Alarka, Ālarka: 12 definitions

Introduction

Alarka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Alarka (अलर्क):—Son of Dyumān (son of Divodāsa). He reigned over the earth for sixty-six thousand years. His son was called Santati. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.8)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Alarka (अलर्क).—The name of an insect. It was in the form of this insect that Indra went and bore a hole on the leg of Karṇa while Paraśurāma was sleeping on his lap. The blood that flowed from Karṇa’s foot wetted the body of the preceptor.

2) Alarka (अलर्क).—A king of the states of Kāśī and Karūṣa. He was a very honest man. Forsaking all riches and his kingdom he accepted Dharmamārga. (Śloka 64, Chapter 115, Anuśāsana Parva, Mahābhārata). He was a member of the council of yama. He attained salvation by yoga and meditation. (18th Śloka, Chapter 8, Sabhā Parva, Mahābhārata).

2) Once Alarka decided to overcome the five senses. To control them he sent arrows at the mind, nose, tongue, ear, eye, skin and intelligence. But the senses never surrendered to them. Then Alarka by sheer dhyāna and yoga brought them under control. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 30).

2) Alarka once told a blind brahmin boy to ask for any boon from him. The boy demanded the eyes of Alarka. To keep his promise Alarka scooped out his eyes and gave them to the blind boy. (Rāmāyaṇa, Ayodhyā Kāṇḍa, Sarga 12, Śloka 43).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Alarka (अलर्क).—A pupil of Dattātreya: a sage who realised the force of harimāyā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 11; II. 7. 44.

1b) A son of Dyumat, and father of Sannati. He retained his youth and ruled for 66,000 years. The br. purāṇa and the viṣṇu purāṇa make him the son respectively of Vatsa and Pratardana, and father of Sannati.1 A Rājaṛṣi of Kāśī; attained longevity through the grace of Lopāmudrā. Killed the Rākṣasa Kṣemaka and recovered his capital. Two ancient verses in his praise.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 69, 72; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 16-18; Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 6-8.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 180. 68-9; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 66-8.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Alarka (अलर्क) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.14, XIII.116.67, XIII.115) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Alarka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Alarka (अलर्क) or simply Alarkaviṣa refers to “rabies”, and is dealt with in the Viṣatantra (“treatment of poisons”) section of the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases (viz., Alarka-viṣa).

Treatment of Alarka-viṣa (rabies) is recommended with a mixture of crushed Tila (Sesamum indicum Linn.), jaggery and latex of Arka (Calotropis procera Ait.f.).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Alarka (अलर्क) or Alarkaviṣa refers to “rabies”, and is dealt with in the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—In case of garden lizard poisoning, coin like round lesions appear all over body. In this condition, oral intake of Nīlī (Indigofera tinctoria) root decoction will be effective. Alarka-viṣa (rabies) is also mentioned in this context. Signs and symptoms, the differentiating features of a rabid dog bite, prognosis, diet restrictions and the treatment protocol with formulations are explained here.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

alarka (अलर्क).—m S Canine rabies, Hydrophobia.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Alarka (अलर्क).—

1) A mad dog or one rendered furious.

2) A fabulous animal like a hog with eight legs. अष्टपादं तीक्ष्णदंष्ट्रं सूचीभिरिव संवृतम् । रोमभिः सन्निरुद्धाङ्गमलर्कं नाम नामतः (aṣṭapādaṃ tīkṣṇadaṃṣṭraṃ sūcībhiriva saṃvṛtam | romabhiḥ sanniruddhāṅgamalarkaṃ nāma nāmataḥ) Mb.12.3.13.

3) A kind of worm.

4) Name of a plant (śvetārka; Mar. pāṃḍharī ruī).

Derivable forms: alarkaḥ (अलर्कः).

--- OR ---

Ālarka (आलर्क).—a. [alarkasyedaṃ aṇ] Relating to or caused by a mad dog; आलर्कं विषमिव सर्वतः प्रसृप्तम् (ālarkaṃ viṣamiva sarvataḥ prasṛptam) U.1.4; निहन्ति विषमालर्कं मेघवृन्दमिवानिलः (nihanti viṣamālarkaṃ meghavṛndamivānilaḥ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alarka (अलर्क).—m.

(-rkaḥ) 1. White swallow wort, (Calotropis gigantea alba.) 2. A mad dog or one rendered furious. 3. A fabulous animal, like a hog with eight legs. 4. An Asura changed to such an animal. Also alarkka. E. al to adorn, &c. kvip affix, and arka to inflame or heat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alarka (अलर्क).—m. 1. A fabulous animal, Mahābhārata 12, 87. 2. The proper name of a prince, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 12, 40.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Alarka (अलर्क):—m. a mad dog or one rendered furious, [Suśruta]

2) a fabulous animal, like a hog with eight legs, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) the plant Calatropis Gigantea Alba, [Suśruta] (cf. dīrghālarka)

4) Name of a king, [Harivaṃśa etc.]

5) Ālarka (आलर्क):—mfn. ([from] alarka), caused by or relating to a mad dog, [Suśruta]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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