he was a tortoise in the river Vinata, and, seeing the Buddha on the bank waiting to cross, he took him over to the other side on his back. (A.i.25; AA.

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context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Nanda (नन्द) was the half-brother of the Buddha (see appendix 1 at Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter IV). Nanda, the half-brother of the Buddha, was affianced to Janapadakalyānī (or married to Sundarī), when the Buddha, by a stratagem, met him at Nyagrodhārāma, near Kapilavastu, and had him forcibly ordained by Ānanda. The memory of his wife continued to haunt Nanda who tried to escape from the monastery. His attempt failed miserably. To cure him of this love, the Buddha transported him to the Trāyastriṃśa gods and showed him the celestial maidens incomparably more beautiful than Janapadakalyāyanī; he promised him one of these maidens if he would undertake to remain in the monastery for the rest of his life.

Nanda was known for his beauty; he had a golden-colored body, possessed thirty marks of the Great Man, and his height was only four fingers less than that of the Buddha. These benefits were the reward for his earlier merits.

2) Nanda (नन्द) is the name of the universe of the zenith (upariṣṭāt) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “In the region of the zenith (upariṣṭāt), beyond universes as numerous as the sands of the Ganges and at the extreme limit of these universes, there is the universe called Hi (Nandā); its Buddha is called Hi tö (Nandaśrī) and its Bodhisattva Tö hi (Nandadatta)”.

3) Nanda (नन्द) is the name of a Nāga king (nāgarāja), according to chapter XLIX.—Accordingly, “Thus, when the Nāgarājas Nan-t’o (Nanda) and P’o-nan-t’o (Upananda), the older and the younger, wanted to destroy the city of Śrāvastī, they rained down weapons (āyudha) and poisonous snakes (āśīviṣa), but Mou-lien (Maudgalyāyana), at that time properly seated, filled space and changed the offensive weapons into perfumed flowers and necklaces (hāra)”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: The Chronological History of Buddhism

1) The Reign of Nanda dynasty (1715-1609 BCE).—Mahapadma Nanda was the illegitimate child of Sisunaga king Mahanandin. He succeeded his father and founded the rule of Nanda dynasty. He had eight sons. Total nine Nandas reigned for 100 or 108 years. Probably, Mahapadma Nanda was a young man (18 years old) when he succeeded his father around 1715-1710 BCE. He gradually consolidated his position and conquered the kingdoms of Ikshvakus, Panchala, Kasi, Haihayas, Kalinga, Ashmaka, Kauravas, Mithila, Shaurasenas and Vitihotras as indicated in Puranas.

2) Nanda, Paramasena and Samyaksatya (1090-1010 BCE).—Taranatha tells us that Nanda, Paramasena and Samyaksena were the contemporaries of Nagarjuna and they preached Alaya-Vijnana i.e. Yogachara school of Buddhism. Interestingly, Taranatha indicates that Asanga and Vasubandhu were later Yogacharins.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Nandā (नन्दा) is the mother of Śītala, the tenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Nandā is Dṛḍharatha. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)

Nanda (नन्द) is a Prakrit technical term referring to a ending for names in general as well as friendly names, representing a rule when deriving personal names as mentioned in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning nanda) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Nandā (नन्दा) refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living on the eastern Rucaka mountains (in the Rucakadvīpa continent), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.


“[...] Eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Nandā], living on the eastern Rucaka Mountains, came in chariots rivaling the mind (in speed) as it were. After bowing to the Master and to Marudevā and announcing themselves as before, singing auspicious songs, they stood in front, holding mirrors. [...].”.

Note: In the continent Rucakadvīpa is a circular mountain-ranges Rucaka. On this in the four directions are 4 temples, and on both sides of each temple are 4 mountain peaks, making 8 peaks in each direction. Each peak is inhabited by a Dikkumārī [viz., Nandā].—(cf. ‘Die Kosmographie der Inder’ pp. 257f).

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Nandā (नन्दा) is the mother of Acalabhrātā: the ninth of the eleven gaṇadharas (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Śramaṇa Lord Mahāvīra’s congregation had 11 gaṇadharas. All these were Brahmin householders from different places. All these gaṇadharas (for example, Acalabhrātā) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria

Vividha Tirtha Kalpa informs us that Kunika, Udayi and Nanda (the son of a Barber) reigned in Magadha after Mahavira nirvana (1189 BCE). Interestingly, Taranatha indicates that King Nanda was the senior contemporary of King Kanishka. Vividha Tirtha Kalpa informs us that Kunika, Udayi and Nanda (the son of a Barber) reigned in Magadha after Mahavira nirvana (1189 BCE) and the reign of Nanda began in the 60 th year after Mahavira nirvana i.e. 1129 BCE. King Udayi of Pataliputra died without any successors around 1129 BCE. The ministers elected Nanda, the son of Barber as the king of Pataliputra in 1129 BCE. It appears that King Nanda also reigned over Kalinga for some time.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nanda.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘nine’. Note: nanda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nanda : (adj.) rejoicing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nanda, at Pv. II, 67 used either as interj. (=nanu, q. v.) or as Voc. in the sense of “dear”; the first explanation to be preferred & n. probably to be read as nanu (v. l. nuna) or handa (in which case nanu would be gloss). (Page 346)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nanda (नंद).—m (S) Red lines or figures, esp. the mystical figure called svastika, drawn on the antaḥpaṭa or cloth which, at marriages, is held between the bride and bridegroom. 2 Vertigo incidental to puerperal women.

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nanda (नंद).—c (Contracted from ānanda Ease, pleasure; or from nandī Mahadeva's stone-bull.) A reproachful term for a person utterly without care or thought; a drone or lumber-log: also for a natural or an egregious fool.

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nanda (नंद).—m nandakī f (nanda was a proper name.) A clandestine or covert term, amongst dealers and brokers, for dallālī or the fees of brokerage. De- vised to keep the secrets of trade from the employer of the broker and the mere customer. Its vocabulary is bhurakā One rupee, ḍhōkaḷā One pysa, kēvalī One, avārū Two, udhānū Three, pōkū Four, muḷū Five, śēlī Six, pavitrū Seven, bhaṅgī Eight, tēvasū or lēvanū Nine, aṅguḷū Ten, ēkaḍū Eleven, rēghī Twelve, ṭhēparū Thirteen, cōpaḍū Fourteen, taḷī Fifteen. To this last term the first four numerals successively added (the sense of addition being expressed by tāna) form successively 16, 17, 18, 19, as bhurakā tāna taḷī avārū tāna taḷī, udhānū tāna taḷī, pōkū tāna taḷī. kāṭī stands for 20; then bhurakā tāna kāṭī, avārū tāna kāṭī &c. express 21, 22 &c. biṭī is 100, ḍhakāra 1000, phāṭā is An̤a, avārū phāṭē Two an̤as, maṅgī phāṭē Eight an̤as, taḷī phāṭē Fifteen an̤as, dukāra One an̤a, cakāra Two an̤as, pakāra Four an̤as, ṭālī Half a rupee. The nanda vocabulary however has variations. Expressive of the above account the following abhaṅga has been composed, muḷū 5 vadanācā udhānu 3 nētrācā || aṅgūḷū 10 hātāñcā svāmī mājhā ||1|| muguṭa jayācā kēva- ḷyā 1 āgaḷī kāṇṭī 20 pavitra taḷavaṭī caraṇa jyācē ||2|| ḍhakāra 1000 vadanācā ālā varṇāvayā || jivhā tyācyā ciralyā varṇavēnā ||3|| śēlī 6 vēḍāvalī pōkū 4 bhaunāvalī || aguṃḷūmaṅgi 18 thakalī nakaḷē tyāṃsī ||4|| sadbhāvēṃ śaraṇa āvārū 2 jōḍūna || khēcaravīsā mhaṇē svāmī mājhā ||5॥. nanda thākaṇēṃ or ṭhēvaṇēṃ To make (i. e. obtain) nanda or secret brokerage.

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nandā (नंदा).—f S A common term for the first, the sixth, and the eleventh days of the lunar fortnight. 2 A husband's sister.

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nānda (नांद).—f ( H) A large open-mouthed earthen vessel, flower-pot-shape.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nanda (नंद).—m nandakī f The fees of brokerage.

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nānda (नांद).—f A large open-mouthed earthen vessel (flower-pot-shape).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nanda (नन्द).—[nand-bhāve ghañ]

1) Happiness, pleasure, joy.

2) A kind of lute (11 inches long). (MW. 7 inches).

3) A frog.

4) Name of Viṣṇu.

5) Name of a cowherd, husband of Yaśodā and foster-father of Kṛṣṇa (to whose care the child was committed when Kaṃsa wanted to destroy it).

6) Name of the founder of the Nanda dynasty; or of nine brother-kings of Pāṭaliputra killed by the machinations of Chāṇakya, the minister of Chandragupta; समुत्खाता नन्दा नव हृदयरोगा इव भुवः (samutkhātā nandā nava hṛdayarogā iva bhuvaḥ) Mu. 1.13; अगृहीते राक्षसे किमुत्खातं नन्दवंशस्य (agṛhīte rākṣase kimutkhātaṃ nandavaṃśasya) Mu.1.27;3.28.

7) One of the nine treasures of Kubera.

8) Number 'nine' (from the nine Nandas.).

-dī An epithet of Durgā.

Derivable forms: nandaḥ (नन्दः).

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Nandā (नन्दा).—[nandayati nand-ac]

1) Delight, joy, happiness.

2) Affluence, wealth, prosperity.

3) A small earthen water-jar.

4) A husband's sister.

5) The first, sixth and eleventh days of a lunar fortnight (considered as auspicious tithis;) नन्दा भद्रा जया रिक्ता पूर्णा च प्रतिपत् क्रमात् (nandā bhadrā jayā riktā pūrṇā ca pratipat kramāt) Jyotistattvam.

6) An epithet of Gaurī.

7) Name of a cave; नन्दागुहायामिव नागराजः (nandāguhāyāmiva nāgarājaḥ) Bu. Ch.1.19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nanda (नन्द).—(1) (= Pali id., Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names) Nanda Thera 1; also called Sundarananda, q.v.) name of a monk, disciple of the Buddha, and his half-brother: Mahāvastu iii.132.20 (mama, sc. Buddha's, pitriyaputro); probably also meant by Mahāvyutpatti 1041; 3604; Lalitavistara 2.2; Sukhāvatīvyūha 2.11; 92.7; is he also the Nanda of Mahāvyutpatti 9471? (one of the ṣaḍvārgika monks, compare Upananda (1) and Nandopananda); compare also Nandana (1); (2) name of a nāga-king, always associated and almost always compounded (regularly as dvandva, Nandopanandau or °nandakau) with Upananda(-ka), q.v.: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 4.11 (here not a [compound]); Lalitavistara 83.21; 204.10; Mahāvyutpatti 3278; Divyāvadāna 162.9; 395.11; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 162.9; Kāraṇḍavvūha 2.13; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 62.2; 437.2; Gaṇḍavyūha 119.11; Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 72.18; Mahā-Māyūrī 221.18; 246.17; 247.33; (3) name of a monk in a Jātaka story: Mahāvastu i.36.6 ff.; (4) name of a devaputra: Mahāvastu ii.257.7, 12 etc.; Lalitavistara 4.12; 6.12; 7.5; same (?) Lalitavistara 438.16; (compare Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names) Nanda 8?); (5) name of a teacher: Mahāvyutpatti 3501; (6) name of a Śākya youth (same as 1 above?): Lalitavistara 152.12, and perhaps Avadāna-śataka i.148.9; (7) name of a king, said to be grand- father of Aśoka: Divyāvadāna 369.12; (8) name of a son of a śreṣṭhin of Śrāvastī, called ‘the lazy’: Avadāna-śataka i.15.10; (9) name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 17; 235.19; (10) name of a cowherd, converted by Buddha: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.51.1 ff.

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Nandā (नन्दा).—(1) name of the daughter of a village chief who gave food to the Bodhisattva when he broke his fast [Page290-a+ 71] after his long austerities; otherwise known as Sujātā, q.v.: Divyāvadāna 392.12 (verse); in 392.9 (prose) associated in this act with Nandabalā (they seem to be regarded as sisters, dual grāmikaduhitryoḥ), q.v.; (2) name of a lokadhātu: Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 52.18; (3) name of a rākṣasī: Mahā-Māyūrī 240.7; 241.13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nanda (नन्द).—mf. (-ndaḥ-ndī) Happiness, pleasure, felicity. m.

(-ndaḥ) 1. One of Kuvera'S nine inestimable gems or treasure. 2. The cowherd Nanda, the foster father of Krishna. 3. A name of Vishnu. 4. A prince, the son of Mahanandi. 5. A flute, one eleven inches long. f.

(-ndā) 1. An earthen water jar. 2. The first, sixth, or eleventh day of the fortnight. 3. Prosperity, increase. 4. A husband’s sister. f. (-ndī) Indra'S garden. f. (-ndā or -ndī) A name of Durga. E. nadi to be prosperous or happy, affixes ac and ṭāp or bhāve ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nanda (नन्द).—[nand + a], I. m. One of Yudhi- ṣṭhira’s drums, Mahābhārata 7, 1032. 2. A name of Viṣṇu, 13, 7005. 3. A proper name (especially of the foster father of Kṛṣṇa and Durgā), 4, 179; 1, 2731. 4. The name of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 20, 21. Ii. f. . 1. A proper name, Mahābhārata 1, 2597. 2. The name of a river, 7818. Iii. f. , A tree, Cedrela toona Roxb., [Suśruta] 1, 219, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Nanda (नन्द) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Nandopakramāṇi Mānāni. Kṣīrasvāmin on Amarakośa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nanda (नन्द):—[from nand] m. joy, delight, happiness (also [plural]), [Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (in mus.) a flute 7 inches long

3) [v.s. ...] Name of one of Yudhi-ṣṭhira’s 2 drums, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] of one of Kubera’s 9 gems, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a son (in gopa- [additions]; cf. nandana)

6) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] of one of Skanda’s attendants, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] of a Nāga, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] (also -ka)

10) [v.s. ...] of a, [Buddhist literature] deity, [Lalita-vistara]

11) [v.s. ...] of an attendant on Dakṣa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra (also -ka), [Mahābhārata]

13) [v.s. ...] of a step-brother and disciple of Gautama Buddha, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 441]

14) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vasu-deva, [Purāṇa]

15) [v.s. ...] of the foster-father of Kṛṣṇa and ancestor of Durgā, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa] etc. (also -ka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

16) [v.s. ...] of a leader of the Sātvatas, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

17) [v.s. ...] of a king of Pāṭali-putra and founder of a dynasty consisting of 9 successive princes, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan; Purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Pañcatantra] etc.

18) [v.s. ...] of the number 9 (because of the 9 Nandas), [Jyotiṣa]

19) [v.s. ...] of sub voce scholars and authors, [Catalogue(s)]

20) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (cf. -parvata and nandi-giri)

21) Nandā (नन्दा):—[from nanda > nand] a f. Delight, Felicity (personified as wife of Harṣa; cf. nandi), [Mahābhārata i, 2597]

22) [v.s. ...] prosperity, happiness, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) [v.s. ...] a small earthen water-jar (also dikā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) [v.s. ...] a husband’s sister (cf. nanāndṛ), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) [v.s. ...] Name of the 3 auspicious Tithis (1st, 6th, and 11th day of the fortnight), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā ic, 2] (also dikā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

26) [v.s. ...] of the 7th day in Mārgaśīrṣa, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

27) [v.s. ...] (in music) of a Mūrchanā

28) [v.s. ...] of Gaurī, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

29) [v.s. ...] of an Apsaras, [Harivaṃśa]

30) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Vibhīṣaṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

31) [v.s. ...] of a girl connected with Śākya-muni, [Buddhist literature]

32) [v.s. ...] of the mother of 10th Arhat of present Ava-sarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

33) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Gopāla-varman, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

34) [v.s. ...] of a river flowing near Kubera’s city Alakā, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

35) Nanda (नन्द):—[from nand] n. a kind of house, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

36) Nandā (नन्दा):—[from nand] b f. of nanda q.v.

37) Nānda (नान्द):—mf(ī)n. relating to Nanda (upapurāṇa), [Madhusūdana]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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