Kasa, aka: Kasha, Kāsā, Kasā, Kāśa, Kāsa, Kaśa, Kaṣa, Kaṣā, Kāṣa; 9 Definition(s)


Kasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kāśa and Kaśa and Kaṣa and Kaṣā and Kāṣa can be transliterated into English as Kasa or Kasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kāsā (कासा) is the name of a river mentioned in a list of rivers, flowing from the five great mountains (Śailavarṇa, Mālākhya, Korajaska, Triparṇa and Nīla), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 82. Those who drink the waters of these rivers live for ten thousand years and become devotees of Rudra and Umā.

One of the five mountains situated near Bhadrāśva, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 82. The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, instructions for religious ceremonies and a whole range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The original text is said to have been composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1a) Kāśa (काश).—A son of Śunahotra (Sutahotra, Vāyu-purāṇa) (Suhotra, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 4; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 5.

1b) A kind of grass (saccarum spontaneru) best for śrāddha purposes; significance of.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 75. 41.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Kāsa (कास, “cough”).—Prāṇa combined with udāna gives rise to kāsa. The causes are—suppression of urges (āma), rasa (digestive disturbance), physical exertion, rough diet and smoke. Premonitory symptoms are—irritation in throat and mouth, itching in throat, difficulty in deglutition and anorexia. Dry cough with frequent paroxysms and pain is vātika, that attended with burning pain in chest and fever is paittika and in kaphaja there is discharge of thick sputum.

Source: Google Books: Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam: Essentials of Ayurveda

Kāsa (कास) refers to “cough”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 68 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (55) dosage form in the management of Kāsa. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

kasā : (f.) a whip. || kāsa (m.),1. a kind of reed; 2. consumption.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Kāsa, 2 (cp. Sk. kāsa) cough; in list of diseases under ābādhā A. V, 110=Nd2 3041. (Page 212)

2) Kāsa, 1 (cp. Sk. kāśa) a kind of reed, Saccharum spontaneum S. III, 137. (Page 212)

— or —

Kasā, (f.) (Vedic kaśā) a whip Vin. I, 99 (in Uddāna); M. I, 87, etc.; Dh. 143; Miln. 197.——kasāhi tāḷeti to whip, lash, flog as punishment for malefactors here, as well as in Niraya (see kamma-karaṇā) M. I, 87=A. I, 47= II. 122, etc.; PvA. 4 (of a thief scourged on his way to the place of execution); DhA. II, 39 (id.).

—niviṭṭha touched by the whip, whipped Dh. 144 (=DhA. III, 86); —pahāra a stroke with the whip, a lash J. III, 178; —hata struck with the whip, scourged Vin. I, 75; 91=322; Sdhp. 147. (Page 201)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

kasa (कस).—m (kaṣāya S) Strength, substance, essence, marrow, pith, virtue, goodness (of a thing gen.): the vegetative or nutrimental principle (as of soils and of their productions, of articles of food &c.): the butyraceous portion of milk: profitableness or remunerativeness (of a trade or business): vigor (of body &c.) 2 (kaṣa S) The quality of gold or silver as determined by its appearance on the touchstone. 3 f A strain or the ache of it. v bhara.

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kasā (कसा).—a Of what kind, sort, fashion, manner, appearance? Pr. kaśānta kāya phāṭakyānta pāya.

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kasā (कसा).—ad How? in which way or method? for what reason? by what cause? This word is much used in connection with the verbs, indicating unprecedentedness or extraordinariness of action; as hā dhāvatō kasā-jēvatō kasā-lihitō kasā-vācatō kasā -bōlatō kasā &c. This man runs, eats, writes &c. how? oh! how shall I describe it--with what comparison compare it? dhāva kasā, jēva kasā, bōla kasā &c. Run, eat, speak &c. how? oh! how shall I say how? i.e. Run &c. with utterly unexampled speed; run as māruti; speak as bṛhaspati; write as gaṇapati; give or be liberal as karṇa or balī. 2 Used also in indication of generalness or indefiniteness; as jā kasā, yē kasā, bōla kasā &c. Go, come, speak &c. someway or other, any how.

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kasā (कसा).—m (kasaṇēṃ) The string or tie (of an Angrakha, cap &c.) 2 A long narrow money bag. 3 The string by which the mouth of a bag is drawn and closed, knittle.

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kāśa (काश).—m (S) A grass, Saccharum spontaneum.

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kāśā (काशा) [or कांशा, kāṃśā].—f pl (sing kāṃśī but little used.) The roots of the grass haraḷī or kundā, or the larger corn-plants. Used for fuel &c. kāśā bharaḍaṇēṃ g. of o. To rate, revile, row; to abuse vehemently and coarsely.

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kāsa (कास).—a & ad A word of tailors. Straight--cloth cut or cutting cloth. Opp. to irāba or irēpha Oblique or obliquely.

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kāsa (कास).—f Udder. 2 The tuck of the dhōtara or lugaḍēṃ. v ghāla, khōñca. 3 (Poetry.) The loins or waist. Ex. gaḷāṃ tuḷasīhāra kāsēṃ pītāmbara || āvaḍē nirantara hēñci dhyāna ||. 4 m C Ground preserved for grass to grow, a meadow, a lay or lea. 5 An allotment of land (of the good and inferior qualities, or of bāgāyata & jirāyata) having the assessment laid upon it as a whole, not upon, and according to the quality of, the different parcels composing it. Sometimes kāsa is an allotment of mere bāgāyata-land or of mere jirāyata-land. See under kāsabandī & kāsajamīna. Further, kāsa is applied, in parts of the Konkan̤, to a division off of a khāñcarī (rice-field), or a piece attached to the field to receive its rubbish &c., an appendage-plot. About Satara and Wye, kāsa is Land allotted elsewhere as supplementary. 6 S Cough. 7 S A grass, Saccharum spontaneum. kāsa ghālaṇēṃ To tuck in the kāsa or tuck, i. e. to gird and prepare one's self for an undertaking. 2 To let down the udder--a cow &c. kāsēsa lāgaṇēṃ or kāsa dharaṇēṃ g. of o. To cling unto (some powerful person) for protection &c. Ex. raghupati tujhī kāsa dharilī || tariṃ tvāṃ kēlī upēkṣā ||.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kasa (कस).—m Strength, essence. The quality of gold, &c., as determined by its ap- pearance on the touch-stone. A strain.

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kasā (कसा).—a Of what kind? ad How? m Tie, a long narrow money-bag.

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kāsa (कास).—f Udder. The tuck of the dhōtara or lugaḍēṃ. kāsa dharaṇēṃ. Cling to for protec- tion. &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaśa (कश).—

1) A whip (usually in pl.).

-śā A whip; इदानीं सुकुमारेऽस्मिन् निःशङ्कं कर्कशाः कशाः । तव गात्रे पतिष्यन्ति सहास्माकं मनोरथैः (idānīṃ sukumāre'smin niḥśaṅkaṃ karkaśāḥ kaśāḥ | tava gātre patiṣyanti sahāsmākaṃ manorathaiḥ) || Mk.9.35 (where the word may be m. or f.)

2) Flogging.

3) A string, rope.

4) The mouth.

5) A quality.

6) Fat; कशशब्दो मेदसि प्रसिद्धः । यथा कशवाहिनो रथाः मेदोवाहिन इति गम्यते (kaśaśabdo medasi prasiddhaḥ | yathā kaśavāhino rathāḥ medovāhina iti gamyate) | ŚB. on MS.9.4.22.

Derivable forms: kaśaḥ (कशः).

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Kaṣa (कष).—a. [kaṣ-ac] Rubbing, scratching.

-ṣaḥ 1 Rubbing.

2) A touch-stone; छदहेम कषन्निवालसत्कषपाषाणनिभे नभस्तले (chadahema kaṣannivālasatkaṣapāṣāṇanibhe nabhastale) N.2.69; सुवर्णरेखेव कषे निवेशिता (suvarṇarekheva kaṣe niveśitā) Mk.3.17.

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Kaṣā (कषा).—= कशा (kaśā) q. v. कृच्छ्रेण पृष्ठे कषयाभिताडितः (kṛcchreṇa pṛṣṭhe kaṣayābhitāḍitaḥ) | Bhāg.

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Kasa (कस).—A touch-stone; cf. कष (kaṣa).

Derivable forms: kasaḥ (कसः).

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Kasā (कसा).—= कशा (kaśā) q. v.

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Kāśa (काश).—[kāś-ac] A kind of grass used for mats, roofs, &c.

-śam A flower of that grass; Ku. 7.11; R.4.17; Ṛs.3.1,2,28. चरति पुलिनेषु हंसी काशां- शुकवासिनी सुसंहृष्टा (carati pulineṣu haṃsī kāśāṃ- śukavāsinī susaṃhṛṣṭā) Pratimā.1.2.

-śaḥ 1 = कास (kāsa) q. v.

2) Appearance.

3) Splendour. यन्माययापि विबुधा मुह्यन्ति ज्ञानकाशया (yanmāyayāpi vibudhā muhyanti jñānakāśayā) Bhāg.12.1.2.

Derivable forms: kāśaḥ (काशः), kāśam (काशम्).

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Kāṣa (काष).—[kaṣ-ghañ]

1) Rubbing, scratching; पथिषु विटपिनां स्कन्धकाषैः सधूमः (pathiṣu viṭapināṃ skandhakāṣaiḥ sadhūmaḥ) Ve.2.18.

2) That against which anything is rubbed (as the stock of a tree); लीनालिः सुरकरिणां कपोलकाषः (līnāliḥ surakariṇāṃ kapolakāṣaḥ) Ki.5.26; see कपोलकाष (kapolakāṣa) also.

Derivable forms: kāṣaḥ (काषः).

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Kāsa (कास) or Kāsā (कासा).—[kās-ghañ]

1) Cough, catarrh. मुञ्च शीपेक्त्था उत कास एनम् (muñca śīpektthā uta kāsa enam) Av.1.12.3; कासश्वासकृतायासः कण्ठे घुरघुरायते (kāsaśvāsakṛtāyāsaḥ kaṇṭhe ghuraghurāyate) Bhāg.3.3.16.

2) Sneezing.

Derivable forms: kāsaḥ (कासः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 141 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kaṣapāṣāṇa (कषपाषाण).—m. (-ṇaḥ) A touchstone. E. kaṣ, and pāṣāṇa a stone.
Kṣayakāsa (क्षयकास).—m. (-saḥ) A consumptive or phthisical cough. E. kṣaya, and kāsa cough.
Śvāsakāsa (श्वासकास).—m. (-saḥ) Asthma.
Pratikaśa (प्रतिकश) or Pratiṣkaśa.—m. (-ṣaḥ) 1. A leader. 2. An assistant. 3. A messenger. E. p...
Kāsaghna (कासघ्न).—mfn. (-ghnaḥ-ghnī-ghnaṃ) Removing or alleviating cough, pectoral. f. (-ghnī)...
Kaśātraya (कशात्रय).—n. (-yaṃ) Three modes of whipping (a horse,) good, bad, and middling. E. k...
Kāsakuṇṭha (कासकुण्ठ).—mfn. (-ṇṭhaḥ-ṇṭhā-ṇṭhaṃ) Afflicted with cough. m. (-ṇṭhaḥ) Yama.
Kāśakṛtsna (काशकृत्स्न).—Name of a Grammarian.Derivable forms: kāśakṛtsnaḥ (काशकृत्स्नः).Kāśakṛ...
Kāsamarda (कासमर्द) or Kāsāmarda (कासामर्द).—1) a cure of cough. 2) an acid preparation (kāsuṃd...
Kāsanāśinī (कासनाशिनी) or Kāsānāśinī (कासानाशिनी).—Name of medicinal plant. Kāsanāśinī is a San...
Kapolakāṣa (कपोलकाष).—any object against which anything (especially the cheeks) is rubbed; लीना...
Kṣatakāsa (क्षतकास).—a cough produced by injury. Derivable forms: kṣatakāsaḥ (क्षतकासः).Kṣatakā...
Kāsahṛt (कासहृत्) or Kāsāhṛt (कासाहृत्).—a. removing cough, pectoral. -ghnaḥ a medical plant (M...
Kāsahara (कासहर) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as “curing...
Kaṣapaṭṭikā (कषपट्टिका).—a touch-stone; Vikr.1.3,24.Kaṣapaṭṭikā is a Sanskrit compound consisti...

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