Yatra, Yātrā: 24 definitions


Yatra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Yātrā (यात्रा) in Sanskrit (or Jattā in Prakrit) refers to a “pilgrimage” (feast of pilgrimage), as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Cf. “pilgrimage of the cloth”, Prakrit paḍa-jattā.—Without religious connotation: “distant expedition-of a trader”, Sanskrit dig-yātrā. [...]

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Discover the meaning of yatra in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Yātrā (यात्रा) refers to the “military astrology” and is the name of the thirty-second chapter of the Gārgīyajyotiṣa. The Gārgīyajyotiṣa is one of the most comprehensive of Garga’s texts and written in the form of a dialogue between Krauṣṭuki (Ṛṣiputra) and Garga discussing astral and other omens, comprising a total of sixty-two chapters (viz., yātrā), known as aṅgas and summarized in the Aṅgasamuddiśa (“enumeration of the divisions”, introductory portion).

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Yātrā (यात्रा) refers to a “journey” (i.e., royal marches), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] In Yātrā, he must know the fitness or unfitness of a tithi (lunar day), vāra (week day), karaṇa, nakṣatra, muhūrta, and lagna (a sign of zodiac) and yoga for particular purposes. He must be able to interpret natural gestures and dreams; he must be able to state when a prince ought to start for battle to secure success in war; he must be learned in rules relating to ablutions and sacred fire ceremonies in honour of the planets and offerings to evil spirits; he must be able to interpret phenomena connected with such sacred fires and with elephants and horses while mounting the same”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of yatra in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Yatra (यत्र) refers to “journeying” (towards a particular cosmic level), according to the Svacchandatantra verse 4.141-145.—Accordingly, “[...] The other form [of bubhukṣu initiation] is the lokadharmiṇī, which destroys both past and future demerit. That lokadharmiṇī-dīkṣā is known to exclude the obligation to propitiate mantras [by means of purvasevā etc.]. However, when the current body breaks, [the candidate] experiences [the series of eight supernatural natural powers] starting with becoming very small. Having experienced [these] enjoyments he moves (yatra) upwards to whichever [cosmic level] the Guru has joined him [by yojanikā]. Whether this is at the sakala or niṣkala level [of Śiva] depends on [the preference of] the candidate and Guru”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of yatra in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Yātrā (यात्रा) refers to the “journey (of life)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.51 (“The resuscitation of Kāma”).—Accordingly, as Rati said to Śiva: “Why did you reduce my beloved husband to ashes without gaining any interest when he had come near you with Pārvatī? He was my only fortunate possession very rare to get. Give me back my husband, the lord of my journey of life (jīva-yātrā) who used to work lovingly with me. Remove my distress caused by separation. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of yatra in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Yātrā (यात्रा) is a Sanskrit word referring to either a “festival” or a “journey”.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Yātrā (यात्रा) is the name of Dūtī (i.e., messengers of Lord Vajrapāṇi) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Yātrā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of yatra in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Yātrā.—(EI 11; CII 4), festival; the festival of a deity; same as yātr-otsava. Note: yātrā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Yātrā (यात्रा) refers to a “sea-journey” (also: jattā), according to the Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] Sijjau-jattā is a Prākrit rendering of the Sanskrit siddha-yātrā that was applied to sea-journey including going and safe return. This had become a technical phrase in medieval literature. Details of preparation for sea-voyage (jattā) are given which include the following items relating to preparatory ritual and the equipment of the ship: [...] When the ship was to take off auspicious musical instruments were sounded, conch-shells were blown, auspicious songs were sung, Brahmins muttered the āsīsā; and thus in the sound of invocation and jaya jaya the ship took off its voyage (siddha-yātrā), the sails were unfurled, the ropes and riggings were pulled up, the oars began to be operated, the helmsman took observations, the ship fell into its course, favourable winds began to blow: thus the ship started its journey being tossed on the high sea waves.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of yatra in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

yatra : (adv.) wherever; where. || yātrā (f.), travel; voyage; support of life.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Yatra, (adv.) (the (older?) reconstituted Sk. form of P. yattha, cp. Vedic yatra in which, where. The P. form is younger than the Vedic, as the P. meaning is doubtful for the V, period. It is merely a differentiation of forms to mark a special meaning in the sense of a causal conjunction, whereas yattha is adv. (of place or time) only) in which, where, since; only in phrase yatra hi nāma (in emphatic exclamations) with Fut.; “as indeed, inasmuch as, that” S. II, 255 (ñāṇabhūtā vata sāvakā y. h. n. savako ñassati etc.); J. I, 59 (dhir-atthu vata bho jātiyā y. h. n. jātassa jarā paññāyissati “woe to birth that old age is to be noticed in that which is born!”); Miln. 13 (acchariyaṃ vata bho ... y. h. n. me upajjhāyo ceto-parivitakkaṃ jānissati). (Page 548)

— or —

Yātrā, (f.) (fr. , Class. Sk. yātrā, a n. ag. formation like nettī, meaning something like “vehicle, ” that which keeps going) 1. travel, going on, proceeding, good habit (like yāta; cp. yātrā=anuvṛtti Halāyudha 5, 33) S. I, 33; S. I, 16=63 (translation K. S. perhaps wrongly, “egress”: it is more a question of going on through life!). Perhaps to be classed under foll. meaning as well.—2. going on, livelihood, support of life, maintenance in stock phrase occurring at many places of the Canon, viz. “purāṇaṃ vedanaṃ paṭihaṅkhāmi, navañ ca vedanaṃ na uppādessāmi, yātrā ca me bhavissati etc. ” where DhsA. 404 explains yātrā by yāpanā, as may be inferred also from context. Thus at M. I, 10 (where Neumann translates: “ein Fortkommen haben, ” i.e. progress), 355; S. IV, 104; A. II, 40; III, 388; Nd1 496; Nd2 540 (correct devanaṃ into vedanaṃ!); Pug. 25; Dhs. 1348; Miln. 367: all passages identical. The whole passage is explained in detail at Vism. 31 sq. where yātrā is given with “cira-kāla-gamana-saṅkhātā yātrā, ” Bdhgh. thus taking it as “keeping going, ” or “continued subsistence” (longevity trsḷn).—In one other passage yātrā is conjectured for sātrā, viz. at SnA 322 in reading y.—yāga for sātrā yāga, where meaning y. might be taken as “customary. ” The ed. compares Sk. yātsattra, a certain ceremony. (Page 553)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of yatra in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yātrā (यात्रा).—f (S) Traveling (to a holy river, celebrated idol &c.) for the purpose of ablution and worship, pilgrimage. 2 A company of pilgrims. 3 A periodical festival in honor of an idol, to which pilgrims resort. 4 fig. A fruitless trip or journey. 5 S Journeying, traveling, proceeding, going in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yātrā (यात्रा).—f Pilgrimage. A company of pil- grims. A holy festival. Journeying. A fruitless trip.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of yatra in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yatra (यत्र).—ind. [yad-tral] Where, in which place, whither; सैव सा (saiva sā) (dyauḥ) चलति यत्र हि चित्तम् (calati yatra hi cittam) N.5.57; Kumārasambhava 1.7,1.

2) When; as in यत्र काले (yatra kāle).

3) Whereas, because, since, as. (yatra yatra means 'wherever'; yatra yatra dhūmastatra tatra vahniḥ T. S.; yatra tatra in whatever place, everywhere; yatrakutra or yatrakvacana-kvāpi

1) wheresoever, in whatever place.

2) whensoever, at whatever time.

3) whenever, as often as.

4) hither and thither.)

--- OR ---

Yātrā (यात्रा).—[yā-ṣṭran]

1) Going, journey; यात्रा तौ परिवञ्चितुं किसलयं मारीचमायाविधिः (yātrā tau parivañcituṃ kisalayaṃ mārīcamāyāvidhiḥ) Mv.6.1; R.18.16.

2) The march of an army, expedition, invasion; स्थिता हि यात्रा वसुधाधिपानाम् (sthitā hi yātrā vasudhādhipānām) Rām.4.28.15; मार्गशीर्षे शुभे मासि यायाद्यात्रां महीपतिः (mārgaśīrṣe śubhe māsi yāyādyātrāṃ mahīpatiḥ) Manusmṛti 7.182; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.37; R.17.56. °कालः (kālaḥ) time for invasion; Kau. A.

3) Going on a pilgrimage; as in तीर्थयात्रा (tīrthayātrā).

4) A company of pilgrims.

5) A festival, fair, festive or solemn occasion; कालप्रियनाथस्य यात्राप्रसंगेन (kālapriyanāthasya yātrāprasaṃgena) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1; Uttararāmacarita 1.

6) A procession, festive train; प्रवृत्ता खलु यात्राभिमुखं मालती (pravṛttā khalu yātrābhimukhaṃ mālatī) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 6;6.2.

7) A road.

8) Support of life, livelihood, maintenance; यात्रामात्रप्रसिद्ध्यर्थम् (yātrāmātraprasiddhyartham) Manusmṛti 4.3; शरीरयात्रापि च ते न प्रसिध्येदकर्मणः (śarīrayātrāpi ca te na prasidhyedakarmaṇaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 3.8.

9) Passing away (time).

1) Intercourse; यात्रा चैव हि लौकिकी (yātrā caiva hi laukikī) Manusmṛti 11.185; लोकयात्रा (lokayātrā) Ve.3; Manusmṛti 9.27.

11) Way, means, expedient.

12) A custom, usage, practice, way; एषोदिता लोकयात्रा नित्यं स्त्रीपुंसयोः परा (eṣoditā lokayātrā nityaṃ strīpuṃsayoḥ parā) Manusmṛti 9.25 (lokā- cāraḥ Kull.).

13) A vehicle in general.

14) A kind of dramatic entertainment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yātrā (यात्रा).—f.

(-trā) 1. Going moving, proceeding, marching travelling. 2. Passing away time. 3. Practice, usage, custom. 4. A holy festival, but especially the procession of idols, &c. which usually forms part of the ceremonies on such an occasion. 5. An expedient, a means. 6. The march of an assailing force. 7. Going to pilgrimage. 8. A sort of dramatic entertainment. 9. Intercourse. 10. Way, means. 11. A vehicle in general. E. to go, Unadi aff. ṣṭran or tran .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yatra (यत्र).—[ya + tra (yad)], adv. 1. = loc. of yad, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 8, 23. 2. Where, in what place. 3. Doubled, yatrayatra, Wherever, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 69. 4. Because, [Nala] 12, 7. 5. That, [Nala] 8, 17. 6. With following kutra, In whatever, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 84 (cf. v. r. in Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1225). 7. With following tatra, Wherever, Chr. 8, 22.

--- OR ---

Yātrā (यात्रा).—[yā + trā], f. 1. Going, travelling. 2. The march of an assailing force, an expedition, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 160; 207; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 35. 3. Going on pilgrimage. 4. The procession of idols, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 113, M.M. 5. A sort of dramatic entertainment. 6. Passing away time. 7. Practice, usage, conduct, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 25; intercourse, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 184. 8. An expedient, support of life, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yatra (यत्र).—[adverb] ( = [locative] of ya) where, when, while, as, if.

yatra kutra (±api) wherever, everywhere. yatra kva ca (±na) the same, at any time. yatra kvāpi anywhere, here and there.

Yatra can also be spelled as Yatrā (यत्रा).

--- OR ---

Yātrā (यात्रा).—[feminine] going, setting off, journey, travel, march, expedition; festive train, procession, feast, festival; livelihood, subsistence; custom, usage; a kind of dramatic entertainment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Yātrā (यात्रा) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—jy. See Yogayātrā, Bṛhadyātrā, Mahāyātrā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yatra (यत्र):—[from ya-tama] ind. (in Veda also yatrā; [from] 3. ya, correlative of tatra, and often used for the [locative case] of the relative [pronoun]) in or to which place, where, wherein, wherever, whither, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (yatra yatra, ‘wherever’, ‘whithersoever’; yatra tatra or yatra tatrāpi, ‘anywhere whatever’ or = yasmiṃs tasmin, ‘in whatever’; yatra tatra dine, ‘on any day whatever’; yatra kutra, with or without cit or api, ‘everywhere’ or = yasmin kasmin, ‘in whatever’; yatra kva ca or yatra kva cana, ‘wherever’, ‘in any place whatever’, ‘whithersoever’; yatra kva ca, ‘anywhere whatever’; yatra kvāpi, ‘to any place’, ‘hither and thither’; yatra vā, ‘or elsewhere’)

2) [v.s. ...] on which occasion, in which case, if, when, as, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (yatra tatra, ‘on every occasion’, yatra kva ca, ‘whenever’)

3) [v.s. ...] in order that, [Ṛg-veda iii, 32, 14; ix, 29, 5]

4) [v.s. ...] that (with [Potential] after ‘to doubt, wonder etc.’), [Pāṇini 3-3, 148]

5) [v.s. ...] (with [Present tense]), [Hitopadeśa i, 176] ([varia lectio])

6) Yātrā (यात्रा):—[from ] a f. going, setting off, journey, march, expedition, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (with prāṇāntikī or aurdhvadehikī = death; yātrāṃ-√yā or , to undertake an expedition, take the field; yātrām-√pṛch, to wish luck, [Divyāvadāna])

7) [v.s. ...] going on a pilgrimage (cf. gaṅgāand tīrtha-y)

8) [v.s. ...] a festive train, procession, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Hitopadeśa] (cf. deva-y)

9) [v.s. ...] a feast, festival (= utsava), [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] support of life, livelihood, maintenance, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] intercourse (with laukikī, worldly intercourse = jagad-y), [Manu-smṛti xi, 184]

12) [v.s. ...] way, means, expedient, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] passing away time, [Horace H. Wilson]

14) [v.s. ...] practice, usage, custom, [Horace H. Wilson]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of a [particular] kind of astronomical [work] (cf. yoga-y)

16) [v.s. ...] of a sort of dramatic entertainment (popular in Bengal), [Horace H. Wilson]

17) b yātrika etc. See p. 849, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yatra (यत्र):—adv. Where, in what place.

2) Yātrā (यात्रा):—(trā) 1. f. Going; procesion; march; means; practice.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yatra (यत्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jai, Jattā, Jattha, Jaha, Jāyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yatra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of yatra in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Yatra (यत्र):—(adv) where; -[yatra] wherever; in whatever place; -[tatra] here and there, hither and thither; •[sarvatra] here, there and everywhere.

2) Yātrā (यात्रा):—(nf) a journey, travel; wayfaring; trip; tour; pilgrimage; march; a kind of popular play prevalent in Bengal; -[citra] travelogue film; -[vṛtta] a travelogue.

context information


Discover the meaning of yatra in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: