Yudhishthira, aka: Yudhiṣṭhira, Yudhisthira; 10 Definition(s)


Yudhishthira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Yudhiṣṭhira can be transliterated into English as Yudhisthira or Yudhishthira, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Yudhishthira in Itihasa glossaries]

Yudhiṣṭhira (युधिष्ठिर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.69) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Yudhiṣṭhira) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

Discover the meaning of yudhishthira or yudhisthira in the context of Itihasa from relevant books on Exotic India


[Yudhishthira in Purana glossaries]

Yudhiṣṭhira (युधिष्ठिर):—One of the sons of Pāṇḍu, begotten by Dharmarāja (god of wind) through the womb his wife Kuntī. He had a son by his wife Draupadī named Prativindhya. He also begot a son named Devaka through the womb of another wife called Pauravī. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.27-28)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Yudhiṣṭhira (युधिष्ठिर).—See under Dharmaputra.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Yudhiṣṭhira (युधिष्ठिर).—A son of Kuntī and Pāṇḍu born of Dharma, and father of Prativindhya and Sudhanu. Devaka was another son by Pauravī; descendants of Ajamīḍha;1 was defeated in a game of dice and was banished to the forest with his brothers and their wife. Was met and consoled by Kṛṣṇa and Satyabhāmā. Kṛṣṇa's respects to: heard from Nārada that Kṛṣṇa was the Supreme Hari and was much pleased. Enquired of Him when he met him at the city of the Pāñcālas. He and his four brothers were met by Kṛtavarman.2 His desire to perform the Rājasūya; joy at Kṛṣṇa's visit: provided suitable lodgings for Kṛṣṇa and his family. Addressing of the assembly on his desire to perform the Rājasūya, Kṛṣṇa asked him to get ready by defeating all the kings and bringing thus all the earth under his control: sent out his brothers in the four directions who defeated kings and brought much wealth. Was glad of Jarāsandha's death at the hands of his brothers: Sent for Purohitas for the sacrifice and invited all his kith and kin. The yajña comparable to that of Varuṇa; attended by all gods. For doing honour to the sadasyas there was some doubt about the first place, and Sahadeva's suggestion of Kṛṣṇa's name was accepted by all except Śiśupāla who insulted him in the public assembly. Kṛṣṇa's silence. The Pāṇḍavas with the Matsyas and others unsheathed their swords, and Kṛṣṇa sent his cakra which cut off his head. After avabhṛta, Yudhiṣṭhira shone like Indra. All took leave of him in joy except Duryodhana, who became jealous of the success of the Rājasūya and of Draupadī, and of Kṛṣṇa. Heard of Duryodhana's fall in the sabhā and sent Kṛṣṇa with dress and ornaments to him, which he rejected.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 27-30; I. 15. 13; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 154 and 259; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 9; 50. 49; 103. 2; 189. 1; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 153; 99. 244; 112. 44; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 35.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 64. 4-10; 58. 4 and 11; VII. 15. 79; X. 52. [56 (v) 5-8]; 57. 10[4].
  • 3) Ib. X. 70. 41; 71. 23-6 and 44; 72. 1-14; 73. 35; Chh. 74 and 75 (whole); 76. 2[3]; 77. 7.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Yudhishthira in Hinduism glossaries]

Yudhishthira is the eldest son of King Pandu and leader of the Pandavas in the Kurukshetra War. Duryodhana (son of Dhritarashtra) disputed his claim to the throne. He also challenged Yudhisthira in a game of (rigged) dice winning every game hence his kingdom and wealth. Also see: Duryodhana

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Yudhisthira is the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti. He was king of Indraprastha and later of Hastinapura. He was the leader of the Pandava side in the Kurukshetra War. For his piety, he was known as Dharmaraja (which may be translated as either ‘righteous king’ or ‘king of dharma’).

Yudhisthira; (Sanskrit: युधिष्ठिर, yudhiṣṭhira meaning “steady in war”, from yuddha meaning war, and sṭhira meaning steady).

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Yudhisthira (युधिष्ठिर) (yudhiṣṭhira) was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, king of Hastinapura and Indraprastha, and World Emperor. He was the principal protagonist of the Kurukshetra War, and for his unblemished piety, known as Dharmaraja (Most pious one). Some sources describe him to be an adept warrior with the Spear. He is also known as Bharata (Descendant of the line of Bharata) and Ajatashatru (One Without Enemies). Yudhisthira’s four younger brothers were Bhima, (born by invoking Vayu); Arjuna, (born by invoking Indra); and the twins Nakula and Sahadeva, (born by invoking the Ashwini Gods).

(Source): JatLand: South Asia

Yudhiṣṭhira (युधिष्ठिर).—The eldest of the Pāṇḍavas in the Mahābhārata, and the son of Dharmarāja or Yamarāja, the god of death. It was the dispute over his succession to the throne in India that led to the Battle of Kurukṣetra; he ruled the earth after the Kurukṣetra war.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

India history and geogprahy

[Yudhishthira in India history glossaries]

Yudhiṣṭhira (युधिष्ठिर) is an example of a name based on an Epic or Purana mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Yudhiṣṭhira) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Yudhishthira in Sanskrit glossaries]

Yudhiṣṭhira (युधिष्ठिर).—'Firm in battle', Name of the eldest Pāṇḍava prince, also called 'Dharma', 'Dharmarāja', 'Ajātaśatru' &c. [He was begotten on Kuntī by the god Yama. He is known more for his truthfulness and righteousness than for any military achievements or feats of arms. He was formally crowned emperor of Hastināpura at the conclusion of the great Bhāratī war after eighteen days' severe fighting, and reigned righteously for many years. For further particulars about his life, see दुर्योधन (duryodhana).]

Derivable forms: yudhiṣṭhiraḥ (युधिष्ठिरः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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