Haya; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Haya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Haya (हय).—Description of a women of horse (haya) type;—A woman who is faithful, has symmetrical sides, thighs, hips, back and neck, straight and thick hairs, is charming, munificent, small, fickle-minded, sharp-tongued, quickly moving, and disposed to anger and sexual passion, is said to have the nature of a horse (haya or vājin).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1a) Haya (हय).—One of the ten horses of the moon's chariot.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 56; Matsya-purāṇa 126. 52; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 53.

1b) A Sādhya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 16.

1c) One of the three sons of Śatajit (Śataji, Matsya-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 4; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 4.

1d) Killed by Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 98. 100.

1e) A tribe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 273. 71.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Haya or ha'ya.—(Arabic) Islamic astronomy, particularly its geometric models.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Haya (हय) denotes ‘horse’ in the Rigveda and later.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

haya : (m.) a horse.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Haya, (cp. Vedic haya, fr. hi to impel. A diff. etym. see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. haedus) 1. a horse Vv 641; J.II, 98; Miln.2.—2. speed M.I, 446. —°vāhin drawn by horses J.VI, 125. (Page 729)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

haya (हय).—m S A horse. hayamēdha m S Sacrifice of a horse.

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hayā (हया).—f ( A) Shame, modesty, decorous reserve.

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hāya (हाय).—f ( A) Life.

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hāya (हाय) [or हा, hā].—This affix is the Persian attached, to form the plural, to nouns signifying inanimate objects, but, in Maraṭhi, to territorial designations only; as dēhēhāya, jilhēhāya, mahālahāya (, , ) Villages, Zillas, Mahals. Twice or thrice indeed we find an instance of its attachment to an ordinary noun; as gujāratahāya.

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hāya (हाय).—An interjection upon the sudden apprehension of some exquisite (esp. corporal) pleasure. 2 An interjection upon a pang or twinge or some sudden emotion or sensation of pain. Note. These two senses are the senses rather of the written word than of the interjection or sound hāya; for they belong to the interjection hāya under different modifications. The first is the sense of hāya as uttered with a full and continuing expiration; the second, of hāya as ejaculated suddenly and sharply. Other common ejaculations are hāṃ, hūṃ, cūṃ, kūṃ, isa, usa, ḍhama, ghama, kaṭā. hāya khāṇēṃ or ghēṇēṃ To take alarm at; to conceive terror or apprehension or anxiety at or about. hāya khāṇēṃ or ghēṇēṃ (tāpācī, khāṇyācī &c.) To have apprehensions (about fever, eating &c.) hāya patakaraṇēṃ or mōkalaṇēṃ To acknowledge some wrong or foolish or disadvantageous doing; to evince regret or sorrow about. hāya sōḍaṇēṃ -dēṇēṃ -ghālaṇēṃ To vent sighs or a sigh; and hāya ghālaṇēṃ To sigh after, i. e. long for. hāyāsa āṇaṇēṃ To exhaust, spend, knock up; to reduce to extremity of weariness and weakness. hāyāsa yēṇēṃ To come or fall into the state of exhaustion or prostration; to be knocked up, broken down, tired out &c.

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hāyā (हाया).—interj See hāya interj.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haya (हय).—m A horse. hayamēdha m Sacrifice of a horse.

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hayā (हया).—f Shame, modesty.

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hāya (हाय).—f Life. An interj. upon a pang or some sudden sensation of pain. hāya khāṇēṃ-ghēṇēṃ Take alarm at. hāya ghālaṇēṃ Sigh after i. e., long for. hāya mōkalaṇēṃ To ac- knowledge wrong-doing; evince sorrow about. hāyāsa āṇaṇēṃ Knock up. hāyāsa yēṇēṃ Be knocked up.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haya (हय).—[hay-hi-vā ac]

1) A horse; ततः श्वेतैर्हयैर्युक्ते महति स्यन्दने स्थितौ (tataḥ śvetairhayairyukte mahati syandane sthitau) Bg.1.14; Ms.8.296; R.9.1

2) A man of a particular class; see under अश्व (aśva).

3) The number 'seven'.

4) Name of Indra.

5) (In prosody) A foot of four short syllables.

6) The zodiacal sign Sagittarius.

7) The Yak (Bos Grunniens).

Derivable forms: hayaḥ (हयः).

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Hayā (हया).—A female horse, mare.

See also (synonyms): hayī.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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