Jayanta: 24 definitions
Jayanta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Jayanta (जयन्त):—Tenth of the eleven emanations of Rudra (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Viśvakarma-śilpa. He keeps in his right hands the aṅkuśa, chakra, mudhara, śūla, sarpa, ḍamaru, bāṇa and akṣamālā; and in the left ones the gadā, khaṭvāṅga, paraśu, kapāla, śakti, tarjanī, dhanus and kamaṇḍalu.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
1) Jayanta (जयन्त).—One of the seven major mountains situated on the western side of mount Niṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These mountains give rise to many other mountains and various settlements. Niṣadha is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu.
2) Jayanta (जयन्त).—Name of a minor mountain (kṣudraparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.
Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Jayanta (जयन्त).—Son of Indra. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā—Marīci—Kaśyapa—Indra—Jayanta. Jayanta was the son born to Indra by his wife Śacīdevī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 112, Stanzas 3 and 4). (See full article at Story of Jayanta from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Jayanta (जयन्त).—During the time of his life incognito in Virāṭa the name assumed by Bhīmasena was Jayanta. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 5, Stanza 35).
3) Jayanta (जयन्त).—In Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 171, Stanza 11, mention is made about one Jayanta of Pāñcāla.
4) Jayanta (जयन्त).—One of the eleven Rudras. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 208, Stanza 20).
5) Jayanta (जयन्त).—A synonym of Mahāviṣṇu (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Stanza 98).
6) Jayanta (जयन्त).—One of the twelve Ādityas. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 150, Stanza 15).
7) Jayanta (जयन्त).—One of the ministers of Daśaratha. The eight ministers of Daśaratha were Jayanta, Dhṛṣṭi, Vijaya, Asiddhārtha, Arthasādhaka, Aśoka, Mantrapālaka and Sumantra. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bāla Kāṇḍa, Sarga 7).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Jayanta (जयन्त).—A son of Marutvati and Dharma; an aṃśa of Vāsudeva, otherwise known as Upendra.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 8.
1b) A son of Indra and Śacī; attacked Asura followers of Bali. Identified with Hari.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 7; VIII. 21. 17; XI. 5. 26; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 24.
1c) Son of Jāmbavān.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 302.
1d) The city founded by Nimi near the āśrama of Gautama.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 1-2; Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 2.
1e) One of the eleven Rudras.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 5. 30.
1f) A consort of Kīrti and who left him for Soma (s.v.).*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 25.
1g) A son of Vṛṣabha and Jayantī; father of Akrūra.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 26; Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 28.
1h) A Vināyaka, to be worshipped in housebuilding.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 183. 63; 253. 23 and 40; 255. 8; 266. 43.
1i) Mountain a kulaparvata of the Ketumāla.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 4.
1j) A tīrtha sacred to Pitṛs.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 73.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Jayanta (जयन्त) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Makuṭeśvara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (e.g., Jayanta) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Jayanta (जयन्त) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the eastern quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (e.g., Jayanta).
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
1) Jayanta (जयन्त).—Author of तत्वचन्द्र (tatvacandra) a commentary on पाणिनिसूत्रवृत्ति (pāṇinisūtravṛtti) written by Vitthala;
2) Jayanta.—Writer of a commentary named Vadighatamudgara on the Sarasvataprakriya.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Jayanta (जयन्त) is the name of Indra’s son, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 121. Accordingly, “... Indra had a beloved son named Jayanta. Once on a time, when he, still an infant, was being carried about in the air by the celestial nymphs, he saw some princes in a wood on earth playing with some young deer. Then Jayanta went to heaven, and cried in the presence of his father because he had not got a deer to play with, as a child would naturally do”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jayanta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Jayanta (जयन्त, “victory”):—One of the three sons of Indra and his wife Śacī. Indra is the king of the gods. He is the ruler of the storm and represents the all-pervading electric energy. As a major deity in the Ṛg-veda, he also represents the cause of fertility.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
1. King of Ceylon (then known as Mapdadipa) at the time of Kassapa Buddha. His capital was Visala. It was a devastating war between Jayanta and his younger brother which brought Kassapa to Ceylon. Mhv.xv.127ff; Dpv.xv.60; xvii.7; Sp.i.87, etc.
2. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Jayanta (जयन्त) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Jayanta).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
1) Jayanta (जयन्त).—One of the four gates located at the four cardinal points in the fortification wall (jagatī) around Jambūdvīpa. These walls have similarly-named deities presiding over them. Each gate is adorned with a dvāraprāsāda, various pavements, vāraṇakas, shining jewel lamps and pillars adorned with various śālabhañjikās, jeweled minarets and flags. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.
2) Jayanta (जयन्त) refers to a species of Anuttarasura gods, who are in turn a subclass of the Kalpātīta gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpātīta (those born beyond heavens) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods).
The Anuttarasuras (e.g., the Jayantas) have true belief, are only on the 4th guṇasthāna and bind karman only possible on that stage.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
Jayanta (जयन्त) is one of the five anuttaras: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.
What is the minimum and maximum life span in Jayanta (and Vijaya, Vaijayanta, Aparājita) Anuttara heavenly abodes? The minimum life span is a little more than thirty two ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) and maximum is thirty three ocean-measured-periods.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
jayanta : (pr.p. of jayati) conquering; surpassing. || jāyanta (pr.p. of jāyati), arising.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jayanta (जयन्त).—1 Name of the son of Indra; पौलोमीसंभवेनेव जयन्तेन पुरन्दरः (paulomīsaṃbhaveneva jayantena purandaraḥ) V.5.14; Ś.7.2; R.3.23;6.78.
2) Name of Śiva
3) The moon.
4) Name of Viṣṇu.
5) A name assumed by Bhīma at the court of Virāṭa.
-tī 1 A flag or banner.
2) Name of the daughter of Indra.
3) Name of Durgā.
4) Blades of barley planted at the commencement of the Dasarā and gathered at its close.
5) The rising of the asterism Rohiṇī at midnight on the eighth day of the dark half of Śrāvaṇa i. e. on the birth day of Kṛṣṇa.
Derivable forms: jayantaḥ (जयन्तः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Jayanta (जयन्त).—(see also Jenta), name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu iii.238.9 f.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ntaḥ) 1. A hero and demigod, the son of Indra. 2. A name of Siva. 3. The moon. 4. A name of Bhima. f. (-ntī) 1. A tree, (Æschynomene sesban.) 2. A name of the goddess Durga. 3. The daughter of Indra. 4. A flag, a banner, 5. A particular combination in astronomy, or the rising of the asterism Rohini at midnight, on the 8th of the dark half of Sravan, or in fact on the birth day of Krishna, which is then particularly sacred. 6. Blades of barley planted at the commencement of the Dasahara, and plucked at its close. E. ji to conquer or excel, Unadi affix jhac fem. affix ṅīṣ.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jayanta (जयन्त).—i. e. jayant, ptcple. pres. of ji, + a, I. m. A proper name, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 161. Ii. f. tī. 1. The name of a river, Mahābhārata 3, 5089. 2. The name of a country, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 8, 655.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jayanta (जयन्त).—[masculine] [Name] of a son of Indra; [Epithet] of [several] gods.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Jayanta (जयन्त) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Padyāvalī.
2) Jayanta (जयन्त):—Nyāyakalikā. Report. Xxv. Nyāyamañjarī. Report. Xxv.
3) Jayanta (जयन्त):—father of Abhinanda, son of Kānta, grandson of Kalyāṇasvāmin: Āśvalāyanagṛhyasūtrabhāṣya Vimalodayamālā. Quoted in Āśvalāyanagṛhyakārikā Oxf. 405^a. Āśvalāyanakārikā. Quoted in Saṃskārakaustubha. Svarāṅkuśa. He is quoted by Harihara, Kamalākara, Nīlakaṇṭha.
Jayanta has the following synonyms: Jayantasvāmin.
4) Jayanta (जयन्त):—son of Madhusūdana, of Prakāśapurī: Tattvacandra Prakriyākaumudīṭīkā. Io. 1333.
5) Jayanta (जयन्त):—the author of the Nyāyamañjarī, was a son of Candra, and grandson of Grāmakāma (who wrote a Saṃgrahaṇī).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jayanta (जयन्त):—[from jaya] mf(ī)n. victorious, [Śiśupāla-vadha vi, 69]
2) [v.s. ...] m. the moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Dhruvaka
4) [v.s. ...] Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.; Skanda-purāṇa; Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Indra, [Harivaṃśa; Śakuntalā; Raghuvaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 18, 6; Vāyu-purāṇa ii, 7, 24]
6) [v.s. ...] of a Rudra, [Mahābhārata xii, 7586]
7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dharma (= upendra), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 6, 8]
8) [v.s. ...] of A-krūra’s father, [Matsya-purāṇa vl, 26]
9) [v.s. ...] of a Gandharva (Vikramāditya’s father), [Horace H. Wilson]
10) [v.s. ...] of Bhīma-sena at Virāṭa’s court, [Mahābhārata iv, 176]
11) [v.s. ...] of a minister of Daśaratha, [Rāmāyaṇa i, 7, 3; ii, 68, 5]
12) [v.s. ...] of a Gauḍa king, [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 420 and 455 ff.]
13) [v.s. ...] of a Kaśmīr Brāhman, [iii, 366 ff.]
14) [v.s. ...] of a writer on grammar
15) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Harivaṃśa 9736]
16) [v.s. ...] [plural] a subdivision of the Anuttara deities, [Jaina literature]
17) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a town, [Vāyu-purāṇa ii, 27, 2]
18) Jāyanta (जायन्त):—[from jāyadratha] m. ([from] jay) [patronymic] of Bharata, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)