Maharudra, Mahārudra, Maha-rudra: 8 definitions
Maharudra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Mahārudra (महारुद्र).—A mantra sacred to the Piṭrs: an epithet of Śiva.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 33. 84; 34. 1, 50-1.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Mahārudra (महारुद्र) or Mahārudrarasa is the name of a Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 24, Apasmara: epilepsy). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.
Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., mahārudra-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Mahārudra (महारुद्र).— The mahārudra are a group of celestial beings living in the lower regions of adholoka (lower world) according to Jaina cosmology. Adholoka is made up of seven regions and offers residence to the infernal beings existing within these lands.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Mahārudra (महारुद्र).—a form of Śiva.
Derivable forms: mahārudraḥ (महारुद्रः).
Mahārudra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and rudra (रुद्र).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Mahārudra (महारुद्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—(?): Kālajñāna med. B. 4, 220.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Mahārudra (महारुद्र):—[=mahā-rudra] [from mahā > mah] m. ‘gr° Rudra’, a form of Śiva, [Catalogue(s)]
2) [v.s. ...] Name of an author (?), [Catalogue(s)]
3) Mahārudrā (महारुद्रा):—[=mahā-rudrā] [from mahā-rudra > mahā > mah] f. a form of Durgā, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
1) m. (ma + rudra) der grosse Rudra, eine Form Śiva’s [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1282. fg.] [Oxforder Handschriften 89,b,34.] —
2) f. ī eine Form der Durgā [WILSON, Sel. Works 2, 38]; wohl fehlerhaft für mahāraudrī .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) m. eine Form Śiva's. —
2) f. ā eine Form der Durgā [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,63,13.] —
3) f. ī desgl. Richtig wohl radrī.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Maharudrajapavidhi, Maharudrakarmakalapapaddhati, Maharudranyasa, Maharudranyasapaddhati, Maharudrapaddhati, Maharudrapithadevata, Maharudraprayoga, Maharudraprayogapaddhati, Maharudrapuja, Maharudrasimha, Maharudravidhana, Maharudravidhi, Maharudrayajnapaddhati.
Full-text (+177): Sudarshana, Maharudraprayoga, Maharudravidhi, Maharudrajapavidhi, Maharudrapaddhati, Maharudranyasapaddhati, Maharudraprayogapaddhati, Maharudrapithadevata, Maharudrakarmakalapapaddhati, Maharudrasimha, Maharudri, Aparajita, Danu, Revati, Gokarna, Maheshvari, Kekara, Locana, Saumya, Shatananda.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Maharudra, Mahārudra, Maha-rudra, Mahā-rudra, Mahārudrā, Mahā-rudrā; (plurals include: Maharudras, Mahārudras, rudras, Mahārudrās, rudrās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Lalitopakhyana (Lalita Mahatmya) (by G.V. Tagare)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 7.26 < [Chapter 7 - Vijñāna-Yoga (Yoga through Realization of Transcendental Knowledge)]
Jnaneshwari (Bhavartha Dipika) (by Ramchandra Keshav Bhagwat)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 24 - The Greatness of Dharmāraṇya < [Section 2 - Dharmāraṇya-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 4 - The Procedure of Kārttikasnāna < [Section 4 - Kārttikamāsa-māhātmya]
Chapter 81 - The Legend of Dharmeśvara < [Section 2 - Uttarārdha]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 36 - Mutual fight < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 39 - The annihilation of the army of Śaṅkhacūḍa < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)