Matanga, aka: Mātaṅga, Mataṅga; 14 Definition(s)


Matanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Matanga in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

1) Mataṅga (मतङ्ग).—An ancient sage. The Rāmāyaṇa in Araṇya Kāṇḍa describes the āśrama of Mataṅga. Rāmalakṣmaṇas after crossing the forest of Krauñca came to the āśrama of Mataṅga. Kabandha was slain at this place After abandoning his demoniac body Kabandha extolled the greatness of Mataṅgāśrama to Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa. "The flowers of this āśrama are never plucked and worn on heads. Even if they are not plucked they never fade. They remain fresh always. There is a reason for this. The disciples of Mataṅga once brought a heavy load of fruits for their guru and when they reached the āśrama they were tired and drops of perspiration fell on the plants and they became flowers. Śabarī is performing penance in this aśrama." Mataṅga once cursed Bāli. It happened that while the sage was living on the mountain of Ṛṣyamūka Bāli and the asura Dundubhi fought against each other and blood flowing from the body of Dundubhi by a blow of Bāli spurted out and fell on the hands of the sage. Mataṅga then cursed Bāli saying that his head would blow off if he entered Ṛṣyamūkācala again. (Sarga 46, Kiṣkindhā Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa and Kamba Rāmāyaṇa, Pūrva Kāṇḍa). Mataṅgāśrama was a holy place. (Chapter 84, Vana Parva).

2) Mataṅga (मतङ्ग).—Another name of Triśaṅku. The name of Mataṅga is used for Rājarṣi Triśaṅku in Verse 31, of Chapter 71, of Ādi Parva. For more detail see under Triśaṅku.

3) Mataṅga (मतङ्ग).—A maharṣi born to a barber of a brahmin woman. This clandestine birth was not known either to the brahmin husband or Mataṅga for a long time. Once his brahmin father sent him to the fields for ploughing. He put a donkey to the yoke and ploughed. When the donkey slowed down its work Mataṅga beat it hard. The mother of the donkey saw it and wept. She called Mataṅga to her side and told him that he was the son of a barber and that was why he behaved like a caṇḍāla showing no kindness to wards the animal. Mataṅga ran to his house and told his parents what the mother-donkey said. After that he left his house and did penance to become a brahmin. Indra was pleased and he asked Mataṅga what he wanted and he replied he wanted to become a brahmin. Indra made him a brahmin and sent him back. (Chapter 27, Anuśāsana Parva).

4) Mataṅga (मतङ्ग).—A preceptor. He was the guru of Śabarī. (Araṇya Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).

5) Mātaṅga (मातङ्ग).—Sage Mataṅga was known by this name also (See under Mataṅga).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Mataṅga (मतङ्ग).—A sage of great repute; father of Mātaṅga;1 footprint of, seen in the Bharatāśrama.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 31. 90.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 77. 98.

2a) Mātaṅga (मातङ्ग).—A son of Khaśa and a Rākṣasa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 134; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 165; 111. 53.

2b) A son of Matanga, and a sage; his wife Siddhimatī gave birth to Laghuśyāmā or Mātaṅgī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 31. 89, 91-106.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mātaṅga (मातङ्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.64) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mātaṅga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Mātaṅga (मातङ्ग):—The name of the fifth of the pīthas of the Mātṛcakra, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. The presiding goddess is Guhyakubjī and according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, it is associated with Kuṇḍalinī who may be considered as one of Kubjikā’s manifestations.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Mataṅga (मतङ्ग) or Mataṅgāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Parameśvarāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Mataṅga Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Parameśvara-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Matanga (मतंग): A rishi during Ramayana period, Rama and Laxman pass by while searching Sita on way to mountain Rishyamūk on which dwelt Sugriva.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Matanga. The Bodhisatta born as a candala. See the Matanga Jataka.

2. Matanga. A Pacceka Buddha (M.iii.70; ApA.i.107). He was the last of the Pacceka Buddhas and lived near Rajagaha. At the last birth of the Bodhisatta the devas, on their way to do him honour, saw Matanga and told him, “Sir, the Buddha has appeared in the world.” Matanga heard this as he was issuing from a trance, and, going to Mount Mahapapata where Pacceka Buddhas die, he passed away. ApA.i.170; SNA.i.128f; Mtu.i.357.

3. Matanga. A hermit. One day he arrived in Benares and went to a potter"s hall for the night. He found the place already occupied by another hermit named Jatima, and was told by the potter that he could only stay there with Jatima"s permission. Jatima agreed to his staying, but, on finding that Matanga was a candala, he wished him to occupy a place apart. During the night Matanga wished to go out, and, not knowing where Jatima was lying, trod on his chest. When Matanga returned he took the other way with the idea of passing near Jatima"s feet, but meanwhile Jatima had changed his position, and Matanga again trod on his chest. Jatima thereupon cursed him, saying that his head would split in seven pieces at sunrise. Matanga thereupon stopped the sun from rising (SA.ii.176f).

The rest of the story is as in the Matanga Jataka. It may be a variety of the same legend. cp. also Narada and Devala.

4. Matanga. Father of Matangaputta (q.v.).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Mātaṅga.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘eight’. Note: mātaṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Matanga in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

mātaṅga : (m.) an elephant; a low-caste man.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Mātaṅga, (cp. Epic Sk. mātaṅga, dial. ) an elephant Dh. 329, 330 (here as Ep. of nāga); J. III, 389; VI, 47; Vv 439; Miln. 368.—2. a man of a low class (cp. BSk. mātaṅgī Divy 397) SnA 185 sq. (as Np.). (Page 527)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Matanga in Marathi glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

mātaṅga (मातंग).—m S An elephant. 2 pop. māṅga A low race or an individual of it.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mātaṅga (मातंग).—m An elephant.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mataṅga (मतङ्ग).—[mādyati anena, mad-aṅgac dasya taḥ Tv.]

1) An elephant.

2) A cloud.

3) Name of a sage; मतङ्गशापादवलेप- मूलादवाप्तवानस्मि मतङ्गजत्वम् (mataṅgaśāpādavalepa- mūlādavāptavānasmi mataṅgajatvam) R.5.53.

4) The king त्रिशङ्कु (triśaṅku); मतङ्गो धर्मात्मा राजर्षिर्व्याधतां गतः (mataṅgo dharmātmā rājarṣirvyādhatāṃ gataḥ) Mb.1.71.31.

Derivable forms: mataṅgaḥ (मतङ्गः).

--- OR ---

Mātaṅga (मातङ्ग).—[mataṅgasya munerayam aṇ]

1) An elephant; मातङ्गाः किमु वल्गितैः (mātaṅgāḥ kimu valgitaiḥ) K. P.7; Śi.1.64.

2) A man of the lowest caste, a Chāṇḍāla.

3) A Kirāta, mountaineer or barbarian.

4) (At the end of comp.) Any thing the best of its kind; e. g. बलाहकमातङ्गः (balāhakamātaṅgaḥ).

-ṅgī 1 Name of Pārvatī.

2) Name of Vasiṣṭha's wife.

3) Name of one of the ten Mahāvidyās.

4) A Chāṇḍāla lady; नताङ्गी मातङ्गी रुचिर- गीतभङ्गी (natāṅgī mātaṅgī rucira- gītabhaṅgī) Ā. L.

Derivable forms: mātaṅgaḥ (मातङ्गः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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