Jayadatta, Jaya-datta: 11 definitions


Jayadatta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Jayadatta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Jayadatta (जयदत्त) is the name of a king, whose son Devadatta was secretly taken away by his mother, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 21. Their story is told by Piṅgalikā (a Brāhman woman) to Vāsavadattā in order to demonstrate that the hearts of women are hard as adamant in daring sin, but are soft as a flower when the tremor of fear falls upon them. Vāsavadattā is the queen-wife of Udayana (king of Vatsa).

2) Jayadatta (जयदत्त) is the name of a Brāhman teacher (upādhyāya) from Pāṭaliputra, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 108. Accordingly, as Nāgasvāmin said to Gomukha in his hermitage called Śivakṣetra: “... when my father went to heaven, I went to Pāṭaliputra, and repaired to a teacher named Jayadatta, to acquire learning. But, in spite of all the teaching I got, I was so stupid that I did not manage to learn a single syllable; so all the pupils there made game of me..”.

3) Jayadatta (जयदत्त) is the name of a Brāhman from Ratnākara, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 123. Accordingly, as Sumanas said: “... I am the daughter of a crest-jewel of Brāhmans, named Jayadatta, who lived in the city of Ratnākara. My name is Sumanas, and one night I was married to a certain handsome young Brāhman, who was a suitable match for me”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jayadatta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Jayadatta in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Jayadatta (जयदत्त) is the name of the Bodhisattva of the Jayendra universe according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “In the north (uttara), beyond universes as numerous as the sands of the Ganges and at the extreme limits of these universes, there is the universe called Cheng wang (Jayendra) and its Bodhisattva Tö cheng (Jayadatta)”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Jayadatta (जयदत्त) is an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (e.g., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Jayadatta) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jayadatta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jayadatta (जयदत्त).—Name of Jayanta, Indra's son.

Derivable forms: jayadattaḥ (जयदत्तः).

Jayadatta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jaya and datta (दत्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jayadatta (जयदत्त).—name of a Bodhisattva: Mahāvyutpatti 724; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 37.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jayadatta (जयदत्त).—m.

(-ttaḥ) The son of Indra. E. jaya victory, datta given, to whom victory is given by his enemies.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Jayadatta (जयदत्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Vijayadatta: Aśvavaidyaka. Quoted Śp. p. 30.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jayadatta (जयदत्त):—[=jaya-datta] [from jaya] m. Name of a king, [Kathāsaritsāgara xxi, 54]

2) [v.s. ...] of a minister of king Jayāpīḍa, [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 511]

3) [v.s. ...] of the author of Aśva-vaidyaka, [Śārṅgadhara-paddhati lxxix, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a Bodhisattva, [Buddhist literature; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] of a son of Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jayadatta (जयदत्त):—[jaya-datta] (ttaḥ) 1. m. The son of Indra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jayadatta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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