Hora, aka: Horā; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Hora means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Horā (होरा).—A śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 32. 14.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Horā (होरा).—Unit of time equivalent to 1/24th of one day and night period. Note: Horā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Horā (होरा) refers to the twenty-four astronomical Goddess to be invoked during pūjā (ritual offering) in Tantric Buddhism, according to the 9th-century Vajraḍākatantra chapter 18.61-74. [...] A Yogin, putting a vessel in the left side of him, offers various things together with raw flesh, fish, immortal nectar (pañcāmṛta). Then the Yogin invites Goddesses to please them with nectar—five Ḍākinīs and twenty-four Goddesses come to the Yogin’s place, forming a maṇḍala.

Names of these twenty-four Goddesses are as follows:

  1. Kṛṣṇā,
  2. Karālī,
  3. Bībhatsā,
  4. Nandātītā,
  5. Vināyakā,
  6. Cāmuṇḍā,
  7. Ghorarūpī,
  8. Umā,
  9. Jayā,
  10. Vijayā,
  11. Ajitā,
  12. Aparājitā
  13. Bhadrakālī,
  14. Mahākālī,
  15. Sthūlakālī,
  16. Indrī,
  17. Candrī,
  18. Ghorī,
  19. Duṣṭī,
  20. Lambakī,
  21. Tridaśeśvarī,
  22. Kambojī,
  23. Dīpinī,
  24. Cūṣiṇī.

These twenty-four female deities are explained in chapter 24 as those of horā. [...] The text tells that the bring the Yogin success in all rituals or religious actions. Finally the bali offering in accordance with the distinction of the rituals (śānti, puṣṭi and so on) is briefly explained.

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Hora.—(EI 9), probably, a foreign word meaning ‘a lady’ Note: hora is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Horaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

horā : (f.) hour.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

hōra (होर).—f (hōraṇēṃ) Filling stuff,--the rubbish and earth brought by scouring rains and deposited over fields &c. so as to fill up all holes and depressions; alluvion.

--- OR ---

hōrā (होरा).—f (S) Part of the duration of a sign,--the twenty-fourth part of a day, an hora or hour. 2 m Prediction or prophetic annunciation; declaration of some future, or of some distant (in space), event or occurrence. Ex. rājālā putra jhālēlā āhē asā tyācā hōrā āhē; mī asā hōrā sāṅgatōṃ kīṃ tumacā jaya hōīla. 3 Guess, reasoning, anticipation, apprehension, view (framed respecting a future or an unknown matter). v cāla, ānta yēṇēṃ, disa. Ex. mājhē hōṛyānta yētēṃ kīṃ hyā vēḷēvarūna tumacā jaya hōṇāra; mājhā hōrā khōṭā vhāyācā nāhīṃ; mājhā hōrā hyā gōṣṭīviṣayīṃ cālata nāhīṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hōrā (होरा).—f Part of the duration of a sign. m Prediction. Guess, apprehension.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Horā (होरा).—[hu-ran]

1) The rising of a zodiacal sign; होरासु गणितेष्वपि (horāsu gaṇiteṣvapi) Śiva B.1.35.

2) Part of the duration of a sign.

3) An hour.

4) A mark, line.

5) Horoscope; horoscopy.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Horā (होरा).—f.

(-rā) 1. The rising of a sign of the zodiac. 2. Part of the duration of a sign, the twenty-fourth part of a day, an hour. 3. A mark, a line. 4. A science or work in science, (on astrology.) E. hoḍ to go, to proceed, affs. ac and ṭāp, and ḍa changed to ra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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