Kapota, aka: Kāpota; 19 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kapota means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kapota (कपोत, “pigeon”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘combined hands’ (saṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-four combined Hands).—Kapota (dove): the hands are joined at the side, base and top. Usage: taking oath, conversation with elders etc., humble acquiescence.

According to another book: the Añjali hands are separated. The patron deity is Citrasena. Usage: acquiescence, trees suchas the coconut, areca-nut, etc., plantain flower, cold, nectar, receiving things, casket, citron.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Kapota (कपोत, “pigeon”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with combined hands (saṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): Two (Añjali) hands meeting on one of their sides will make the Kapota hand. Listen about its uses.

(Uses): It is to be used to indicate an approach with inimical intention, bowing and talking to a venerable person. To indicate cold and fear, women are to hold this hand on their breasts. The hands [showing the Kapota gesture] released after the meeting of fingers will indicate anxious words, or ‘This much can be done’ or ‘Nothing more can be done.’

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Kapota (कपोत) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “pigeon/dove”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Kapota is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

The meat of the domestic pigeon is astringent, non-slimy and cold. It is madhura in Vipāka. It alleviates internal haemorrhage. The wild pigeons are slightly lighter, cold, constipating and diminishing the quantity of urine.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kapota (कपोत)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “wild dove” or “pigeon”. This animal is from the group called Pratuda (which peck). Pratuda itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

The flesh of the Kāṇa-kapota (wild dove) is heavy and has a palatable, saline and astringent taste. It proves beneficial in hæmoptysis and is sweet of digestion.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Kapota (कपोत) refers to the “pigeon”, whose meat (māṃsa) is classified as “celestial” (khecara) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The text [māṃsa-prakaraṇa] says the three fold division of meat [such as celestial (khecara)...]. Here different types of meat and their properties are discussed in detail. The celestial animals are [viz., kapota (pigeon)].

Regarding “forbidden combinations” (saṃyogaviruddha), the text says that “meat of pigeon” (kapota) harmful when fried in mustard oil.

Kapota (the meat of the small pigeon) is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., meat of kapota (small pigeon)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., kāṃsamūlapiṣṭa] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kapota in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

1) Kapota (कपोत).—A son of Garuḍa. (Chapter 101, Udyoga Parva).

2) Kāpota (कापोत).—A sage. Citrāṅgadā, the daughter of Kakutstha and Urvaśī, was his wife. She had two sons named Tumburu and Suvarcas. Kāpota received much wealth from Kubera and gave it to his sons. Once Kāpota cursed Tārāvatī, the queen of Candraśekhara, that she would bring forth two sons with monkey-faces. (Kālikā Purāṇa, Chapter 56).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Kapota (कपोत).—A dove, that attained permanent fame:1 entering houses forebodes evil.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 72. 21.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 32.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Kapota (कपोत, “dripstone”) refers to a type of moulding commonly used in the construction of an adhiṣṭāna or upapīṭha.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Kapota (कपोत).—A type of moulding common to both the prastara (parapet) and adhiṣṭhana (plinth);—This moulding is found both at the top of the walls of each tala, as a ‘cornice’, and in the plinth (adhiṣṭhāna). It represents a canopy roof, with overhanging thatched eaves, and contains nāsīs representing horsehoe arch dormer gables. Like roof (śikhara) mouldings, kapotas are decorated with vallimaṇḍalas. The terms ‘kapota cornice’ and ‘cornice kapota’ will sometimes be used to distinguish the moulding at the top of a wall zone from the plinth kapota. ‘Cornice’ is not a particularly illuminating term, but ‘parapet kapota’ would be less satisfactory, because the kapota is not part of the hāra of pavilions which it supports.

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Kapota (कपोत) is an important moulding of the adhiṣṭhāna. Kapota literally means a pigeon. Because the shape of this moulding resembles the shape of the slope of the pigeon’s head, it is called kapota. Kapota is a roll-cornice, the section of which looks like a quadrant. Sometimes, the underpart of the kapota is made hollow. Kapota is decorated with nāsis, the kapota may also have floral decorations, elongated stylized lotus petals, beaded string tassels, etc.,. Kapota is found on the plinth and on the upapīṭha as well. These kapotas, are not dissimilar to the kapotas found on the entablature. Kapota serves the function of a dripstone on the wall. It prevents the raintwater falling directly above its lower members. Occasionally kapota is drawn forward from the vertical norm of the mouldings of the plinth.

Source: Shodhganga: Development of temple architecture in Southern Karnataka

Kapota (कपोत).—A part (compound moulding) of the prastara, or ‘entablature’;—Kapota is the dripstone placed above the valabhi. It is a very prominent member of the elevation. Its synonyms are vaktrahasta, lupa, gopānaka and candra. Kapota is called by this name because it resembles the shape of a pigeon’s head. It projects forward from the vertical norm of the parapet. With projection and the shape of a semi circle, it resembles a pigeon’s head.

Kapota is constructed projecting prominently forward from the vertical norm of all the other members of the elevation, to serve as a dripstone for the temple wall. Kapota is generally cut out of long thick beams of stone. The section of the kapota is similar to a quadrant. The upper portion is always rounded or sloped and its soffit or under-portion in most cases, is flat.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

1) Kapota (कपोत, “pigeon”).—According to a note on the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIX), “the Buddha was once a pigeon (kapota) living in the Snow Mountains (himālaya). On stormy day, a man lost his way; miserable (daridra) and exhausted (ārta), hunger (bubhukṣā) and cold (śīta) had brought him to his last moments (muhūrta). Seeing this man, the pigeon flew to look for fire (agni), collected some kindling (indhana) and lit it. Then the pigeon threw itself into the fire and gave its body to the famished man”.

2) Kapota (कपोत, “pigeon”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. If sensual desires (kāmarāga), passion and ignorance (avidyā) were predominant in them [people], they are reborn as [for example] pigeon (kapota); thus they become one of the hundred thousand kinds of birds. If they are guilty of lust, their body becomes covered with hairs and feathers; their plumage is fine and smooth; their beak, big and wide; thus they cannot distinguish touch (sparśa) and taste (rasa).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kapota in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kapota : (m.) a dove; pigeon.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kapota, (Sk. kapota, greyish blue, cp. kapi) — 1. (m.) a pigeon, a dove J. I, 243; Miln. 403;— 2. (f.) °i a female pigeon PvA. 47; °ka (f. °ikā Miln. 365) a small pigeon J. I, 244.

—pāda (of the colour) of a pigeon’s foot J. I, 9. (Page 187)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

kapōta (कपोत).—m (S) kapōtā m (Poetry.) A dove or pigeon, esp. the spot-necked pigeon. kapōtī the female. kapōtā vaḷaṇēṃ g. of s. To emaciate or waste away.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kapōta (कपोत).—m A dove or pigeon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kapota (कपोत).—[ko vāyuḥ pota iva yasya Tv.]

1) A dove, pigeon.

2) A bird in general.

3) A particular position of the hands.

4) The grey colour of a pigeon.

Derivable forms: kapotaḥ (कपोतः).

--- OR ---

Kāpota (कापोत).—a. ( f.) [कपोत-अण् (kapota-aṇ)]

1) grey, of a dirty white colour.

2) Not hoarding much, very frugal; स्तुवन्वृत्तिं च कापोतीं दुहित्रा स ययौ पुरात् (stuvanvṛttiṃ ca kāpotīṃ duhitrā sa yayau purāt) Bhāg.9.18.25.

-tam 1 A flock of pigeons.

2) Antimony.

3) Natron.

4) Fossil.

-taḥ The grey colour.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kapota (कपोत).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. A dove or pigeon, especially the spotted necked pigeon. 2. A bird in general. E. kaba to tinge, to be of various hues, ātac Unadi affix, ba changed to pa.

--- OR ---

Kāpota (कापोत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tī-taṃ) Of a dirty white colour. m.

(-taḥ) 1. Natron, fossile alkali. 2. Antimony. considered as a collyrium or application to the eyes. 3. A pale or dirty white colour. n.

(-taṃ) A flock of pigeons, E. kapota a pigeon, &c. aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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