Trigarta, aka: Trigartā, Tri-garta; 6 Definition(s)
Trigarta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Trigarta (त्रिगर्त) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.37) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Trigarta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Trigarta (त्रिगर्त).—A powerful kingdom of ancient Bhārata. There are several references in the Mahābhārata to the Kings of Trigarta. The following are a few of them worth noticing:—
(i) The Pāṇḍavas passed through the country of Trigarta while they were wandering in the forests after the fire accident at the waxpalace. (Śloka 2, Chapter 155, Ādi Parva). (See full article at Story of Trigarta from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Trigarta (त्रिगर्त).—See Trigartas (s.v.)
1b) Their king was Suśarma (s.v.). He was not able to vanquish Arjuna, supported by Kṛṣṇa. He was stationed by Jarāsandha at the Northern gate of Mathurā, as also during the siege of Gomanta.1 A hill tribe;2 a hilly country.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 15. 16; X. 50. 11 ; 52. 11. ; [50 (V) 3].
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 68; 18. 53.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 136; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 56.
1c) A mountain kingdom of Trigartas visited by Balarāma.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 79. 19.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Katha (narrative stories)
Trigartā (त्रिगर्ता) is the name of an ancient city, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as a certain Yakṣa said to Vicitrakatha: “... there is a city named Trigartā, the garland that adorns the head of this bride the earth, strung with virtues as with flowers. In it there lived a young Brāhman named Pavitradhara, who was himself poor in worldly wealth, but rich in relations, high birth, and other advantages.”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Trigartā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Trigarta (त्रिगर्त).—A province in ancient Bharata. The King of this country, Suśarma, fought on the side of Duryodhana and was killed by Arjuna.(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary
Languages of India and abroad
1) Name of a country, also called जलन्धर (jalandhara), in the northwest of India.
2) the people or rulers of that country.
3) a particular mode of calculation.
Derivable forms: trigartāḥ (त्रिगर्ताः).
Trigartā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and gartā (गर्ता).
--- OR ---
1) a lascivious woman, wanton.
2) a woman in general.
3) a pearl.
4) a kind of cricket.
Trigartā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and gartā (गर्ता).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 15 books and stories containing Trigarta, Trigartā or Tri-garta. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Chapter 3 - The Trigartas attack the Kingdom of Virata < [Virata Parva]
Chapter 1 - The Death of Salya < [Salya Parva]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
The Mahabharata - Fourth Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)