Brahmadatta; 5 Definition(s)
Brahmadatta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kathā (narrative stories)
Brahmadatta (ब्रह्मदत्त) is the name of a King of Benares, whose story is told in the tale called ‘King Brahmadatta’, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 3.
In chapter 19, Yaugandharāyaṇa instructs king Udayana to conquer king Brahmadatta first. Accordingly, “... this King of Benares named Brahmadatta is always your enemy, therefore conquer him first; when he is conquered, conquer the eastern quarter and gradually all the quarters”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Brahmadatta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 25; Matsya-purāṇa 15. 10.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 11.
- 3) Ib. X. 52 [56(v)8].
1b) The son of Aṇuha and Kīrtimatī.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 94; 10. 82; 74. 268; Matsya-purāṇa 49. 57; Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 86; 73. 31; 99. 180; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 45-6.
1c) The son of Vibhrāja, the Pāñcāla king; in previous birth Pitṛvarti (s.v.), a son of Kauśika; his queen Sannati, daughter of Devala, being in one of her previous births the cow of Garga, was killed by Kauśika's sons during a famine; was anointed the Pāñcāla king, and his two brothers in his previous birth, became his ministers; both king and queen once visited the pleasure garden and were taken by surprise at the sight of the love quarrels between two ants who were husband and wife; the wife accused the husband of taking pieces of modaka (sweetmeat) to a neighbouring lady-love, an ant; the husband confessed that it was offered so thinking that she was herself, his own wife and that he would behave more carefully in future; B. understood this as he could follow the language of all insects by divine grace; when Sannati thought that the king laughed at her and took it seriously, he took a vow for seven days and at the sight of Sudaridra, the Brahmana, remembered his past and became a Siddha himself having anointed his son Viśvakṣena on the throne.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 23-38; 21. 16, 24-35.
1d) A royal line of 100 warriors cf. Jātakas: vāyu p. 376 (Car. Lec. 1918. p. 56).*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 273. 72; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 454.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Brahmadatta (ब्रह्मदत्त):—Son of King Nīpa and his wife Kṛtvī (daughter of Śuka). He was a great yogi and had a son named Viṣvaksena by the womb of his wife, Sarasvatī. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.25)(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Brahmadatta (ब्रह्मदत्त): King of Benares(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Brahmadatta (ब्रह्मदत्त) is the name of a king of olden times subdued by the Buddha mentioned in order to demonstrate the fearlessness of the Buddha according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “a hundred thousand Che-tseu (Śākya) who all were great kings in Jambudvīpa, king Fan-mo-to (Brahmadatta), etc., all became his disciples”.
Brahmadatta is the dynastic name of the kings of Benares: many jātakas in which they make an appearance concern early times. At the time of the Buddha, Kāśī (Benares) was incorporated into the kingdom of Kosala, and Prasenajit reigned over both countries.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
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kāśī (काशी).—f Benares. kāśīphaḷa n A pompion, gourd.
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Search found 21 books and stories containing Brahmadatta. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Gospel of Buddha (by Paul Carus)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 10: Death of Brahmadatta < [Chapter I - Brahmadattacaritra]
Part 10: Ajita’s fast-breaking < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 4: Life of Brahmadatta < [Chapter I - Brahmadattacaritra]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Nigrodhamiga-jātaka < [Chapter XXVII - The Virtue of Exertion]
Appendix 6 - Division of the great earth of Jambudvīpa into seven parts < [Chapter VIII - The Bodhisattvas]
The Ṛkṣapati-jātaka < [Chapter XX - (2nd series): Setting out on the Mahāyāna]
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Jataka 520: Gaṇḍatindu-jātaka < [Volume 5]
Jataka 234: Asitābhū-jātaka < [Book II - Dukanipāta]
Jataka 181: Asadisa-jātaka < [Book II - Dukanipāta]
Apadana commentary (Atthakatha) (by U Lu Pe Win)
Commentary on the stanza on okkhitta-cakkhu (eye thrown downwards) < [Commentary on biography of Silent Buddhas (Paccekabuddha)]
Commentary on the stanza on bahussuta (much learned) < [Commentary on biography of Silent Buddhas (Paccekabuddha)]
Commentary on the stanza on sīta-āluka (susceptible to cold) < [Commentary on biography of Silent Buddhas (Paccekabuddha)]
The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
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