Dasharatha, aka: Dasaratha, Daśaratha, Dāśaratha, Dashan-ratha; 11 Definition(s)


Dasharatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Daśaratha and Dāśaratha can be transliterated into English as Dasaratha or Dasharatha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism


[Dasharatha in Purana glossaries]

1) Daśaratha (दशरथ):—Son of Balikā (son of Aśmaka). He had a son named Aiḍaviḍi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.41)

2) Daśaratha (दशरथ):—Son of Aja (son of Raghu). He had four sons, who appeared as incarnations in four forms, called Rāma, Lakṣmaṇa, Bharata and Śatrughna. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.10.2)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Daśaratha (दशरथ).—(Nemi). A famous king of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. He was the father of Śrī Rāma. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order. Brahmā—Marīci—Kaśyapa—Vivasvān—Vaivasvata Manu—Ikṣvāku—Vikukṣi—Śaśāda—Kakutstha—Anenas—Pṛthulāśva—Prasenajit—Yuvanāśva—Māndhātā—Purukutsa—Trasadasyu—Anaraṇya—Haryaśva—Vasumanas—Sudhanvā—Traiyyāruṇa—Satyavrata (Triśaṅku) Hariścandra—Rohitāśva—Hārīta—Cuñcu—Sudeva—Bharuka—Bāhuka—Sagara—Asamañjas—Aṃśumān—Bhagīratha—Sṛtanābha—Sindhudvīpa—Ayutāyus—Ṛtuparṇa—Sarvakāma—Sudās—Mitrasaha—(Kalmāṣapāda)—Aśmaka—Mūlaka—Khaṭvaṅga (Dilīpa; Dīrgha bāhu)—Raghu—Aja—Daaśratha. (See full article at Story of Daśaratha from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Daśaratha (दशरथ).—A son of Mūlaka, and father of Aiḍaviḍa. (Ilīvila, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 9. 41; V. IV. 4. 75.

1b) A son of Aja (Pāla) and of Indumatī; and father of Śrī Rāma (Dāśarathi Rāma, Vāyu-purāṇa) and three other sons, being the aṃśas of Hari.1 A friend of Romapāda to whom he gave his daughter Śāntā in adoption.2 King of Ayodhyā. Having no sons worshipped Tripurasundarī at the capital and spent seven days at Kāñcī praying to Kāmākṣī who blessed him with four sons.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 1-2; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 184; IV. 40. 100; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 49-50; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 183-4; 111. 64; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 86-7.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 7-8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 17-8.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 37. 31; 63. 184; IV. 40. 88.

1c) A son of Navaratha, and father of Śakuni (Ekādaśaratha, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 4-5; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 43-4. Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 41.

1d) A son of Satyaratha (Citraratha:*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 103.

1e) A Maurya king who ruled for eight years; son of Suyaśā and father of Samyuta.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 272. 25; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 30.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Dasharatha in Natyashastra glossaries]

One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Dasaratha, the Ardha-patāka hands crossed.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Katha (narrative stories)

[Dasharatha in Katha glossaries]

Daśaratha (दशरथ) is an ancient king of Ayodhyā, whose son, Rāma, was a partial incarnation of Viṣṇu, according to in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 51. Accordingly, “... long ago King Daśaratha, the sovereign of Ayodhyā, had a son named Rāma, the elder brother of Bharata, Śatrughna and Lakṣmaṇa.”.

The story of Daśaratha was narrated by the Vidyādharī Kāñcanaprabhā to Naravāhanadatta while in a Svayambhū temple of Śiva, in order to demonstrate that “people who possess firmness endure for a long time mutual separation to which no termination is assigned”, in other words, that “heroic souls endure separation for so long a time”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Daśaratha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Dasharatha in Hinduism glossaries]

1) Dasharatha was, according to Ramayana, the king of Ayodhya and a descendant of the Ikshvaku dynasty (also known as Suryavamsha or Raghuvaṃśa). His life story is narrated principally in the Hindu epic Ramayana. He was a descendant of Raghu and was the father of prince Rama, the principal character in the Ramayana. Dasharatha was the son of Aja and Indumati.

Dasharatha has three wives namely, Kaushalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi. Kaushalya was from the Kingdom of Magadha. Sumitra was from Kashi. Kaikeyi was from Kekeya Kingdom.

2) Dasaratha (दशरथ): King of Ayodhya and Rama's father.

etymology: Dasharatha- (Nemi) (Sanskrit: दशरथ, IAST Daśaratha, Indonesian: Dhasarata, Tibetan: ཤིང་རྟ་བཅུ་པ, Khmer: ទសរថ, Malay: Dasarata, Burmese: Dasagiri, Yuan: Dattaratthah, Tamil: Tacaratan, Thai: Thotsorot, Lao: Thotarot, Chinese: 十车王, Telugu: దశరథ, Daśaratha ?)

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

DASARATHA. [Source: Dowson's Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology] A prince of the Solar race, son of Aja, a descendant of Ikshwaku, and king of Ayodhya.

He had three wives, but being childless, he performed the sacrifice of a horse, and according to the Ramayana, the chief queen, Kausalya, remained in close contact with the slaughtered horse for a night, and the other two queens beside her. Four sons were then born to him from his three wives. Kausalya bore Rama, Kaikeyi gave birth to Bharata, and Sumitra bore Lakshmana and Satrughna. Rama partook of half the nature of Vishnu, Bharata of a quarter, and the other two shared the remaining fourth.

The Ramayana, in explanation of this manifestation of Vishnu, says that he had promised the gods to become incarnate as man for the destruction of Ravana. He chose Dasaratha for his human parent; and when that king was performing a second sacrifice to obtain progeny, he came to him out of the fire as a glorious being, and gave him a vessel full of nectar to administer to his wives. Dasaratha gave half of it to Kausalya, and a fourth each to Sumitra and Kaikeyi. They all in consequence became pregnant, and their offspring partook of the divine nature according to the portion of the nectar each had drunk.

There were several others of the name.

(Source): MythFolklore: Encyclopedia for Epics of Ancient India

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Dasharatha in Theravada glossaries]

1. Dasaratha - Another name for Janasandha, king of Benares (see Janasandha 1). The scholiast (J.ii.299) explains that he was so called because he did with his one chariot what others did with ten chariots (dasahi rathehi kattabbam attano ekeneva rathena karanato Dasaratho ti).

2. Dasaratha - King of Benares, identified with Suddhodana. See the Dasaratha Jataka.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Dasharatha in Jainism glossaries]

Daśaratha (दशरथ) is the father of Nārāyaṇa: the eighth Vāsudeva (“violent heroes”) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Since they enjoy half the power of a Cakravartin (universal monarch) they are also known as Ardhacakrins. Jain legends describe nine such Vāsudevas usually appearing together with their “gentler” twins known as the Baladevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The stories of king Daśaratha, queen Kekayī and their son, Datta are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Dasharatha in Marathi glossaries]

daśaratha (दशरथ).—m (S) The name of the sovereign of Ayodhya, the father of Rama. So named because his conquering chariot overran the ten regions.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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