Vartta, Vārttā, Vārtta: 14 definitions


Vartta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vārttā (वार्त्ता) is another name (synonym) for Vārttākī, which is the Sanskrit word for Solanum melongena (eggplant), a plant from the Solanaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 7.194-195), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vārtta (वार्त्त).—One of the three Rākṣasa clans, moving about in day time as opposed to Niśācaras.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 61.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vārtta (वार्त्त) or Vārta refers to “dealers” (of flowers, roots, fruits, seeds, etc.), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Mūla will be druggists, heads of men, dealers (vārta) in flowers, roots, fruits and seeds; will be rich and will delight in garden work. Those who are born on the lunar day of Pūrvāṣāḍha will be of gentle manners; fond of sea-voyage, truthful, cleanly and wealthy; will delight in earth work; will be boatmen; will be dealers in fruits and flowers of water. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Vārttā (वार्त्ता) refers to “tales (of marvels)”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 226).—There are apparently several Tantric rites that Bāṇa pejoratively associates with the priest: [...] “his collection of practices for mastering mantras for invisibility had grown”; “he was acquainted with a hundred tales about the marvels (āścarya-vārttā) of the Śrīparvata mountain”; “his ear-cavities were punched by those possessed by Piśāca-demons, who had run to him when struck by white mustard seed he had empowered with mantras more than once”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vartta.—(CII 4; IA 14), same as Vṛtti-bhuj, ‘one who enjoys a grant or the share of a grant’; a person in possession of a vṛtti. Note: vartta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Vārta.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vārttā (वार्त्ता).—f (S) Tidings, intelligence, news. 2 Rumor. 3 Conversation or talk. v kara. 4 The third of the four divisions of rājanīti, explained by artha- vidyā or arthānarthavicāra,--the business of effecting or promoting national wealth and grandeur. See ānvīkṣikī, trayī, daṇḍanīti. vārttāhī nasaṇēṃ g. of s. To exist or be not even in name; to be in no degree or quantity whatever.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vārtta (वार्त्त).—a. [vṛtti-aṇ]

1) Healthy, hale, doing well.

2) Light, weak, unsubstantial (asāra).

3) Following a profession.

-rttam 1 Welfare, good health; सर्वत्र नो वार्त्त- मवेहि राजन् (sarvatra no vārtta- mavehi rājan) R.5.13;13.71; स पृष्टः सर्वतो वार्त्तमाख्यद्राज्ञे न संततिम् (sa pṛṣṭaḥ sarvato vārttamākhyadrājñe na saṃtatim) 15.41; Śiśupālavadha 13.68.

2) Skill, dexterity; अनुयुक्त इव स्ववार्त्तमुच्चैः (anuyukta iva svavārttamuccaiḥ) Kirātārjunīya 13.34.

3) Chaff.

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Vārttā (वार्त्ता).—[written also as vārtā]

1) Staying, abiding.

2) Tidings, news, intelligence; सागरिकायाः का वार्ता (sāgarikāyāḥ kā vārtā) Ratnāvalī 4; अस्मिन् महामोहमये कटाहे सूर्याग्निना रात्रिदिनेन्धनेन । मासर्तुदर्वीपरि- घट्टनेन भूतानि कालः पचतीति वार्ता (asmin mahāmohamaye kaṭāhe sūryāgninā rātridinendhanena | māsartudarvīpari- ghaṭṭanena bhūtāni kālaḥ pacatīti vārtā) || Mb.

3) Livehood, profession.

4) Agriculture, the occupation of a Vaiśya; कृषिपाशुपाल्ये वाणिज्या च वार्ता (kṛṣipāśupālye vāṇijyā ca vārtā) || Kau. A.1.4; यथा वार्तादयो ह्यर्था योगस्यार्थं न बिभ्रति (yathā vārtādayo hyarthā yogasyārthaṃ na bibhrati) Bhāg 7.15.29; R.16.2; Manusmṛti 1. 8; Y.1.311.

5) The egg-plant.

6) Name of Durgā.

7) (In Rhet.) The mere mention of facts without any rhetorical embellishment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartta (वर्त्त).—m.

(-rttaḥ) Living, livelihood, (generally at the end of a compound.)

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Vārtta (वार्त्त).—mfn.

(-rttaḥ-rttā-rttaṃ) 1. Well, healthy. 2. Following any business or profession. m.

(-rttaḥ) Health. n.

(-rttaṃ) 1. Chaff. 2. Skill. 3. Health, welfare. f.

(-rttā) 1. Tidings, news, intelligence. 2. Rumour, report. 3. Livelihood, business, profession. 4. Agriculture or trade, the proper occupation of the Vaisyas. 5. Abiding, staying, being. 6. Unsubstantial, light. 7. Healthy. 8. The egg-plant. E. vṛtti being, &c., aff. aṇ or ṇa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vārtta (वार्त्त).—i. e. vṛtti + a, I. adj. 1. Well, healthy. 2. Following any business. Ii. m. 1. Health. 2. Chaff. Iii. f. . 1. Abiding. 2. Livelihood, business, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 326; 10, 80. 3. Agriculture and trade, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 16, 2. 4. Rumour, report, [Hitopadeśa] 93, 19. 5. News, tidings, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 151, 6; [Pañcatantra] 231, 21. 6. The egg-plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vārtta (वार्त्त).—[adjective] common, regular; [feminine] ā livelihood, subsistence (—° living on or by); business, trade, profession ([especially] that of a Vaiśya); intelligence, news, tale, story, mention of ([genetive], [locative], [accusative] ±uddiśya, or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vārtta (वार्त्त):—[from vārtaka] mfn. ([from] vṛtti and vṛtta) having means of subsistence, practising any business or profession, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] healthy, well, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

3) [v.s. ...] ordinary, middling, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] worthless, vain, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

5) [v.s. ...] right, correct (See -taraka), [Patañjali]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man, [Mahābhārata]

7) Vārttā (वार्त्ता):—[from vārtta > vārtaka] a f. See below

8) Vārtta (वार्त्त):—[from vārtaka] n. health, welfare, [Kāvya literature]

9) [v.s. ...] chaff, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) Vārttā (वार्त्ता):—[from vārtaka] b f. livelihood, business, profession ([especially] that of a Vaiśya id est. agriculture, breeding of cattle, and trade; ifc. living on or by), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] (sometimes [plural]) an account of anything that has happened, tidings, report, rumour, news, intelligence, story of or about ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc. (vārttāṃ-√kīrt with [genitive case], ‘to give an account of, talk about’; kā vārttā, ‘what is the news?’)

12) [v.s. ...] talking or talk about ([genitive case] [locative case] [accusative] with uddiśya, or [compound]), [ib.] etc. (kā vārttā with [locative case], ‘what talk or question can there be about that?’ vārttayā-√kṛ with [accusative] ‘to talk about’; anayā vārttayāpi kiṃ kāryam, ‘what is to be done with her even in mere words?’) the mere mention of facts without poetical embellishment (in [rhetoric]), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

13) [v.s. ...] staying, abiding, [Horace H. Wilson]

14) [v.s. ...] occurrence, event, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] the egg-plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. vārttāka)

16) [v.s. ...] a female monster, [Caraka] ([varia lectio] vātā)

17) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [DevīP.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vārtta (वार्त्त):—[(rttaḥ-rttā-rttaṃ)] 1. m. Health; chaff. f. Tidings, report; occupation, profession; agriculture. a. Well; following a profession; staying; being.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vartta (वर्त्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uvvaṭṭa, Vaṭṭa, Vaṭṭā, Vatta, Vattā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vartta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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