Pritha, Pṛthā, Prithā, Pṛtha: 13 definitions


Pritha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pṛthā and Pṛtha can be transliterated into English as Prtha or Pritha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Pṛthā (पृथा) refers to:—(or Kuntī)Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s aunt. She was the daughter of Śūrasena, the sister of Vasudeva, the wife of Pāṇḍu, and the mother of the three eldest Pāṇḍavas and Karna. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pṛthā (पृथा).—See under Kuntī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Pṛtha (पृथ).—A son of Raucya Manu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 109.

2) Pṛthā (पृथा).—A Vīramāta; surname of Kuntī (s.v.). A sister of Vasudeva. Became the adopted daughter of the childless Kuntibhoja who was a friend of her father, Śūra. She pleased Durvāsa by service and obtained some mantras; just to test their efficacy, she invoked the Sun-God who was before her. She requested him to return. But he conferred on her a son, when she was yet a maiden, and went away. Afraid of scandals, she abandoned the child in the river and later became the wife of Pāṇḍu;1 gave birth to three famous sons, all devaputras and equal to Indra. Yudhiṣṭhira from Dharma, Bhīma from Māruta, and Arjuna from Indra.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 8. 3, 17, 44; 13. 3; 15. 33; III. 1. 39-40; IX. 24. 30-36; X. 49. 1; 58. 7; 71. 39; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 150-51; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 31-4.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 46. 4, 7-9; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 149-153; 99. 243; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 35-6.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

1) Daughter of a Yadava chief named Sura. Arjuna was her son.

2) Pritha; another name for Kuntī (a character from the mahabharata and the Bhagavata Purana).

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Prithā (प्रिथा): Mother of Karna and of the Pandavas; equvivalent Kunti.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pṛtha (पृथ).—Ved.

1) The palm of the hand.

2) A kind of measure (of 13 Aṅgulas).

Derivable forms: pṛthaḥ (पृथः).

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Pṛthā (पृथा).—Name of Kuntī, one of the two wives of Pāṇḍu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthā (पृथा).—f.

(-thā) Kunti, the wife of Pandu. E. pratha to be famous, affs. aṅ and ṭāpa, the semi-vowel changed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthā (पृथा).—f. Kunti, one of the wives of Paṇḍu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛtha (पृथ).—[masculine] the palm of the hand.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pṛtha (पृथ):—[from pṛth] m. the flat or palm of the hand, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] a [particular] measure (the length of the h° from the tip of the fingers to the knuckles, or = 13 Aṅgulis), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) Pṛthā (पृथा):—[from pṛtha > pṛth] a f. See below.

4) [from pṛth] b f. Name of a daughter of Śūra and adopted d° of Kuntī and one of the wives of Pāṇḍu (mother of Karṇa before her marriage, and of Yudhi-ṣṭhira, Bhīma, and Arjuna after her m°; See Kuntī), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthā (पृथा):—(thā) 1. f. Kunti, wife of Pāndu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pritha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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