Maharudra, Mahārudra, Maha-rudra: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Maharudra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Maharudra in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mahārudra (महारुद्र).—A mantra sacred to the Piṭrs: an epithet of Śiva.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 33. 84; 34. 1, 50-1.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mahārudra (महारुद्र) or Mahārudrarasa is the name of a Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 24, Apasmara: epilepsy). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., mahārudra-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (M) next»] — Maharudra in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Mahārudra (महारुद्र).— The mahārudra are a group of celestial beings living in the lower regions of adholoka (lower world) according to Jaina cosmology. Adholoka is made up of seven regions and offers residence to the infernal beings existing within these lands.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Maharudra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahārudra (महारुद्र).—a form of Śiva.

Derivable forms: mahārudraḥ (महारुद्रः).

Mahārudra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and rudra (रुद्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Mahārudra (महारुद्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—(?): Kālajñāna med. B. 4, 220.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahārudra (महारुद्र):—[=mahā-rudra] [from mahā > mah] m. ‘gr° Rudra’, a form of Śiva, [Catalogue(s)]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of an author (?), [Catalogue(s)]

3) Mahārudrā (महारुद्रा):—[=mahā-rudrā] [from mahā-rudra > mahā > mah] f. a form of Durgā, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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