Java: 14 definitions


Java means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Java (जव).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 75)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Java (जव) refers to “barley grains” which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13:—“[...] then the Ācamana shall be offered and cloth dedicated. Gingelly seeds, barley grains (java), wheat, green gram or black gram shall then be offered to Śiva with various mantras. Then flowers shall be offered to the five-faced noble soul. Lotuses, rose, Śaṅkha, and Kuśa flowers, Dhattūras, Mandāras grown in a wooden vessel, holy basil leaves or Bilva leaves shall be offered to each of the faces in accordance with the previous meditation or according to one’s wish. By all means Śiva favourably disposed to His devotees shall be worshipped with great devotion. If other flowers are not available, Bilva leaves shall be used exclusively in the worship of Śiva”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Mental Impulse;

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Java (जव) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Java] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Java, (Sk. java, to javati) 1. (n.) speed S. II, 266; V, 227; M. I, 446; A. II, 113; III, 248; Sn. 221; J. II, 290; IV, 2. Often combined with thāma, in phrase thāmajavasampanna endowed with strength & swiftness J. I, 62; VvA. 104; PvA. 4; Miln. 4.—javena (Instr.) speedily J. II, 377.—2. (adj.) swift, quick J. III, 25; VI, 244 (mano°, as quick as thought); Vv 16 (=vegavanto VvA. 78); VvA. 6 (sīgha°).

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

java : (m.) speed; strength.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

java (जव).—m (yava S) Barley. 2 The measure of a barleycorn, considered as equal to six mustard seeds. 3 A natural line across the thumb at the second joint, compared to a grain of barley. Supposed to indicate easiness of circumstances. 4 A golden bit, barley-form and barley-size, for necklaces and wreaths. javāāgaḷā Exceeding by a barleycorn; a little greater or more. Ex. tō kubēra tara hā ja0 kubēra.

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java (जव).—m S Velocity or speed. Ex. dhaḍadhaḍa vātyā javēṃ jasā viṭapī.

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javā (जवा).—m (java) A particular bracelet: also a single one of the golden barleycorns of which it is composed.

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javā (जवा).—m (yu S root. To join.) Junction, exact uniting or meeting (as of two pieces of wood). v basa, miḷa. 2 fig. Agreement, consisting well together (of persons). Ex. ēka sādhu āṇi ēka sōdā tyāñcā javā basāyācā nāhīṃ. 3 Correspondence of construction; just tallying. 4 The agreeing, answering, meeting, suiting.fitting (of calculations, conjectures, schemes, expedients). Ex. hēṃ kūṭa lāvaṇyāviṣayīṃ phāra śrama kēlā parantu javā basata nāhīṃ; lagnāviṣayīṃ pandharā divasa ghāṭāghāṭa kēlī parantu javā basata nāhīṃ.

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jāvā (जावा).—m (jāṇēṃ) Departure or going: opp. to yēvā. Pr. yēvā vhāvā jāvā na vhāvā or yēvā barā jāvā vāīṭa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

java (जव).—m Barley. The measure of a barley- corn, equal to six mustard seeds. Speed.

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javā (जवा).—m Junction. Agreement, consist- ing well together (of persons). Just tallying.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Java (जव).—a. [ju-bhāve ap] Swift, expeditious.

-vaḥ 1 (a) Speed, swiftness, quickness, rapidity; जवो हि सप्तेः परमं विभूषणम् (javo hi sapteḥ paramaṃ vibhūṣaṇam) Bh.3.121; Ś.1.8; Ki.13.5. (b) Haste, hurry; जवेन पीठादुदतिष्ठदच्युतः (javena pīṭhādudatiṣṭhadacyutaḥ) Śi.1.12.

2) Velocity.

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Javā (जवा).—The China rose; see जपा (japā). जवापुष्पश्रेणीरुचिरुचिरपादाम्बुजतलम् (javāpuṣpaśreṇīrucirucirapādāmbujatalam) Haṃsadūtam; बहलरागजवाधरचारुणि (bahalarāgajavādharacāruṇi) Śi.6.46.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Java (जव).—(?) , a high number: Gaṇḍavyūha 106.13; see ayava.

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Jāva (जाव).—m. (to java, but nowhere recorded), speed, swiftness: °vaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 2003 = Tibetan mgyogs pa. So also Mironov; no v.l. Follows yogaḥ and precedes anukramaḥ, kālaḥ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Java (जव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) Swift, quick, expeditious. m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Speed, velocity. 2. A runner, an express. f.

(-vā) The China rose, (Hibiscus rosa sinensis;) also japā. E. ju to move quickly, bhāve ap .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Java (जव).—i. e. jū + a, I. m. Quickness, Chr. 297, 21 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 21; Mahābhārata 3, 10891. Ii. f. javā = japā, The China rose, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 3, 48.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Java (जव).—[adjective] hastening, quick; [masculine] haste, speed.

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Javā (जवा).—[feminine] = japā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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