Valmiki, aka: Vālmīki, Vālmiki; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Valmiki means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

Valmiki in Katha glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vālmīki (वाल्मीकि).—Name of a poet mentioned by Soḍḍhala in the kavipraśasti (eulogy of poets) of his Udayasundarīkathā;—The tradition assigns the authorship of the Rāmāyaṇa to a poet named Vālmīki. Rāmāyaṇa ends by relating Vālmīki as the author. There are a number of legends about Vālmīki but it is an established fiaet that he is the Ādikavi and that the Rāmāyaṇa is the Ādikāvya.

Soḍḍhala considers-himself as a descendant in the great line of poets commencing from the sage Vālmīki, the great primal poet. He refers to him in the Praśasti in four stanzas and puts him as the foremost of all the great poets in the line.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Valmiki in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1) Vālmīki (वाल्मीकि).—A hermit who was the first among poets and the author of Rāmāyaṇa. General information. Knowledge about this hermit who was the first among the poets of Bhārata, is scanty. So we have to depend mainly on some hearsay for the life history of this sage. (See full article at Story of Vālmīki from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Vālmīki (वाल्मीकि).—One of the prominent sons of Garuḍa. (Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 101, Stanza 11).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Vālmīki (वाल्मीकि).—Originally born out of an ant-hill, born again of Carṣaṇī and Varuṇa. In his āśrama, Śītā was left when pregnant. There she gave birth to two sons whom the sage brought up;1 author of Rāma's story; of the family of Bhārgava;2 heard it from Nārada who got it from Brahmā.3 Vedavyāsa of the 26th dvāpara;4 present at Rāma's abhiṣeka.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 5; IX. 11. 10-11, 15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 36. 6.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 12. 51.
  • 3) Ib. 53. 71-2.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 18.
  • 5) Ib. IV. 4. 100.

1b) The father of Rohiṇi and Panavī.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 161.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Valmiki in Kavya glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vālmīki (वाल्मीकि) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Which is another name of Prācetasa. Author of the Ādikāvya Śrimad Rāmāyaṇa. In the Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara cited various ślokas from the Sundra-kānda and Kiṣkiṇdhā-kāṇda of Rāmāyaṇa.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vālmiki (वाल्मिकि) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

The sage Valmiki is the composer of the epic poem Ramayana. He was the son of a sage named Prachetasa. While he was a young boy, he got lost in the forest, and was found by a hunter. The hunter brought him up like his son, giving him the name of Ratnakara. After the death of his adopted father, Ratnakara tried to support his family by hunting. However, as he could not make ends meet, he became a dacoit. He was notorious for his cruelty, for he would kill with impunity during his robberies.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Vālmikī (वाल्मिकी): Maharishi Valmiki is the author of the Hindu epic Ramayana, a brahman by birth, connected with the kings of Ayodhya, contemporary of Rama who invented the shloka metre, who taught the Ramayana to Kusa and Lava.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vālmīki (वाल्मीकि).—The author of the original Rāmāyaṇa, the original epic history about Lord Rāmacandra and Sītā, written by Vālmīki Muni.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Valmiki (वल्मिकि).—m., n. See वल्मीक (valmīka).

See also (synonyms): valmika.

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Vālmiki (वाल्मिकि) or Vālmīki (वाल्मीकि).—[valmīke bhavaḥ aṇ iñ vā] Name of a celebrated sage, and author of the Rāmāyaṇa; कवीन्दुं नौमि वाल्मीकिं यस्य रामायणीं कथाम् । चन्द्रिकामिव चिन्वन्ति चकोरा इव साधवः (kavīnduṃ naumi vālmīkiṃ yasya rāmāyaṇīṃ kathām | candrikāmiva cinvanti cakorā iva sādhavaḥ) || Udb. [He was a Brāhmaṇa by birth, but being abandoned by his parents in his childhood, he was found by some wild mountaineers who taught him the art of thieving. He soon became an adept in the art, and pursued his business of plundering and killing (where necessary) travellers for several years. One day he saw a great sage whom he asked on pain of death to deliver up his possessions. But the sage told him to go home and ask his wife and children if they were ready to become his partners in the innumerable iniquities that he had committed. He accordingly went home, but returned dismayed at their unwillingness. The sage then told him to repeat the word marā (which is Rāma inverted) and disappeared. The robber continued to repeat it for years together without moving from the place, so that his body was covered up with ant-hills. But the same sage reappeared and got him out, and as he issued from the 'valmika' he was called Vālmiki, and became afterwards an eminent sage. One day while he was performing his ablutions, he saw one of a pair of Krauncha birds being killed by a fowler, at which he cursed the wretch in words which unconsiously took the form of a verse in the Anuṣṭubh metre. This was a new mode of composition, and at the command of the god Brahman he composed the first poem the Rāmāyaṇa. When Sītā was abandoned by Rāma, he gave her shelter under his roof, and brought up her two sons. He afterwards restored them all to Rāma.]

Derivable forms: vālmikiḥ (वाल्मिकिः), vālmīkiḥ (वाल्मीकिः).

See also (synonyms): vālmīka.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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