Ramayana, aka: Rāmāyaṇa; 7 Definition(s)
Ramayana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Rāmāyaṇa (रामायण).—General. Rāmāyaṇa is considered to be the first poetic composition in the world or at least in India, and hence it is called the Ādi Kāvya (First Epic). It is an epic as it contains descriptions and references to ancient themes. Vālmīki is its author, and hence Vālmīki is known as the 'Ādi kavi" also. Vālmīki and Śrī Rāma were contemporaries. During his life in exile in the forest Rāma visited Vālmīkī’s āśrama. It was in this āśrama that Sītā lived after being abandoned by Rāma. The connection in many ways of the life of Vālmīki with the 'Rāma story' was an incentive for him to write the Rāmāyaṇa. (See full article at Story of Rāmāyaṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Ramayana is one of the two great Indian epics in Indian literature. It relates the life, activities, trials and achievements of Lord Rama. The great epic of Ramayana is traditionally attributed to Valmiki, who is considered to be the first poet of India. Ramayana presents the story of King Rama. The great epic comprises of 24000 couplets in seven books which give an account of the royal birth of Rama and his other three brothers, the loss of his throne and his victory over evil.Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
The Ramayana is an ancient Sanskrit epic ascribed to the Hindu sage Valmiki and forms an important part of the Hindu canon (smṛti), considered to be based on historical events (itihāsa). The Ramayana is one of the two great epics of India, the other being the Mahabharata. It depicts the duties of relationships, portraying ideal characters like the ideal servant, the ideal brother, the ideal wife and the ideal king.
The Epic is traditionally divided into several major kāṇḍas or books, that deal chronologically with the major events in the life of Rama:
- Bāla Kāṇḍa (book of childhood)
- Ayodhya Kāṇḍa (book of Ayodhya)
- Araṇya Kāṇḍa (book of the forest)
- Kishkindha Kāṇḍa (book of the monkey kingdom)
- Sundara Kāṇḍa (book of beauty)
- Yuddha Kāṇḍa (book of war) also known as Lanka Kanda
- Uttara Kāṇḍa (last book)
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
Reference to this Epic Poem does not occur in the Pitaka or in the early books.
Even in the Commentaries reference thereto is rare (E.g., DA.i.76; MA.i.163, as Sitaharana), and then it is only condemned as purposeless talk (niratthakakatha).
Only in the later Chronicles, such as the Culavamasa (E.g. Cv.lxiv.42), is the work actually mentioned by name. See also Rama (5).Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
rāmāyaṇa (रामायण).—n (S) An epic poem by Walmiki, recording the exploits and adventures of Rama. 2 A common name of several poems on the life and acts of Rama. 3 fig. A long story; a long yarn; any prolix and tedious tale. 4 Applied also in the sense of Litter, a disorderly strew; or a trampled or rumpled mass. Ex. hyā pōrānēṃ dhānyācēṃ āṇi kāgadāpatrācēṃ rā0 kēlēṃ; vāsana sōḍūna pāṅgharuṇāṃ- cyā ghaḍyāñcēṃ rā0 karūna ṭākalēṃ. tākāpuratēṃ rā0 (From a little story.) Service or performance according to the measure of the recompense.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
rāmāyaṇa (रामायण).—n An epic poem by vālmīki. Fig. A long story.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
(-ṇaṃ) 1. The first epic poem of the Hindus, written by the poet Valmiki, recording the adventures of Rama, the son of Dasa Ratha, sovereign of Oudh. 2. A name of several poems on the life and adventures of Rama. E. rāma the prince, and ayana abode.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Rāmāyaṇacampū (रामायणचम्पू) or “Rāmāyaṇa Campū” is a Sanskrit work in the campū style written b...
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Rāmāyaṇamañjarī (रामायणमञ्जरी) is the name of a work ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century): one ...
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Vṛttarāmāyaṇa (वृत्तरामायण) is the name of a work ascribed to Kavīndrācārya (disciple of Rāmānu...
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Ravaṇa (रवण).—mfn. (-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Sounding, sonorous. 2. Hot, warm, sharp. 3. Unsteady, fickl...
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Rāma (राम) refers to one of the manifestations of Viṣṇu.—Śrī Rāma, the incarnation of Viṣṇu, is...