Mandhatri, Māndhātṛ, Mandhātṛ: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Mandhatri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Māndhātṛ and Mandhātṛ can be transliterated into English as Mandhatr or Mandhatri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ) is the name of an ancient king having performed the pacificatory ritual described chapter 47 of the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[This rite] should be employed by utterly glorious Sovereigns when they are in distress—[...] Ambarīśa, Śuka, Alarka, Māndhātṛ, Purūravas, Rājoparicara, Dhundhu, Śibi and Śrutakīrtana—those Kings of old attained Universal Sovereignty after performing this. They became free of diseases and free of enemies. Their fame was widely spread and blameless”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ, “thoughtful”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical composition (prabandha), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 67-84. Elā is an important subgenre of song and was regarded as an auspicious and important prabandha (composition) in ancient Indian music (gāndharva). According to nirukta analysis, the etymological meaning of elā can be explained as follows: a represents Viṣṇu, i represents Kāmadeva, la represents Lakṣmī.

Māndhātṛ is one of the sixteen words of elā and has a presiding deity named vāyuvegā (swift as the wind) defined in the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”), which is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Mandhatri in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Mandhatri : Mandhatri was a king, son of Yuvanaswa, of the race of Ikshvaku, and author of a hymn in the Rigveda.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Mandhatri in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ) or Mūrdhāta is the name of a king belonging to the ‘sun-king lineage’ into which Buddha was previously born, mentioned in order to demonstrate the fearlessness of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “The Buddha himself from the very beginning has always taken birth in the lineage of noble cakravartin kings. He was born into the families of the lineage of ‘sun kings’: king Ting-cheng (Māndhātṛ or Mūrdhāta), etc. This is why he has no fear”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Mandhatri in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ) or Mūrdhāta is the name of an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra, an encyclopedic work on Buddhism written by Nāgārjuna.

Māndhātṛ is known as Māndhāta according to the Mahāvastu of the Mahāsaṃghikas (and the Lokottaravāda school). Māndhāta can also be spelled as Māndhātā, according to the Dulva (the Tibetan translation of the Vinaya of the Sarvāstivādins).

Māndhātṛ is known as Mandhātar according to the Dīpavaṃśa and the Mahāvaṃśa.

Māndhātṛ is known as Mandhātu according to the Mahābuddhavaṃsa or Maha Buddhavamsa (the great chronicle of Buddhas) Anudīpanī chapter 1, compiled by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Mandhatri in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ) is the name of an ancient king, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “Siṃharatha’s son, Brahmaratha, became king next, then Cāturmukha, Hemaratha, Śataratha, Udayapṛthu, Vāriratha, Induratha, Ādityaratha, Māndhātṛ, Vīrasena in turn, King Pratimanyu, King Pratibandhu, King Ravimanyu, Vasantatilaka, Kuberadatta, Kunthu, Śarabha, Dvirada in turn, then Siṃhadaśana, Hiraṇyakaśipu, Puñjasthala, Kakutstha, Raghu. Among these kings some reached emancipation and some heaven”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mandhatri in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mandhātṛ (मन्धातृ).—m. Ved.

1) An intelligent man.

2) A devout or pious man.

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Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ).—m. Name of a king of the solar race, son of Yuvanāśva (being born from his own belly). As soon as he came out of the belly, the sages said 'कम् एष धास्यति (kam eṣa dhāsyati)'; whereupon Indra came down and said 'मां धास्यति (māṃ dhāsyati)'; the boy was, therefore, called Māndhātṛ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ) or Māndhāta.—(and other forms, see below; = Pali Mandhātā, n. sg., stem °tu-; there seems to be nothing in Buddhist legend suggesting identity with Sanskrit Mān- dhātṛ, except the name), name of an ancient cakravartin king, sometimes (e.g. in Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra, also in Pali) regarded as a pre- vious incarnation of Śākyamuni: °taḥ, °to, n. sg., Mahāvyutpatti 3558; Mahāvastu i.348.9; Divyāvadāna 210.20; 214.20; °tasya Mahāvastu i.348.9; Divyāvadāna 210.21; 213.23; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.67.14 ff.; 93.6 ff.; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 609.1; °tṛ- (stem in composition) Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 37.3; °tā, n. sg., Mahāvastu i.154.1; Divyāvadāna 210.23; 214.21; Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 36.11; Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 141.5; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 608.22; °tuḥ, gen. sg., Divyāvadāna 278.13; 576.10, etc.; Mādhātaḥ, cited as used by ‘some’, Divyāvadāna 210.21; Mūrdhātaḥ (q.v.), as n. sg. Mahāvyutpatti 3557 (so v.l. of Mironov, who reads Mūr- dhagataḥ, Kyoto ed. Mūrdhataḥ), also Divyāvadāna 210.19, and forms of this stem are much used in this Divyāvadāna and Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya story, interchangeably with stems Māndhāta and °tṛ; e.g. Mūrdhātasya Divyāvadāna 212.9, 18; °tena 212.19, 22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ).—m.

(-tā) A king fostered by Indra. E. māṃ me, dhātṛ drinker; from dhe to drink; having on one occasion sucked Amrita from the finger of Indra, who then used the exclamation which afterwards was the name of the prince.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mandhātṛ (मन्धातृ).—m. A proper name, Chr. 297, 13 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 13.

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Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ).—m. A proper name, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 270.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mandhātṛ (मन्धातृ).—[masculine] thinker, devout or pious man.

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Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ).—[masculine] [Name] of an ancient king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Madanapāla, patron of Viśveśvara (Mahārṇava).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mandhātṛ (मन्धातृ):—m. ([from] man = manas + dhātṛ) a thoughtful or pious man, [Ṛg-veda] ([according to] to [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska] = medhā-vin; [according to] to [Sāyaṇa] mostly a proper Name)

2) Name of a man, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra] (also [wrong reading] for māndhātṛ q.v.)

3) Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ):—m. (cf. mandhātṛ) Name of a king (son of Yuvanāśva, author of [Ṛg-veda x, 134]), [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) of another prince (son of Madana-pāla, patron of Viśveśvara), [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ):—(tā) 4. m. Name of a king fostered by Indra.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Māndhātṛ (मान्धातृ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Maṃdhāu.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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