Jayanta; 15 Definition(s)


Jayanta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Jayanta (जयन्त):—Tenth of the eleven emanations of Rudra (ekādaśa-rudra), according to the Viśvakarma-śilpa. He keeps in his right hands the aṅkuśa, chakra, mudhara, śūla, sarpa, ḍamaru, bāṇa and akṣamālā; and in the left ones the gadā, khaṭvāṅga, paraśu, kapāla, śakti, tarjanī, dhanus and kamaṇḍalu.

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Jayanta in Purana glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

1) Jayanta (जयन्त).—One of the seven major mountains situated on the western side of mount Niṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These mountains give rise to many other mountains and various settlements. Niṣadha is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu.

2) Jayanta (जयन्त).—Name of a minor mountain (kṣudraparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Jayanta (जयन्त).—A son of Marutvati and Dharma; an aṃśa of Vāsudeva, otherwise known as Upendra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 8.

1b) A son of Indra and Śacī; attacked Asura followers of Bali. Identified with Hari.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 7; VIII. 21. 17; XI. 5. 26; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 24.

1c) Son of Jāmbavān.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 302.

1d) The city founded by Nimi near the āśrama of Gautama.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 1-2; Vāyu-purāṇa 89. 2.

1e) One of the eleven Rudras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 5. 30.

1f) A consort of Kīrti and who left him for Soma (s.v.).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 23. 25.

1g) A son of Vṛṣabha and Jayantī; father of Akrūra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 26; Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 28.

1h) A Vināyaka, to be worshipped in housebuilding.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 183. 63; 253. 23 and 40; 255. 8; 266. 43.

1i) Mountain a kulaparvata of the Ketumāla.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 4.

1j) A tīrtha sacred to Pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 73.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Jayanta (जयन्त) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Makuṭeśvara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Jayanta) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Jayanta (जयन्त) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the eastern quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (eg., Jayanta).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Jayanta (जयन्त).—Author of तत्वचन्द्र (tatvacandra) a commentary on पाणिनिसूत्रवृत्ति (pāṇinisūtravṛtti) written by Vitthala;

2) Jayanta.—Writer of a commentary named Vadighatamudgara on the Sarasvataprakriya.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Jayanta in Katha glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

Jayanta (जयन्त) is the name of Indra’s son, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 121. Accordingly, “... Indra had a beloved son named Jayanta. Once on a time, when he, still an infant, was being carried about in the air by the celestial nymphs, he saw some princes in a wood on earth playing with some young deer. Then Jayanta went to heaven, and cried in the presence of his father because he had not got a deer to play with, as a child would naturally do”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jayanta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Jayanta (जयन्त, “victory”):—One of the three sons of Indra and his wife Śacī. Indra is the king of the gods. He is the ruler of the storm and represents the all-pervading electric energy. As a major deity in the Ṛg-veda, he also represents the cause of fertility.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. King of Ceylon (then known as Mapdadipa) at the time of Kassapa Buddha. His capital was Visala. It was a devastating war between Jayanta and his younger brother which brought Kassapa to Ceylon. Mhv.xv.127ff; Dpv.xv.60; xvii.7; Sp.i.87, etc.

2. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Jayanta in Jainism glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

1) Jayanta (जयन्त).—One of the four gates located at the four cardinal points in the fortification wall (jagatī) around Jambūdvīpa. These walls have similarly-named deities presiding over them. Each gate is adorned with a dvāraprāsāda, various pavements, vāraṇakas, shining jewel lamps and pillars adorned with various śālabhañjikās, jeweled minarets and flags. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

2) Jayanta (जयन्त) refers to a species of Anuttarasura gods, who are in turn a subclass of the Kalpātīta gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpātīta (those born beyond heavens) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods).

The Anuttarasuras (eg., the Jayantas) have true belief, are only on the 4th guṇasthāna and bind karman only possible on that stage.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Jayanta (जयन्त) is one of the five anuttaras: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

What is the minimum and maximum life span in Jayanta (and Vijaya, Vaijayanta, Aparājita) Anuttara heavenly abodes? The minimum life span is a little more than thirty two ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) and maximum is thirty three ocean-measured-periods.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Jayanta in Pali glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

jayanta : (pr.p. of jayati) conquering; surpassing. || jāyanta (pr.p. of jāyati), arising.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jayanta (जयन्त).—1 Name of the son of Indra; पौलोमीसंभवेनेव जयन्तेन पुरन्दरः (paulomīsaṃbhaveneva jayantena purandaraḥ) V.5.14; Ś.7.2; R.3.23;6.78.

2) Name of Śiva

3) The moon.

4) Name of Viṣṇu.

5) A name assumed by Bhīma at the court of Virāṭa.

-tī 1 A flag or banner.

2) Name of the daughter of Indra.

3) Name of Durgā.

4) Blades of barley planted at the commencement of the Dasarā and gathered at its close.

5) The rising of the asterism Rohiṇī at midnight on the eighth day of the dark half of Śrāvaṇa i. e. on the birth day of Kṛṣṇa.

Derivable forms: jayantaḥ (जयन्तः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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