Haya: 24 definitions


Haya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Haya (हय) refers to “horses”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, after Tāraka requested boons from Brahmā: “[...] That great demon [i.e., Tāraka] was crowned the king of the three worlds with the permission of Śukra, the preceptor of the demons. [...] Then the demon Tāraka seized gems and jewels of all the guardians of the quarters, Indra and others, offered under duress by them on being afraid of him. Afraid of him, Indra surrendered his Airāvata (white elephant) and Kubera all his nine treasures. White horses were surrendered by Varuṇa [i.e., śubhra-hayavaruṇena hayāḥ śubhrā], the wish-yielding cow Kāmadhenu by the sages, and the sun out of fear for him surrendered his divine horse Uccaiḥśravas. [...]”.

2) Haya (हय) refers to the “horses” (of a chariot), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.8 (“The detailed description of the chariot etc.”).—Accordingly, as Sanatkumāra narrated to Vyāsa: “The divine chariot of lord Śiva consisting of all the worlds was built by Viśvakarman with devoted effort. [...] O sage, the four Vedas are said to be his horses (haya) [hayāstasya tathā proktāścatvāro nigamā mune]. The remaining planets became their embellishments. [...]”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Haya (हय).—One of the ten horses of the moon's chariot.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 56; Matsya-purāṇa 126. 52; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 53.

1b) A Sādhya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 16.

1c) One of the three sons of Śatajit (Śataji, Matsya-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 4; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 4.

1d) Killed by Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 98. 100.

1e) A tribe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 273. 71.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Haya (हय).—Description of a women of horse (haya) type;—A woman who is faithful, has symmetrical sides, thighs, hips, back and neck, straight and thick hairs, is charming, munificent, small, fickle-minded, sharp-tongued, quickly moving, and disposed to anger and sexual passion, is said to have the nature of a horse (haya or vājin).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Haya (हय) refers to “horses”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Mars should be eclipsed by Rāhu [—the eclipsed or eclipsing lunar or solar disc as the case may be], the people of Āvanti, those living on the banks of the Kāverī and the Narmada and haughty princes will be afflicted with miseries. [...] If Jupiter should be so eclipsed, learned men, kings, ministers, elephants and horses [i.e., haya] will perish and persons living on the banks of the Indus and in the northern countries will suffer calamities. If Venus should be so eclipsed, the people of Dāśeraka, of Kaikaya, of Yaudheya and of Āryāvarta and the Śibīs will suffer; women and ministers will be afflicted with miseries”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Haya or ha'ya.—(Arabic) Islamic astronomy, particularly its geometric models.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Haya (हय) (lit. “one who is in the moon”) is a synonym (another name) for the Mangolian Wild Horse (Equus Caballus), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Haya (हय) represents the number 7 (seven) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 7—haya] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Haya (हय) denotes ‘horse’ in the Rigveda and later.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Haya in India is the name of a plant defined with Albizia procera in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Mimosa coriaria Blanco (among others).

2) Haya is also identified with Withania somnifera It has the synonym Physalis somnifera L. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Palynology (1980)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (1978)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1978)
· Pakistan Journal of Botany (1982)
· De la Belladone (1825)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Haya, for example chemical composition, side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

haya : (m.) a horse.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Haya, (cp. Vedic haya, fr. hi to impel. A diff. etym. see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. haedus) 1. a horse Vv 641; J.II, 98; Miln.2.—2. speed M.I, 446. —°vāhin drawn by horses J.VI, 125. (Page 729)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haya (हय).—m S A horse. hayamēdha m S Sacrifice of a horse.

--- OR ---

hayā (हया).—f ( A) Shame, modesty, decorous reserve.

--- OR ---

hāya (हाय).—f ( A) Life.

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hāya (हाय) [or हा, hā].—This affix is the Persian attached, to form the plural, to nouns signifying inanimate objects, but, in Maraṭhi, to territorial designations only; as dēhēhāya, jilhēhāya, mahālahāya (, , ) Villages, Zillas, Mahals. Twice or thrice indeed we find an instance of its attachment to an ordinary noun; as gujāratahāya.

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hāya (हाय).—An interjection upon the sudden apprehension of some exquisite (esp. corporal) pleasure. 2 An interjection upon a pang or twinge or some sudden emotion or sensation of pain. Note. These two senses are the senses rather of the written word than of the interjection or sound hāya; for they belong to the interjection hāya under different modifications. The first is the sense of hāya as uttered with a full and continuing expiration; the second, of hāya as ejaculated suddenly and sharply. Other common ejaculations are hāṃ, hūṃ, cūṃ, kūṃ, isa, usa, ḍhama, ghama, kaṭā. hāya khāṇēṃ or ghēṇēṃ To take alarm at; to conceive terror or apprehension or anxiety at or about. hāya khāṇēṃ or ghēṇēṃ (tāpācī, khāṇyācī &c.) To have apprehensions (about fever, eating &c.) hāya patakaraṇēṃ or mōkalaṇēṃ To acknowledge some wrong or foolish or disadvantageous doing; to evince regret or sorrow about. hāya sōḍaṇēṃ -dēṇēṃ -ghālaṇēṃ To vent sighs or a sigh; and hāya ghālaṇēṃ To sigh after, i. e. long for. hāyāsa āṇaṇēṃ To exhaust, spend, knock up; to reduce to extremity of weariness and weakness. hāyāsa yēṇēṃ To come or fall into the state of exhaustion or prostration; to be knocked up, broken down, tired out &c.

--- OR ---

hāyā (हाया).—interj See hāya interj.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

haya (हय).—m A horse. hayamēdha m Sacrifice of a horse.

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hayā (हया).—f Shame, modesty.

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hāya (हाय).—f Life. An interj. upon a pang or some sudden sensation of pain. hāya khāṇēṃ-ghēṇēṃ Take alarm at. hāya ghālaṇēṃ Sigh after i. e., long for. hāya mōkalaṇēṃ To ac- knowledge wrong-doing; evince sorrow about. hāyāsa āṇaṇēṃ Knock up. hāyāsa yēṇēṃ Be knocked up.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haya (हय).—[hay-hi-vā ac]

1) A horse; ततः श्वेतैर्हयैर्युक्ते महति स्यन्दने स्थितौ (tataḥ śvetairhayairyukte mahati syandane sthitau) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.14; Manusmṛti 8.296; R.9.1

2) A man of a particular class; see under अश्व (aśva).

3) The number 'seven'.

4) Name of Indra.

5) (In prosody) A foot of four short syllables.

6) The zodiacal sign Sagittarius.

7) The Yak (Bos Grunniens).

Derivable forms: hayaḥ (हयः).

--- OR ---

Hayā (हया).—A female horse, mare.

See also (synonyms): hayī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haya (हय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. A horse. 2. A man of a particular class. 3. The number “seven.” 4. Indra'S horse. 5. The Yak. 6. (In prosody,) A foot of four short syllables, a proceleusmaticus. f. (-yī) A mare. f.

(-yā) A plant: see aśvagandhā . E. hay to go, or hi to go, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haya (हय).—i. e. hi + a, I. m. 1. A horse, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 4. 2. A man of a particular class. 3. Indra. Ii. f. , A mare.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haya (हय).—[masculine] horse; [feminine] hayā & hayī mare.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haya (हय):—a m. (ifc. f(ā). ; [from] √1. hi) a horse, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) a symbolical expression for the number ‘seven’ (on account of the 7 horses of the Sun), [Śrutabodha]

3) the zodiacal sign Sagittarius, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) (in prosody) a foot of four short syllables, proceleusmaticus, [Colebrooke]

5) a man of a [particular] class, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) the Yak or Bos Grunniens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Name of Indra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) of one of the horses of the Moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) of a son of Sahasra-da, [Harivaṃśa]

10) of a son of Śatā-jit, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

11) [plural] the family of Haya, [Mahābhārata]

12) f(ā or ī) a female horse, mare, [Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

13) Physalis Flexuosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) mfn. urging on, driving (See aśva-haya).

15) [from hi] b etc. See p.1288, [columns] 2, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haya (हय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. A horse; number seven; Indra; man of a particular tribe. f. (ī) A mare.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Haya (हय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Haya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Haya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Haya (हय) [Also spelled hay]:—(nm) a horse; ~[śālā] a stable.

2) Hayā (हया):—(nf) shame, sense of shame; modesty; ~[dāra] modest; ~[dārī] modesty.

3) Hāya (हाय) [Also spelled hay]:—(int) oh ! ah me !, alas!; also a particle expressive of mental or physical agony; (nf) curse (as [kisī kī hāya na lo); -tobā] loud protestation; havoc, uproar, bewailing,—[daiyā] O, God ! Gos h!; -[hāya] see [hāya]; affiction; rush (of work etc.—as [hara vakta hāya-hāya paḍī rahatī hai]); panic and confusion; —[hāya karanā] to be rushed; to be afflicted; -[hāya paḍanā] utter panic and confusion to prevail; —[karake raha jānā] to be obliged to suffer mental or physical agony; —[paḍanā] a curse to come true; —[honā] to be jealous (of somebody’s prosperity, progress, etc.).

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Haya (हय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Hata.

2) Haya (हय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Haya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Haya (ಹಯ):—[noun] a horse; Equus caballus.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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