Ajaya: 10 definitions

Introduction

Ajaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "The Conqueror Of Life And Death"

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ajaya (अजय).—The son of Darbhaka and father of Nandivardhana.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 6, 7.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Ajayā (अजया) is one of the twenty-four Goddesses surrounding Buddhakapāla in the buddhakapālamaṇḍala, according to the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Buddhakapāla refers to one of the various emanations of Akṣobhya and the sādhana says that when Heruka is embraced by Citrasenā he gets the name of Buddhakapāla.—Ajayā stands in the north of the outermost circle. She has a blue colour two arms, one face, ornaments of bones, brown hair rising upwards but no garlands of heads. She  carries the kapāla in the left and the kartri in the right, and dances in the ardhaparyaṅka attitude.

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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Ajaya (अजय) is the name of a river flowing between the northern and southern divisions of Rāḍha: a village visited by Mahāvīra during his fifth year of spiritual-exertion.—After Kalambukā, he decided to go to Lāḍha (Rāḍha) country, considered as Anārya where no monk or ascetic would even imagine going. There were two divisions of Lāḍha country – north and south, or Vajra and Śubhra. The river Ajaya used to flow in between. In Lāḍha country, there were no suitable places to stay for the Lord. Even tasteless, minimal food used to come about with great difficulty.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ajaya (अजय).—a. [nāsti parairjayo yasya] Invincible, unsurpassed unconquerable.

-yaḥ [na. ta.] A defeat; सुखदु (sukhadu):खे समे कृत्वा लाभालाभौ जयाजयौ (khe same kṛtvā lābhālābhau jayājayau) Bg.2.38.

2) Name of Agni (ajena chāgena yāti; yā-ka); or of Viṣṇu (according to some); of a lexicographer.

-yā [nāsti jayo mādakatvena asyām]

1) Hemp or भाङ्ग (bhāṅga).

2) Name of a friend of Durgā

3) Māyā or illusion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ajayā (अजया).—name of a goddess: Sādhanamālā 502.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajaya (अजय).—m.

(-yaḥ) Defeat. mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Unsurpassed, unsubdued, over whom or which no triumph is obtained. f.

(-yā) Hemp. E. a neg. jaya victory.

--- OR ---

Ajaya (अजय) or Ajayya.—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Invincible, not to be subdued or surpassed. E. a neg. jaya conquerable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajaya (अजय).—m. defeat, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 38. Kakubjaya, i. e.

Ajaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and jaya (जय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Ajaya (अजय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Abridged from Ajayapāla. Oxf. 182^b. 195^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ajaya (अजय):—[=a-jaya] m. non-victory, defeat

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. unconquered, unsurpassed, invincible

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu

4) [v.s. ...] of a lexicographer

5) [v.s. ...] of a river

6) Ajayā (अजया):—[=a-jayā] [from a-jaya] f. hemp

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a friend of Durgā

8) [v.s. ...] Māyā or Illusion.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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