Jayasimha, Jayasiṃha: 10 definitions



Jayasimha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Jayasimha in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Jayasiṃha (जयसिंह) or Jayasiṃha Siddharāja (1094-1143 C.E.) was a patron of Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.), the famous Jain author who has contributed a lot to the study of Sanskrit Prosody by way of writing his monumental work Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra received the patronage of Jayasiṃha Siddharāja and his successor Kumārapāla of Anhilvid of Gujarat.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Jayasimha in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius

Jayasiṃha (जयसिंह), son of king Sussala ruled from A.D.1127-1159. Both the preceptor Ruyyaka and the pupil Maṅkhaka were protege to king Jayasiṃha.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Jayasimha in Hinduism glossary
Source: Google Books: Around Abhinavagupta

Jayasiṃha (जयसिंह).—Under king Jayasiṃha (1128-1149) various Brahmins were supported for their rituals and solemn sacrifices.

India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Early History of the Andhra Country

The grant of Jayasiṃha I who began to rule from 633 A.D., records that in his fifth year (638) he granted the village of Puloṃbūra in the Guddavāḍi viṣaya to Rudraśarman son of Śivaśarman and grandson of Dāmaśarman. In Mādhavavarman’s grant it is Śivaśarman son of Dāmaśarman that gets the same village. So it is clear that the Polamūru grant of Mādhavavarman is separated from the grant of Jayasiṃha by at least one generation.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal

Jayasiṃha (जयसिंह).—It is quite likely that King Jayasiṃha was a vassal of Kadamba kings. When the latter began to weaken, taking the benefit of the situation, probably, Jayasiṃha might have declared his independence. His son was Raṇarāga, whose son was Pulikeśi (Pulakeśin) or Polekeśi I, the real architect of the realm. The history of Calukya kings begins with his accession to the throne.

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (History)

Jayasiṃha (जयसिंह) refers to one of the kings of the Caulukya (Cālukka) dynasty of Gujarat, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “Jayasiṃha killed King Khaṃgāra and in his place appointed the governor by the name of Sajjaṇa. [...] Jayasiṃha, king of Mālava gave a plot of 24 hāla ° to the temple superintendents. The master of Avanti (Jayasiṃha) granted a land of 12 hāla ° to the officiants of the god”.

Note: List of the eleven Caulukya kings of which Aṇahilapura was the capital: Mūlarāja, Cāmuṇḍarāja, Vallabharāja, Durlabha, Bhīmadeva, Karṇa, Jayasiṃha, Kumārapāla, Ajayapāla, Bālamūlarāja, Bhīmadeva.—According to Sankalia 1941 p.33, the testimony of the inscriptions confirms the account of the chroniclers (Prabandhacintāmaṇi 65.14-15; Purātanaprabandhasaṃgraha 34.3; Sukṛtakīrtikallolinī 100 v. 8): he quotes an inscription from Girnar (not published to his knowledge) mentioned by Bombay Gazetteers I p. 160.

It is difficult to specify the indication: historians recognize at least two Jayasiṃha, Paramāra of Mālava (up to four: Ray 1931). Moreover, Jayasiṃha could designate the sovereign Caulukya of Gujarat (ca. 1100-1143), who became master of Mālava (between 1134 and 1138: cf. JBBRAS XXV p. 322-324) and subsequently took the title of 'Avantinātha: cf. Sankalia 1941 p. 38-9 and IA XX “Dohad stone pillar inscription (1196 VS)” p. 158-160. In favor of the latter hypothesis, there is the popularity of King Jayasiṃha Siddharāja in the Jaina sources (Prabandhacintāmaṇi, Purātanaprabandhasaṃgraha, Prabandhakośa) and the mention in this passage of Bhāvaḍa’s Vividhatīrthakalpa: according to Struggle for Empire 1966 ( 11957) p. 76, Jayasiṃha wanted as successor Bhāvaḍa, son of Udayana, his minister.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jayasimha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Jayasiṃha (जयसिंह) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—king (1094-1143), patron of Jayamaṅgala (Kaviśikṣā). Peters. 1, 68.

2) Jayasiṃha (जयसिंह):—king, son of Viṣṇusiṃha, son of Kṛṣṇasiṃha, son of Rāmasiṃha, son of Jayasiṃha, son of Mahāsiṃha, son of Jagatsiṃha, son of Mānasiṃha. The first Jayasiṃha was patron of Ratnākara (Jayasiṃhakalpadruma 1714). Oxf. 285^a. L. 1705.

3) Jayasiṃha (जयसिंह):—son of Sussaladeva, king of Kāśmīra, ruled 1129-1150. Rājataraṅgiṇī 8, 241. Report. p. 50. He was patron of Maṅkha.

4) Jayasiṃha (जयसिंह):—king of Bāberī, patron of Gopīnātha Maunin (Siddhāntatattvasarvasva). Hall. p. 77.

5) Jayasiṃha (जयसिंह):—of Jayapura (1730), patron of Jagannātha (Rekhāgaṇita). Oxf. 340^b. Cambr. 75.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jayasiṃha (जयसिंह):—[=jaya-siṃha] [from jaya] m. Name of a Kaśmir king, [Rājataraṅgiṇī viii]

2) [v.s. ...] of a man, [v, 225]

3) [v.s. ...] of a son of Rāma-siṃha (1600 A.D.)

4) [v.s. ...] of several other men

5) Jayāsiṃha (जयासिंह):—[=jayā-siṃha] [from jayā > jaya] m. Name of a man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī vii, 58.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Jayasiṃha (जयसिंह):—(jaya + siṃha) m. Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 535. 1018. 1403.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 225.] eines Königs von Kāśmīra [8, 242. 1648. 1700. 1871. 1935. 2352. 2689.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde II, 18.] jayāsaṃhadeva [KṢITĪŚ. 49, 3.] — Vgl. jayāsiṃha .

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Jayāsiṃha (जयासिंह):—(jayā + siṃha) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Rājataraṅgiṇī 7, 58.] — Vgl. jayasiṃha .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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