Dasharatha, aka: Dasaratha, Daśaratha, Dāśaratha, Dashan-ratha; 12 Definition(s)
Dasharatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Daśaratha and Dāśaratha can be transliterated into English as Dasaratha or Dasharatha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Daśaratha (दशरथ):—Son of Balikā (son of Aśmaka). He had a son named Aiḍaviḍi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.41)
2) Daśaratha (दशरथ):—Son of Aja (son of Raghu). He had four sons, who appeared as incarnations in four forms, called Rāma, Lakṣmaṇa, Bharata and Śatrughna. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.10.2)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Daśaratha (दशरथ).—(Nemi). A famous king of the Ikṣvāku dynasty. He was the father of Śrī Rāma. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order. Brahmā—Marīci—Kaśyapa—Vivasvān—Vaivasvata Manu—Ikṣvāku—Vikukṣi—Śaśāda—Kakutstha—Anenas—Pṛthulāśva—Prasenajit—Yuvanāśva—Māndhātā—Purukutsa—Trasadasyu—Anaraṇya—Haryaśva—Vasumanas—Sudhanvā—Traiyyāruṇa—Satyavrata (Triśaṅku) Hariścandra—Rohitāśva—Hārīta—Cuñcu—Sudeva—Bharuka—Bāhuka—Sagara—Asamañjas—Aṃśumān—Bhagīratha—Sṛtanābha—Sindhudvīpa—Ayutāyus—Ṛtuparṇa—Sarvakāma—Sudās—Mitrasaha—(Kalmāṣapāda)—Aśmaka—Mūlaka—Khaṭvaṅga (Dilīpa; Dīrgha bāhu)—Raghu—Aja—Daaśratha. (See full article at Story of Daśaratha from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1a) Daśaratha (दशरथ).—A son of Mūlaka, and father of Aiḍaviḍa. (Ilīvila, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 9. 41; V. IV. 4. 75.
1b) A son of Aja (Pāla) and of Indumatī; and father of Śrī Rāma (Dāśarathi Rāma, Vāyu-purāṇa) and three other sons, being the aṃśas of Hari.1 A friend of Romapāda to whom he gave his daughter Śāntā in adoption.2 King of Ayodhyā. Having no sons worshipped Tripurasundarī at the capital and spent seven days at Kāñcī praying to Kāmākṣī who blessed him with four sons.3
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 1-2; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 184; IV. 40. 100; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 49-50; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 183-4; 111. 64; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 86-7.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 7-8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 17-8.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 37. 31; 63. 184; IV. 40. 88.
1c) A son of Navaratha, and father of Śakuni (Ekādaśaratha, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa).*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 4-5; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 70. 43-4. Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 41.
1d) A son of Satyaratha (Citraratha:*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 94; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 103.
1e) A Maurya king who ruled for eight years; son of Suyaśā and father of Samyuta.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 272. 25; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 30.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Dasaratha, the Ardha-patāka hands crossed.Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Katha (narrative stories)
Daśaratha (दशरथ) is an ancient king of Ayodhyā, whose son, Rāma, was a partial incarnation of Viṣṇu, according to in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 51. Accordingly, “... long ago King Daśaratha, the sovereign of Ayodhyā, had a son named Rāma, the elder brother of Bharata, Śatrughna and Lakṣmaṇa.”.
The story of Daśaratha was narrated by the Vidyādharī Kāñcanaprabhā to Naravāhanadatta while in a Svayambhū temple of Śiva, in order to demonstrate that “people who possess firmness endure for a long time mutual separation to which no termination is assigned”, in other words, that “heroic souls endure separation for so long a time”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Daśaratha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
General definition (in Hinduism)
1) Dasharatha was, according to Ramayana, the king of Ayodhya and a descendant of the Ikshvaku dynasty (also known as Suryavamsha or Raghuvaṃśa). His life story is narrated principally in the Hindu epic Ramayana. He was a descendant of Raghu and was the father of prince Rama, the principal character in the Ramayana. Dasharatha was the son of Aja and Indumati.
Dasharatha has three wives namely, Kaushalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi. Kaushalya was from the Kingdom of Magadha. Sumitra was from Kashi. Kaikeyi was from Kekeya Kingdom.
2) Dasaratha (दशरथ): King of Ayodhya and Rama's father.
etymology: Dasharatha- (Nemi) (Sanskrit: दशरथ, IAST Daśaratha, Indonesian: Dhasarata, Tibetan: ཤིང་རྟ་བཅུ་པ, Khmer: ទសរថ, Malay: Dasarata, Burmese: Dasagiri, Yuan: Dattaratthah, Tamil: Tacaratan, Thai: Thotsorot, Lao: Thotarot, Chinese: 十车王, Telugu: దశరథ, Daśaratha ?)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Daśaratha is the name of an ancient king as explained in the sthala-purāṇa associated with the Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam (Śrī Raṅgam) which represents a sacred place for the worship of Viṣṇu.—According to the sthala-purāṇa: [...] In the tretā-yuga, King Daśaratha of Ayodhyā performed the yajña of aśvamedha (the horse sacrifice). So he invited all the kings of the land. King Dharma Varma of the Chola dynasty from Tamilnadu was also present for the yajña and he happened to worship Śrī Raṅganātha in the sacred golden vimāna. The king wanted to bring the sacred vimāna to his kingdom and for this purpose he began to perform severe penance. Even after his return to his capital city Woraiyur, he continued his penance.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. Dasaratha - Another name for Janasandha, king of Benares (see Janasandha 1). The scholiast (J.ii.299) explains that he was so called because he did with his one chariot what others did with ten chariots (dasahi rathehi kattabbam attano ekeneva rathena karanato Dasaratho ti).
2. Dasaratha - King of Benares, identified with Suddhodana. See the Dasaratha Jataka.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)
Daśaratha (दशरथ) is the father of Nārāyaṇa: the eighth Vāsudeva (“violent heroes”) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Since they enjoy half the power of a Cakravartin (universal monarch) they are also known as Ardhacakrins. Jain legends describe nine such Vāsudevas usually appearing together with their “gentler” twins known as the Baladevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).
The stories of king Daśaratha, queen Kekayī and their son, Datta are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
daśaratha (दशरथ).—m (S) The name of the sovereign of Ayodhya, the father of Rama. So named because his conquering chariot overran the ten regions.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Relating to sacrifice ['एकः पशुः, द्वौ पत्नीयजमानौ, त्रयो वेदाः, चत्वार ऋत्विजः इति दशरथाश्च प्रचरन्ति यस्मिन् (ekaḥ paśuḥ, dvau patnīyajamānau, trayo vedāḥ, catvāra ṛtvijaḥ iti daśarathāśca pracaranti yasmin)' com. on Mb.12.8.37. -महान् दाशरथः पन्थाः (mahān dāśarathaḥ panthāḥ)].
2) A road affording space for ten waggons (according to M. W.).
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1) A son of Daśaratha in general R.1.44; अजीगणद्दाशरथं न वाक्यम् (ajīgaṇaddāśarathaṃ na vākyam) Bk.
2) Name of Rāma and his three brothers, but especially of Rāma; R. 12.45; प्रदीयतां दाशरथाय मैथिली (pradīyatāṃ dāśarathāya maithilī) Mahānāṭaka; यथा यथा दाशरथिर्धर्ममेवाश्रितोऽभवत् । तथा तथा प्रकृतयो रामं पतिमकामयन् (yathā yathā dāśarathirdharmamevāśrito'bhavat | tathā tathā prakṛtayo rāmaṃ patimakāmayan) || Rām.
Derivable forms: dāśarathaḥ (दाशरथः).
See also (synonyms): dāśarathi.
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Daśaratha (दशरथ).—Name of a celebrated king of Ayodhyā, son of Aja, and father of Rāma and his three brothers. [He had three wives Kausalyā, Sumitrā, and Kaikeyī, but was for several years without issue. He was therefore recommended by Vasiṣṭha to perform a sacrifice which he successfully did with the assistance of Ṛiṣyaśṛṅga. On the completion of this sacrifice Kausalyā bore to him Rāma, Sumitrā Laksmana and Śatrughna, and Kaikeyī Bharata. Daśaratha was extremely fond of his sons, but Rāma was his greatest favourite'his life, his very soul.' Thus when Kaikeyī at the instigation of Mantharā demanded the fulfilment of the two boons he had previously promised to her, the king tried to dissuade her mind from her wicked resolve by threats, and, failing these, by the most servile supplications. But Kaikeyī remained inexorable, and the poor monarch was obliged to send his beloved son into exile. He soon afterwards died of a broken heart]. Bhāg.9.1.1 °ललिता (lalitā) The fourth day of the dark fortnight of Āśvina.
Derivable forms: daśarathaḥ (दशरथः).
Daśaratha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms daśan and ratha (रथ).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-thaḥ) A proper name, sovereign of Ayodhya or Oude, and father of Rama. E. daśa ten, and ratha a car; whose car bore him to the ten quarters of the universe.
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(-thaḥ) A name of Rama. E. daśaratha the father of Rama, and aṇ patronymic affix; also with iñ affix dāśarathi m. (-thiḥ) .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Ends with: Ekadasharatha.
Full-text (+84): Shatrughna, Bharata, Santa, Kaushalya, Lakshmana, Sita, Sumantra, Timidhvaja, Kaikeyi, Dasharathi, Manthara, Aja, Ramacandra, Rama, Panktiratha, Rishyashringa, Nemi, Bharatakumara, Dhrishti, Sumitra.
Search found 48 books and stories containing Dasharatha, Dasaratha, Daśaratha, Dāśaratha, Dashan-ratha, Daśan-ratha, Dasan-ratha; (plurals include: Dasharathas, Dasarathas, Daśarathas, Dāśarathas, rathas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 19: Retreat to the forest < [Chapter IV - The, birth, marriage, and retreat to the forest of Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa]
Part 7: Plan to kill Daśaratha and Janaka < [Chapter IV - The, birth, marriage, and retreat to the forest of Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa]
Part 6: Rāma’s parents < [Chapter IV - The, birth, marriage, and retreat to the forest of Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa]
Elephantology and its Ancient Sanskrit Sources (by Geetha N.)
The Ramayana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XI < [Book 1 - Bāla-kāṇḍa]
Chapter XVI < [Book 1 - Bāla-kāṇḍa]
Chapter LXXVII < [Book 1 - Bāla-kāṇḍa]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXLIII - The Ramayana < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter LII - Regulations of Prayaschittas (penitential rites) < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CXLII - Incarnations of Visnu and the glory of nuptial fidelity of Sita Described < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 33 - A Hymn to Śani as a Remover of Trouble < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 116 - Narration of the Rāmāyaṇa of a Former Kalpa < [Section 5 - Pātāla-Khaṇḍa (Section on the Nether World)]
Chapter 242 - The Story of Rāma < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter V - Of rama’s self-dejection and its cause < [Book I - Vairagya khanda (vairagya khanda)]
Chapter CXXX - Entering of the stag into the fire < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter CC - The loud applause of the court on the sage's speech < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]