Vivasvat: 6 definitions


Vivasvat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vivasvat in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vivasvat (विवस्वत्).—See Sūrya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 55.

1b) The name of the sun in the month of Nabhasya (Bhādrapada).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 38; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 9; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 10. Matsya-purāṇa 126. 10.

1c) A son of Aditi: Āditya of the month śrāvaṇa a Prajāpati: born of Kaśyapa and Dākṣāyaṇī—see Sūrya;1 worship in buildings;2 father of Manu.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 34, 88, 129; III. 1. 6 and 54; 3. 68; 71. 23; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 4; 11. 2-8; Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 91. 65. 53.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 253. 43; 268. 21.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 6.

1d) A sage of the Cākṣuṣa Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 23.

1e) An Āditya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 3. 3; 66. 66; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 131.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Vivasvat (विवस्वत्) refers to the city of Yama, situated on the southern lower slope of mount Meru, according to Parākhyatantra 5.66. Meru is the name of a golden mountained situated in the middle of nine landmasses (navakhaṇḍa): Bhārata, Hari, Kimpuruṣa, Ramyaka, Ramaṇa, Kuru, Bhadrāśva, Ketumāla and Ilāvṛta. Together these khaṇḍas make up the continent known as Jambūdvīpa.

Vivasvat is also known by the name Vaivasvatī or Saṃyamanī and is mentioned in various other sources, eg., the Svacchanda-tantra 10.132-136, Kiraṇa-āgama 8.51-54, Mṛgendra-āgama vidyāpāda 13.47-54, Sarvajñānottara-tantra adhvaprakaraṇa 34-36 and Mataṅga-āgama vidyāpāda 23.60-63

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vivasvat (विवस्वत्).—m.

1) The sun; त्वष्टा विवस्वतमिवोल्लिलेख (tvaṣṭā vivasvatamivollilekha) Kirātārjunīya 17. 48;5.48; R.1.3;17.48; एकः श्लाध्यो विवस्वान् परहितकर- णायैव यस्य प्रयासः (ekaḥ ślādhyo vivasvān parahitakara- ṇāyaiva yasya prayāsaḥ) Nāg.3.18.

2) Name of Aruṇa.

3) Name of the present Manu.

4) A god.

5) The Arka plant.

-tī f. The city of the sun; L. D. B.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivasvat (विवस्वत्).—m. (-svān) 1. A god. 2. The sun. 3. Aruna, the charioteer of the sun. 4. The seventh or present Manu; also Vaivaswata. f. (-tī) The city of the sun. E. vi implying variety, vas to cover or hide, aff. kvip; vivas here said therefore to imply various covering, as a garment of light, i. e. the rays of the sun, and matup poss. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vivasvat (विवस्वत्):—[=vi-vasvat] [from vi-vas] vi-vasvat or vi-vasvat mfn. shining forth, diffusing light, matutinal (applied to Uṣas Agni etc.; sadane vivasvataḥ, ‘at the seat of Fire’), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka]

2) [v.s. ...] m. ‘the Brilliant one’, Name of the Sun (sometimes regarded as one of the eight Ādityas or sons of Aditi, his father being Kaśyapa; elsewhere he is said to be a son of Dākṣāyaṇī and Kaśyapa; in epic poetry he is held to be the father of Manu Vaivasvata or, according to another legend, of Manu Sāvarṇi by Sa-varṇā; in [Ṛg-veda x, 17, 1] he is described as the father of Yama Vaivasvata, and in [Ṛg-veda x, 17, 2] as father of the Aśvins by Saraṇyū, and elsewhere as father of both Yama and Yamī, and therefore a kind of parent of the human race), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the Soma priest, [Ṛg-veda ix, 14, 5 etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Aruṇa (charioteer of the Sun), [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] of the seventh or present Manu (more properly called Vaivasvata, as son of Vivasvat), [Ṛg-veda viii, 52, 1]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a Daitya, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] a god, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of the author of the hymn, [Ṛg-veda x, 13] (having the patronymic Āditya), [Anukramaṇikā]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of the author of a Dharma-śāstra (cf. -smṛti)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivasvat (विवस्वत्):—[vi-vasvat] (svān) 5. m. A god; the sun, or his charioteer; 7th Menu. f. City of the sun.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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