Devaraja, Devarāja, Deva-raja, Devarājā: 21 definitions


Devaraja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Devaraja in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Devarāja (देवराज).—A king in ancient India who spent his days in the assembly of Yama worshipping him. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 26).

2) Devarāja (देवराज).—An immoral brahmin who had been a trader in Kirātanagara. Once he met a whore at the bathing pool and got so inextricably tied up with her that he killed his parents and wife for her sake. Then one day he had to go to Pratiṣṭhānanagara on business where he heard sacred stories being read. He had also a glimpse of the divine. A month after that he died. Though an evil fellow, because of his having worshipped Śiva for a month he had the good fortune to go to Mount Kailāsa after his death. (Śiva Purāṇa Māhātmyam).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Devarāja (देवराज) is the name of a Brahmin, according to the Śivapurāṇa-māhātmya chapter 2.—“in the city of Kirātas there lived a Brahmin extremely poor and deficient in (Brahmanical) knowledge. He used to sell various kinds of beverage and was averse to the worship of gods or to virtuous activities. 16. He never practised the daily Sandhyā prayers or ablutions. His practice resembled a Vaiśya’s mode of living. He never hesitated to deceive credulous persons. His name was Devarāja. Either by killing or by using various deceitful means he used to rob Brahmins, Kṣatriyas, Vaiśyas, Śūdras and others”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Devarāja (देवराज) refers to:—Indra, king of demigods. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Devarāja (देवराज) is the author of the Kuṭṭākāraśiromaṇi dealing with the subject of “indeterminate analysis of the first degree”, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—On account of its special importance, the treatmeat of this subject [i.e., ‘indeterminate analysis of the first degree’] has been included by Bhāskara II in his treatise of arithmetic also, though it belongs particularly to algebra. It is also noteworthy that there is a work exclusively devoted to the treatment of this subject. Such a special treatise is a very rare thing in the mathematical literature of the ancient Hindus. This work, entitled Kuṭṭākāraśiromaṇi, is by one Devarāja, a commentator of Āryabhaṭa I.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Devaraja - A general of Parakkamabahu I. He held the office of Kesadhatu and lived in Pancayojana. He won a great victory at Gimhatittha. Cv.lxxv.21.

2. Devaraja - A vihara in Rohana, the residence of Piyadassi, author of the Padasadhana. Devaraja formed part of the Rambha vihara. P.L.C.205.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Devarāja (देवराज) (in Chinese: T'ien-wang) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with  Jyeṣṭhā or Jyeṣṭhānakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Jyeṣṭhā] with a group of kingdoms [e.g., Devarāja] for the sake of protection and prosperity.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Devarāja (देवराज) is an example of a name based on Indra mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Devarāja) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Devarāja (देवराज) is the unclde of Kṛṣṇadeva Tripāṭhin (1822 C.E.): the eldest son of Jayagopāla was an authority on chandas of his period. Kṛṣṇadeva belongs to the Śāṇḍilyagotra. He was patronized by Jānakīnandana, son of Devakīnandana at whose instance he composed Chandaḥprastārasāraṇī. He mentions about his patrons in the colophon of the work and his family. He does not attribute his scholarship to others, but says that the purpose of composing this work was to please the learned scholars and it is his own creation.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Devaraja in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

devarāja : (m.) the king of devas.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Devarājā refers to: king of the devas, viz. Sakka Nd1 177; J.III, 392 (=devinda); DhA.III, 441; PvA.62;

Note: devarājā is a Pali compound consisting of the words deva and rājā.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Devarāja (देवराज).—

1) an epithet of Indra; Rām.7.6.6.

2) a king.

3) Name of Buddha.

Derivable forms: devarājaḥ (देवराजः).

Devarāja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and rāja (राज). See also (synonyms): devarāj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Devarāja (देवराज).—name of a future Buddha, who, it is predicted, will be a future incarnation of Devadatta (2): Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 259.7 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devarāja (देवराज).—m.

(-jaḥ) Indra. E. deva a deity, rājan a king, and ṭac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devarāja (देवराज).—m. Indra, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 34, 10.

Devarāja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms deva and rāja (राज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devarāja (देवराज).—[masculine] a divine ruler, also = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Devarāja (देवराज) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—father of Raṅgarāja, grandfather of Varadarāja (Nayavivekadīpaka). Burnell. 84^a.

2) Devarāja (देवराज):—father of Śārṅgadhara (Vaidyavallabha). Oxf. 319^a.

3) Devarāja (देवराज):—Aniruddhacarita campū.

4) Devarāja (देवराज):—Āryāmañjarī kāvya. Sūcīpattra. 7.

5) Devarāja (देवराज):—Nānakacandrodaya kāvya. Ben. 40.

6) Devarāja (देवराज):—Nītimañjarībhāṣya. NW. 16.

7) Devarāja (देवराज):—wrote by request of Cetasiṃha of Benares (1770
—-81): Prāyaścittasaṃgraha. L. 2469.

8) Devarāja (देवराज):—Bimbatattvaprakāśikā, vedānta. Oppert. 708.

9) Devarāja (देवराज):—Muhūrtaparīkṣā jy. B. 4, 176.

10) Devarāja (देवराज):—(printed Deśarāja): Śrāddhāśaucīyadarpaṇa. Rādh. 20.

11) Devarāja (देवराज):—son of Varadācārya: Kuṭṭākāraśiromaṇiṭīkā Muktāvalī jy. Burnell. 76^a.

12) Devarāja (देवराज):—father of Śārṅgadhara (Vaidyavallabha). Oxf. 318^b.

Devarāja has the following synonyms: Vaidyarāja.

13) Devarāja (देवराज):—son of Raghupati, grandson of Gaurīkānta: Aniruddhacaritacampū.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Devarāja (देवराज):—[=deva-rāja] [from deva] m. d° ruler, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] king of the gods, Name of Indra, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a king, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] of a Ṛṣi, [Varāha-mihira]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Buddha, [Buddhist literature]

6) [v.s. ...] the father of Śārṅgadhara, and sub voce authors, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devarāja (देवराज):—[deva-rāja] (jaḥ) 1. m. Indra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Devaraja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dēvarāja (ದೇವರಾಜ):—[noun] Indra, the chief of gods.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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