Kasa, Kasha, Kāsā, Kasā, Kāśa, Kāsa, Kaśa, Kaṣa, Kaṣā, Kāṣa: 35 definitions


Kasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kāśa and Kaśa and Kaṣa and Kaṣā and Kāṣa can be transliterated into English as Kasa or Kasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Kāsā (कासा) is the name of a river mentioned in a list of rivers, flowing from the five great mountains (Śailavarṇa, Mālākhya, Korajaska, Triparṇa and Nīla), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 82. Those who drink the waters of these rivers live for ten thousand years and become devotees of Rudra and Umā.

One of the five mountains situated near Bhadrāśva, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 82. The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, instructions for religious ceremonies and a whole range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The original text is said to have been composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kāśa (काश).—A son of Śunahotra (Sutahotra, Vāyu-purāṇa) (Suhotra, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 5.

1b) A kind of grass (saccarum spontaneru) best for śrāddha purposes; significance of.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 75. 41.
Source: valmikiramayan.net: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Kāśa (काश) refers to “grass” (in the forest), according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.28. Accordingly:—“[...] soothening with kind words to Sītā, when eyes were blemished with tears, the virtuous Rāma spoke again as follows, for the purpose of waking her turn back: ‘[...] Oh, Sītā! Forest is full of trees, Kuśa grass (kāśa) and bamboos with ends of their branches spread on all sides. Hence, living in a forest is a great misery’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Kāsa (कास) refers to “coughing”, and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases (viz., Kāsa).

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

1) Kāsa (कास) refers to “cough” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kāsa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

2) Kāśā (काशा) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Saccharum spontaneum Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kāśā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Kāsa (कास) or Kāsaroga refers to “cough-related diseases” according to the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3). Accordingly, “the prana-vayu or the air which works the respiratory system may be deranged by one or more of the following:—(1) entrance of smoke into the month and the nostrils; (2) the rasa or chyle (i.e., the essence of the food digested in the stomach) moving upwards by the pressure of gas formed in the stomach, (3) excess of physical or mental exercise, (4) eating of food devoid of animal fat, (5) entrance of food info wrong places by hasty swallowing, and (6) suppression of calls of nature including sneezing. Thus deranged, prana-vayu follows the udana-vayu (i.e., the wind which governs the brain), is vitiated by kapha and pitta, causes sounds resembling those caused by broken bell-metal, and comes out abruptly through the mouth mixed with phlegm. This is what is meant by kasa (cough)”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Google Books: Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam: Essentials of Ayurveda

Kāsa (कास, “cough”).—Prāṇa combined with udāna gives rise to kāsa. The causes are—suppression of urges (āma), rasa (digestive disturbance), physical exertion, rough diet and smoke. Premonitory symptoms are—irritation in throat and mouth, itching in throat, difficulty in deglutition and anorexia. Dry cough with frequent paroxysms and pain is vātika, that attended with burning pain in chest and fever is paittika and in kaphaja there is discharge of thick sputum.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Kāsa (कास) refers to “cough”, mentioned in verse 4.8-18 and 5.17, 22 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] From the suppression again of belching (result) anorexia, tremo, oppression in the heart (region) and the chest, inflation, cough [viz., kāsa], and hiccup; in this case the remedy (is) as in hiccup. [...] Erysipelas, urticaria, leprosy itching of the eyes, jaundice, and fever [viz., kāsa] as well as cough, dyspnea, palpitation of the heart, freckles of the face, and swellings of the skin (result) from (suppressed) vomiting. A gargle, an inhalant, a fast, after one has eaten pungent (food)—its ejection, gymnastics, a bloodletting, and a purgative (are) commended in this case”.

Source: archive.org: Science And Technology In Medievel India (Ayurveda)

Kāsa (कास) refers to “bronchitis” and is one of the various diseases dealt with in the Dhanvantarīyapathyāpathya, as is mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—The Dhanvantarīyapathyāpathya deals with the treatment of various diseases [e.g., Kāsa]. The word pathyāpathya classifies those elements as either beneficial or hurtful in disease.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Kāsa (कास) refers to “cough”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 68 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (55) dosage form in the management of Kāsa. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Kāsa (कास) refers to “cough” which is mentioned as a disease that can be treated with metallic drugs including ingredients such as Śuddhapārada (purified mercury), Śuddhagandhaka (purified sulphur), Nāgabhasma (calcified tin) and Taṅkaṇa (borax), as mentioned in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 3) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha (mentioning kāsa) has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kāsa (कास):—Cough

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kāsa (कास) refers to “(suffering due to) asthmatic complaints”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The five years of the eleventh yuga are—1. Piṅgala, 2. Kālayukta, 3. Siddhārtha, 4. Raudra, 5. Durmati. In the first year there will be much rain and fear from thieves and mankind will suffer from consumption of the lungs and the like asthmatic complaints [i.e., kāsa]. In the year Kālayukta mankind will suffer from various evils; but in Siddhārtha they will be happy in more ways than one. In the year Raudra mankind will suffer much and there will be loss and ruin in the land. In Durmati there will be moderate rain”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Kāsa (कास, “cough”) refers to one of the worldly ailments, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—The Netratantra’s Second Chapter begins with the goddess Pārvatī’s request that Śiva reveal to her the remedy for the ailments that afflict divine and worldly beings. Among these maladies she lists [e.g, cough (kāsa)], [...]. Śiva responds that no one has ever before asked such a question and therefore he has never before revealed the answer. He emphasizes the importance of the mṛtyuñjaya-mantra and the Netra-tantra’s tripartite approaches of mantra, yoga, and jñāna (knowledge).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kaśā (कशा) refers to a “whip”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[Digression on a case brought against the Buddha; B. The defense].—[4. Insults to the Disciples].—[...] There are beings who are not introduced into the path by gentle words (ślakṣṇa-vāc) or by friendly instructions. They need strong words and heavy instructions for them to enter into the Dharma. They are like a good horse (aśva) who starts up when he sees the shadow of the whip (kaśā-chāyā) or the stupid donkey (gardabha) who starts walking only when he receives a blow. There are wounds that are cured only by a gentle herb (mṛḍvoṣadhi), by saliva (kheṭa) or a magic spell (mantra): there are wounds that are cured only when the sick flesh is cut out with a knife and a strong medicine applied to it. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha

Kasa (कस) refers to a “touch-stone” (used for testing Gold), according to the 8th-century Kuvalayamālā written by Uddyotanasūri, a Prakrit Campū (similar to Kāvya poetry) narrating the love-story between Prince Candrāpīḍa and the Apsaras Kādambarī.—There is a reference to gold of highest purity. Whatever impurity or dross was contained in the gold brought to the goldsmith was removed by the latter by subjecting it to different processes of testing it on the touch-stone (kasa), cutting, heating under regulated fire, beating out into flat sheets, filing the sheets and the same process of beating it into a different shape, giving it a shape of round bar and dividing into several parts for final testing.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kasa in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Elaeocarpus variabilis Zmarzty from the Elaeocarpaceae (Rudraksh) family having the following synonyms: Elaeocarpus glandulosus, Elaeocarpus oblongus. For the possible medicinal usage of kasa, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kasha in India is the name of a plant defined with Chionachne gigantea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Polytoca barbata Stapf (among others).

2) Kasha is also identified with Chionachne koenigii It has the synonym Polytoca barbata Stapf (etc.).

3) Kasha is also identified with Coix koenigii It has the synonym Polytoca barbata Stapf (etc.).

4) Kasha is also identified with Saccharum spontaneum It has the synonym Tricholaena semidecumbens (Roxb.) Schult. (etc.).

5) Kasha in Niger is also identified with Panicum repens It has the synonym Panicum hygrocharis Steud. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Cytologia (1990)
· Der Naturforscher (Halle) (1788)
· Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie (1902)
· Botanical Gazette (1879)
· Mémoires de l’Institut Égyptien (1901)
· Botanische Zeitung. Berlin (1861)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kasha, for example pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, extract dosage, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kasā : (f.) a whip. || kāsa (m.),1. a kind of reed; 2. consumption.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Kāsa, 2 (cp. Sk. kāsa) cough; in list of diseases under ābādhā A. V, 110=Nd2 3041. (Page 212)

2) Kāsa, 1 (cp. Sk. kāśa) a kind of reed, Saccharum spontaneum S. III, 137. (Page 212)

— or —

Kasā, (f.) (Vedic kaśā) a whip Vin. I, 99 (in Uddāna); M. I, 87, etc.; Dh. 143; Miln. 197.——kasāhi tāḷeti to whip, lash, flog as punishment for malefactors here, as well as in Niraya (see kamma-karaṇā) M. I, 87=A. I, 47= II. 122, etc.; PvA. 4 (of a thief scourged on his way to the place of execution); DhA. II, 39 (id.).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kasa (कस).—m (kaṣāya S) Strength, substance, essence, marrow, pith, virtue, goodness (of a thing gen.): the vegetative or nutrimental principle (as of soils and of their productions, of articles of food &c.): the butyraceous portion of milk: profitableness or remunerativeness (of a trade or business): vigor (of body &c.) 2 (kaṣa S) The quality of gold or silver as determined by its appearance on the touchstone. 3 f A strain or the ache of it. v bhara.

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kasā (कसा).—a Of what kind, sort, fashion, manner, appearance? Pr. kaśānta kāya phāṭakyānta pāya.

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kasā (कसा).—ad How? in which way or method? for what reason? by what cause? This word is much used in connection with the verbs, indicating unprecedentedness or extraordinariness of action; as hā dhāvatō kasā-jēvatō kasā-lihitō kasā-vācatō kasā -bōlatō kasā &c. This man runs, eats, writes &c. how? oh! how shall I describe it--with what comparison compare it? dhāva kasā, jēva kasā, bōla kasā &c. Run, eat, speak &c. how? oh! how shall I say how? i.e. Run &c. with utterly unexampled speed; run as māruti; speak as bṛhaspati; write as gaṇapati; give or be liberal as karṇa or balī. 2 Used also in indication of generalness or indefiniteness; as jā kasā, yē kasā, bōla kasā &c. Go, come, speak &c. someway or other, any how.

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kasā (कसा).—m (kasaṇēṃ) The string or tie (of an Angrakha, cap &c.) 2 A long narrow money bag. 3 The string by which the mouth of a bag is drawn and closed, knittle.

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kāśa (काश).—m (S) A grass, Saccharum spontaneum.

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kāśā (काशा) [or कांशा, kāṃśā].—f pl (sing kāṃśī but little used.) The roots of the grass haraḷī or kundā, or the larger corn-plants. Used for fuel &c. kāśā bharaḍaṇēṃ g. of o. To rate, revile, row; to abuse vehemently and coarsely.

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kāsa (कास).—a & ad A word of tailors. Straight--cloth cut or cutting cloth. Opp. to irāba or irēpha Oblique or obliquely.

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kāsa (कास).—f Udder. 2 The tuck of the dhōtara or lugaḍēṃ. v ghāla, khōñca. 3 (Poetry.) The loins or waist. Ex. gaḷāṃ tuḷasīhāra kāsēṃ pītāmbara || āvaḍē nirantara hēñci dhyāna ||. 4 m C Ground preserved for grass to grow, a meadow, a lay or lea. 5 An allotment of land (of the good and inferior qualities, or of bāgāyata & jirāyata) having the assessment laid upon it as a whole, not upon, and according to the quality of, the different parcels composing it. Sometimes kāsa is an allotment of mere bāgāyata-land or of mere jirāyata-land. See under kāsabandī & kāsajamīna. Further, kāsa is applied, in parts of the Konkan̤, to a division off of a khāñcarī (rice-field), or a piece attached to the field to receive its rubbish &c., an appendage-plot. About Satara and Wye, kāsa is Land allotted elsewhere as supplementary. 6 S Cough. 7 S A grass, Saccharum spontaneum. kāsa ghālaṇēṃ To tuck in the kāsa or tuck, i. e. to gird and prepare one's self for an undertaking. 2 To let down the udder--a cow &c. kāsēsa lāgaṇēṃ or kāsa dharaṇēṃ g. of o. To cling unto (some powerful person) for protection &c. Ex. raghupati tujhī kāsa dharilī || tariṃ tvāṃ kēlī upēkṣā ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kasa (कस).—m Strength, essence. The quality of gold, &c., as determined by its ap- pearance on the touch-stone. A strain.

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kasā (कसा).—a Of what kind? ad How? m Tie, a long narrow money-bag.

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kāsa (कास).—f Udder. The tuck of the dhōtara or lugaḍēṃ. kāsa dharaṇēṃ. Cling to for protec- tion. &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaśa (कश).—

1) A whip (usually in pl.).

-śā A whip; इदानीं सुकुमारेऽस्मिन् निःशङ्कं कर्कशाः कशाः । तव गात्रे पतिष्यन्ति सहास्माकं मनोरथैः (idānīṃ sukumāre'smin niḥśaṅkaṃ karkaśāḥ kaśāḥ | tava gātre patiṣyanti sahāsmākaṃ manorathaiḥ) || Mṛcchakaṭika 9.35 (where the word may be m. or f.)

2) Flogging.

3) A string, rope.

4) The mouth.

5) A quality.

6) Fat; कशशब्दो मेदसि प्रसिद्धः । यथा कशवाहिनो रथाः मेदोवाहिन इति गम्यते (kaśaśabdo medasi prasiddhaḥ | yathā kaśavāhino rathāḥ medovāhina iti gamyate) | ŚB. on MS.9.4.22.

Derivable forms: kaśaḥ (कशः).

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Kaṣa (कष).—a. [kaṣ-ac] Rubbing, scratching.

-ṣaḥ 1 Rubbing.

2) A touch-stone; छदहेम कषन्निवालसत्कषपाषाणनिभे नभस्तले (chadahema kaṣannivālasatkaṣapāṣāṇanibhe nabhastale) N.2.69; सुवर्णरेखेव कषे निवेशिता (suvarṇarekheva kaṣe niveśitā) Mṛcchakaṭika 3.17.

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Kaṣā (कषा).—= कशा (kaśā) q. v. कृच्छ्रेण पृष्ठे कषयाभिताडितः (kṛcchreṇa pṛṣṭhe kaṣayābhitāḍitaḥ) | Bhāg.

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Kasa (कस).—A touch-stone; cf. कष (kaṣa).

Derivable forms: kasaḥ (कसः).

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Kasā (कसा).—= कशा (kaśā) q. v.

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Kāśa (काश).—[kāś-ac] A kind of grass used for mats, roofs, &c.

-śam A flower of that grass; Ku. 7.11; R.4.17; Ṛtusaṃhāra 3.1,2,28. चरति पुलिनेषु हंसी काशां- शुकवासिनी सुसंहृष्टा (carati pulineṣu haṃsī kāśāṃ- śukavāsinī susaṃhṛṣṭā) Pratimā.1.2.

-śaḥ 1 = कास (kāsa) q. v.

2) Appearance.

3) Splendour. यन्माययापि विबुधा मुह्यन्ति ज्ञानकाशया (yanmāyayāpi vibudhā muhyanti jñānakāśayā) Bhāgavata 12.1.2.

Derivable forms: kāśaḥ (काशः), kāśam (काशम्).

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Kāṣa (काष).—[kaṣ-ghañ]

1) Rubbing, scratching; पथिषु विटपिनां स्कन्धकाषैः सधूमः (pathiṣu viṭapināṃ skandhakāṣaiḥ sadhūmaḥ) Ve.2.18.

2) That against which anything is rubbed (as the stock of a tree); लीनालिः सुरकरिणां कपोलकाषः (līnāliḥ surakariṇāṃ kapolakāṣaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 5.26; see कपोलकाष (kapolakāṣa) also.

Derivable forms: kāṣaḥ (काषः).

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Kāsa (कास) or Kāsā (कासा).—[kās-ghañ]

1) Cough, catarrh. मुञ्च शीपेक्त्था उत कास एनम् (muñca śīpektthā uta kāsa enam) Av.1.12.3; कासश्वासकृतायासः कण्ठे घुरघुरायते (kāsaśvāsakṛtāyāsaḥ kaṇṭhe ghuraghurāyate) Bhāgavata 3.3.16.

2) Sneezing.

Derivable forms: kāsaḥ (कासः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaśā (कशा).—f.

(-śā) 1. A whip. 2. Whipping, flogging. E. kaś to hurt, ac and ṭāp affixes: also kaṣa.

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Kaṣa (कष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) The touchstone. f.

(-ṣā) A whip; also kaśā. E. kaṣ to hurt, to test or try, ac and ṭāp affs.

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Kasa (कस).—m.

(-saḥ) A touchstone: see kaṣa. f.

(-sā) A whip: see kaśā and kaṣā.

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Kāśa (काश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. Cough, catarrah: see kāsa. 2. Sneezing. n.

(-śaṃ) 1. A species of grass, (Saccharum spontaneum.) 2. Irritation in the throat. f. (-śī) Kasi or Benares, the holy city so called.

(-śī or -śā) Saccharum spontaneum, as above. E. kaś to sound, in the causal form, ac affix; or kāś to shine, ac and ṅīṣ fem. aff.

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Kāsa (कास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. Cough, catarrh. 2. A species of reed or long grass, (Saccharum spontaneum.) 3. Morunga, (Hyperanthera, &c.) see śībhāñjana. E. kās to cough, to make an unpleasant sound, ac affix: also kāś to shine, &c. see kāśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaśa (कश).—m., and f. ā, A whip, Mahābhārata 3, 13268; 13272; also kaṣā kaṣa, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 30, 23.

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Kaṣa (कष).—[kaṣ + a], m. The touch-stone, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 48, 12.

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Kaṣā (कषा).—see kaśa.

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Kāśa (काश).—[kāś + a], m. and n. A species of grass, Saccharum spontaneum, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 28, 22. When the latter part of a comp. adj., f. śā, e. g. kusumita-nava-, adj., f. śā, Covered with fresh blossoming Kāśa, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 3, 28. Cf. kāsa.

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Kāsa (कास).—[kās + a], m. Cough, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 30, 17; with ś instead of s, Śāntiś. 2, 27.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaśa (कश).—[masculine] a kind of gnawing animal, a whip; [feminine] kaśā whip, rope, rein.

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Kaṣa (कष).—[adjective] rubbing, wearing off (—°); as subst. the touchstone.

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Kāśa (काश).—[masculine] a kind of grass.

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Kāṣa (काष).—[masculine] rubbing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaśa (कश):—[from kaś] m. a species of rodent animal, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] (cf. kaśīkā)

2) [v.s. ...] a whip, thong, [Mahābhārata] (cf. prakaśa)

3) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] ([edition] [Bombay edition])

4) Kaśā (कशा):—[from kaś] a f. ([Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 11; Nirukta, by Yāska ix, 19]) a whip, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (also written kaṣā, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa])

5) [v.s. ...] a rein, bridle, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

6) [v.s. ...] whipping, flogging, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] a string, rope, thong, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] face, mouth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] quality, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) b etc. See √kaś.

11) Kaṣa (कष):—[from kaṣ] mfn. (ifc.) rubbing, scraping, rubbing away

12) [v.s. ...] m. rubbing, [Naiṣadha-carita]

13) [v.s. ...] a touchstone, assay (nikaṣa), [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 3-3, 119; Mṛcchakaṭikā]

14) Kaṣā (कषा):—[from kaṣa > kaṣ] a f. (for kaśā q.v.) a whip, [Rāmāyaṇa vi, 37, 41; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

15) [from kaṣ] b f. See before sub voce kaṣa.

16) Kasa (कस):—[from kas] 1. kasa mfn., [Pāṇini 3-1, 140.]

17) 2. kasa m. (= kaṣa) a touch stone [Scholiast or Commentator] on [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) Kasā (कसा):—[from kasa] f. (= kaśā) a whip [Scholiast or Commentator] on [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) Kāśa (काश):—[from kāś] 1. kāśa m. ‘the becoming visible, appearance’, only in sa-k q.v.

20) [v.s. ...] Name of a man [gana] aśvādi

21) [v.s. ...] of a prince (the son of Suhotra and father of Kāśi-rāja), [Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

22) [v.s. ...] a species of grass (Saccharum spontaneum, used for mats, roofs, etc.; also personified, together with the Kuśa grass, as one of Yama’s attendants), [Kauśika-sūtra; Rāmāyaṇa; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.

23) [v.s. ...] f(ā, ī). idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) [v.s. ...] n. idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) 2. kāśa wrongly spelt for kāsa q.v.

26) Kāṣa (काष):—See kapola-k.

27) Kāsa (कास):—[from kās] 1. kāsa m. idem, [Suśruta; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

28) [v.s. ...] (also) going, motion, [Śiśupāla-vadha xix, 27].

29) Kāsā (कासा):—[from kāsa > kās] f. idem, [Atharva-veda vi, 105, 1-3.]

30) Kāsa (कास):—2. kāsa mn. for kāśa (the grass Saccharum spontaneum), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

31) m. the plant Moringa pterygosperma, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

32) 3. kāsa mfn. [from] √kas, [Pāṇini 3-1, 140.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaśā (कशा):—(śā) 1. f. A whip.

2) Kaṣa (कष):—(ṣaḥ) 1. m. The touch-stone. f. (ṣā) A whip, a scourge.

3) Kasa (कस):—(saḥ) 1. m. A touch-stone. f. () A whip, a scourge.

4) Kāśa (काश):—[(śaḥ-śī-śaṃ)] 1. m. Cough. 3. f. Banāras. 1. n. A kind of grass.

5) Kāṣa (काष):—(ṣaḥ) 1. m. Friction; its cause.

6) Kāsa (कास):—(saḥ) 1. m. Cough; a kind of reed or long grass.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kaśa (कश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kasa, Kasā, Kasāya, Kāsa, Khāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kaśa (कश) [Also spelled kash]:—(nm) a whip, lash; drawing, pulling; whiff, puff, inhalation; a suffix used to denote one who pulls or lifts, e.g., [mehanatakaśa; ~makaśa] struggle; divergent pulling, wrangling; -[khīṃcanā/lagānā/lenā] to have a puff.

2) Kasa (कस) [Also spelled kas]:—(nm) assay, test; strength, power; ~[dāra] strong, sturdy; —[bala] strength, power.

3) Kasa (कस) [Also spelled kas]:——an allomorph of [kāṃsā] used as the first member in compound words; ~[kuṭa] an alloy of copper and zinc; ~[haṃḍī] ([kaseṃḍī]) a huge bronze pitcher.

4) Kāśa (काश) [Also spelled kash]:—(ind) Had God willed thus !

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kasa (कस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kaṣ.

2) Kasa (कस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kaśa.

3) Kasa (कस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kaṣa.

4) Kasā (कसा) also relates to the Sanskrit words: Kaśā, Kasā.

5) Kāsa (कास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kās.

6) Kāsa (कास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kāśa.

7) Kāsā (कासा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kṛśā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaśa (ಕಶ):—

1) [noun] a lash attached to a stick for urging on animals or punishing etc.; a whip.

2) [noun] a string; a rope.

3) [noun] an external opening in the head, through which most animals admit food and emit communicative sounds; the mouth.

4) [noun] a distinctive attribute or faculty; a characteristic trait; a quality.

5) [noun] the act of whipping, lashing; flogging.

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Kaṣa (ಕಷ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of rubbing.

2) [noun] a type of black stone used to test the purity of gold or silver by the streak left on it when it was rubbed with the metal; a touchstone; streak plate.

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Kasa (ಕಸ):—

1) [noun] waste material; debris, refuse, litter; rubbish; sweepings.

2) [noun] worthless material or articles; junk.

3) [noun] a wild plant growing where it is not wanted; a weed.

4) [noun] a flattened circular organ in the uterus of pregnant eutherian mammals, nourishing and maintaining the foetus through the umbilical cord and expelled after birth; the placenta.

5) [noun] ಕಸಕ್ಕಿಂತ ಕಡೆಯಾಗಿ ಕಾಣು [kasakkimta kadeyagi kanu] kasakkinta kaḍeyāgi kāṇu to treat without respect; ಕಸದ ಬೀಜ [kasada bija] kasada bīja a seed of a particular plant ued in preparation of pan; ಕಸ ತಿನ್ನುವುದಕ್ಕಿಂತ ತುಸು ತಿನ್ನುವುದು ಮೇಲು [kasa tinnuvudakkimta tusu tinnuvudu melu] kasa tinnuvudakkinta tusu tinnuvudu mēlu a morsel of good food is better than a plateful of worthless stuff.

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Kāśa (ಕಾಶ):—

1) [noun] brightness; radiance; brilliance; lustre.

2) [noun] the grass Saccharum spontaneum of Poaceae family.

3) [noun] the grass Sorghum nitidum (= Andropogon serratus) of Poaceae family.

4) [noun] a flower of this grass.

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Kāsa (ಕಾಸ):—

1) [noun] the act of blowing, blooming, developing (as a flower).

2) [noun] brightness; illumination; lustre.

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Kāsa (ಕಾಸ):—

1) [noun] the act or sound of coughing; cough.

2) [noun] a gen. chronic disorder characterised by wheezing, coughing, difficulty in breathing, and a suffocating feeling, caused by an allergy to inhaled substances, stress, etc.; asthma.

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Kāsa (ಕಾಸ):—

1) [noun] of, belonging to or concerning a particular person.

2) [noun] important.

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Kāsā (ಕಾಸಾ):—

1) [noun] of, belonging to or concerning a particular person.

2) [noun] important.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Kāsā (காஸா) adjectival < Urdu khāsā. Excellent, pure, good; முதல்தரமான. [muthaltharamana.]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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