Trigarta, Trigartā, Tri-garta: 12 definitions
Trigarta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Trigarta (त्रिगर्त).—A province in ancient Bharata. The King of this country, Suśarma, fought on the side of Duryodhana and was killed by Arjuna.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Trigarta (त्रिगर्त).—A powerful kingdom of ancient Bhārata. There are several references in the Mahābhārata to the Kings of Trigarta. The following are a few of them worth noticing:—
(i) The Pāṇḍavas passed through the country of Trigarta while they were wandering in the forests after the fire accident at the waxpalace. (Śloka 2, Chapter 155, Ādi Parva). (See full article at Story of Trigarta from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Trigarta (त्रिगर्त).—See Trigartas (s.v.)
1b) Their king was Suśarma (s.v.). He was not able to vanquish Arjuna, supported by Kṛṣṇa. He was stationed by Jarāsandha at the Northern gate of Mathurā, as also during the siege of Gomanta.1 A hill tribe;2 a hilly country.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 15. 16; X. 50. 11 ; 52. 11. ; [50 (V) 3].
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 68; 18. 53.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 136; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 56.
1c) A mountain kingdom of Trigartas visited by Balarāma.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 79. 19.
Trigarta (त्रिगर्त) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.37) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Trigarta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Trigartā (त्रिगर्ता) is the name of an ancient city, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as a certain Yakṣa said to Vicitrakatha: “... there is a city named Trigartā, the garland that adorns the head of this bride the earth, strung with virtues as with flowers. In it there lived a young Brāhman named Pavitradhara, who was himself poor in worldly wealth, but rich in relations, high birth, and other advantages.”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Trigartā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Trigarta (त्रिगर्त) (Cf. Traigarta) refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Trigarta] [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Name of a country, also called जलन्धर (jalandhara), in the northwest of India.
2) the people or rulers of that country.
3) a particular mode of calculation.
Derivable forms: trigartāḥ (त्रिगर्ताः).
Trigartā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and gartā (गर्ता).
--- OR ---
1) a lascivious woman, wanton.
2) a woman in general.
3) a pearl.
4) a kind of cricket.
Trigartā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and gartā (गर्ता).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Trigarta (त्रिगर्त).—m. pl. The name of a people, Mahābhārata 2, 1026.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Trigarta (त्रिगर्त).—[masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Trigarta (त्रिगर्त):—[=tri-garta] [from tri] m. [plural] ([gana] yaudheyādi) Name of a people inhabiting modern Lahore, [Atharva-veda.Pariś. lvi, 8; Mahābhārata] (ifc. f(ā). , [vii, 688]), [Harivaṃśa] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] sg. a T° prince, [Mahābhārata] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] the T° country, [Daśakumāra-carita xi, 119]; a particular method of calculation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) Trigartā (त्रिगर्ता):—[=tri-gartā] [from tri-garta > tri] f. a lascivious woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] a woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] a kind of cricket, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] a pearl, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] Name of a town, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxxiii, 21]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+53): Traigarta, Prithivicandra, Apatrigartam, Dandaki, Jalamani, Trigartika, Trigartaka, Satyavarma, Satyaratha, Samsaptaka, Trigartashashtha, Niramitra, Susarma, Garta, Paritrigartam, Satyeshu, Kshemamkara, Satyasena, Suryavarma, Satyavrata.
Search found 16 books and stories containing Trigarta, Trigartā, Tri-garta, Tri-gartā; (plurals include: Trigartas, Trigartās, gartas, gartās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Chapter 3 - The Trigartas attack the Kingdom of Virata < [Virata Parva]
Chapter 1 - The Death of Salya < [Salya Parva]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section XXXII < [Goharana Parva]
Section XXXIII < [Goharana Parva]
Section LXXIV < [Anugita Parva]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)