Hora, Horā: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Hora means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Horā (होरा).—A śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 32. 14.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Horā (होरा).—Unit of time equivalent to 1/24th of one day and night period. Note: Horā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Horā (होरा) refers to the twenty-four astronomical Goddess to be invoked during pūjā (ritual offering) in Tantric Buddhism, according to the 9th-century Vajraḍākatantra chapter 18.61-74. [...] A Yogin, putting a vessel in the left side of him, offers various things together with raw flesh, fish, immortal nectar (pañcāmṛta). Then the Yogin invites Goddesses to please them with nectar—five Ḍākinīs and twenty-four Goddesses come to the Yogin’s place, forming a maṇḍala.

Names of these twenty-four Goddesses are as follows:

  1. Kṛṣṇā,
  2. Karālī,
  3. Bībhatsā,
  4. Nandātītā,
  5. Vināyakā,
  6. Cāmuṇḍā,
  7. Ghorarūpī,
  8. Umā,
  9. Jayā,
  10. Vijayā,
  11. Ajitā,
  12. Aparājitā
  13. Bhadrakālī,
  14. Mahākālī,
  15. Sthūlakālī,
  16. Indrī,
  17. Candrī,
  18. Ghorī,
  19. Duṣṭī,
  20. Lambakī,
  21. Tridaśeśvarī,
  22. Kambojī,
  23. Dīpinī,
  24. Cūṣiṇī.

These twenty-four female deities are explained in chapter 24 as those of horā. [...] The text tells that the bring the Yogin success in all rituals or religious actions. Finally the bali offering in accordance with the distinction of the rituals (śānti, puṣṭi and so on) is briefly explained.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Hora.—(EI 9), probably, a foreign word meaning ‘a lady’ Note: hora is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Horaka.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

horā : (f.) hour.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hōra (होर).—f (hōraṇēṃ) Filling stuff,--the rubbish and earth brought by scouring rains and deposited over fields &c. so as to fill up all holes and depressions; alluvion.

--- OR ---

hōrā (होरा).—f (S) Part of the duration of a sign,--the twenty-fourth part of a day, an hora or hour. 2 m Prediction or prophetic annunciation; declaration of some future, or of some distant (in space), event or occurrence. Ex. rājālā putra jhālēlā āhē asā tyācā hōrā āhē; mī asā hōrā sāṅgatōṃ kīṃ tumacā jaya hōīla. 3 Guess, reasoning, anticipation, apprehension, view (framed respecting a future or an unknown matter). v cāla, ānta yēṇēṃ, disa. Ex. mājhē hōṛyānta yētēṃ kīṃ hyā vēḷēvarūna tumacā jaya hōṇāra; mājhā hōrā khōṭā vhāyācā nāhīṃ; mājhā hōrā hyā gōṣṭīviṣayīṃ cālata nāhīṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hōrā (होरा).—f Part of the duration of a sign. m Prediction. Guess, apprehension.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Horā (होरा).—[hu-ran]

1) The rising of a zodiacal sign; होरासु गणितेष्वपि (horāsu gaṇiteṣvapi) Śiva B.1.35.

2) Part of the duration of a sign.

3) An hour.

4) A mark, line.

5) Horoscope; horoscopy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Horā (होरा).—f.

(-rā) 1. The rising of a sign of the zodiac. 2. Part of the duration of a sign, the twenty-fourth part of a day, an hour. 3. A mark, a line. 4. A science or work in science, (on astrology.) E. hoḍ to go, to proceed, affs. ac and ṭāp, and ḍa changed to ra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Horā (होरा).— (borrowed from ), f. 1. The rising of a sign of the zodiac. 2. An hour. 3. A line. 4. A work on astrology.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Horā (होरा).—[feminine] hour, horoscope, or = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Horā (होरा) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—jy. See Pārāśarahorā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Horā (होरा):—f. ([from] [Greek] ὥρα) an hour (the 24th part of an Aho-rātra), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

2) the half of a zodiacal sign, [Varāha-mihira]

3) horoscope or horoscopy, [ib. etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Horā (होरा):—(rā) 1. f. The rising of a sign of the zodiac; a mark or line; a work on astrology.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Horā (होरा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Horā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hora in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Horā (होरा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Horā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hora (ಹೊರ):—

1) [adjective] (in comp.) originating, coming from or situated beyond given limits; from some other place, person, group, etc.; outside.

2) [adjective] that is presented to view or is obvious.

--- OR ---

Hoṟa (ಹೊಱ):—

1) [adjective] (in comp.) originating, coming from or situated beyond given limits; from some other place, person, group, etc.; outside.

2) [adjective] that is presented to view or is obvious.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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