Gurumandala, Gurumaṇḍala, Guru-mandala: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Gurumandala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Gurumandala in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Gurumaṇḍala (गुरुमण्डल) refers to the “circle of the lineages of teachers”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Along with the Kramamaṇḍala, the texts require that another maṇḍala called the Gurumaṇḍala be drawn behind it, or projected onto it, in which the lineages of teachers are worshipped. In some cases, depending on the rite, subsidiary maṇḍalas may also be drawn close to the main Kramamaṇḍala into which additional groups or ‘currents’—ogha—of mantras are projected.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Gurumaṇḍala (गुरुमण्डल) refers to one of the various rituals typically performed as a part of the larger rites, according to Buddhist teachings followed by the Newah in Nepal, Kathmandu Valley (whose roots can be traced to the Licchavi period, 300-879 CE).—Gurumaṇḍala, the full name of which is Gurumaṇḍalārcana, “gurumaṇḍala worship”, where the foundational ratnamaṇḍala is worshiped, along with Vajrasattva, the Śaṅkha, “conch shell” for offering water, Ṣaṭpāramitā, “Six Perfections”, and the Lokapālas, “World Protectors”, the original Vedic gods of the ten directions. The Bodhisattva Vow is also recited, along with a Pāpadeśanā, “confession of sin”.

Within the gurumaṇḍala the mantra-pātra, from the Cakrasaṃvara-samādhi and Vāruṇī-pūjā is also worshiped, along with caṇḍalī-yoga, “yogic heat”, as amṛta-kuṇḍalī, “the nectar of kuṇḍalinī (yoga)”. The gurumaṇḍala also contains the ṣoḍaśa-lāśyā, “the sixteen dances”, which is actually sixteen dancing Goddesses, which symbolize offerings of the senses, and are usually performed using mudrās, “hand gestures”.

Within the gurumaṇḍala there are two significant subsections.

  1. adyamahādāna, “the Great Gift of Today”,
  2. svabhāvapūjā, “worship of one's own state of being”.
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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