Puru, Pūru, Purū: 16 definitions
Puru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Pūru (पूरु).—The youngest son of King Yayāti, who agreed to exchange his youth for his father’s old age.Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Puru (पुरु) refers to “son of of Mahārāja Yayāti who accepted his father’s request to exchange his old age for his youth (Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, 9.18–20)”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
1) Puru (पुरु):—Son of Jahnu (son of Hotraka). He had a son named Balāka. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.4)
2) Pūru (पूरु):—One of the sons of Yayāti (one of the six sons of Nahuṣa) and Śarmiṣṭhā (daughter of Vṛṣaparvā). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.18.33)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Puru (पुरु).—A Kṣatriya King. He was the son of Manu. Manu had eleven sons of his wife Naḍvalā.
2) Puru (पुरु).—A mountain. (Śloka 22, Chapter 90, Vana Parva).
3) Pūru (पूरु).—A celebrated king of Candravaṃśa. Genealogy. Descending in order from Viṣṇu are Brahmā-Atri—Candra—Budha—Purūravas—Āyus—Nahuṣa—Yayāti—Pūru.
Yayāti had two wives named Śarmiṣṭhā and Devayānī. Śarmiṣṭhā gave birth to Druhyu, Anu and Pūru. Devayānī gave birth to Yadu and Turvasu. Pūru becomes king. Yayāti, Pūru’s father, was turned into an old man by a curse of Śukrācārya. The king called all his sons to his side and requested each to take his old age and give him their youth. All the elder sons refused to do it but Pūru agreed to do so. Taking the youth of Pūru, his father, Yayāti lived a sensuous life for a thousand years. Then the king gave back Pūru his youth and crowned him as the heir apparent to his kingdom. (See under Devayānī). Other details.
(i) Pūru got of his wife Kausalyā alias Pauṣṭī three sons named Janamejaya (Pravīra), Īśvara and Raudrāśva. (Chapter 94, Ādi Parva).
(ii) After his death Pūru entered the court of Yama. Śloka 8, Chapter 8, Sabhā Parva).
(iii) Pūru along with Indra in the latter’s Vimāṇa witnessed the war between Arjuna and the Kauravas. (Śloka 10, Chapter 56, Virāṭa Parva).
(iv) A king called Māndhātā once defeated Pūru in a battle. (Śloka 10, Chapter 62, Droṇa Parva).
4) Pūru (पूरु).—The name of the charioteer of Arjuna (Śloka 30, Chapter 33, Sabhā Parva).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Puru (पुरु).—A son of Cāksuṣa Manu; his race was known as Pauravas; a son of Manu (also Maru) and Naḍvalā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 16; III. 1. 2; 3. 17. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 5.
1b) A son of Vasudeva and Sahadevā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 52-53.
1c) A son of Yayāti and Śarmiṣṭhā; his anointment by Yayāti on account of his faithfulness to his parents.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 25; Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 24; 93. 17, 55-88.
1d) Married Bṛhatī.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 255.
2) Purū (पुरू).—A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79. 106.
3a) Pūru (पूरु).—A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu. Loved and blessed by the daughter of Kāla.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 5. 7; IV. 27. 20; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 29. Matsya-purāṇa 4. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 67, 91.
3b) The son of Janhu and father of Balāka.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 3.
3c) A son of Yayāti and Śarmiṣṭhā; agreed to exchange his youth for his father's old age for a stipulated period of 1000 years; got back his youth and was anointed king; progenitor of the Paurava vaṃśa; father of Janamejaya; in his line were Brahmanas, Kṣatriyas and the Bharatas; blessed by Yayātī to have good sons; a legal point was raised by the members of the Assembly as to the legality of his succession to the throne when there was the eldest, Yadu, the grandson of Śukra; Yayāti explained that mere birth was no qualification for it was character that counted; the conduct of the eldest son was unsatisfactory and hence the youngest was chosen; this was approved by the Paurajānapadas;1 as an obedient son his consecration was accepted by the people though he was young; his kingdom was the territory between the Ganges and the Yamunā; his brothers were the lords of the frontiers.2 His line ends with Bahuratha.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 18. 33-45; 19. 21 and 33; 20. 1-2; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 156; Matsya-purāṇa 24. 54, 65-71; 32. 10; 33. 25-31; 34. 9-13, 15-28, 31; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 10. 6, 15-6, 30; 18. 30.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 35. 11; 36. 4-5.
- 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 1, 55.
Puru (पुरु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.70.1) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Puru) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study
Puru (पुरु) refers to one of the two sons of Śarmiṣṭhā (the daughter of Vṛṣaparvan) and Yayāti: one of the sons of Virajā and Nahuṣa, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Nahuṣa married Virajā (the daughter of Pitṛ) and was blessed with five sons of whom Yayāti was the most famous. Yayāti had two wives—Devayānī and Śarmiṣṭhā. Śarmiṣṭhā gave birth to Duhya, Cāru and Puru. [...] Being disinterested in enjoying kingdom king Yayāti consecrated Puru as the king and went to the forest.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Puru was the youngest son of King Yayati of the Chandra dynasty and Sharmishta, the daughter of King Vrishaparva of the Asuras. Shukra had cursed Yayati to attain premature old age. Yayati wanted to still enjoy his life, so he tried to get his sons to give him their youth in exchange. The elder brothers and half-brothers (Yayati's first wife was Devayani, the daughter of Shukra) refused to do it, but Puru was willing to make the exchange. In return, Yayati made him his heir.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Puru (पुरु).—a. (-ru -rvī f.) [पृ-पालनपोषणयोः कु (pṛ-pālanapoṣaṇayoḥ ku); Uṇ.1.24] Much, abundant, excessive, many; (in classical literature puru occurs usually at the beginning of proper names); इन्द्रो मायाभिः पुरुरूप ईयते (indro māyābhiḥ pururūpa īyate) Bṛ. Up.2.5.19; स्त्रीणां प्रियतमो नित्यं मत्तस्तु पुरुलम्पटः (strīṇāṃ priyatamo nityaṃ mattastu purulampaṭaḥ) Bhāg.7.15.7.
-ruḥ 1 The pollen of flowers.
2) Heaven, the world of the immortals.
3) Name of a demon killed by Indra.
4) Name of a prince, the sixth monarch of the lunar race. [He was the youngest son of Yayāti and Śarmiṣṭhā. When Yayāti asked his five sons if any one of them would exchange his youth and beauty for his own decrepitude and infirmities, it was Puru alone who consented to make the exchange. After a thousand years Yayāti restored to Puru his youth and beauty and made him successor to the throne. Puru was the ancestor of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas.] -ind.
1) Much, exceedingly.
2) Repeatedly, often.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Puru (पुरु).—mfn. (-ruḥ-ruḥ-ru) Much, many, exceeding. m.
(-ruḥ) 1. The name of a king, the sixth monarch of the lunar line. He was the youngest son of king Yayati and Sharmishtha, who consented to give his youth and beauty to his father in exchange for his infirmities. After a thousand years Yayati restored to him his youth and made him king of Pratishthana. He was an ancestor of the Kauravas and Pandavas. 2. Heaven, or the world and residence of immortals. 3. The farina of a flower. 4. The name of a Daitya. f.
(-ruḥ) The name of a river said to run a little to the northwest of the Saraswati E. pṝ to cherish or fill well, Unadi aff. ku.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Puru (पुरु).—in the Veda also pūru, i. e. pṛ10 + u I. adj., f. purvī. 1. Much, many. 2. Exceeding. adv. Very, exceedingly. Ii. also pūru, m. The name of an old prince, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 7, 4.
— Cf. [Gothic.] filu; [Anglo-Saxon.] fela, feala; comparat. [Latin] plus.
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Pūru (पूरु).—pūruṣa pūruṣa, see puru, puruṣa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Puru (पुरु).—[feminine] pūrvī much, many (in [later language] only °—); [masculine] [Name] of an ancient king; [neuter] puru or purū much, often, greatly; [superlative] purutama or purutama very much or many, very frequent, often repeated, [neuter] [adverb]
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Purū (पुरू).—v. puru.
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Pūru (पूरु).—[masculine] man, people (coll.); [Name] of a tribe & an ancient prince.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Puru (पुरु):—mf(pūrvī)n. (√pṝ) much, many, abundant (only purU, rūṇi, rūṇām and sub voce cases of f. pūrvī; in later language only [in the beginning of a compound]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (°ru/. much, often, very [also with a [Comparative degree] or superl.]; with simā, everywhere; with tiras, far off, from afar; purāru, far and wide; puru viśva, one and all, every, [Ṛg-veda])
2) m. the pollen of a flower, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) heaven, paradise, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) (cf. pūru) Name of a prince (the son of Yayāti and Śarmiṣṭhā and sixth monarch of the lunar race), [Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā]
5) of a son of Vasu-deva and Saha-devā, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
6) of a son of Madhu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
7) of a son of Manu Cākṣuṣa and Naḍvalā, [Purāṇa]
8) cf. Old [Persian] paru; [Greek] πολύ; [Gothic] filu; [Anglo-Saxon] ftolu; [German] viel.
9) Purū (पुरू):—[from puru] in [compound] for ru.
10) Pūru (पूरु):—m. ([originally]= puru, and connected with puruṣa, pūrvṣa) a man, people, [Ṛg-veda]
11) Name of a tribe (associated with the Yadus, Turvaśas, Druhyus), [ib.]
12) of a class of demons, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]
13) of an ancient prince (the son of Yayāti and Śarmiṣṭhā), [Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā; Purāṇa] (cf. [Pāṇini 4-1, 165], [vArttika] 3, [Patañjali])
14) of a descendant of Atri and author of [Ṛg-veda v, 16; 17; Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]
15) of a son of Manu and Naḍvalā, [Harivaṃśa]
16) of a son of Jahnu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Puru (पुरु):—[(ruḥ-ruḥ-ru) a.] Much, many. m. Name of a king; of a demon; heaven; farina. f. Name of a river.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)