Jayanta; 16 Definition(s)

Introduction

Jayanta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Jayanta (जयन्त):—Tenth of the eleven emanations of Rudra (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Viśvakarma-śilpa. He keeps in his right hands the aṅkuśa, chakra, mudhara, śūla, sarpa, ḍamaru, bāṇa and akṣamālā; and in the left ones the gadā, khaṭvāṅga, paraśu, kapāla, śakti, tarjanī, dhanus and kamaṇḍalu.

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of jayanta in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Jayanta in Purana glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

1) Jayanta (जयन्त).—One of the seven major mountains situated on the western side of mount Niṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These mountains give rise to many other mountains and various settlements. Niṣadha is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu.

2) Jayanta (जयन्त).—Name of a minor mountain (kṣudraparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Jayanta (जयन्त).—Son of Indra. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order: Brahmā—Marīci—Kaśyapa—Indra—Jayanta. Jayanta was the son born to Indra by his wife Śacīdevī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 112, Stanzas 3 and 4). (See full article at Story of Jayanta from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Jayanta (जयन्त).—During the time of his life incognito in Virāṭa the name assumed by Bhīmasena was Jayanta. (Mahābhārata Virāṭa Parva, Chapter 5, Stanza 35).

3) Jayanta (जयन्त).—In Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 171, Stanza 11, mention is made about one Jayanta of Pāñcāla.

4) Jayanta (जयन्त).—One of the eleven Rudras. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 208, Stanza 20).

5) Jayanta (जयन्त).—A synonym of Mahāviṣṇu (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 149, Stanza 98).

6) Jayanta (जयन्त).—One of the twelve Ādityas. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 150, Stanza 15).

7) Jayanta (जयन्त).—One of the ministers of Daśaratha. The eight ministers of Daśaratha were Jayanta, Dhṛṣṭi, Vijaya, Asiddhārtha, Arthasādhaka, Aśoka, Mantrapālaka and Sumantra. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bāla Kāṇḍa, Sarga 7).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Jayanta (जयन्त).—A son of Marutvati and Dharma; an aṃśa of Vāsudeva, otherwise known as Upendra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 8.

1b) A son of Indra and Śacī; attacked Asura followers of Bali. Identified with Hari.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 7; VIII. 21. 17; XI. 5. 26; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 24.

1c) Son of Jāmbavān.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 302.

1d) The city founded by Nimi near the āśrama of Gautama.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 1-2; Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 2.

1e) One of the eleven Rudras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 5. 30.

1f) A consort of Kīrti and who left him for Soma (s.v.).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 25.

1g) A son of Vṛṣabha and Jayantī; father of Akrūra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 26; Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 28.

1h) A Vināyaka, to be worshipped in housebuilding.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 183. 63; 253. 23 and 40; 255. 8; 266. 43.

1i) Mountain a kulaparvata of the Ketumāla.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 4.

1j) A tīrtha sacred to Pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 73.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of jayanta in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Jayanta (जयन्त) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Makuṭeśvara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Jayanta) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of jayanta in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Jayanta (जयन्त) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the eastern quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Jayanta).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of jayanta in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Jayanta (जयन्त).—Author of तत्वचन्द्र (tatvacandra) a commentary on पाणिनिसूत्रवृत्ति (pāṇinisūtravṛtti) written by Vitthala;

2) Jayanta.—Writer of a commentary named Vadighatamudgara on the Sarasvataprakriya.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of jayanta in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Katha (narrative stories)

Jayanta in Katha glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

Jayanta (जयन्त) is the name of Indra’s son, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 121. Accordingly, “... Indra had a beloved son named Jayanta. Once on a time, when he, still an infant, was being carried about in the air by the celestial nymphs, he saw some princes in a wood on earth playing with some young deer. Then Jayanta went to heaven, and cried in the presence of his father because he had not got a deer to play with, as a child would naturally do”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jayanta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

Discover the meaning of jayanta in the context of Katha from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Jayanta (जयन्त, “victory”):—One of the three sons of Indra and his wife Śacī. Indra is the king of the gods. He is the ruler of the storm and represents the all-pervading electric energy. As a major deity in the Ṛg-veda, he also represents the cause of fertility.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. King of Ceylon (then known as Mapdadipa) at the time of Kassapa Buddha. His capital was Visala. It was a devastating war between Jayanta and his younger brother which brought Kassapa to Ceylon. Mhv.xv.127ff; Dpv.xv.60; xvii.7; Sp.i.87, etc.

2. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of jayanta in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Jayanta in Jainism glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

1) Jayanta (जयन्त).—One of the four gates located at the four cardinal points in the fortification wall (jagatī) around Jambūdvīpa. These walls have similarly-named deities presiding over them. Each gate is adorned with a dvāraprāsāda, various pavements, vāraṇakas, shining jewel lamps and pillars adorned with various śālabhañjikās, jeweled minarets and flags. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

2) Jayanta (जयन्त) refers to a species of Anuttarasura gods, who are in turn a subclass of the Kalpātīta gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpātīta (those born beyond heavens) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods).

The Anuttarasuras (eg., the Jayantas) have true belief, are only on the 4th guṇasthāna and bind karman only possible on that stage.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Jayanta (जयन्त) is one of the five anuttaras: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

What is the minimum and maximum life span in Jayanta (and Vijaya, Vaijayanta, Aparājita) Anuttara heavenly abodes? The minimum life span is a little more than thirty two ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) and maximum is thirty three ocean-measured-periods.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of jayanta in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Jayanta in Pali glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

jayanta : (pr.p. of jayati) conquering; surpassing. || jāyanta (pr.p. of jāyati), arising.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of jayanta in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jayanta (जयन्त).—1 Name of the son of Indra; पौलोमीसंभवेनेव जयन्तेन पुरन्दरः (paulomīsaṃbhaveneva jayantena purandaraḥ) V.5.14; Ś.7.2; R.3.23;6.78.

2) Name of Śiva

3) The moon.

4) Name of Viṣṇu.

5) A name assumed by Bhīma at the court of Virāṭa.

-tī 1 A flag or banner.

2) Name of the daughter of Indra.

3) Name of Durgā.

4) Blades of barley planted at the commencement of the Dasarā and gathered at its close.

5) The rising of the asterism Rohiṇī at midnight on the eighth day of the dark half of Śrāvaṇa i. e. on the birth day of Kṛṣṇa.

Derivable forms: jayantaḥ (जयन्तः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jayanta (जयन्त).—m.

(-ntaḥ) 1. A hero and demigod, the son of Indra. 2. A name of Siva. 3. The moon. 4. A name of Bhima. f. (-ntī) 1. A tree, (Æschynomene sesban.) 2. A name of the goddess Durga. 3. The daughter of Indra. 4. A flag, a banner, 5. A particular combination in astronomy, or the rising of the asterism Rohini at midnight, on the 8th of the dark half of Sravan, or in fact on the birth day of Krishna, which is then particularly sacred. 6. Blades of barley planted at the commencement of the Dasahara, and plucked at its close. E. ji to conquer or excel, Unadi affix jhac fem. affix ṅīṣ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of jayanta in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 135 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jayantapatra
Jayantapatra (जयन्तपत्र).—(in law) 1) the written award of the judge in favour of either party....
Jayantasaptami
Jayantasaptamī (जयन्तसप्तमी).—the Seventh day in the bright half of Māgha.Jayantasaptamī is a S...
Jayantamangalashtaka
Jayantamaṅgalāṣṭaka (जयन्तमङ्गलाष्टक) is the name of a work ascribed to Rāmapāṇivāda (18th Cent...
Jayanta Bhatta
Jayantabhaṭṭa (जयन्तभट्ट).—The Nyāyamañjarī of Jayanta Bhaṭṭa is an independent work on the Nyā...
Jaya
Jaya (जय).—m. (-yaḥ) 1. Conquest, victory, triumph. 2. A name of YuDhish- T'Hira. 3. A proper n...
Aparajita
Aparājita (अपराजित).—mfn. (-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Unconquered, unsurpassed. m. (-taḥ) 1. A name of Siva. ...
Rudra
Rudra (रुद्र) or Rudrasaṃhitā refers to one of the seven books (saṃhitās) of the Śiva-purāṇa, a...
Vishala
Viśālā (विशाला).—= (Sanskrit) tṛṣṇā: Dharmasamuccaya (unpu-blished BHS work) 5.23 and 32, acc. ...
Vijaya
Vijaya (विजय) refers to a classification of pūjā (ritualistic worship) according to the Kāraṇāg...
Bhima
Bhīma (भीम).—(1) n. of a cakravartin king: Mvy 3584; (2) n. of a nāga: Mmk 454.16; Māy 247.6.-...
Ashoka
Aśoka (अशोक).—mfn. (-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Cheerful, not sorrowful. m. (-kaḥ) A tree commonly Asoka (Jone...
Kadamba
Kaḍamba (कडम्ब).—m. (-mbaḥ) 1. The stalk of a potherb. 2. The end or point. E. kaḍ to separate,...
Saci
Śacī (शची).—Daughter of Pulomā and wife of Indra. The following information about Śacī is gathe...
Kapila
Kapila (कपिल).—mfn. (-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Tawny. m. (-laḥ) 1. Kapila, a celebrated Muni or saint, the f...
Madhavi
Madhavi (Madavi) is the name of a dancing girl mentioned in Cilappatikāram: an ancient epic aut...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: