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Nanda, aka: Nandā; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nanda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Kathā (narrative stories)

Nanda (नन्द) is the name of a King, whose captial city was called Pāṭaliputra, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara. In this city lived two brothers, named Varṣa, and Upavarṣa whose story was told in the aforementioned book. The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’) is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta’s quest to become the emperor of the Vidhyādharas. The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

about this context:

Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

Purāṇa

1) Nanda (नन्द).—One of the sons of Medhātithi, who was a son of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74.

2) Nandā (नन्दा).—One of the seven major rivers in Śākadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 86. Śākadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Medhātithi, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata.

Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Śaivism (Śaiva philosophy)

Nandā (नन्दा) is a Sanskrit name of one of the five cow-mothers, born from the churning of the milk ocean and descended on earth from Śiva’s world at the latter’s behest for the welfare of the people, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

about this context:

Śaiva (शैव, shaiva) or Śaivism (shaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Śiva as the supreme being. Closeley related to Śāktism, Śaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nandā (नन्दा) is the name of an Apsara created for the sake of a type of dramatic perfomance. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.46-51, after Brahmā asked Bharata for materials necessary for the Graceful Style (kaiśikī: a type of performance, or prayoga), Bharata answered “This Style cannot be practised properly by men except with the help of women”. Therefore, Brahmā created with his mind several apsaras (celestial nymphs), such as Nandā, who were skillful in embellishing the drama.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Nanda (नन्द) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Lalita, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Lalita group contains twenty-five out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

about this context:

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Nanda (नंद): Nanda is head of a tribe of cowherds referred as Holy Gwals and foster-father of Krishna, who was allegedly given to him by Vasudeva. Nanda was married to Yasoda. Krishna derives his name Nandalal (meaning son of Nanda) from him.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Nanda was the Yadhava chieftain who brought up Krishna as his son. Vasudeva, the real father of Krishna had exchanged children as soon as born, to prevent the infant Krishna from being killed by his uncle Kamsa.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism

Pali

Nanda, at Pv. II, 67 used either as interj. (=nanu, q. v.) or as Voc. in the sense of “dear”; the first expln to be preferred & n. probably to be read as nanu (v. l. nuna) or handa (in which case nanu would be gloss). (Page 346)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

nanda : (adj.) rejoicing.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

1. Nanda Thera

Son of Suddhodana and Mahapajapati, and therefore half brother of the Buddha. He was only a few days younger than the Buddha, and when the Buddhas mother died, Pajapati gave her own child to nurses and suckled the Buddha herself (AA.i.186).

On the third day of the Buddhas visit to Kapilavatthu, after the Enlightenment, the Buddha went to Nandas house, where festivities were in progress in honour of Nandas coronation and marriage to Janapadakalyani Nanda. The Buddha wished Nanda good fortune and handed him his bowl to be taken to the vihara. Nanda, thereupon, accompanied the Buddha out of the palace. Janapadakalyani, seeing him go, asked him to return quickly. Once inside the vihara, however, the Buddha asked Nanda to become a monk, and he, unable to refuse the request, agreed with reluctance. But as the days passed he was tormented with thoughts of his beloved, and became very downcast and despondent, and his health suffered. The Buddha suggested that they should visit the Himalaya. On the way there, he showed Nanda the charred remains of a female monkey and asked him whether Janapadakalyani were more beautiful than that. The answer was in the affirmative. The Buddha then took him to Tavatimsa where Sakka, with his most beautiful nymphs, waited on them. In answer to a question by the Buddha, Nanda admitted that these nymphs were far more attractive than Janapadakalyani, and the Buddha promised him one as wife if he would live the monastic life. Nanda was all eagerness and readily agreed. On their return to Jetavana the Buddha related this story to the eighty chief disciples, and when they questioned Nanda, he felt greatly ashamed of his lustfulness. Summoning all his courage, he strove hard and, in no long time, attained arahantship. He thereupon came to the Buddha and absolved him from his promise. (Thag.157f.; J.i.91; ii.92ff.; Ud.iii.2; DhA.i.96 105; UdA.168ff.; SNA.273f.)

When the Buddha was told of Nandas arahantship by a devata, he related the Sangamavacara Jataka (q.v.) to show how, in the past, too, Nanda had been quick to follow advice. He also related the story of Kappata (q.v.) and his donkey to show that it was not the first time that Nanda had been won to obedience by the lure of the female sex. The male donkey in the story was Nanda and the female donkey Janapadakalyani. (DhA.i.103f.)

Nanda is identified with the sub king (uparaja) in the Kurudhamma Jataka (q.v.).

Later, on seeing how eminently Nanda was trained in self control, the Buddha declared him chief among his disciples in that respect (indriyesu guttadvaranam). Nanda had aspired to this eminence in the time of Padumuttara Buddha. In the time of Atthadassi Buddha he was a tortoise in the river Vinata, and, seeing the Buddha on the bank waiting to cross, he took him over to the other side on his back. (A.i.25; AA.

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1.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Nandā (नन्दा) is the mother of Śītala, the tenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The husband of Nandā is Dṛḍharatha. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Relevant definitions

Search found 134 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Nandagopa
Nandagopa (नन्दगोप).—See Nanda.** Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 212; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 206.
Nava Nanda
1) Nava, 2 (adj.) (Ved. nava, Idg. *neǔ n̊ (cp. nava1)=Lat. novus, Gr. nέos (*nέvos), Lith. nav...
Janapadakalyani Nanda
One of the three Nandas who became Bhikkhunis - the others being Nanda, sister of Nandatthera...
Sundari Nanda
1. Sudari Nanda. Younger sister of Thullananda; she had two other sisters, Nanda and Nandavat...
Thulla Nanda
A nun, one of four sisters who all joined the Order, the others being Nanda, Nandavati and ...
Pandugati Nanda
One of the Nava Nanda.
Panduka Nanda
One of the Nava Nanda.
Uggasena Nanda
King of Magadha, one of the nine Nanda kings (Mbv.98).
Bhutapala Nanda
One of the Nava Nanda.
Dasasiddhika Nanda
One of the Nava Nanda.
Kevatta Nanda
One of the Nava Nanda.
Ratthapala Nanda
One of the Nava Nandi (q.v.).
Sona Nanda Jataka
Once when Manoja was king of Brahmavaddhana (Benares), the Bodhisatta was born as Sona, the son...
Abhirupa Nanda Theri
She was born in Kapilavatthu as the daughter of the chief of the Sakiyan Khemaka and was name...
Nandī
Nandi (नन्दि) is the name of the caitya-tree (identified with Cendrela tooma) under which the p...

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