Devaraja, aka: Deva-raja, Devarāja; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Devaraja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Devaraja in Purana glossaries]

Devarāja (देवराज) is the name of a Brahmin from the city Kirāta according to chapter 2 of the Śivapurāṇa-māhātmya. Accordingly, “In the city of Kirātas there lived a brahmin extremely poor and deficient in (brahmanical) knowledge. He used to sell various kinds of beverage and was averse to the worship of gods or to virtuous activities. He never practised the daily Sandhyā prayers or ablutions. His practice resembled a Vaiśya’s mode of living. He never hesitated to deceive credulous persons. His name was Devarāja.”

(Source): archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Devaraja in Theravada glossaries]

1. Devaraja - A general of Parakkamabahu I. He held the office of Kesadhatu and lived in Pancayojana. He won a great victory at Gimhatittha. Cv.lxxv.21.

2. Devaraja - A vihara in Rohana, the residence of Piyadassi, author of the Padasadhana. Devaraja formed part of the Rambha vihara. P.L.C.205.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

[Devaraja in India history glossaries]

Devarāja (देवराज) is an example of a name based on Indra mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Devarāja) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Devarāja (देवराज) is the unclde of Kṛṣṇadeva Tripāṭhin (1822 C.E.): the eldest son of Jayagopāla was an authority on chandas of his period. Kṛṣṇadeva belongs to the Śāṇḍilyagotra. He was patronized by Jānakīnandana, son of Devakīnandana at whose instance he composed Chandaḥprastārasāraṇī. He mentions about his patrons in the colophon of the work and his family. He does not attribute his scholarship to others, but says that the purpose of composing this work was to please the learned scholars and it is his own creation.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Devaraja in Pali glossaries]

devarāja : (m.) the king of devas.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Devaraja in Sanskrit glossaries]

Devarāja (देवराज).—

1) an epithet of Indra; Rām.7.6.6.

2) a king.

3) Name of Buddha.

Derivable forms: devarājaḥ (देवराजः).

Devarāja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and rāja (राज). See also (synonyms): devarāj.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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