by Kisari Mohan Ganguli | 2,566,952 words | ISBN-10: 8121505933
The English translation of the Mahabharata is a large text describing ancient India. It is authored by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa and contains the records of ancient humans. Also, it documents the fate of the Kauravas and the Pandavas family. Another part of the large contents, deal with many philosophical dialogues such as the goals of life. Book...
'O Yudhisthira, I shall now describe the assembly house of Yama, the son of Vivasvat, which, O son of Pritha, was built by Visvakarma. Listen now to me. Bright as burnished gold, that assembly house, O monarch, covers an area of much more than a hundred yojanas. Possessed of the splendour of the sun, it yields everything that one may desire. Neither very cool nor very hot, it delights the heart. In that assembly house there is neither grief nor weakness of age, neither hunger nor thirst. Nothing disagreeable finds a place there, nor any kind of evil feelings there. Every object of desire, celestial or human, is to be found in that mansion. And all kinds of enjoyable articles, as also of sweet, juicy, agreeable, and delicious edibles in profusion that are licked, sucked, and drunk, are there, O chastiser of all enemies.
The floral wreaths in that mansion are of the most delicious fragrance, and the trees that stand around it yield fruits that are desired of them. There are both cold and hot waters and these are sweet and agreeable. In that mansion many royal sages of great sanctity and Brahmana sages also of great purity, cheerfully wait upon, O child, and worship Yama, the son of Vivasvat.
And Yayati, Nahusha, Puru, Mandhatri, Somaka, Nriga; the royal sage Trasadasyu, Kritavirya, Sautasravas;
Arishtanemi, Siddha, Kritavega, Kriti, Nimi, Pratarddana, Sivi, Matsya, Prithulaksha, Vrihadratha, Vartta, Marutta, Kusika, Sankasya, Sankriti, Dhruva, Caturasva, Sadasvormi and king Kartavirya;
Bharata and Suratha, Sunitha, Nisatha, Nala, Divodasa, and Sumanas, Amvarisha, Bhagiratha; Vyasva, Vadhrasva, Prithuvega, Prithusravas, Prishadasva, Vasumanas, Kshupa, and Sumahavala, Vrishadgu, and Vrishasena, Purukutsa, Dhvajin and Rathin;
Arshtisena, Dwilipa, and the high-souled Ushinara;
Ausinari, Pundarika, Saryati, Sarava, and Suchi;
Anga, Rishta, Vena, Dushmanta, Srinjaya and Jaya;
Bhangasuri, Sunitha, and Nishada, and Bahinara; Karandhama, Valhika, Sudymna, and the mighty Madhu;
Aila and the mighty king of earth Maruta; Kapota, Trinaka, and Shadeva, and Arjuna also. Vysawa;
Sasva and Krishasva, and king Sasavindu;
Rama the son of Dasaratha, and Lakshmana, and Pratarddana;
Alarka, and Kakshasena, Gaya, and Gaurasva;
Rama the son of Jamadagnya, Nabhaga, and Sagara;
Bhuridyumna and Mahasva, Prithasva, and also Janaka;
king Vainya, Varisena, Purujit, and Janamejaya;
Brahmadatta, and Trigarta, and king Uparicara also;
Indradyumna, Bhimajanu, Gauraprishta, Nala, Gaya;
Padma and Machukunda, Bhuridyumna, Prasenajit;
Aristanemi, Sudymna, Prithulauswa, and Ashtaka also;
a hundred kings of the Matsya race and hundred of the Vipa and a hundred of the Haya races;
a hundred kings of the name of Dhritarashtra, eighty kings of the name of Janamejaya;
a hundred monarchs called Brahmadatta, and a hundred kings of the name of Iri;
more than two hundred Bhishmas, and also a hundred Bhimas;
a hundred Prativindhyas, a hundred Nagas, and a hundred Palasas, and a hundred called Kasa and Kusa;
that king of kings Santanu, and your father Pandu, Usangava, Sata-ratha, Devaraja, Jayadratha;
the intelligent royal sage Vrishadarva with his ministers;
and a thousand other kings known by the name of Sasa-vindu, and who have died, having performed many grand horse-sacrifices with large presents to the Brahmanas—these holy royal sages of grand achievements and great knowledge of the Sastras, wait upon, O King, and worship the son of Vivasvat in that assembly house.
And Agastya and Matanga, and Kala, and Mrityu (Death), performers of sacrifices, the Siddhas, and many Yogins; the Prtris (belonging to the classes—called Agniswattas, Fenapa, Ushampa, Svadhavat, and Verhishada), as also those others that have forms; the wheel of time, and the illustrious conveyer himself of the sacrificial butter; all sinners among human beings, as also those that have died during the winter solstice; these officers of Yama who have been appointed to count the allotted days of everybody and everything; the Singsapa, Palasa, Kasa, and Kusa trees and plants, in their embodied forms, these all, O king, wait upon and worship the god of justice in that assembly house of his.
O son of Pritha, the delightful assembly house, moving everywhere at the will of its owner, is of wide extent. It was built by Visvakarma after a long course of ascetic penances. And, O Bharata, resplendent with his own effulgence, it stands glorified in all its beauty. Sannyasis of severe ascetic penance, of excellent vows, and of truthful speech, peaceful and pure and sanctified by holy deeds, of shining bodies and attired in spotless robes, decked with bracelets and floral garlands, with ear-rings of burnished gold, and adorned with their own holy acts as with the marks of their order (painted over their bodies), constantly visit that Sabha (Assembly).
Many illustrious Gandharvas, and many Apsaras fill every part of that mansion with music; both instrumental and vocal and with sounds of laughter and dance. And, O son of Pritha, excellent perfumes, and sweet sounds and garlands of celestial flowers always contribute towards making that mansion supremely blest. And hundreds of thousands of virtuous persons, of celestial beauty and great wisdom, always wait upon and worship the illustrious Yama, the lord of created beings in that assembly house. Such, O monarch, is the Sabha, of the illustrious king of the Pitris!
This concludes Section VIII of Book 2 (Sabha Parva) of the Mahabharata, of which an English translation is presented on this page. This book is famous as one of the Itihasa, similair in content to the eighteen Puranas. Book 2 is one of the eighteen books comprising roughly 100,000 Sanskrit metrical verses.
FAQ (frequently asked questions):
Which keywords occur in Section VIII of Book 2 of the Mahabharata?
The most relevant definitions are: Yama, Vivasvat, Pritha, Sabha, Sunitha, Kasa; since these occur the most in Book 2, Section VIII. There are a total of 126 unique keywords found in this section mentioned 151 times.
What is the name of the Parva containing Section VIII of Book 2?
Section VIII is part of the Lokapala Sabhakhayana Parva which itself is a sub-section of Book 2 (Sabha Parva). The Lokapala Sabhakhayana Parva contains a total of 9 sections while Book 2 contains a total of 7 such Parvas.
Can I buy a print edition of Section VIII as contained in Book 2?
Yes! The print edition of the Mahabharata contains the English translation of Section VIII of Book 2 and can be bought on the main page. The author is Kisari Mohan Ganguli and the latest edition (including Section VIII) is from 2012.